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the other is by Henry Chappell, a name that may be familiar to some of our readers as that of the “ railway poet of Bath."
A CHANT OF HATE AGAINST
BY ERNST LISSAUER in "Jugend" Rendered into English verse by Barbara Henderson Reprinted from the New York *
Hate of the head and hate of the hand,
BY HENRY CHAPPELL
French and Russian, they matter not,
You boasted the Day, and you toasted the Day,
And now the Day has come ; Blasphemer, braggart, and coward all, Little you reck of the numbing ball, The blasting shell, or the “ White arm's ” fall,
As they speed poor humans home. You spied for the Day, you lied for the Day,
And woke the Day's red spleen ; Monster, who asked God's aid divine, Then strewed His seas with the ghastly
mincNot all the waters of all the Rhine
Can wash thy foul hands clean. You dreamed for the Day, you schemed for
Watch how the Day will go ; Slayer of age and youth and prime (Defenseless slain for never a crime), Thou art steeped in blood as a hog in slime
False friend and cowardly foe. You have sown for the Day, you have grown
for the Day,
Yours is the Harvest red; Can you hear the groans and the awful cries ? Can you see the heap of the slain that lies, And sightless turned to the flame-split skies
The glassy eyes of the dead ? You have longed for the Day, you have
wronged for the Day
That lit the awful flame. 'Tis nothing to you that hill and plain Yield sheaves of dead men amid the grain ; That widows mourn for their loved ones slain,
And mothers curse thy name! But after the Day there's a price to pay
For the sleepers under the sod; And He you have mocked for many a dayListen, and hear what He has to say :
“Vengeance is mine, I will repay.” What can you say to God ?
Take you the folk of the earth in pay,
THE PRESIDENT TO
the President and sympathize with him in CONGRESS
his ambitions for the absolute destruction of President Wilson in an open letter to Mr. monopoly will be somewhat inclined to be Underwood has given his measure of what less sanguine than he as to the demonstrated the Democratic party has accomplished dur- results of the Democratic policy. As Mr. ing the past two years.
Underwood said in his reply to the PresiThe Democratic programme, President dent, “We cannot expect that the reforms
“had several distinct parts and inaugurated by your Administration will immany items, but, after all, a single purpose, mediately demonstrate their worth. After a namely, to destroy private control and set law is on the statute-books it takes months business free.” Steps in the accomplish
and often years before the sentiment of a ment of this programme President Wilson
country adjusts itself to the new conditions." finds in the abolition of the lobby, in the With this reservation, Mr. Underwood conCurrency Bill, in the reform of the tariff on
cludes, “ I feel sure that time will prove that a purely competitive basis, and in the Clayton the legislation which has been enacted at this Bill, upon which The Outlook has recently Congress is the beginning of a new life for commented. “ Incidentally” to this, Mr.
our Nation." Wilson says, “ justice has been done the
Hope may be justified by future events, laborer. His labor is no longer to be treated but it cannot be taken as absolute proof of as if it were merely an inanimate object of
past accomplishments. commerce disconnected from the fortunes and happiness of a living human being, to be
THE AMERICAN BAR dealt with as an object of sale and barter.”
ASSOCIATION Likewise, Mr. Wilson believes that the Clay
The meeting of the American Bar Associaton Bill will prove the clear and final check
tion in Washington, D. C., last week was of sufficient to destroy in its infancy the “noxious growth " of monopoly. “Monopolies,”
peculiar and memorable interest to the lay
man because of three remarkable addresses President Wilson says, are built up by un
made on the opening day. They were unfair methods of competition, and the new
usually free from the technical and purely sciTrade Commission has power to forbid and
entific ideas and phraseology which only legal prevent unfair competition, whether upon a
minds are competent to enjoy. President big scale or upon a little, whether just begun
Wilson with his characteristic literary skill or grown old and formidable.” President
drew a parallel between the Court of Public Wilson also rejoices in the fact that the Clay
Opinion and courts of law.
The final judgton Bill in a large measure prevents inter
ments of public opinion, he said, are based locking directorates. For “monopoly,” he says, “is created also by putting the same
not upon technicalities, but upon the charac
ter of the witnesses and upon a consideration men in charge of a variety of business enter
of motives as well as of definite actions. In prises, whether apparently related or unre
the Court of Public Opinion“ if you can lated to one another.” Mr. Wilson appar
establish your character you can establish ently looks upon this abolition of monopoly as an accomplished fact. “ If our party,” he says, “ were to be called upon to name the
You cannot go any faster than you can ad. particular point of principle in which it differs vance the average moral judgments of the mass, from its opponents most sharply,
but you can go at least as fast as that, and you should, no doubt, say it was this : That we can see to it that you do not lag behind the would have no dealings with monopoly, but average moral judgments of the mass. reject it altogether; while our opponents
I have in my life dealt with all sorts and
conditions of men, and I have found that the were ready to adopt it into the realm of law, and seek merely to regulate it and moderate
flame of moral judgment burned just as bright
in the man of humble life and limited experience it in its operation. It is our purpose to de- as in the scholar and the man of affairs. stroy monopoly and maintain competition as
And I would like his voice always to be heard, the only effectual instrument of business
not as a witness, not as speaking in his own liberty."
case, but as if he were the voice of men in We think that even those who agree with general, in our courts of justice as well as
the voice of the lawyers, remembering what for instance, in the State of Wisconsin. It the law has been.
is an interesting sign of the times that so The address by ex-President Taft was one eminent a lawyer as Senator Root should of his strongest public utterances.
conclude an address at so important a gatherviewed the recent anti-trust legislation and ing of his professional colleagues with the by implication criticised Congress for not following sentence: “Another thing the bar giving the new Trade Commission either can do is to simplify the procedure of our sufficient authority or sufficient responsibil- courts. The American man is intensely ity. In this we cordially agree with him. practical and direct in his methods. AmeriHe compared the function of the new Trade can procedure ought to follow as closely Commission to that of a master in chancery, as possible the methods of thought and whose findings the Chancery Court can fol- action of American farmers and business low or ignore as it pleases. He also implied men." that, while the country has rightly directed itself to a regulation of combinations of capi- AMERICA AND ITS tal, it has neglected to take proper precau
DEPENDENT PEOPLES tions regarding great combinations of labor. Lake Mohonk stands for two American “ The abuses growing out of the enormous ideas. Neither of them is exclusively Ameripower of combinations of labor, which have can; but both of them, we are convinced, been also manifest, have not evoked the same dominate the American people. One idea regulative legislative tendency.” This is a is that international differences should be true and timely saying.
settled by a more rational method than war. Perhaps the most important thing, how- That idea is represented at Lake Mohonk by ever, in the ex-President's address was his a Peace Conference every spring. The other recommendation that Congress should pass a idea is that strong nations responsible for the statute which shall put it “in the power of protection and government of dependent the President to institute judicial proceed peoples should conduct their dependencies ings, civil and criminal, in courts of the in the interest not of the strong nation but United States to punish a violation of the of the dependent peoples. That idea is repretreaty rights of aliens and enable him to use sented by a Conference on Indians and Other the civil and military executive arm of the Dependent Peoples every fall. Government to protect against their threat- The Conference just held at Lake Mohonk ened invasion." He did not mention the was devoted to the two general subjects—the name of Japan, but it is easy to see what Indians and the inhabitants of the Philipwas in his mind. Perhaps it is too much to pines. The interest in both these subjects ask a Democratic Congress to follow a recom- was particularly acute this year because the mendation of a Republican ex-President. But change in the Administration at Washington if Congress would yield partisanship to pa- has had a chance to show its effects both in triotism and pass the statute which Mr. Taft the administration of Indian affairs and upon suggests, it would probably do more than the the Nation's Philippine policy. It is natural building of ten dreadnoughts a year to main- that those who have devoted years of labor tain peace between the Occident and the on behalf of these dependent peoples and Orient.
have succeeded in instilling into one political The third striking speech was made by party something of their own ideals should Senator Root. In his opinion, our legislators have looked with some misgiving upon the make too many laws and make them too advent of another party which had not had unintelligently. Between the years 1909 for many years any experience in administerand 1913 over sixty thousand statutes were ing Indian affairs from Washington, and had passed by our National and State legisla- never had any experience in administering tures. “Many of these statutes are drawn the affairs of the Philippines. It was coninartistically, carelessly, ignorantly. Their sequently natural, therefore, that at this conterms are so vague, uncertain, doubtful, that ference there was an unusual degree of they breed litigation inevitably.” One concrete doubt, not to say pessimism. Perhaps the suggestion which he makes to meet this abuse doubt may have been justified, but certainly is the establishment in every legislature of a not the pessimism. Rather, those who have good reference library and an expert drafting had the interest of such peoples as the bureau to prepare bills, as they are preparedIndians and the Filipinos at heart might well welcome the opportunity of educating an- their education, another with their health, and other political party in their own ideals. so on. The truth is, moreover, that this process of education in ideals has not been confined to AMERICA AND one party. The whole country has been THE FILIPINOS trained in the art of applying to weaker peo- As in the case of the Indians, so in the ples the ideals of liberty and of applying them case of the Filipinos. There was reason in an efficient way.
given at this Conference for the belief that Nevertheless, the change of administration inexperience was working injury. Even if has brought one danger, and this was em- due allowance is made for the inevitable phasized at the Conference. It is the danger belief on the part of those who have been at of intrusting difficult and delicate problems work at a certain task that their successors to inexperienced men. We still have in this cannot do it as well, there was ground for country the ridiculous tradition of changing fears that much of the good work that has administrators with party changes. There is, been done during the past dozen years or so for example, a new Commissioner of Indian is in fair way of being undone. Ex-Governor Affairs in Washington. He has come to his Forbes, whose policy has been attacked, office with no experience concerning the work made a restrained and generous speech recof that Bureau. The unquestioned honesty ognizing the right of the new Administration of his purpose cannot take the place of such to institute a different policy, but frankly experience; nor can it undo the harm that is stating why he thought it mistaken. Mr. Fitzdone by the stirring up of partisan activities. gerald, Chairman of the Committee on Ap
To the Indians the most acute peril is that propriations in the House of Representatives which threatens them in Oklahoma. The at Washington, who presided at the Conferstory of the wrongs done to the Indians in ence, outlined and interpreted the purposes that State is a long one. For those wrongs of the Jones Bill, which has already been the Nation as a whole is responsible, although summarized and commented upon in The they have been perpetrated largely under Outlook. As a loyal representative of the State government. Against these wrongs a Democratic party, he defended this Demowoman, Miss Kate Barnard, herself a Demo- cratic measure, and there seemed to be a crat in a Democratic State, has been fighting general feeling that the Administration had a with tenacity and almost heedless bravery. right to enlarge the powers of self-governThe discovery that the lands of the Oklahoma ment in the islands and to try the experiment Indians cover untold wealth has roused cov- of intrusting more power to the hands of the etousness that has inspired graft, violence, and Filipinos.
Filipinos. What, however, was widely reeven, so it is alleged, murder. And at just sented, though the resentment was implied this time, when the Indians need the Nation's rather than expressed, was the apparent lack protection against the State, changes are of appreciation on the part of the present being made under the plea of economy which Administration of what had been done in the imperil whatever power the Nation retains past. There was very little indication on the there over Indian affairs. The present Ad- part of those who advocated the Democratic ministration at Washington needs to be on its policy that what had been done in the Philguard if it is not going to affix to the Demo- ippines was anything better than exploitation cratic party the responsibility for new dishonor modified by benevolent despotism. in Indian matters.
the speakers, Mr. W. Morgan Shuster, for So serious has the problem become of instance, gave no credit for what was done. saving the Indians from the perils of isolation On the contrary, he branded as hypocrisy forced upon them by the practice of placing the expressions of interest in the welfare of them on reservations, and so obvious is the the Filipinos on the part of those who had need of an efficient governmental instrument gone on behalf of the United States to help for developing the Indians into a status of in the government of the islands. And this American citizenship, that it has been pro- he said in spite of and without any reference posed to abolish the Indian Office, and in its to the fact that a few years ago he himself stead to create a permanent non-partisan was paying his tribute to what had been done commission, each member of which should in the islands under former Administrations. have a specific duty with regard to the devel. Similarly, Mr. Quezon, the Philippine Deleopment of the Indians-one to deal with gate to Congress, had no word to indicate
that the United States had rendered any of the public schools, I take a special interest in service whatever to the islands.
our school system, and am now, as I have been attitude as this bodes little good for the Fili
throughout my career, a firm and unyielding pinos, for it indicates that partisanship is
advocate of every measure that guards and directing the new policy.
strengthens the public school system of our Beyond, however, these differences of
country. ... If I were asked to state what, in
my opinion, is the choicest product and fairest opinion with regard to specific questions of
fruition of liberty, I would unhesitatingly name policy, there was one point in which the Con- the public school system of the United States. ference was certainly unanimous, and that For sinister purposes and with malicious was that these dependent peoples, Indians intent, certain people are spreading the story and Filipinos alike, should be governed for that, if elected Governor, I will advocate the their benefit. The attitude that such a sharing of school moneys between public schools country as Germany has taken toward its and parochial schools. Here and now I want African colonies would have been inconceiv
to brand this story as a diabolical falsehood. able on the part of any participant in that
If elected, I will do no such thing. Conference at Lake Mohonk. And the rea
If the Legislature passed any law, with this
as its object, I would not sign it. I am in favor son why it would be inconceivable is that it
of no such policy. I believe that the people would be totally contrary to the whole spirit who want sectarian schools should support the of the Nation. Whatever mistakes are made sectarian school. by the United States in its declared policy
This is The Outlook's platform, and we with regard to such peoples as these will be made through carelessness, indifference, in
are delighted to find that it is one on which experience, unwisdom, but not through a
we can stand with so good a product of the
Roman Catholic Church and of the American deliberate policy on the part of the American people as a whole to exploit these dependent public school as Governor Glynn. The Amer
ican public school system is unique in the civilpeoples and to make use of them for the glo
ized world. It has serious defects, such as its rification of the Nation.
inadequacy in moral and spiritual training.
But nevertheless it is the greatest single GOVERNOR GLYNN AND THE
institution in the United States common to PUBLIC SCHOOLS
its whole territory and all its population. No By far the most important utterance that has
other institution is so inclusive, so catholic. been made in the present political campaign
It may, and, happily for the United States, it in the State of New York was made on
does, afford a common ground and meetingTuesday evening of last week at Watertown
place for Austrian, German, Russian, French by Governor Glynn. A political critic had
man, Briton, Roman Catholic, Protestant, presented to him a series of questions on the
Jew, agnostic, white man and black man. public school, which he read and answered
Any man or set of men who weaken its efficategorically. The questions and answers as
ciency or ur.dermine its catholicity are enereported verbatim in the New York “ Times'
mies of their country. We wish that the are as follows:
questions which Governor Glynn has so 1. “Do you believe in the absolute separa- frankly made public and has so vigorously tion of the Church and State ?"
and satisfactorily answered could be presented I do. No man who understands the princi
to every candidate for the office of delegate ples upon which this Republic was founded can tolerate the suggestion of interference in the
to the coming Constitutional Convention in
this State. affairs of government by any sect or creed. 2. “Do you believe that no public funds should
The question of free, universal, and unbe used for any sectarian purpose whatever ?"
prejudiced education is more important than In answer I have no hesitancy in saying that questions of government efficiency, taxation, I am uncomprisingly opposed to the use of or good roads, because the American public public funds for the support or aid of any partic- school and the principle upon which it was ular sect or religious denomination.
founded underlie all good citizenship and the 3. “Do you believe that the free public
very structure of the American State. schools are the best medium for instruction of our children and assimilating the different na
A GIFT DECLINED tionalities and making intelligent and useful citizens of them ?"
A novel and interesting gift was offered I answer, emphatically,“ Yes.” As a product some months ago to the New York Public