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11 Former commissioners, etc., may be prosecuted. Be it enacted by the people of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, That it shall and may be lawful for the supervisor and commissioner of any town, authorised to be chosen by the first section* of the act, passed April fourth, one thousand eight hundred and seven, entitled “An act relative to the lots of land, reserved for the support of the gospel and schools, in the counties of Onondaga, Cayuga and Seneca,” to commence and prosecute in and by the name and style of the commissioners of the public lot of the town to which they respectively belong, any suit, against any of their predecessors in office, or against any other person or persons, to recover any debt, dues or demand, of right due to the supervisor and commissioner or commissioners of such public lot; and no such suit shall abate by the death, resignation or removal from office of the said supervisor and commissioner, or either of them, but the same shall and may be prosecuted to judgment and execution, by their successors in office. L. 1819, c. 239, § 1.

12 Moneys, how apportioned. And be it further enacted, That all moneys now due or hereafter to become due, and which shall have come into the hands of the aforesaid commissioners of public lots, and have not been applied and paid over to religious societies, shall be apportioned among the several school districts in the several towns in the aforementioned counties, anything in the acts heretofore passed to the contrary notwithstanding. Id., $ 2.

13 In Tompkins county. And be it further enacted That the authority hereby given to the supervisor and commissioners aforesaid, be and are hereby given to the supervisors and commissioners of the public lots in the several towns in the county of Tompkins. Id., $ 3.

14 Trustees may sell gospel and school lots in military tract. Be it enacted by the People of the State of New York, represented in Senate and Assembly, That it shall be lawful for the trustees of any gospel and school lot who now are or hereafter may be appointed in any town or towns in the military tract in pursuance of any law of this state to sell the said lots belonging to their respective towns upon such credit as to them shall appear most for the interest of their respective towns and to receive payment for the same whenever they shall think proper. L. 1826, c. 30, $ 1.

15 Investing moneys; applying income. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty of the said trustees at all times to keep the principal monies realised from the sale of said lots invested in loans secured by bond and mortgage upon unincumbered real estate to double the value of the mortgage money. And for that purpose it shall be lawful for the said trustees, as often as it may become necessary to loan the said monies upon such mortgage security, to purchase in the mortgaged premises upon any foreclosure thereof, and from time to time to loan any monies, and hold dispose of and convey any lands or tenements which may become vested in them in pursuance of their duties as such trustees; Provided, That the said trustees shall always take security by bond and mortgage, for any loans made or for the purchase monies due for lands sold by them, And provided also That the rents and profits of the lands so held by the said trustees and the interest of the monies arising from the sale thereof, shall always be applied by the said trustees according to the provisions of the act hereby amended, unless otherwise specially provided for by law. Id., § 2.

16 Trustees to give bonds. And be it further enacted, That the trustees of any of the said lots hereafter to be appointed shall before they enter upon the duties of their office execute a bond to the supervisors of their respective towns in such penalty and with such sureties as the said supervisors shall approve conditioned for the faithful discharge of the trust reposed in them. Id., $ 3.

17 Supervisor in place of trustees. The office of trustees of the gospel and school lots in the several towns in this state, is hereby abolished; and the powers

* This subject, $ 2.

and duties now by law conferred and imposed upon said trustees, shall hereafter be exercised by the supervisor. L. 1846, c. 186, § 1, as modified by L. 1856, c. 179, $ 27.

L. 1856, c. 179, was repealed by Consolidated School Law, $ 310. And see id., $ 46.
See Consolidated School Law, SS 39, 46.
Note.- 1 R. S. 497, SS 1, 2, incorporated the trustees of gospel and school lots, and required

them to give bonds to the supervisor. The office of trustee was abolished and the
trustees' powers and duties were transferred to the town superintendent by L. 1846,
c. 186. L. 1856, c. 179, again transferred those powers and duties to the supervisor.
For the present state of the law on this subject see Consolidated School Law,

$ 46. 18 Powers and duties. The trustees, * besides the ordinary powers of a corporation, shall have power, and it shall be their duty,

1. To take and hold possession of the gospel and school lot of their town:

2. To lease the same for such time not exceeding twenty-one years, and upon such conditions as they shall deem expedient:

3. To sell the same with the advice and consent of the inhabitants of the town, in town-meeting assembled, for such price and upon such terms of credit as shall appear to them most advantageous:

4. To invest the proceeds of such sales in loans, secured by bond and mortgage upon unincumbered real property of the value of double the amount loaned:

5. To purchase the property so mortgaged upon a foreclosure, and to hold and convey the property so purchased whenever it shall become necessary:

6. To re-loan the amount of such loans repaid to them, upon the like security:

7. To apply the rents and profits of such lots, and the interest of the money arising from the sale thereof, to the support of the gospel and schools, or either, as may be provided by law, in such manner as shall be thus provided:

8. To render a just and true account of the proceeds of the sales and the interest on the loans thereof, and of the rents and profits of such gospel and school lots, and of the expenditure and appropriation thereof, on the last Tuesday next preceding the annual town-meeting in each year, to the board of auditors of the accounts of other town officers:

9. To deliver over to their successors in office, all books, papers and securities relating to the same, at the expiration of their respective offices: and,

10. To take therefor, a receipt, which shall be filed in the clerk's office of the town. 1 R. S. 498, $ 3. 28 Hun, 624.

19 Auditing accounts. The board of auditors in each town, shall annually report the state of the accounts of the trustees* of the gospel and school lots in that town, to the inhabitants thereof, at their annual town-meeting. Id., § 4.

20 Sale and apportionment, when town divided. Whenever a town having lands assigned to it for the support of the gospel or of schools, shall be divided into two or more towns, or shall be altered in its limits by the annexing of a part of its territory to another town or towns, such lands shall be sold by the trustees* of the town, in which such lands were included immediately before such division or alteration; and the proceeds thereof, shall be apportioned between the towns interested therein, in the same manner as the other public monies of towns, so divided or altered, are apportioned. Id., § 5.

21. Same: proceeds of sale. The shares of such monies, to which the towns shall be respectively entitled, shall be paid to the trustees* of the gospel and school lots of the respective towns, and shall thereafter be subject to the provisions of this title. 1 R. S. 499, § 6.

22 Same. If in either of such towns, trustees of gospel and school lots shall not have been chosen, or there be none in office, the share of such town shall be paid to the supervisor; and the town, at its next annual town-meeting, and annually thereafter, shall choose such trustees in the same manner as if gospel and * Now the supervisor.

+ This subject, SS 18-22.

school lots had originally been assigned to it; which trustees shall have charge of the monies so paid to the supervisor, and shall be subject to all the duties and liabilities, and possess all the powers imposed or conferred in this title.* 1 R. S. 499, § 7.

23 It shall be lawful for the supervisor of any town having money arising from the sale of gospel lands, and known as gospel funds, to apportion such among the several school districts of his respective town as hereinafter provided. L. 1895, c. 232, § 1.

24 Any town having a gospel fund of five hundred dollars or less may apportion such fund with the consent and approval of a majority of the town board of such town. Id., $ 2.

25 Any town having a gospel fund of more than five hundred dollars may apportion such fund in like manner by a vote at any annual or special town meeting. Id., $ 3.

26 Where such apportionment is made, the supervisor shall pay to the trustees of the several school districts of his town its pro rata share according to the aggregate school attendance of each school district in the preceding year. Id., § 4.

27 The trustees of such school districts shall execute and file with the supervisor of such town a bond of twice the amount of such apportionment, with sufficient sureties, to be approved by such supervisor. Id., & 5.

28 Such trustees, upon the receipt of such money, shall apply the same for such purpose as the school district in annual or special meeting shall decide. Id., § 6.

See also Consolidated School Law, SS 39, 46; Town Law, $$ 3-5.
For earlier laws on this subject see Birdseye's Chronological Table of Statutes, under L. 1789, c. 32; L. 1801,
Revised Acts, c. 69 (1 K. & R. 297); 1 R. L. 1813, c. 74, p. 292; also under L. 1807, c. 185.

GOUVERNEUR, Town OF.
For boundaries see Birdseye's Chronological Table of Statutes, under L. 1788, c. 64, p. 46.

GOVERNMENT BONDS.
See Forgery, $ 12; Fraud, & 2; Investment.

GOVERNOR.
Note.- For the former provisions relating to this subject see Birdseye's R. S., 1st ed., p. 1260

et seq. For the present provisions see the Executive Law.
ACTING; see Executive Law, $ 2.
ALTERATION OF BILL BEFORE APPROVAL BY; see Legislative Law, $ 86.
APPOINTMENTS BY:

IN GENERAL; see Public Officers Law, SS 6, 7, 22-24, 27, 29–31.
AGENT OF ONONDAGA INDIANS; see Indian Law, SS 20, 21.
ALBANY HARBOR-MASTER; see Albany, $ 10.
ATTORNEYS FOR INDIANS; see Indian Law, $ 100.
BOARD OF EXAMINERS OF HORSE-SHOERS; see Cities, S 36.
CAPTAIN OF THE PORT OF NEW YORK AND HARBOR-MASTERS; see New York Harbor,

$ 46.
CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSIONERS; see Civil Service, $ 1.
COMMISSIONERS OF CLAIMS; see Board of Claims, $ 1.

OF EMIGRATION; see Emigrants, SS 4, 5, 14, 51.
OF FISHERIES, ETC.; see Fisheries, etc., Law, 88 2, 3.
OF THE NEW CAPITOL; see Public Buildings Law, ss 6, 7
TO IMPROVE BLACK RIVER; see Black River.
OF THE PALISADES; see Palisades, S 1.
OF PRISONS; see Prisons, $ 1.
OF PUBLIC CHARITIES; see State Charities Law, SS 3, 6.
OF THE STATE RESERVATION AT NIAGARA; see Public Lands Law, $ 90.
OF STATISTICS OF LABOR; see Labor Statistics, $ 1.
TO TAKE ACKNOWLEDGMENTS, ETC.; see Executive Law, SS 87-89; Public Officers

Law, $ 31.
COMPILER OF HIGHWAY LAWS; see Highway Law, note.
COUNTY JUDGES; see County Law, $ 220.
DAIRY COMMISSIONER; see Agricultural Law, $ 2.
FACTORY INSPECTOR AND ASSISTANT; see Children, & 17.
FOREST COMMISSIONERS; see Fisheries, etc., Law, S$ 2, 3.

* This subject, SS 18–22.

APPOINTMENTS BY-(Continued)

HARBOR COMMISSIONERS; see New York Harbor, Ss 28, 31.
HEALTH COMMISSIONERS; see Public Health Law, $ 2.
HEALTH OFFICER FOR PORT OF NEW YORK; see Public Health Law, $ 100.
INSPECTOR OF GAS METERS; see Transportation Corporations Law, $ 62.

OF WORK ON CAPITOL; see Public Buildings Law, & 7.
LOAN COMMISSIONERS; see State Funds, SS 99, 110, 111.
MANAGERS OF STATE INSANE ASYLUMS; see Insanity Law, SS 31, 32.

OF CRAIG COLONY; see State Charities Law, $ 101.
OF ELMIRA REFORMATORY; see Prisons, $ 212.
OF HOUSES OF REFUGE; see State Charities Law, ss 120, 141.

OF VETERANS' HOMES; see Public Buildings Law, $ 51.
NOTARIES PUBLIC; see Executive Law, S 81.
OFFICERS OF CORPORATIONS; see Corporations, S 64, subd. 4.
OF PERSONS TO FILL VACANCIES; see Public Officers Law, S 31.
POLICEMEN FOR RAILROADS AND STEAMBOATS; see Railroad Law, $ 58.
QUARANTINE COMMISSIONERS; see Public Health Law, $ 80.
RAILROAD COMMISSIONERS; see Railroad Law, $ 150.
SPECIAL COUNTY JUDGE; see County Law, $ 220.
SPECIAL SURROGATE; see County Law, S 220.
STATE BOARD OF Tax COMMISSIONERS; see Tax Law, $ 170.

BOARD OF MEDIATION AND ARBITRATION; see State Board of Mediation, etc., $ 5.
BOARD OF PHARMACY; see Public Health Law, $ 180.
COMMISSIONER OF EXCISE; see Liquor Tax Law, $ 6.
COMMISSIONERS IN LUNACY; see Insanity Law, $ 3.
ENTOMOLOGIST; see State Entomologist, S 1.
HISTORIAN; see State Historian.

RACING COMMISSION; sec Horses, SS 4, 5.
SURROGATES; see County Law, S 220.
SUPERINTENDENT OF BANKING DEPARTMENT; see Banking Law, $ 3.

OF INSURANCE DEPARTMENT; see Insurance Law, $ 2.
OF PUBLIC WORKS; see Canal Law, $ 20.
OF SALT SPRINGS; see Salt Springs Law, 8 6.
OF STATE PRISONS; see Constitution, $ 66.

OF WEIGHTS AND MEASURES; sec Executive Law, $ 80.
TEMPORARY; see Consolidated School Law, $ 3; Public Officers Law, SS 27-31.
TRUSTEES OF CHARITABLE INSTITUTIONS; see State Charities Law, S 10a.

OF NAUTICAL SCHOOL; see Nautical School, $ 2.
OF SOLDIERS' HOME; see Public Buildings Law, $ 40.
OF STATE EXPERIMENT STATION; see Agricultural Law, $ 85.
OF STATE INSTITUTION FOR BLIND; see Blind, SS 1, 10, 11.
OF THOMAS ASYLUM FOR INDIAN CHILDREN; see State Charities Law, S 161.

OF WASHINGTON'S HEADQUARTERS IN NEWBURGH; see Public Buildings Law, $ 21. WARDENS OF THE PORT OF NEW YORK; see Port Wardens, SS 1, 6; Public Health

Law, $ 129. WRECK-MASTERS; see Town Law, $ 150. COUNSEL EMPLOYED BY; see Condemnation Law, $ 2. CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS CONCERNING; see Constitution, SS 31, 34, 39, 54-62, 65, 66, 69, 75,

79, 82, 84, 116, 124, 136, 138, 140. CRIMINAL STATISTICS TRANSMITTED TO; see Criminal Statistics, & 14;. Death Penalty, $ 3. DESIGNATION BY, OF TERMS OF COURT AND JUDGES TO HOLD SAME; see Courts, SS 38-40;

Supreme Court, 88 4, 6, 18, 20.
DISQUALIFIED TO SERVE AS TRIAL JUROR; see Trials, $ 51.
EXECUTIVE RECORDS; see Executive Law, ss 5, 5c.
EXPENSES OF; see Executive Law, SS 4, 5d, be.
IMPEACHMENT OF; see Court for Trial of Impeachments, $ 3.
MEMBER OF BOARD OF REGENTS; see University Law, $ 4.
NOTICE BY, OF VACANCY IN OFFICE; see Public Oficers Law, S 26.
NOTICES AND REPORTS TO:

OF CONVICTION OF OFFICER; see Public Officers Law, S 26.
BY COUNTY CLERKS, OF OFFICERS QUALIFYING OR NEGLECTING TO QUALIFY; see

County Law, S$ 161, 165k.
BY STATE BOARD OF PHARMACY; see Public Health Law, S 183.

OF VACANCY IN OFFICE; see Public Officers Law, $ 26.
OATH OF; see Constitution, $ 142; Public Officers Law, $ 10.
OFFICE OF, WHEN DEVOLVED ON LIEUTENANT-GOVERNOR; see Lieutenant-Governor.
ORDER BY, FOR TRANSFER OF INSANE CRIMINALS TO ASYLUM; see Insanity Law, $ 180.
PARDONS, ETC., BY; see Death Penalty, S 3; Evidence, ss 110-115; Habitual Criminals,

$ 3; Prisons, 83 72, 83, 90, 155, 160, 163, 164, 168-170, 225; Reprieves, etc. PETITIONS BY; see Executive Law, $ 6. PETITIONS TO; see Rights, Bill of, 'S 19. POWERS AND DUTIES OF, IN RELATION TO: ACTIONS, APPEARANCES, ETC., BY ATTORNEY-GENERAL; see Actions, S 70; Executive Law, $ 55; Horses, S 14; Surrogates' Courts, $ 17.

POWERS AND DUTIES OF, IN RELATION TO-(Continued)

APPOINTMENT AND SEAL OF SUPERINTENDENT OF INSURANCE DEPARTMENT; see Insur

ance Law, g 2. APPROVAL OF OFFICIAL SEALS; see Public Oficers Law, $ 40. ASYLUM FOR IDIOTS; see State Charities Law, 88 60, 67. BILLS AFFECTING CITIES; see Cities, SS 3, 4, 44, 45. BONDS OF PUBLIC OFFICERS; see Canal Law, § 22; Emigrants, $ 52. CIVIL SERVICE COMMISSIONERS; see Civil Service, SS 1, 2. COMPROMISE OF OLEOMARGARINE CLAIMS; see Agricultural Law, $ 29a. CONDEMNATION OF LAND FOR USE OF STATE; see Assessment of Damages, SS 2, 3,

13, 14. DAIRY PRODUCTS; see Agricultural Law, SS 2, 3. . DEFENSE OF STATE SOVEREIGNTY AND JURISDICTION; see State Law, 11. DEPUTY COMMISSIONERS OF EMIGRATION; see Emigrants, $ 57. ELECTIONS; see Election Law, SS 4, 59, 137. ENUMERATION AS TO PRISON LABOR; see Prisons, 88 123, 125. ERECTION OF BUILDING FOR STATE INSTITUTION FOR BLIND; see Blind, S 26. EXTRADITION OF CRIMINALS; see Crimes, $ 23; Fugitives from Justice. FIXING SALARIES OF OFFICERS OF LUNATIC ASYLUMS; see Insane Persons, SS 117, 153,

170, 180, 192. INDIANS; see Indian Law, SS 13, 20, 21, 100. INFECTIOUS DISEASES OF ANIMALS; see Agricultural Law, $ 64. INFLICTION OF DEATH PENALTY; see Death Penalty, $$ 3-5, 8, 9, 11, 12. INSPECTION OF BOOKS OF INSANE ASYLUMS; see Insanity Law, $ 33. INSPECTION OF PASTEUR INSTITUTE; see Hydrophobia, & 4. MILITIA; see Military Code, ss 12–15, 18, 19, 30, 33, 35-37, 50-52, 54, 56-58, 60, 61, 71. 72.

80–85, 101, 104, 106, 120-122, 140, 143, 144, 147, 160-163, 165, 191, 194, 211-214; Mobs

and Riots, SS 9, 15, 19-21; Sheriff, $ 12. MISCONDUCT AND REMOVAL OF PUBLIC OFFICERS; see County Law, $ 186; Employers,

etc., $ 3; Insanity Law, S 32; Liquor Tax Law, $ 38; New York, $ 11; New York Harbor, SS 57, 60; Prisons, $ 212; Public Officers Law, SS 22–24; Salt Springs Law,

$ 7; State Funds, SS 110, 150, 157. MORTGAGES AND SALES BY COMMISSIONERS OF EMIGRATION; see Emigrants, $ 36. NORMAL SCHOOLS; see Normal Schools, $ 14. PRISONs; see Prisons, SS 72, 90, 142, 153, 160, 163, 164, 168–170, 212; State Charities

Law, SS 121, 141.
PUBLIC HEALTH; see Public Health Law, $82, 6, 12.
RAILROADS; see Railroad Law, SS 58, 150, 157.
SALARY OF DIRECTOR OF PATHOLOGICAL ÍNSTITUTE; see Insanity Law, $ 16.
Salt WORKS; see Salt Springs Law, $$ 6, 7, 28.
SIGNING COMMISSIONS; see Public Oficers Law, $ 8.
SIGNING AND VETOING Bulls; see Constitution, $ 39; Legislative Law, SS 41, 44, 86.
STATE CAPITOL; see Public Buildings Law, $82, 6.
STATE EXPERIMENT STATION; see Agricultural Law, S 85.
STATE INSANE ASYLUMS; see Insanity Law, SS 31, 32.
SUPPRESSION OF Riots, ETC.; see Mobs and Riots, SS 9, 15, 19-21; Resistance, $ 1;

Sheriff, § 12.
TRANSFER OF JURISDICTION TO U. S.; see State Law, $ 37c.

USE OF COMMUTATION MONEY FOR QUARANTINE HOSPITALS; see Emigrants, $ 82.
PRINTING MESSAGES OF; see Legislative Law, 88 75–77.
PRIVATE SECRETARY; see Executive Law, SS 3, 56.
PROCLAMATIONS BY, OF THANKSGIVING AND Fast Days; see Bills, etc., § 29; Statutory

Construction Law, S 24.
Public DOCUMENTS FURNISHED TO; see Legislative Law, SS 46, 47, 76.
PUBLISHING FALSE MESSAGES OR PROCLAMATIONS OF; see Fraud, S 18.
REGISTER OF APPLICATIONS TO; see Executive Law, ss 5a, 56.
RESIGNATION OF: see Public Officers Law, S 21.
RESIGNATIONS TO; see Public Officers Law, $ 21.
REWARDS OFFERED BY; see Board of Claims, 33.
SEAL OF; see State Law, S 43; Public Officers Law, $ 40.
SUSPENSION BY, OF COMMISSIONERS OF EMIGRATION; see Emigration, $ 53.
SUSPENSION OF JUDGES BY; see New York, $ 11.
TRANSMISSION BY, OF STATE REPORTS TO OTHER STATES; see Executive Law, $ 27.
See also Executive Law; Public Officers Law.

GRACE, DAYS OF.
See Days of Grace.

GRAFTON, Town OF.
For boundaries see Birdseye's Chronological Table of Statutes, under L. 1788, c. 64, p. 39.

GRAIN.
MALICIOUS INJURY TO; see Malicious Mischief, SS 2, 7.

See also Canal Law, $ 23a ; Domestic Commerce Law, SS 32, 32a.

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