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their happening. My good father, who delighted in the Pilgrim's Progress, and mountainous places, took shipping, with his wife, for Scotland, and inhabited in the Highlands, where myself was born; and whether the soil, climate, or astral influences, of which are preserved divers prognostics, restored our ancestor's natural faculty of second sight, in a greater lustre to me, than it had shined in through several generations, I will not here discuss. But so it is, that I am possess. ed largely of it, and design, if you encourage the pro. posal, to take this opportunity of doing good with it, which I question not will be accepted of in a grateful way by many of your honest readers, though the dis. covery
my extraction bodes ne no deference from your great scholars and modern philosophers. This my father was long ago aware of, and least the name alone should hurt the fortunes of his children, he, in his shiftings from one country to another, wisely changed it. « Sir, I have only this further to say, how I may
be useful to you, and as a reason for my not making myself more known in the world :. by virtue of this great gift of nature, second sightedness, I do continually see numbers of men, women, and children, of all ranks, and what they are doing, while I am sitting in my closet ; which is too great a burthen for the mind, and makes me also conceit, even against reason, that all this host of people can see and observe me, which strongly inclines me to solitude, and an obscure living; and on the other hand, it will be an case to me to disburden my thoughts and observations in the way proposed to you, by Sir, your friend and humble servant.' I conceal this correspondent's name,
my for his life and safety,' and cannot but approve his pru. dence, in choosing to live obscurely. I remember the fate of my poor monkey : he had an illnatured trick of grinning and chattering at every thing he saw in petticoats: my ignorant country neighbours got a notion, that pug snarled by instinct at every female who
had lost her virginity. This was no sooner generally believed, than he was condemned to death ; by whom I could never learn, but he was assassinated in the night, barbarously stabbed and mangled in a thousand places, and left hanging dead on one of my gate posts where I found him the next morning.
The censor observing, that the itch of scribbling begins to spread exceedingly, and bei:ig carefully tender of the reputation of his country, in point of wit and good sense, has determined to take all manner of writing in verse or prose, that pretended to either, under his immediate cognizance ; and accordingly, here. by prohibits the publishing any such for the future, till they have first passed his examination, and received his imprimatur : for which he demands as a fee only six pence per sheet.
N. B. He nevertheless permits to be published, all satirical remarks on the Busy-Body, the above prohivi. tion notwithstanding, and without examination, or requiring the said fees; which indulgence the small wits, in and about this city, are advised gratefully to accept and acknowledge.
The gentleman who calls himself Sirronio, is direct. ed, on receipt of this, to burn his great book of cru. dities.
P. S. In compassion to that young man, on account of the great pains he has taken, in consideration of the character I have just received of him, that he is really good-natured, and on condition he shows it to no foreigner, for stranger of seose, I have thought fit to reprieve his said great book of Crudities from the flames, till further order.
Noli me tangero..
I had resolved when I first commenced this designs. on no account to enter into a public dispute with any
man ; for I judged it would be equally unpleasant to me and my readers, to see this paper filled with contentious wrangling, answers, replies, &c. which is a way of writing that is endless, and at the same time seldom contains any thing that is either edifying or entertaining. Yet when such a considerable man as. Mr. finds himself concerned so warınly to accuse and condemn me, as he has done in Keimer's last Instructor, I cannot forbear endeavouring to say some. thing in my own defence, from one of the worst of characters that could be given me by a man of worth. But as I have many things of more consequence to offer the public, I declare that I will never after this time, take notice of any accusations, not better sup. ported with truth and reason ; much less may every little scribbler, that shall attack me, expect an answer from the Busy-Body.
The sum of the charge delivered against me, either directly or indirectly, in the said paper, is this : not to mention the first weighty sentence concerning vanity and ill-nature, and the shrewd intimation, that I am without charity and therefore can have no pretence to religion, I am represented as guilty of defamation and scandal, the odiousness of which is apparent 10 every good man, and the practice of it opposite to Christianity, morality and common justice, and in some cases, so far below all these, as to be inhuman; a blaster of reputations; as attempting, by a pretence, to screen myself from the imputation of malice and prejudice ; as using a weapon, which the wiser and better part of mankind hold in abhorrence : and as giving treatment which the wiser and better part of mankind dislike on the same principles, and for the same reason, as they do assassination, &c. and all this is inferred and concluded from a character I have wrote in my Number III.
In order to examine the truth and justice of this heavy charge, let us recur to that character. And here we may be surprised to find what a trifle las raised this
mighty clamour and complaint, this grievous accu. sation - The worst thing said of the person, in what is called my gross description (be he who he will to whom my accuser has applied the character of Cretico) is, that he is a sour philosopher, crafty, but not wise. Few human characters can be drawn that will not fit some body, in so large a country as this ; but one would think, supposing I meant Cretico a real per. son, I had sufficiently manifested my impartiality, when I said, in that very paragragh, that Cretico is not without virtue ; that there are many good things in him, and many good actions reported of him ; which must be allowed in all reason, very much to overbalance in his favour those worst words, sour tempered, and cunning. Nay, my very enemy and accuser must have been sensible of this, when he freely acknowledges, that he has been seriously considering, and cannot yet determine, which he would choose to be, the Cato or Cretico of that 'paper ; since my Cato is one of the best of characters. Thus much in my own vindication.
As to the only reasons there given, why I ought not to continue drawing characters, viz. Why should any man's picture be published which he never sat for; or his good name taken from him any more than his money or possessions, at the arbitrary will of another; &c. I have but this to answer : the money or possessions, I presume, are nothing to the purpose ; since no man can claim a right either to those or a good name, if he has acted so as to forfeit them. And are not the public the only judges what share of reputation they think proper to allow any man? Supposing I was capable, and had an inclination, to draw all the good and bad characters in America, why should a good man be offended with me for drawing good characters ?
And if I draw ill ones, can they fit any one but those that deserve them? And ought any but such to be concerned that they have their deserts ? I have as great an aversion and abhorrence for defamation and scandal as any man, and would, with the utmost care, avoid
being guilty of such base things ; besides I am very sen. sible and certain, that if I should make use of this paper to defame any person, my reputation would be sooner hurt by it than his; and the Busy-Body would quickly become detestable; because, in such a case, as is justly observed, the pleasure arising from a tale of wit and novelty soon dies away in generous and honest minds, and is followed with a secret grief, to see their neighbours calumniated. But if I myself was actually the worst man in the province, and any one should draw ny real character, would it not be ridiculous in me to say, he had defamed and scandalized me, unless he had added in a matter of truth? If any thing is meant by asking, why any man's picture should be published which he never sat for? it must be, that we should give no character without the owner's consent. If I discern the wolf disguised in harmless wool, and contriving the destruction of my neighbour's sheep, niust I have his permission, before I am allowed to discover and prevent him ? If I know a man to be a designing knave, must I ask his consent to bid my friends beware of him ? If so, then, by the same rule, supposing the Busy-Body had really merited all his enemy had charge ed him with, his consent likewise ought to have been obtained before so terrible an accusation was published against him.
I shall conclude with observing, that in the last paragraph save one of the piece now examined, much illnature and some good sense are co-inhabitants (as he expresses it.) The ill nature appears in his endeavouring to discover satire where I intended no such thing, but quite the reverse; the good sense is this, that drawing too good a character of any one is a refined manner of satire, that may be as injurious to him as the contrary, by bringing on an examination that undresses the person, and in the haste of doing it, he may happen to be stript of what he really owns and deserves. As I am Censor, I might punish the first, but I forgive it. Yet I will not leave the latter unre