ited? What distant climes have they explored, encompassed with cold, nakedness, and want, to diffuse principles of virtue, and the blessings of civilization?

7. O wind! where is thy home,—

Thy resting-place?

Where dost thou plume thy wings to roam
In pathless fields of space?

8. Whence comest thou with thy songs
That glad the earth,

And call her myriad infant throngs
Of beauty into birth?

9. Whence is thy strength that bows
The forests down,

And dashes from the mountain's brows
The ancient, emerald crown?

10. Whence thy tremendous power
That crests the waves,

And heaves them, shouting, on the sounding shore,
Or marble caves?



Indirect Questions with their Answers.

1. But, sir, the gentleman has misconceived the spirit and tendency of northern institutions. He is ignorant of northern character. He has forgotten the history of his country. Preach insurrection to the northern láborers! Preach insurrection to me! Who are the northern làborers? The history of your country is their history. The renown of your country is thèir renown. The brightness of their doings is emblazoned on its every page. Blot from

your annals the deeds and doings of northern laborers, and the history of your country presents but a universal blank.


2. Sir, who was he that disarmed the Thùnderer; wrested from his grasp the bolts of Jòve;* calmed the troubled òcean; became the central sun of the philosophical system of his age, shedding his brightness and effulgence on the whole civilized world; whom the great and mighty of the earth delighted to honor; who participated in the achievement of your independence; prominently assisted in molding your free institútions, and the beneficial effects of whose wisdom will be felt to the last moment of "recorded time?" Who, sir, I ask, was hè? A northern làborer, Yankee tallow-chandler's sòn‚† - a printer's runaway bòy! 3. And who, let me ask the honorable gentleman, who was he that, in the days of our Revolution, led forth a northern army,—yes, an army of northern làborers, — and aided the chivalry of South Carolina in their defence against British aggression, drove the spoilers from their firesides, and redeemed her fair fields from foreign invaders? Who was hè? A northern laborer, a Rhode Island blacksmith, the gallant General Greene, who left his hammer and his forge, and went forth conquering and to conquer, in the battle for our indepèndence! And will you preach insurrection to men like thése?

4. Sir, our country is full of the achievements of northern laborers. Where is Concord, and Lexington, § and Princeton, and Trenton, and Saratoga, and Bunker Hill, but in the North? And what, sir, has shed an imperishable renown on the never dying names of those hallowed spots, but the blood and the struggles, the high daring, and patriotism, and sublime courage, of northern laborers? The whole North is an everlasting monument of the freedom, virtue, intelligence,

⚫ Jove, another name for Jupiter, a heathen god. See note, page 41.
† A Yankee tallow-chandler's son, Dr. Benjamin Franklin.
Greene, an American general in the Revolution.

Concord, Lexington, etc., battle-grounds in the revolutionary war

and indomitable independence of northern laborers! Go, sir, go preach insurrection to men like these!

5. The fortitude of the men of the North, under intense suffering for liberty's sake, has been almost godlike! History has so recorded it. Who comprised that gallant army, that, without food, without pay, shelterless, shoeless, penniless, and almost naked, in that dreadful winter, the midnight of our Revolution, whose wanderings could be traced by their blood-tracks in the snow; whom no arts could seduce, no appeal lead astray, no sufferings disaffect; but who, true to their country, and its holy cause, continued to fight the good fight of liberty, until it finally triumphed? Who, sir, were those men? Why, northern laborers!—yes, sir,

northern laborers!

6. Who, sir, were Roger Sherman* and - but it is idle to enumerate. To name the northern laborers who have distinguished themselves, and illustrated the history of their country, would require days of the time of this house. Nor is it necessary. Posterity will do them justice. Their

deeds have been recorded in characters of fire!


RULE 9. Language of authority, denunciation, reprehension, exclamation, and terror, generally requires the falling inflection.



1. Haste! pass the sèas! Fly hènce! begòne!
2. On! òn! ye brave! Rise, fellow-men! rìse!

QUESTION. What is the rule for language of authority, reprehension, etc.?

Roger Sherman, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence.

3. Rise, fathers, rìse! 't is Rome demands your aid;
Rise and avenge your slaughtered citizens !
4. To àrms! to àrms! ye bràve!

The avenging sword unsheathe;

March òn, march òn, all hearts resolved
On victory - or death.

Denunciation and Reprehension.

1. Wòe unto you, ye blind guides! Ye fools, and blind! 2. Wòe unto thee, Choràzin! wòe unto thee, Bethsaida!

3. O fools! and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have written concerning me!

4. Hènce! hòme, you idle creatures, get you hòme; you blòcks, you stònes! you wòrse than senseless things!


1. O cruel king! hard-hearted Pharaoh ! that every male, of Hebrew mother born, must die!

2. O how weak is mortal màn! How trifling! how confined his scope of vision !

3. Amazing chànge! A shroud! a còffin! a narrow càbin! This is all that remains of Hamilton!


What's that? 't is he himself! Mèrcy on me! he has locked the door! What is to becòme of me!

EXCEPTION. When exclamatory sentences become questions, or are expressive of tender emotions, they usually require the rising slide.


Exclamatory Questions.

1. What shear a wolf! the prowling wolf.

2. What no man stírs! not one!

3. What! not a word! No réply! Nóne!

4. How! his family lóst! lost in the ocean!
5. How say you! convicted of murder!

QUESTION. What is the exception to this rule? Give an example.

Tender Emotion.

1. O that I knew where I might find him! that I might come even to his seat!

2. O that my head were waters! and mine eyes a fountain of téars, that I might weep, day and night, for the slain of the daughter of my people!

NOTE 1. When the direct address is attended with strong emphasis and emotion, the falling inflection is used; but when a speaker deliberately arises, and addresses the chairman or president of a meeting and the audience, the former takes the rising, and the latter, the falling inflection.


1. Mr. Président, Ládies and Gentlemen.

2. Mr. Chairman and Fellow-Citizens.

3. May it please your Honor and Gentlemen of the Jury.

NOTE 2. The language of surprise, wonder, astonishment, admiration, amazement, alarm, fear, horror, remorse, despair, anger, revenge, and strong, dignified expressions of scorn and contempt, also, usually require a falling inflection, proportioned in intensity to the degree of emotion.



1. Sláve, do thy office.

Strike, as I struck the foe!

Strike, as I would have struck the tyrants!
Strike deep as my cùrse! Strike, and but once!


Come on! Come on!
I'll bring you to the foe. And when you meet him,
Strike hard! Strike hòme! Strike while a dying blow
Is in an àrm! Strike till you're free or fall!

3. Òn, òn to Rome we come! The gladiators come! Let opulence trèmble in all his palaces! Let oppression

QUESTIONS. What is the note in regard to the direct address? What other kinds of language usually require the falling inflection?

« 上一页继续 »