« 上一页继续 »
ing made large preparations for it, expresses himself to this purpose in his Prolegomena to the New Testament: " Thatf
Hippolytus left behind him many works. But the pieces • extant under his name are in a manner all spurious,
cept perhaps the treatise of Antichrist, wbich Combefis • will have to be genuine.'
Grabe, in his notes upon bishop Bulls • Defensio fidei • Nicenæ,'scruples to insist upon any passages in the treatise • Of the End of the World, and Antichrist, and the Second . Coming of our Lord Jesus Christ;' or in the other treatise, entitled, “A Demonstration concerning Christ and • Antichrist;' affirming that 8 both these are interpolated, especially the former: and that he has good reasons for this assertion, which he promises to show more fully in another place.
The Benedictine editors of St. Ambrose's works, express themselves as if they h thought all the works of Hippolytus entirely lost.
Du Pini says, the treatise of Christ and Antichrist is more ancient than the other, Of the End of the World, &c. : but he thinks that even that is not worthy of Hippolytus. Of the book against Noetus, Du Pin says, that though it is not really the work of Hippolytus, it contains the principles of the ancients concerning the doctrine of the Trinity. Tîllemont thinks it probable, that the fore-mentioned book against Noetus, which we now have, is a fragment of Hippolytus's work against Heresies, and the conclusion of it. And it appears to him undoubted, that it was written by some author of the third century, the sentiments concerning the Trinity being so agreeable to those times.
Casimire! Oudin thinks the fragment of the work concerning the Universe, with the fragments in Theodoret's Dialogues, all we have remaining of this martyr's works.
* Scripsit alia haud pauca Hippolytus. Quæ autem sub nomine ejus feruntur, spuria fere sunt, excepto forsan tractatu de Antichristo, quem pro genuino venditat Combefisius. Mill. Proleg. n. 655.
& Reliqua certiora quidem sunt, attamen non omni prorsus dubio carent; quod utrumque Hippolyti scriptum, maxime prius, interpolatum esse videatur, ut in dicto Spicilegio pluribus demonstrabo. Grabe, ap. Bull. Def. Fid. Nic. cap. 8. p. 95.
Duobus memoratis patribus insuper alios duos addit Hieronymus, Didymum et Hippolytum martyrem. Sed cum hujus opera temporum iniquitate perierint, quod Hieronymi adjiciamus testimonio, nihil habemus. Præfat. ad S. Ambros. Op. p. penult.
i Du Pin, Bibl. Hippolite.
Opinatus, hoc ferme unicum ex omnibus hujus martyris operibus superesse, cum_fragmentis aliis, quæ Theodoretus in Dialogis refert. Oudin, de Scriptor. Ecc. T. i. col. 228.
Mr. Whiston, speaking of Hippolytus, says, ' Wem have, • I believe, one small genuine treatise of his still extant, De * Antichristo, published by the very learned Combefis; to
which is added a very small piece, De Susannâ, which, • with his Paschal Cycle, seems to be all that is really his.
The treatise of Christ and Antichrist was first published by Gudius in Greek, and afterwards by Combefis, with a Latin translation.
Basnage is not unwilling to allow this last-mentioned n piece to be the real and genuine work of Hippolytus, mentioned by Photius.
For a more particular critique upon the several works of Hippolytus, I would willingly refer my readers to Du Pin and Tillemont.
And if I may at last deliver my own opinion, I would say, though scarce any of them are altogether sincere and uncorrupted, there are few of which some good use may not be made by a man of candour and judgment.
Pearsono being of opinion, that the Apostolical Constitutions were composed in the fourth or fifth century, out of divers small pieces, called Doctrines, or Institutions, said to be written by Clement, Ignatius, Hippolytus, and others, supposes that a large part of the eighth book of the Constitutions consists of a like piece, ascribed to Hippolytus. What ground there is for that sentiment, may be seen in Pearson himself, and others P who espouse it, or have examined it. I apprehend that if the composer of the Constitutions did borrow from Hippolytus, it is nevertheless impossible for us now to determine with certainty what is his; and therefore I think I may defer the farther consideration of this opinion till I come to speak distinctly of the Constitutions, which I see no reason to do as yet. If my memory does not fail me, there is no notice taken of this matter by Du Pin, or Tillemont, or Oudin, in their history of Hippolytus and his works : either therefore they were
m. See Essay on the Apostolical Const. ch. iv. or, Primitive Christianity Revived, vol, iii. p. 402.
u Extant hodie duæ de Antichristo homiliæ sub nomine Hippolyti. Prior. titulum habet, De Consummatione Mundi, et Antichristo ; posterior, De Antichristo. -Ac posterior quidem est Hippolyto longe dignior: nobisque ea insidet sententia, quod illa ipsa est de quâ mentionem movit Photius. Basnage, Ann. 222. n. x.
o Vid. Pearson, Vind. Ignat. Part i. cap. 4.
p Vid. Grabe, Spicil. Patr. T. i. p. 43. et p. 284, 285. Fabric. Bib. Gr. T. v. p. 208. Hippolyt. ex ed. Fabric. p. 248, &c. Cav. Hist. Lit. in Hippolyto. Mr. Robert Turner's Discourse of the pretended Apostolical Constitutions, ch. 24. p. 287, &c.
entirely ignorant of it, or they did not think it worthy of their regard. One of the titles upon the fore-mentioned monument, is 9 • The Apostolical Tradition concerning • Gifts’ of the Spirit; and it has been argued that this means Hippolytus's Didascalia, or Institution,
supposed to be now inserted in the eighth book of the Constitutions. But all that Mr. Tillemont says of that title is, that probably' it is some book written against the Montanists.
Mill, in his edition of the New Testament, a work of prodigious labour and extensive use, and above all my commendations, prefixes to each book of that sacred volume testimonies of ancient christian writers: and before the four gospels are so many testimonies, under the name of Hippolytus. Two of those testimonies or passages, those prefixed to St. Matthew's and St. John's gospels, are taken out of a little book, entitled, . Of the Twelve Apostles ;' the other two, prefixed to St. Mark's and St. Luke's gospels, are taken out of another little piece (though undoubtedly somewhat longer than the former) entitled, * Of the Seventy or Seventy-two Disciples. And among the testimonies prefixed to St. John's gospel, that called Hippolytus's is placed between Clement of Alexandria and Origen; which might well dispose some persons to think, that the Hippolytus hereby intended is our Hippolytus of the third century; though it is now well known to the learned, and universally
agreed, that our Hippolytus is not the author of those two pieces, but that they were composed by Hippolytus Thebanus, in the tenth or eleventh century, or by some other later writer: so that I thought I had no reason to take
notice of either of these pieces in my account of Hippolytus's works. Nor should I have done it now, if I had not accidentally cast my eye upon one of those testimonies in Mill's New Testament, which I think are very improperly placed, and might mislead some persons. They are indeed of little or no value. In the book or catalogue of the seventy disciples, it is said of the evangelists Mark and Luke, That they two were of Christ's seventy disciples, • and that they were dispersed by the word which Christ spoke: " Unless a man eat my flesh and drink my blood, he is not worthy of me.” But the one being brought back
4 Περι χαρισματων αποφολικη παραδοσις.
Outre ces ouvrages, cette table marque encore un écrit Des dons (du Saint Esprit]; De la Tradition Apostolique ; ou de la Tradition Apostolique, sur les dons; apparemment pour refutér" les Montanistes. Tillemont, Mem. Ecc. T. iii. P. ii. p. 15. Saint Hippolyte.
s See John vi. 53, and 66.
. again to Christ by Peter, and the other by Paul, they both had the honour to write a gospel [or, to preach the gospel,] for which they suffered martyrdom; one being burnt • to death, the other crucified upon an olive-tree. But such stories as these deserve no regard, unless they were to be found in some writings unquestionably ancient.
That every one who needs it may have full satisfaction concerning these pieces, I shall place in the margin the judgments of two or three learned men upon them, particularly + Cave and u Du Pin; which last learned writer says, these pieces contain divers fictions of the modern Greeks. Fabricius, in his account of our Hippolytus, called Portuensis, gives a large catalogue of his works, without mentioning either of these; and afterwards, in his article of the latter Hippolytus, called Thebanus, he says that w both these books are to be accounted bis.
In what is here said, it is not intended to cast any reflection upon Mill, for whom I have a profound respect, The greatest men upon earth are liable to some oversights amidst the labours of such a work as his New Testament.
I. Having now at length, I hope, cleared the way, I ceed to represent this author's testimony to the books of the New Testament: and I shall inake my extracts chiefly out of the fragments of Hippolytus, preserved in Theodoret, which are unquestionably genuine. These alone bear testimony to the gospels, and to many particular and principal facts recorded in them, and to divers other books of scripture. Beside those fragments, I may also make some use of the Demonstration concerning Christ and Anti• christ,' the fragment of the treatise of the Universe,' and the book against Noetus.
De xii. apostolis, ubinam quisque prædicârit, et consummatus sit, Indiculus. Hippolyto juniori potius tribuendus. Cave, de Hippolyto Portuensi. Hist. Lit. P. i. p. 70. Hippolytus, patriâ Thebanus, quem cum Hippolyto Portuensi male confundunt nonnulli, claruit circa ann. 933. -Hunc etiam, ut videtur, auctorem habet Indiculus de xii. apostolis, sub Hippolyti senioris nomine Gr. L. a Combefisio editus. Id. ibid. p. 580.
u Le petit opuscule de la vie de Douze Apôtres, et de leurs actions, que le pere Combefis a fait imprimer -n'est point d'Hippolite, et contient plusieurs fictions des nouveaux Grecs, touchant la mort des Apôtres. On doit porter le même jugement d'un livre écrit à peu près sur un même sujet, attribué au même auteur, touchant les Soixante et Douze Disciples de Jesus Christ. Du Pin, Bib. Hippolite.
v Vid. Fab. Bib. Gr. 1. v. cap. i. sect. 25. T. v. p. 203—211.
W. Sed et opusculum, quod de xii. apostolis, sub Hippolyti nomine, laudat Cotelerius.—atque integrum vulgavit cum versione suả Combefisius et quæ de lxxii. discipulis habet Baronius,-ex Hippolyti Thebani Chronico petita videntur. Fabr. ib. p. 212.
II. Theodoret, then, expressly quotes Hippolytus, bishop and martyr, as saying in his epistle to a certain queen : • Therefore he x calls him the “ first-fruits of them that slept,” and “ the first-born from the dead ;" who being risen, and willing to show that what had risen was the same that had died, his disciples doubting, he called Thomas to bim, and said, “ Handle me, and see ; for a spirit has not flesh and bones as ye see me have.”. Hippolytus here cites the gospels inaccurately, and, as is probable, by memory only. But that we bere have bis words right, we are farther assured by another place of Theodoret; where he has quoted again y this same passage, jusť as it is here. 1 Cor. xv. 10; Col. i. 18; Rev, i. 5; John xx. 22; Luke xxiv. 39.
III. Presently after the forecited passages, Theodoret quotes another from the Discourse of Hippolytus upon Elkanah and Hannah, where the first epistle to the Corinthians is quoted again in this manner:
• Aisz the apostle says, 1 Cor. v. 7," For Christ, God, our passover is sacrificed for us." ;
IV. It is worth the while to take some more passages of Hippolytus, cited presently after by Theodoret, out of the Discourse upon the great Hymn, as he calls it, and other pieces. • Theya who do not acknowledge the Son of God incarnate, shall acknowledge him when he comes as judge in glory, even him who now is abused in an inglorious body.' The same author, in the same Discourse : For the apostles coming to the sepulchre on the third day, “ found not the body of Jesus,” Luke xxiv. 3, as the children of Israel, when they went up to the mountain to seek the grave of Moses, found it not.' The same author, in his commentary upon the second Psalm: · He, coming into the world, appeared to be God and man. His humanity is easily perceived, when he hungers, and is weary, and d being weary thirsts, and e fearing flees, and
* Το αυτ8, εκ της προς βασιλιδα τινα επιςολης Απαρχην εν τετον λεγει των κεκοιμημενων, ατε πρωτοτοκον των νεκρων, ος ανασας, και βελομενος επιδεικνυναι, ότι τετο ην το εγηγερμενον, όπερ ην και αποθνησκον, δικαζοντων των μαθητων, προσκαλεσάμενος τον θωμαν, εφη: Δευρο ψηλαφησον και ιδε, ότι πνευμα οσBν και σαρκα ουκ εχει, καθως εμε θεωρειτε εχοντα. Ap. Theodoret, Dial. ii. p. 88. B. T. iv.
y Dial. iii. p. 155. D. 2. Ως αποτολος λεγει το δε πασχα ημων υπερ ημων ετυθη Χρισος και Ocoç. Ibid. Dial. ii. p. 88. C.
* Οι γαρ τον Υιον τ8 θεε ενσαρκον μη επιγινωσκοντες, επιγινωσκονται αυτον κριτην εν δοξη παραγινομενον, τον νυν εν αδοξω σωματι υβριζομενον. Ιbid. p. 89. A. B.: b Matt. iv. 2.
'c John iv, 6. John iv. 7, or ch. xix. 28.
e Matt. ii. 13, 14; xii. 14, 15; John iv. 3, and other places.
f Matt. xxvi. 37