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feeling that their generals have blundered, wall of Germany. If its forts are carried, that heroism is useless against overwhelming there is nearly two hundred miles to traverse odds. Perhaps to-night, as they sit about before the River Oder is reached, and that is their camp-fires, they are telling the stories even more strongly fortified. The Russian of their fathers of the débâcle of 1870—psy- army is not so well equipped nor is its comchologically ripe for panic and rout.
missary as efficient as the German. The If I could find the Magic Carpet to-night, Russian advance, even if unresisted, will be I would not go eavesdropping to the palaces slow. I doubt if it can become formidable of kings, nor to the council rooms of minis- enough to influence the campaign in France ters, nor even to the tents of the generals. for several weeks. I would whisk myself over to the trenches I hazard the guess that the troop trains and listen to the stories Piou Piou is telling reported from Belgium to be going east, carto Tommy Atkins, and find out whether the rying reinforcements for East Prussia, are Germans are singing their songs true—or in reality hospital trains carrying home the flatting. That, I think, would be the most sick and wounded from the front. important information we could have to- It is inconceivable that the Germans should night.
withdraw troops which might be used in the For unless one side or the other is badly west. German imperialism is gambling its defeated-utterly routed—I do not see that very existence on this war. The overrunthe impending engagement will get us very ning of a few hundred square miles of the
eastern marches is a small matter. I believe Even if the Allies are forced to give up Berlin would be sacrificed before the Kaiser this line, so long as they can do it in good would risk weakening his attack on France. order, the Germans are almost as far from The enemy in the west must be crushed winning as ever. They cannot seriously before serious attention can be given to invest Paris with three armies in the field Russia. against them. In 1870 they had crushed On the other hand, let us assume for a MacMahon at Sedan, bottled up Bazaine in minute that the German despatches are Metz, and driven Bourbaki into Switzerland, true, that the Russians have been seriously before they struck at Paris. With these defeated at Allenstein. Unless England and armies defeated, France had no organized France are smashed to the point where they reserves to threaten communications. And cannot furnish money to the Czar, he can then the Germans were not pressed for time. go on equipping soldiers and pouring them They were not worrying about their eastern over the frontier almost indefinitely. Those frontier.
who are reported to have been lost are a And if the fortunes of war suddenly change mere drop in the bucket. If the Allies can and the Germans are defeated unless they maintain themselves in the west, sooner or have a panic—the Allies, after their repeated later the weight of Russian numbers must reverses, can hardly have the strength to fol- be a deciding factor. low up the victory.
THE AUSTRO-RUSSIAN CAMPAIGN
Early in the war the Austrians invaded The conflict between Russia and Germany Russian Poland, and despatches from Vienna seems to be largely one between “official" and St. Petersburg both claimed victories in statements. We have categorical assurances the neighborhood of Lublin. of imposing Russian victories and just as Simultaneously the Southern Russian Army emphatic announcements of appalling Rus- crossed the frontier into the Austrian province sian defeats. From Petrograd-as the Czar of Galicia. And here the forces of the Czar has rechristened his capital—we hear that seem to have had tangible successes. The the Russian armies are attacking the forts of latest news as we go to press is an admission the Vistula. Berlin despatches say that from Vienna that the Russians have taken 70,000 Russians have surrendered at Allen- Lemberg. This seems to confirm the roundstein, quite fifty miles farther east. One or about rumors which have been coming from both of these announcements are false. Rome and Bucharest of a great Austrian
But, even assuming that the Russian claims defeat. are true, all talk of an entry into Berlin is The number of men involved in this campremature. The Vistula is the first defense paign is probably as great as in northern
France. This is the point of least resistance many diplomats were disturbed, I believe for a Russian attack, and it seems that the that the air-ship attacks on Antwerp and Czar is exerting the greatest pressure here. Paris were technically “ correct.” And a decisive Russian victory in Galicia is But for the wholesale executions of nonlikely to be the death-blow for the Hapsburg combatants and the wanton burning of a dynasty.
large part of the defenseless town of Louvain
there is not even a technical excuse. Even THE MONTH AT SEA
if we accept the German account, the affair News of a naval engagement has at last. was unpardonably barbarous. reached us; but, judged by the standard of No doubt the great mass of the German land operation in this stupendous war, it people are just as horrified as we at this act hardly deserves to be called a “battle.” of vandalism. But if their official represent
Apparently a half-dozen German light atives continue such practices, it will be concruisers, escorted by destroyers, attempted a tinually harder for any civilized being to dash from Heligoland with the intention of maintain neutrality. running the English blockade and harrying
The attempt failed, and four or five of the German ships were sunk. The In a way, Great Britain is less closely inEnglish losses were light. No modern battle- volved in this war than the Continental counships of the dreadnought type were involved. tries. Only the very rich can afford to have
While there has been no great naval fight, their sons become army officers. And, as the fleets of the Allies have accomplished with us, only the poor enlist as privates. what they were intended for. They have The big middle class and the more fortunate kept the seas open for English and French and workers do not have relatives at the front. neutral ships. For a country like England, Universal conscription on the Continent which is dependent on the sea for food sup- means that almost every family has a son or plies and for bringing up reinforcements, this father on the firing line. is indeed an important service.
But that the English are stirred by this It is also a deadly blow to German eco- war as never before is shown by the calling nomic life. The French and English steam- in of the native troops from India. The ship lines—except as they have been crippled attitude of the Englishmen who have served by the requisition of their best ships for mili- in the colonies towards this move is well tary purposes—are operating almost at illustrated by Kipling's South African story normal.
"A White Man's War." Dark as things Many of the French and English factories looked for the Empire at the beginning of can be kept open, while unemployment in Ger- the Boer War, the English decided not to many must have reached tragic proportions. risk letting the “ natives " get the habit of
killing white men. After all, there is no great LOUVAIN
difference in appearance between Germans During this fourth week of the war the and English. If the Sikhs and Ghurkas are German army added luster to its traditions brought into this campaign, there is danger of victory. But in the Franco-Prussian War, that they may not recognize this difference. which established the German Empire, and If they get it into their heads that they are on which all German military traditions are good enough to kill white men, they may based, the Germans observed the rules of the some time take a shot at their English masKriegspiele. No amount of victory will re- ters. The decision to bring them to Europe move the tarnish which the massacre at Lou- will be regarded by all “ colonials," active or vain has brought to their arms.
retired, as a counsel of desperation. Both France and Germany refused at the But the news will be received with greater Hague Conference to subscribe to the pro- regret by all those good people in England hibition against dropping bombs in fortified who have been supporting foreign missions. cities, which was proposed by England, who The lessons in applied Christianity which had not at that time begun building flying- these heathen will get on the Continent will machines. So, no matter how many women hardly help the cause of Christ—the Prince and children were blown to pieces, nor how of Peace—in India.
STATE POLITICS :
cratic selection J. M. Cox, while the ProTHE CENTRAL WEST
gressives have nominated James A. Garfield, With the war monopolizing the front pages former Secretary of the Interior.
It is exof the newspapers and a good deal of inside pected that the fight will be a hot one and space as well, politics has been relegated to that the prohibition issue may decide it. the background. Nevertheless, during the Willis is expected to declare for State-wide past month in a number of States there have prohibition, but Cox, who has fathered cerbeen p litical events of too much importance tain measures of restriction, such as the one to be overlooked by those voters who do not to limit the number of saloon licenses issued, intend to let even such a great counter-attrac- may catch a share of the prohibition vote for tion as a European war hinder the proper himself. performance of their duty at the polls next November.
STATE POLITICS : In Wisconsin the event of greatest political NEW YORK interest has been the double defeat of the The situation in New York is tangled. All La Follette forces at the State primaries by hope of fusion between Progressives and the Republicans and the Roosevelt Progress- Independent Republicans seems to have ives. In the first place, the La Follette men vanished. The Progressives have named a lost the gubernatorial nomination to Emanuel ticket with ex-State Senator Frederick M. L. Philipp, the candidate of the old-line Davenport running for Governor, and BainRepublican conservatives. The La Follette bridge Colby for United States Senator. group was further disappointed by the victory The Republicans and Democrats made no of Governor McGovern over Lieutenant- nominations, but confined themselves to Governor Thomas Morris in the contest for adopting platforms and naming fifteen canthe Senatorial nomination. Mr. Morris was didates for delegates-at-large to the ConstiSenator La Follette's choice, and Mr. Mc- tutional Convention next year. The Demo Govern is the man who took the Wisconsin cratic Conference, however, indorsed the delegation from La Follette at the last Re- administration of Governor Glynn, and he publican Presidential Convention and gave it seems likely to be the machine candidate. to Mr. Roosevelt. The Wisconsin Demo- United States Ambassador to Germany crats chose as their candidate for Governor James W. Gerard is apparently developing John A. Aylward, supposed to have the favor strength as an aspirant for the Senatorial of President Wilson. His rival was John C. nomination. Carel, who was an unsuccessful candidate in The injection of the anti-Murphy element 1912 also.
of Independent Democrats into the situation In Kansas both Republicans and Democrats is likely to make things interesting, as these have included a woman suffrage plank in dissatisfied ones have put a strong ticket in their platforms, and the Democrats, after a the field, with John A. Hennessy running for bitter fight, have come out for National pro- Governor, and Assistant Secretary of the hibition. In Michigan the three large parties Navy Franklin D. Roosevelt up for Senator. have already picked their candidates for the Political observers are anxiously waiting to Governorship, the Republicans having chosen see whether Governor Glynn will choose to ex-Governor Charles S. Osborn, the Demo- reply to the verbal broadsides which Mr. crats Woodbridge N. Ferris, the present Hennessy is expected to discharge at him, Governor, while the Progressive candidate is or remain silent. Henry R. Pattengill.
The Republican nominee for Governor in The contest for the Republican nomina- New York, according to present indications, tion for United States Senator from Ohio will be chosen from among three men— Job was somewhat spectacular and very close, E. Hedges, who had the nomination in 1912; former Lieutenant-Governor W. G. Harding ex-State Senator Harvey D. Hinman, who winning over Joseph B. Foraker by a narrow coquetted with the Progressives for a while ; margin. All three parties have named their and Charles Whitman, District Attorney of entries in the gubernatorial race, the Repub- New York County. Judging from surface lican choice being George Willis, the Demo- indications at the Republican Convention,
Mr. Whitman is far stronger than his two to their State. It was contended that the competitors.
State courts could and would protect Indian The announcement of ex-Governor William minors. In 1912 Mr. Mott, after an invesSulzer that he will enter the Progressive pri- tigation of the court records in eight of maries and “beat Davenport two to one the counties comprising the Creek Nation, lends more variety to an already muddled brought to Congress a report showing that situation. Apparently New York is in for a the court costs and attorneys' and guardians' political Donnybrook Fair.
fees alone had consumed twenty per cent of The action of the Republican State Chair- the value of the estates probated, as comman, William Barnes, in announcing that he pared with less than three per cent in the case will not be a candidate for re-election to his of the estates of white minors probated in the present position has perhaps caused more same courts. The Hon. Warren K. Morehead, discussion in New York than any event in a member of the Board of Indian Commisthe political affairs of the State for several sioners, in 1913 made an extended investigaweeks. Mr. Barnes's friends say that, inas- tion strongly corroborating the report of Mr. much as the State Chairman had previously Mott. The Oklahoma Delegation in Condeclared that he would hold his position only gress at first denied the truth of this report, long enough to thwart Mr. Roosevelt's plans, and requested the Governor of the State of this announcement means that he considers Oklahoma to make an investigation. The the rout of the Roosevelt faction in State Governor's investigation veritied the Mott politics complete. On the other hand, many report. The loss to these Indians, however, Progressives look upon the Barnes retirement through the courts was the smallest part of under fire as a great political victory, which the plunder, for many other methods were they declare will prove to be a very important resorted to in the looting of minors' estates. factor in the complete defeat of bossism in Up to this time the protests against the New York. Those who are familiar with Oklahoma situation had come largely from Mr. Barnes's record are asking what change outside the State. At last, however, a in machine Republicanism in New York his friendly voice is heard from an official from pro forma retirement is likely to make when within the State. Miss Kate Barnard, the he still controls the State Committee through Oklahoma Commissioner of Charities and his personal henchmen. He was not Chair- Correction, has recently issued a circula man when he successfully led the Republican letter appealing to the citizenship of her ow machine against Governor Hughes.
State and of the Nation for assistance in
protecting the one-third of the Indian popu A NEW
lation of that State which has not alread INDIAN QUESTION
been despoiled of its property. She boldi Should the Nation or the State have juris- charges the existence of a conspiracy extend diction over the Indians ? Emphatically, the ing from Oklahoma to Washington havin Nation. What is now going on in Oklahoma for its purpose the plunder of the remainin goes to prove it.
thirty thousand restricted Indians. In 1908 the Federal Government surren- The Department of Charities and Corre dered a large part of its jurisdiction over the tion, over which Miss Barnard presides, property of the Five Civilized Tribes to the the only branch of government, State probate courts of Oklahoma. At that time Federal, clothed with legal authority to inte the Indians of the Five Civilized Tribes vene in the State courts on behalf of India owned one-half of the land in Oklahoma, minors. Through her activity and the worth approximately seven hundred and fifty operation of Federal employees two yea million dollars. It is estimated that more ago Miss Barnard intervened on behalf of than one-half that estate has been dissipated large number of Indian minors, forced d and the Indians have nothing to show for it. honest guardians to pay back to their war Mr. M. L. Mott, tribal attorney for the Creek many thousands of dollars which they h Indians, made a vigorous protest and pre- squandered, and thus was in a fair dicted the wholesale looting of these Indians to put a wholesome check upon the pr estates. The same view was expressed by gramme of graft and corruption practic Senator La Follette and others in Congress. through ihe probate courts. Then,
s These arguments were characterized by the charges, because of her activities, influen. Oklahoma Delegation in Congress as an insult hostile to the Indians working through
State Legislature wrecked her Department children can and will be protected in that by defeating appropriations necessary to State. employ attorneys to appear in the courts. Miss Barnard has lived in Oklahoma most She charges that the same influences which of her life; her father was one of the pioreached and controlled the State Legislature neers; she is a Democrat. She ran ten thouof Oklahoma have reached and controlled sand votes ahead of her ticket at the last Congress and the present administration of election. She has declined a nomination for Indian affairs; and in proof of the latter a third term, in order that she might not be charge she cites two provisions of the Indian charged with having selfish motives in makBill for the fiscal year 1915 which were ing this appeal for her Department on behalf incorporated at the instance of the Oklahoma of the Indians of her State. Delegation and indorsed by the Commis- Miss Barnard's appeal is one of the most sioner of Indian Affairs. One of these pro- significant as well as one of the most hopeful visions removes the two civil service heads recent signs in Indian affairs. The Governof the administration of the Five Civilized ment made a mistake when it surrendered to Tribes and replaces them by one political the State its jurisdiction over the Indians of appointee who is likely to owe his position to Oklahoma. The question is : Can the evils the Oklahoma Delegation. The other pro- resulting from that mistake be best remedied vision reduces the sum heretofore available by the Government's retaking that jurisdicfor civil service employees needed to protect tion, or by State legislation providing an the interests of the Indians and substitutes adequate probate procedure and supplying an appropriation for Federal probate attor- appropriations sufficient to make effective neys outside the civil service who are ap- the protective arm of the State Department pointed also with the indorsement of the of Charities and Correction ? As bearing Oklahoma Delegation.
on that question we may say that history
proves that locally elected judges furnish CAN THE STATE
inadequate protection to the individual against PROTECT THE INDIANS P
injustice sanctioned by local prejudice. The Commissioner of Indian Affairs claims The plan of co-operation between State that he has secured the adoption of a plan of probate courts and the politically appointed, co-operation between these Federal probate jurisdictionless Federal probate attorneys by attorneys and the State courts of Oklahoma whom the Commissioner of Indian Affairs which will fully protect Indian minors in the declares he is now protecting these Indians future. Miss Barnard, on the other hand, can have no other effect than to postpone the points out the absolute lack of jurisdiction of day of real and effective remedy through either the Federal proba e attorneys to appear in State or Federal legislation. Either the State the State courts, except with the sufferance of of Oklahoma should be compelled to enact legthe county judges, who, it is charged, have islation necessary for the protection of the interbeen largely responsible for the wrongs com- ests the Government intrusted to its keeping, plained of; and she declares that nothing can or the Federal Government should retake the be expected from Federal attorneys appointed jurisdiction which it mistakenly surrendered. through influences hostile to the interest of The fact that the Oklahoma influence has the Indians, even if they had jurisdiction. been strong enough to induce a CommisShe declares that the appropriation of eighty- sioner of Indian Affairs to indorse the plan five thousand dollars by the Federal Govern- of substituting the spoils system for civil ment to pay these attorneys to appear in the service in a State that contains one-third of State courts is an admission to the country the Indian population of the country, and in the most public way possible that the where corruption and plunder of Indians is courts of Oklahoma cannot be relied on to without precedent in the history of the Nation, protect these Indian estates under their juris- affords the strongest argument of recent diction; and she appeals to her fellow-citizens
years in favor of removing the Bureau of to redeem the State's honor by appropriating Indian Affairs from partisan politics. funds to rehabilitate her Department and to enable it to exercise the protective functions WAR AND AMERICAN vested in it by the Constitution and the laws COMMERCE of the State, and thereby demonstrate to the Very few ship-owners have taken advancountry that the property rights of Indian tage of the new registry legislation by which