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praying is sorrowful, andg sleeps izpon a pillow, andh deprecates the cup of his assion, an ‘ “ being in agony sweats, and is strengthened y an angel,” and k is betrayed by Judas, andl insulted by Caia has, and set at noughtm by Herod, andn scourged by Pi ate, and° derided by the soldiers, andP is fastened to the cross by the Jews, and “ crying with a loud voice,‘1 commends his spirit to the Father ;” andr “bowing his head, giveth up the ghost ;” and8 his “ side is pierced with a spear,” andt “being wrapped in fine linen,” he is laid in a slelpulchre; and“ on the third day is raised by the Father. IS divinity also is clearly perceived, whenv he is worshipped by angels, and " visited by the shepherds, and“ ex ected by Simeon, and? receives testimony from Anna, an 1 is inquired for by the wise men, and“ is shown b a star, andb when he turns water into wine at a we ding, andc rebukes the sea, violently agitated by the winds, and(1 walks upon the sea, ande gives sight to a man blind from his birth, andf raises Lazarus who had been dead four days, and performs various works of power, and forgivesgz sins, and h gives power to his disciples.’
Much the same things are found again in the last chapter of the book against Noetus: and, if I mistake not, this passage mightily answers the character which Photius gave of this writer’s style, thatii it is concise, or free from superfluities. Here are references to all the four ospels; and nlilany things are mentioned which are recorded in each of t em.
V. In other passages of Hip olytus, cited b Theodoret, is notice taken of the birth of .iiesus, at kk Beth ehem, ‘ of a virgin and the Holy Spirit ;’ where he must refer to the first cha, ter of St. Matthew’s or St. Luke’s gospel.
8 Mark iv. 38. “ Matt. xxvi. Mark xiv. Luke xxii.
' Luke xxii. 43, 44. " Matt. xxvi. and other gospels.
' Matt. xxvi. 65. "‘ Luke xxiii. 11.
" Matt. xxvii. 26. John xix. 1. ° Matt. xxvii. 27. Mark xv. 16. Luke xxiii. 36. John xix. 2.
P Matt. xxvii. 35. ‘1 Luke 46.
" John xix. 30. ' ver. 34.
‘ Matth. xxvii. 59, 60. Mark xv. 46. 'Luke 53. John xix. 40.
" Acts x. 40. ' Luke ii. 13, 14.
" Ver. 15, 16, 17. ‘ Luke ii. 25.
Y Ver. 36, 37, 38. 1 Matt. ii. 12.
‘ —— ver. 2, 9. b John 1—11.
3 Matt. viii. 26. Mark iv. Luke viii.
Matt. xiv. 25, 26. Mark vi. 48, 49. John vi. 19. John ix. 1—7. ’ John xi. and xii. 17. “8 Matt. ix. 2, 6. Mark ii. 10. Luke vii. 48, 49. h" Matt. x. 1. Mark l5 - vi. 7. Luke ix. 1; x. 19; xxiv. 49. John XX. 22, 23. 3' Kat airsptrog. PhOt. Cod. 121. col. 301. "k ‘0 d: Kvptog avapap‘m'rog ml, 52:: rwv2aarl7r'rwv EuMw ro tiara awgpwmw, F
VI. e may be supposed to refer to Acts x. 40, in those words before cited: ‘ On the third day is raised by the Father.’ He may be reckoned likewise to have an eye to the first chapter of the Acts, and to chapter xxvi. 23, when in a passage preserved in Theodoretl he speaks of Christ’s ascending at Pentecost, and of his being the first that ascended into the heavens. I suppose it cannot be doubted but Hippolytus received the Acts of the Apostles. Beside what is alleged here, this may be also argued from what was before cited from Photius: That Ste hen m Gobar observes, what opinion Hippolytus had of , icolas, one of the seven deacons.
VII. It may be also reckoned undoubted, that he received thirteen epistles of St. Paul, and most other books of the New Testament; but the epistle to the Hebrews he did not allow to be St. Paul’s, as " was observed formerly. But we should have been glad to have seen his ar uments and reasonings upon that matter, if he made use 0 any.
VIII. His opinion of the disputed catholic epistles, that of James, the second of Peter, the second and third of John, and the epistle of Jude, does not appear very manifest from his remaining works or fragments; where scarce any of these are quoted, exce t that there is° a reference to 2 Pet. i. 21, in the book 0 Christ and Antichrist.
IX. The book of the Revelation was received by Hippo-v lytus as the apostle John’s. About this there can be no question made. Jerom, in the catalogue of his works, mentions one entitled, ‘ Of the Revelation.’ One of the titles upon the monument before mentioned is, ‘ Of the Gos el according to John, and the Revelation.’ Mill thinlisp that this was a defence of both these books of scripture; which is perfectly agreeable to the description whichq Ebedjesu gives of one of the works of Hippolytus, rsr‘ ssw uc flyg WGPQEIIB mu 'ra ’Ayis Halev'ia-rog- Aye 511 pot, to EaILO‘UflA, ug B179M£p bhxopwnv rm! bapahw iva errldugng 1'01! uc Aaflid fiaolksa TUCTOfin/0v. Ems pot, w parapta Mapla, 11 11v 1'0 inro as w 77 KOtAlq crvvslhrm[1611011, 1cm 11 ml 10 inro as w napewucq pnrpq Basalopevou; Ap. Theodoret. Dial. i. p. 36. B. c. D.
1 Eu (is ry 'n'wrmroqy iua wpoonynvg 1171/ mm apavwv flao'iheiml, aurog WPWTOQ EIQ HQOUJSQ (ll/“Bag, Kill 701/ avepunrov dwpov Tip 95!? WPDUCVE'YKGQ- AP. Theodoret. Dial. ii. p. 88. C. m See before, p. 426.
“ See before, p. 425. ' ° Hippolyt. Op. p. 5.
P Cum hoc, inquam, vidisset martyr, necessarium duxerit, S. Joannis operum vindicias agere. Mill, Proleg. n. 654.
_ ‘1 Sanctus Hippolytus, martyr et episcopus, composuit librum de dispensatione :——et apologiam pro Apocalypsi et evangelio Joannis apostoli et evan
and undoubtedly meaning this. We saw formerlyr a reference to the Revelation in the fragment of the treatise ‘ Of ‘ the Universe;’ it is largely quoted in the ‘ Demonstration ‘ concerning Christ and Antichrist.’ Here it is said, ‘ That' John saw the revelation of tremendous mysteries in the Isle of Patmos, which he also made known to others.’ He is here called ‘ blessed John, apostle and disciple of the Lord ;’ and again, ‘ prophett and apostle ;’ prophet, no doubt, with regard to this book. Andrew of Cresarea, about the year 500, in his Commentary upon the Revelation, several times mentions our author’s interpretations of things recorded in that book. Andrew’s passages are collected by “ Fabricius, and may be seen in his edition of Hippolytus.
X. The respect for the sacred scriptures appears in the ‘ Demonstration concerning Christ and Antichrist.’ At the beginning of that work the author tells Theophilus, to whom he writes, ‘ Thatv in order to give him instruction in the things about which he enquires, he will draw out of the sacred fountain, and set before him, from the sacred scri tures themselves, what may afford him satisfaction.’ lge then quotes immediately both Paul’s epistles to Timothy, and afterwards many books of the New Testament. And near the conclusion of the same work, he says, ‘ Two different" advents of our Lord and Saviour have been shown out of the scriptures; the first inglorious in the flesh, the other glorious.’ He mentions this division of all the books of sacred scripture,x ‘ the law, prophets, gospels, and apostles.”
XI. Dr. Mill has observedY some readings in this book different from our resent co ies. I shall take notice of but one, 2 Tim. ii. , ‘ Thez ings which thou hast heard of me in many discourses,’ instead of, ‘ among many wit-~ nesse.’ Mill thinks this to be an explication only, and not . a true reading.
gelistaa. Ebedjes. Catalog. Lib. Syr. cap. 7. ap. Assem. Bib. Or. T. iii. p 15. ' Chap. xxxii. at the end.
’ Oz'rrog yap w Harpq) 1']; 111101;: um, opq- awonakvtI/w pvqnpu-w ¢pucrwv, anva dun/spew; a¢90vwg rcut t'repsg didamcu. Asye not, parapte Iwavwl, anus-er ral. paQnra rs Kvpie, fl ‘ulsg mi qxeaag mpi Bafiuhuwog. D8 Chr. et Ant. sect. 36. p. 18. ‘ Azyu yap 1') 'rrpoqpn'rng KGI arroqolwg. Ibid. sect. 50. p. 25. “ P. 34, 35.
' Bahneevrog Us nm-r' wept/35mm! txpast ra rporzewra 00L inr' spa moaXauz, ayamyrs pa adellqw (Moguls, evXoyov fiynvaprlv 111190va apuo’afzwog dug EE dytag rflyng, EE a'ytuw ypapaw wapasnoat mu Ka'r' o¢9ahpov 'ra ana/teua. De Chr. 6t Ant. sect. l. ‘” 'Qm'rtp yap duo rapeorai rs Kvpta Kat Ewrnpog fi/twv dra ypa¢wv edetxenaav. Ibid. sect. 44.
" Empaltmrav 0111/ cam arav'ra, £11 #17651” avpcpwvor 'ry a)“;an evaxopwm, pure ram rov whorl—pure ram rovg 1rpo¢nrag—pm'e Kara rm! 'rwv evayyrvalgwwlv—fm're rot; arcs-ohm; wagons/oz. Ibid. sect. 58.
1 r0]. n. 655, 656.
‘ Kai a' nicovoag 1rap' spa 54a noMnnl rapaxhqoewv. Ibid. sect. l.
I have no occasion to sum up this testimony; it is easy to see in these numbers what it is.
I. Ammonius; his History, and Testimony to the Books of the New Testament. Il. Qu. Whether Tatian’s and Ammonius’s Harmonies are now ea'tant ? III. Extracts out of a Latin Harmony ascribed to Tatian. IV. Ea:tracts out of a Latin Harmony ascribed to Ammonius.
PORPHYRY, in his work which he wrote against the christians, as cited by Eusebius, says of Ammonius, the celebrated philosopher of Alexandria, master of Plotinus and other eminent men, ‘ That“ having been educated a ‘ christian by christian parents, as soon as he came to years ‘ of understanding, and had a taste of philosoph , he ‘ presently betook himself to a life agreeable to the aws.’ To which Eusebius says, ‘ Thatb it is a notorious falsehood, ‘ to say be exchanged christianity for Gentilism; for Am‘ monius maintained sincere and uncorrupted the doctrine ‘ of the divine philoso hy to the end of his life, as his works ‘ which he left behin him still testify, and for which he is ‘in great repute; as the treatise entitled, Of the Consent ‘ of Moses and Jesus, and divers others, which may be ‘ found with the curious.’
After Eusebius, St. Jerom, in his book of Illustrious Men,
writes to this urpose: ‘ At that time [the person last ‘ spoken of is grigen] Ammonius, an eloquent and very ‘learned man, was famous at Alexandria; who, among ‘ many excellent monuments of his wit, com osed also an ‘ elegant work of the Consent of Moses an Jesus, and0 ‘invented the Evangelical Canons, which Eusebius of ‘ Caesarea afterwards followed. This person is falsely re‘ preached by Porphyry, that of a christian he became a ‘ eathen; when it is certain, he continued a christian to the ‘ end of his life.’
And to this day it has been the general opinion of learned men, that 'Ammonius Saccas, the celebrated Alexandrian philosopher, and the author of these two christian works, as well as of other pieces 11 on the same princi les, are one and the same person. Tillemontd says, he oes not see that any one doubts of it: but that manner of expression seems to show, that he himself had some suspicion to the contrary. Andc Fabricius has openly called into question this supposition, and I think demonstrated, beyond dispute, that they are two different persons. 1 shall only observe, that Porphyry was nearer Ammonius Saccas than Eusebius; that he could not but be well informed by his master Plotinus, who spentf eleven years with Ammonius: and besides, we are assured by Longinus, another disci le of Ammonius Saccas, that he never wrote any thing. This may be sufficient to satisfy us that the writings, of which Eusebius and St. Jerom speak, are not to be ascribed to Ammonius Saccas. I have no occasion, therefore, to add any thing farther relating to the history of that heathen philosopher, as one would think every one must allow him to be, who reads Porphyry’s life of Plotinus.
Who Ammonius was who composed these christian books, and continued a christian all his days, cannot be now certainly known. Eusebius has mentioned one of the same name, a resbyterg of Alexandria, who suffered martyrdom in the ioclesian persecution: and one might be apt to
et Evangelicos Canones excogitavit, quos postea secutus est Eusebius Casariensis. Hunc falso accusat Porphyrius, quod ex christianis Ethnicus fuerit, cum constet eum usque ad extremam vitam christianum perseverasse. De Vir. Ill. cap. 55.
d Nous ne voyons point que personne doute qu' Ammone, auteur de la Concorde, ne soit 1e meme que le philosophe. Mem. T. iii. P. ii. Ammone. note 2. p. 390.
e Fabric. Bib. Gr. T. iv. p. 160, 161, 172. et seq.
’ Porphyr. de Vit. Plotin. cap. 3. Conferatur Conspectus Chronologicus Vitae Plotini, apud Fabric. Bib. Gr. lib. iv. cap. 26. init.
8 Eus. 1. viii. cap. 13. p. 308. C.