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taining a transit instrument, chronometer, chronograph, clocks, and sextant.

The Ranken House is 40 feet square and two stories in height. It is used as a mechanical laboratory, and contains machines for the testing of the various metals and of cement, stone, wood, etc.

The gymnasium is 80 feet long, 44 feet wide, and two stories high. The first story contains bowling alleys, sponge and shower baths, a dressing room, and a reception room. The whole of the second story, 30 feet in height, is taken up by the gymnasium proper, which has a gallery with a racing track, and is fitted up with the best patterns of Dr. Sargent's gymnastic apparatus.

The alumni building is about 50 feet square and three stories in height. It is fireproof throughout, having concrete floors and brick partition walls. The first floor contains the library, a room for the trustees and the transaction of general executive business and one for the office of the director. The second and third floors contain the geological, mineralogical, and general natural history collections. There is also a lecture room for the professor of geology on the second floor.

THE LIBRARY. The library, located on the first floor of the new fireproof alumni building, is strictly technical in its character. It consists of about 5,000 volumes and a large number of pamphlets and maps, and contains many valuable scientific works, including the publications of foreign and American societies, and bound volumes of various technical journals. The professional library of the late Alexander L. Holley was bequeathed by him to the institution and forms a part of its collection. The books and pamphlets are accessible to all members of the institute, and the reading room attached contains the current numbers of all the more valuable scientific publications of this and other countries.

The institution possesses valuable collections of drawings, models, instruments, and machines for purposes of illustration and instruction in its various departments. The total value of its property is estimated at $350,000,

ITS GRADCATES. The importance of this institution in the educational history of the country is well known. This is due not only to the methods of instruction and the high standard of scholarship required, but also to the splendid work of its graduates as engineers and teachers of science. In a pamphlet published in 1892, entitled A Partial Record of the Work of Graduates of the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, are given the names of 33 presidents, 121 vice-presidents, managers, and superintendents, and 69 chief engineers of railroad companies, steel and iron works, bridge companies, waterworks, electric companies, mining companies, sewerage systems, canals, etc., who have graduated

at the school; also of 5 State geologists and 56 professors who have been connected with most of the great educational institutions of the country. The pamphlet also shows that the graduates of the school have been connected as designers and constructors with nearly all the larger bridge companies and great bridges in the country, and that they have in responsible positions helped to build and equip 109,000 miles of the railroad systems of North America, besides many miles in other quarters of the globe. One hundred and ninety of the graduates of the school have become members of the American Society of ('ivil Engineers. It received at the Paris Exposition of 1889 the only grand prize given to engineering schools of the l'nited States.

That it is widely known as a school of science may be inferred from the residences of its students, who have come from all parts of the world.

Including the class of 1893 there have been 1,033 graduates, of whom 837 are alive and 236 are dead. Mine hundred and forty-seven received the degree of civil engineer (C. E.). The graduates are practicing their professions in 47 of the States and Territories of the l'nited States and in 1 foreign countries.

Besides the General Alumni Association of the Institute there are associations of graduates in Pittsburg, Kansas City, Chicago, and New York.

The annual register for 133 contains the names of ls professor and instructors, lecturers, and students.

BIBLIOGRAPHY. The laws of the State of New York for the years 126, 1472, 163, 185, 1887, 18.

1851, 1951, 1953, 1164, 166, 167, and 1171 contain provisions relating to

the school Prospectus entitled Preparatin Branch Recently Established at Rensnelaer School.

and dated September 14, 1:36. Prospextus entitled Xotices of Renelarr Institutes, and dated October 13, 1-35. The Renerlaer Polytechnic Institute. Its Reorganization in 149 ); it('ondition

at the Present Time. Its Plans and low for the Future, by B. Franklin

Groene, was published in 1954). "vo pumpehiet, pp Papur rrlating to the Organization of the Association of Graduates, Troy. N. Y..

June ! 2.5, 1 . po pampol'et, 24 pp. Proceedings of the Semicentennial (elebration of the Renklaer Polytechnic

Institute, Troy. X. Y., hed June 1.1K, 181, Wyo amphlet, 1. pp. History of the Window Lalmoratory and the ('alinets of Mineralogy and Geolowy.

Truy. X. Y., 1-4. Wyo pampalat. l. P. Renarr Pulytechnic Institute, Trus, X. Y. Meetink of Alumni in Xew York,

Fibrary in, 11. NVI) mp'lrt, pop. Bographical Record of the other and intuem of the Renalarr Polytechnic Institute.

1 1 , by Henry B. Sun. Wy0, 911 pop A Partial Reard of the Work of Grude of .be Rel. Polytechnic Insti.

tite. Troy. S. Y., 1-4: 28 jam; ht IP The Hennaclar's Poiste hne 11.11ntr. Iris X. Y., !oane 14. Handtwork at

Informatie. Vo | Anbirt.
Annual rekisters of tbe institute from the fi anlats at the bool to 1 3

POPULAR COLLEGES AND SUMMER SCHOOLS. Peculiar work of a technical or a popular character, done by such institutions as Cooper Union in New York, Pratt Institute in Brooklyn, Chautauqua University, and the Catholic Summer School of America, valuable as it is, does not properly belong within the limits of this history, although the above institutions are colleges incorporated under the laws of the State of New York. They are doing work which falls in with the university-extension movement, as leading to a wider opportunity for higher education to the people at large. The real history of this large movement is yet to make, and such beginnings as can be attributed to these institutions have been often described in pamphlets and articles easily accessible. Reference is specially made to the following list of publications:

“ The history of summer schools in the United States," by W. W. Willoughby, Ph. D. Published as chapter 29 of the Report of the United States Commissioner of Education for 1891-92.

COOPER UNION. Hongh, F. B. Historical and Statistical Records of the University of the State of New York, 1784-1884. Albany, 1885. This sketch has peculiar interest as giv. ing an account of the conferring of the degree of LL. D. upon Peter Cooper, on February 12, 1878, his eighty-ninth birthday.

Laws of New York, 1857, chap. 31. “Incorporation of the Peter Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art."

Laws of New York, 1859, chap. 379, amending above. Pamphlet, “Charter, Trust Deed, and By-laws of the Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art; with the letter of Peter Cooper accompanying the trust deed." New York, 1881.

This pamphlet contains also the by-laws and regulations of the institution.

Address of the graduates and pupils to Peter Cooper, esq., and his reply at the annual cominencement, May 31, 1871. New York, 1871.

Annual Report of the Trustees. The thirty-ninth report is dated May, 1898.

"Regents' Report for 1839." P. 592 has interesting summary of the financial statements of the institution.

CHAUTAUQUA. Chautauqua Assembly Herald.

See University of the State of New York. Extension bulletin 9. (Summer schools.)

Noble, F. P. Chautauqua as a new factor in American life. New England Magazine n. s. 2: 90.

Thorpe, F. N. Chautauqua life in 1800. Chaut. 9: 528.
Flood, T. L. Old (hautauqua Day. Chaut. 13: 361,

Prof. Herbert B. Adams. Chautauqua. Report of United States Commissioner of Education for 1994-95. Chapter 19. ('omprises 100 pages and includes an account of the Catholic Chantauqua," the Catholic Summer School.

PRATT INSTITUTE. Campbell, J. R. Pratt Institute. Century 46: 870. Hale. E. E. Pratt Institute. Cosmopolitan 7: 99. Regent's report, 1895. pp. 467-492.

CATHOLIC SUMMER SCHOOL. Catholic Reading Circle Review.

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