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A. 6. Edward was very brave and warlike.
A. 7. This king desired to bring Wales into his power.
A. 8. Wales lies on the West side of England.

A. 9. Llewellyn was at that time the Welsh prince or chief.

A. 10. The Welsh bards, or poets, who sung warlike songs in praise of their country, are said to have so animated the courage of the Welsh people, that they resisted in the most brave and determined manner every attempt of king Edward to subdue them.

A. 11. He is said to have ordered them all to be put to death.

A. 12. The Welsh said they would have nobody for their king who was not a countryman of their own,-and one who could speak no language but their own. King Edward promised, that, if they would submit to him, he would appoint just such a one for their king. He then appointed his own son, a child who had been born in Wales only a few days before, at Carnarvon Castle.

A. 13. The king of England's eldest son has, from that time, been called the Prince of Wales,

A. 14. Edward next tried to get possession of Scotland.

A. 15. There was a dispute as to who should be king of Scotland, as several persons laid claim to the crown, especially Bruce and Baliol: and it was referred to the

of England to say who was the right heir. A. 16. The king of England decided that John Baliol was the rightful king ; but Edward craftily kept all the power in his own hands.

A. 17. William Wallace made great resistance to the king of England's tyranny.

Ă. 18. The king of England beat Wallace at the fight of Falkirk.

A. 19. The king treated Wallace very cruelly, ordering him to be hung, drawn, and quartered.

A. 20. Yes; the Scots still persevered.

A. 21. Under Robert Bruce, who conquered, and became king of Scotland.

A. 22. Robert Bruce.
A. 23. Edward the first died at Carlisle '.

1 In Cumberland.



13 A. 24. In the year 1307.

A. 25. His last cruel request was that his son would never cease warring against the Scots till he had completely conquered them.

A. 26. He was nicknamed Longshanks, from the length of his legs.



(To be answered in our next.) Question 1. Who was king of England after the death of Edward the first?

Q. 2. How old was Edward the second when he began to reign?

Q. 3. In what year did he come to the throne ?

Q. 4. Where was he born; and what name was he called by ?

Q. 5. What was his personal appearance; and what was his disposition?

Q. 6. Did Edward the second act up to the dying request of his father, in carrying on war against the Scots?

Q. 7. In what battle was he beaten; and who led on the enemy against him?

Q. 8. Did his affairs go on well at home?
Q. 9. By whose advice was he chiefly guided ?

Q. 10. Were the people offended by his ill-conduct, and his fondness for unprincipled favourites ?

Q. 11. Who were his chief favourites, and what became of them?

Q. 12. What happened to the king ?

Q. 13. Where was the king confined after he was taken prisoner?

Q. 14. Who had the custody of him at Berkeley Castle?

Q. 15. How was he treated ?
Q. 16. Was he ever released from his confinement ?
Q. 17. What death did he die, and in what year?

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A LITTLE boy, the son of an American, had always expressed a great desire to go to sea, but his father would not consent. Having, however, met with the great misfortune of having his home destroyed by fire, and having several other children to provide for, he allowed his child to follow the profession he had been so anxious for; and he applied to the captain of a brig to take him on board with him. When questioned by the captain as to his character and conduct, the boy produced a Bible which had been given him as a reward at a Sunday school for good behaviour; and his father said he had never known him tell a lie, or do a dishonest action. William was taken on board and employed by the steward of the ship. He was constant at his prayers, and every day spent a portion of his time in reading his Bible. The steward, whose berth was near to William's, observed this conduct, and the care with which he kept from every profane and bad expression, and how particular he was in speaking the exact truth: but, instead of encouraging the boy in these good ways, he laughed at him, and called him a Methodist. William bore this treatment without an angry reply, and tried to soften the steward's heart by good offices; and once, when the vessel was in some danger, he endeavoured to awaken serious thoughts in his mind. The steward listened and promised to think seriously of religion if his life should be spared till the storm was over; but, when William then offered to read to him from the Bible, he told him, another time would do for those matters. The ship, after a short voyage arrived at Monte Video', where it was to remain some time. William continued his attendance on the captain, and, one evening, when he was accompanying him from the merchant's counting-house to the boat, they passed by an elegant house filled with gay company. The captain was invited to enter, and William waited for him at the entrance. Whilst he stood there, a lady and gentleman passed has

1 In South America.


15 tily by him, and, as they passed, William thought he observed something fall to the ground. When he picked it up, it proved to be a beautiful diamond cross. William immediately followed the gentleman and lady, and held up the ornament before them. The lady was in raptures at seeing it, and overwhelmed poor William with thanks in a language he could not understand, for restoring this treasure to her, which proved to be of immense value, and supposed in the eyes of the owner to possess a sort of sacred character. The captain assured William that he should have no reason to repent of his honesty. William modestly replied that he did not think there was any thing to be particularly praised in a thing which every honest person

would do. Some time after this, the vessel sailed for Boston, and on William's arrival he went immediately on shore to see his friends. He could gain no tidings of them, and felt quite at a loss where to seek for them, when a person worn with sickness, and in miserable apparel, passed the house which he was in, whose resemblance to his father was so great that he ran after him, and found that it was indeed his father, who from various misfortunes was reduced to this miserable state. The poor man was relating his sad story when the captain came in, and told William that he had got some money for him, and wished to know what he would do with it. “Give it to my father," was William's reply; “ but how is it that I have any ?" It proved that the father of the lady whose diamond cross William had restored, had given some money to the captain for William, which the captain had laid out so advantageously for him that it produced an amount of 500 dollars.

William was overjoyed at this timely relief; his father was quite restored. William continued to live in the fear of God, and, through his blessing, prospered, and at length became a captain, strictly attentive to the welfare of those thus committed to his charge.

(Sent by M. D.)

1 In North America.

TEMPERANCE. A MAN, who had for a considerable time been troubled with a cough, was accustomed to take a little brandy and water every night on going to bed, fancying that it was of use to him, and prevented his cough from increasing. This habit became at length so strong, that it seemed quite necessary to him. Some of his friends urged him to become a member of the Temperance Society, but he objected to it, saying, that if he did so, he should be obliged to leave off taking his brandy and water, and then he was sure his cough would grow worse and worse. His friends, however, continued to persuade him, and at last, he was induced to comply with their wishes. For the first two or three nights that he went without his brandy, his cough was more troublesome than ever, and he feared that he should not be able to persevere in his resolution. However, he did persevere for a few days longer, and, at the end of that time, found, to his great surprise, that his cough had entirely left him, and that he was perfectly well.

A very respectable man, the driver of one of the public stage coaches, was in the habit, when he came home at night, of taking two or three glasses of brandy and water, though he was never what is called a drunkard. He found, that in the morning he had seldom an appetite for his breakfast: and, during the day often felt so weak that he was scarcely able to pull up his horses. A little while ago, he was induced by the persuasion of some friends to become a member of a Temperance Society; and, since he left off the use of Spirits, his health has been in every respect better; he can now, he says, eat his breakfast with a relish, and feels more strong and active than he ever did before.


I know who your correspondent J. S. is, very well, and I have met him often. I once said to him that I thought a Temperance Society a good thing, but that I could not conscientiously join it myself, as I was in the habit of taking a very small quantity of brandy every night: it

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