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thew’s gospel. I may however say, that this passage of Irenaeus does deserve consideration, though there are not now any such words in Clement’s epistle. For we have it not entire, as was before shown.
IV. I shall here put down a passage of St. Jerom in his commentary upon Is. lii. that every one may judge, whether it can be thence concluded, that St. Clement quoted St. John’s gos el. ‘ Of which also,’ says° St. Jerom, ‘- Clement ‘ an apostolical man, who after Peter governed the church ‘ of Rome, writes to the Corinthians: The sceptre of God ‘ the Lord Jesus Christ came not with arrogance of pride, ‘ though he could do all things, but in humility : insomuch ‘ that when struck by the servant of the high-priest, he an‘ swered: “ If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil : ‘ but if well, Why smitest thou me ?” ’ John xviii. 22, 23.
The former words, concerning Christ’s being the sceptre of God, are in the 16th chap. of Clement’s epistle, and will be quoted presently under the epistle of Paul to the Philippians: but the words following, of John xviii. are not there. I apprehend, they never were. Nor can it be concluded, that Jerom himself supposed they were there: he in that place heaping texts of scripture upon one another, without any nice order.
Mr. Jones says,l’ ‘ That St. Clement appears to have cited ‘ St. John in sect. 49. and that he manifestly uses those ‘ words of that gospel, ch. x. l5.’ The words inq St. John are: “ If e love me, keep my commandments.” In' Clement: “ [To that has the love that is in Christ, let him keep the precepts of Christ.” But I think this reference to be at best doubtful. Clement knew very well from the public instructions of the apostles, as well as from his conversation with them, that a profession of love for Christ obliged men
V. Acts xiii. 22. “ And when he had removed him, he raised up unto them David to be their king, to whom
V. Ch. xviii. ‘ And what shall we sa of David, so highly testified of ‘2 To whom God said; “ I have found a man after my own heart, David the son of Jesse, with N. T. son of Jesse, a man after my own heart, which shall fulfil all my will.” Comp. Ps. lxxxix. 20. “ I have found David my servant: with my holy oil ‘ have I anointed him.” And 1 Sam. xiii. l4. “ The Lord has sought him a man after his own heart.”
also he gave testimony, and said, I have found David the
° Scribit ad Corinthios: sceptrum Dei, Dominus Jesus Christus, non venit in jactantia superbiw, quum possit omnia, sed in humilitate: in tautum ut, verberatus a ministro sacerdotis, respondent: “ Si male loquutus sum, argue de peocato : sin autem bene, quid me caedis ?" ad Is. c. 52. Op. T. 3. p. 382.
P V01. 3. p. 144. ‘1 Earl ayana-rt he, rag svrohag rag snag rnpno’are.
' 0 exam aymrrpv w Xptsw rnpnaarw ra re kas napayyehpara.
VI. Acts xx. 35. “ How he said: 8 It is more blessed to give, than to receive.”
VII. Rom. i. 29. “ Being“ filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, debate, deceit, malignity: whisperers, 30. backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, roud, boasters; 32. who knowing the judgment of God, (that they which do such things are worthy of death,) not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.”
CLEMENT. holy oil have I anointed him.”
It is true, these words are also to be found in the O. T. But they are introduced by Clement with the same or like form of quotation, with that in the Acts, and the words agree very much; which may dispose one to think, he had an eye to that
VI. Ch. ii. ‘ Ye were all of you humble-minded——t more willingly giving than receiving.’
VII. Ch. xxxv. Casting off" from us all ‘ unrighteousness,’ and iniquity, ‘ covetousness, debates, malignities, deceits, whisperings, backbitings, hatred of God, pride, boasting,’ and vain glory, and ambition. ‘ For they that do these thin 's are hateful to God: an not only they that do them, but the also who have pleasure int em.’
Every one sees, we have here the conclusion of the first
chapter of the epistle to the Romans: and, as Mill thinks, the true and original reading. In the former part of the sentence is also a plain allusion to what goes before in that chapter. And we have here, as it seems, a plain and un
deniable instance of St. Clement’s alluding to the New Testament: or iving his exhortations to the Corinthians, in imitation of t e apostle Paul’s writings, without confining himself exactly all along to his very words. And I hope, this will justify several other passages, which I shall allege,
on account of a like allusion.
VIII. Rom. ix. 4. “ Who are Israelites, to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises. 5. Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ came.”
IX. Rom. xii. 5. “ So we being many, are one body in Christ; and ever " one members one of anot er.”
VIII. Ch. xxxiii. ‘ If any one shall consider them singly and distinctly, he will acknowledge the greatness of the gifts given through him Jacob]. For from him are t e riests and the Levites, al who minister at the altar of God: from him the Lord Jesus according to the flesh.’
It is hard to think, he had not here a reference to the text set on the other side.
IX. Ch. xlvi. ‘ Why—-—do we raise seditious against our own body‘.z and come to such madness as to forget,K that“ we are members one of another.” ’
Milly thinks, that” Clement refers to the 13th ver. of the same xiith chapter, and that he had a ri ht reading in it.
X. Rom. xiv. I. “ Him that is weak in the faith receive you, but not to doubtful disputations. v. 3. Let not him that eateth, des ise him that eateth not; an let not him which eateth not, judge him that eateth. Ch. xv. I. We then that are strong, ought to bear the infirmities of the weak.”
X. Ch. xxxviii. ‘ Let not him that is strong despise the weak : and let the weak reverence the strong.’
We have already seen Clement’s express testimony concernin the first epistle to the church of the Corinthians. Nevert eless I sha 1 put down also some passages, containing
allusions, or references.
They will show us his manner,
and be convincing examples of his way of alluding. N
XI. 1 Cor. x. 24. “ Let no man seek his own; but every man another’s wealth.”
XII. 1v Cor. xii. l2. “ For as the body is one, and has many members, and all the members of that body, being man , are one body; so also is C rist.—v. 15, If the feet shall say, Because I am not the head, I am not of the bod : is it therefore not of the gody ?—v. 22, Nay much more those members of the body, which seem to be more feeble, are necessary.—v. 24, But God has tempered the body together, having given more abundant honour to that part which lacked.”
XI. Ch. xlviii. ‘ And to seek what is profitable to all, and not his own things.’
XII. Ch. xxxvii. ‘ The great cannot be without the little: nor the little without the great. There is a temperament in all things, and
erein is a benefit. Let us, for exam le, take our body. The hea without the feet is nothing: so neither the feet without the head. Even the smallest members of our body are necessar , and useful to the whole body. And all conspire together, and are subject to one common use, the preservation of the whole.’
The allusion will ap ear yet more manifest, if Clement
be compared with St. to 27.
X111. 1 Cor. xiii. 4. “ Charity suffers long and is kind: Charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up, v. 7, beareth all things.”
Comp. ver. 1, 2, 3.
XIV. 1 Cor. xv. 20. “ But now is Christ risen, and be
aul’s whole argument from v. 12 In the same chapter of Clement follows also an argument from seeds, resembling St. Paul’s, 1 Cor. xv. 36, 37, 38. ~
XIII. Chap. xlix. ‘ Charitya endures all things, is long suffering in all things. There is nothing base in charity,nothin proud. Charity has no so ism: charity is not seditious: charity does all things in concord :—-— without charity nothing is acceptable to God.’
XIV. Ch. xxiv. ‘ Let us consider, beloved, how the
But possibly be
' Note. This passage is cited by Clemens A. Strom. 1. 4. p. 518. c. where
‘ There is nothing base,’ to ‘ seditious,‘ inclusive.
omitted these words, as not necessary to be alleged. And, without them, the
reference to 1 Cor. xiii. is manifest.
XV. 2 Cor. iii. 18. “ We all with open face, beholding ash in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image.”
XVI. 2 Cor. viii. 5. “ But first gave their own selves to the Lord, and to us by the will of God.”
XVII. 2 Cor. x. 17. “ But he that 'lorieth, let him glory in the 0rd. 18, For not he that commendeth himself is approved, but whom the Lord commendeth.” Comp. Rom. ii. 29, “ Whose praise is not of men, but of God.”
XVIII. 2 Cor. xi. 24. “ Of the Jews five times received I forty stripes save one. 25, Thrice was I beaten with rods, once was I stoned.”
XV. Ch. xxxvi. ‘ By him we shall look up to the height of the heavens: by him we” shall behold as in a glass his spotless and most excellent visage.’
XVI. Ch. lvi. ‘ Therefore let us also pray for such as are in any sin, that moderation and humility may be given to them ; so as to yield themselves not to us, but to the will of God.’
XVII. Ch. xxx. ‘ Let our praise be in God, not of ourselves: for God hates those that commend themselves.’
XVIII. Ch. v. ‘ Seven times was he [Paul] in bonds: he was whipped, was stoned.’
I omit several passages of Clement, in which are words found in these two epistles; because those words are also in the O. T. which may therefore render it doubtful, whether he referred to the Old Testament, or to St. Paul.