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towards them, (v. 1–5,) and new victories are promised to them, (v. 649.) 1 PRAISE ye the LORD.

Sing unto the LORD a new song, And his praise in the congregation of saints. 2 Let Israel rejoice in him that made him:

Let the children of Zion be joyful in their King. 3 Let them praise his name in the dance:

Let them sing praises unto him with the timbrel and harp. 4 For the LORD taketh pleasure in his people:

He will beautify the meek with salvation.* 5 Let the saints be joyful in glory:

Let them sing aloud upon their beds. 6 Let the high praises of God be in their mouth,

And a two-edged sword in their hand: 7 To execute vengeance upon the heathen,

And punishments upon the people; 8 To bind their kings with chains,

And their nobles with fetters of iron;
9 To execute upon them the judgment written:

This honour have all his saints.
Praise ye the LORD.

V. 1–5. The Psalmist invites the people to recommence the praise of the Lord as it were with new courage and a new tongue. (Psalms xl. 4; lxxxix. 2.) All men belong to God, for he made them: but Israel is doubly his, and in a twofold sense the work of his hands. (See ad. Psalm xcv. 6.) Israel therefore shall sing praises to him, which accompanied by the manifold sound of festive instruments are to sink the more deeply into their hearts. He delivered his people from great misery: let all that belong to that people sing his praises in the festive assemblies, as well as on their lonely beds.

V. 6—9. Their mouth was full of praise on account of their past deliverance: but hostile nations rose up once more against them. (Neh. iv. 7.) They now took comfort from the promises of the prophets, (Isaiah xlii. 10–13,) and indulged in the hope that they should ultimately triumph over all their adversaries, and treat them as the idolatrous nations of Canaan were treated by the command of God. (Cf. Neh. xiii. 1–3.) These promises have a spiritual meaning, (cf. ad. Psalms ii. and cx.) so Zechariah predicts that there shall be no more the Canaanites in the house of the Lord of hosts, (Zech. xiv. 21;) but the less spiritually inclined people thought more of victories to be achieved with drawn swords in campaigns, such as the crusaders undertook against the oppressors of the holy land: "With psalms in their mouths, but the whetted sword in their hands."

* Or, “He gloriously helpeth the wretched.” | Or, “Let their mouth exalt the Lord.”

PSALM CL.

This psalm, like Psalm cxlviii. opens with an invitation of praise addressed to the hosts of spirits in the heavens, depicts the jubilant joy of the many instruments in the sanctuary, and ends with the all-embracing invitations into which the entire Psalter resolves itself—“Let everything that hath breath praise the Lord. Hallelujah."

1
PRATS
RAISE ye the LORD.

Praise God in his sanctuary:
Praise him in the firmament of his power.
2 Praise him in his mighty acts:

Praise him according to his excellent greatness. 3 Praise him with the sound of the trumpet:

Praise him with the psaltery and harp. 4 Praise him with the timbrel and dance:

Praise him with stringed instruments and organs. 5 Praise him with the loud cymbals:

Praise him with the high sounding cymbals. 6 Let everything that hath breath praise the LORD.

Praise ye the LORD.

THE END.

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