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Public Law 571 (1950)
[AN ACT To amend Veterans Regulation Numbered 1(a) with respect to the computation of estimated costs of teaching personnel and supplies for instruction in the case of colleges of agriculture and the mechanic arts and other nonprofit educational institutions]
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That, effective as of December 28, 1945, paragraph 5 of part VIII of Veterans Regulation Numbered 1 (a), as amended, is amended by adding at the end thereof the following: "In the computation of such estimated cost of teaching personnel and supplies for instruction in the case of any college of agriculture and the mechanic arts, no reduction shall be made by reason of any payments to such college from funds made available pursuant to the Act entitled 'An Act donating public lands to the several States and Territories which may provide colleges for the benefit of agriculture and the mechanic arts', approved July 2, 1862, as amended and supplemented (U.S.C., 1946 edition, title 7, secs. 30-329, inclusive); and in the computation of such estimated cost of teaching personnel and supplies for instruction in the case of any nonprofit educational institution, no reduction shall be made by reason of any payments to such institution from State or municipal or other non-Federal public funds, or from private endowments or gifts or other income from nonpublic sources."
SEC. 2. Upon receipt of appropriate claims therefor, the Administrator of Veterans' Affairs is authorized to make adjustments in accordance with this Act in contracts which are in effect on the date of approval of this Act as well as prior contracts and is authorized to make back payments and refunds in accordance with such adjustments.
Approved, June 23, 1950.
Federal Law Relating to State Agricultural Experiment Stations at the Land-Grant Colleges and Universities
The Hatch Act of 1887 authorized Federal-grant funds for direct payment to each State that would establish an agricultural experiment station in connection with the land-grant college established under the provisions of the Morrill Act of July 2, 1862, and of the acts supplementary thereto.
In 1955 the Hatch Act of 1887 was amended to bring about consolidation of the several Federal laws relating to the appropriation of Federal-grant funds for the support of agricultural experiment stations in the States, Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico. With this amendment the Adams Act of 1906 and the Purnell Act of 1925, as well as the Bankhead-Jones Act of 1935 and title I, section 9, of the amendment of 1946 to the Bankhead-Jones Act, as the latter two laws. applied to agricultural experiment stations, were repealed.
Section 2 of the Hatch Act states the purpose of the Federal-grant research program, as follows:
It is the policy of Congress to promote the efficient production, marketing, distribution, and utilization of farm products as essential to the health and welfare of our people. . . . It shall be the object and duty of the State agricultural experiment stations through the expenditure of the appropriations hereinafter authorized to conduct original and other researches, investigations, and experiments bearing directly on and contributing to the establishment and maintenance of a permanent and effective agricultural industry of the United States, including researches basic to the problems of agriculture in its broadest aspects, and such investigations as have for their purpose the development and improvement of the rural home and rural life and the maximum contribution by agriculture to the welfare of the consumer.1
Federal Law Relating to Cooperative Extension Work in Agriculture and Home Economics With Land-Grant Colleges and Universities
The Smith-Lever Act of May 1914 (38 Stat. 372); amended by act of June 26, 1953 (U.S.C. 341–348); and amended by act of August 11, 1955 (U.S.C. 347a).
This act as amended provided for "aid in diffusing among the people of the United States useful and practical home economics, and to encourage the application of the same" through agricultural extension services operated in cooperation with the United States Department of Agriculture in connection with the colleges in each State, Territory or possession . . . receiving . . . the benefits of the Act of Congress approved July 2, 1862" (The First Morrill Act).
Section 2 of this act provides that—
Cooperative agricultural extension work shall consist of the giving of instruction and practical demonstrations in agricultural and home economics and subjects relating thereto to persons not attending or resident in said colleges in the several communities, and imparting information on said subjects through demonstrations, publications, and otherwise, and for the necessary printing and distribution of information in connection with the foregoing; and this work shall be carried on in such manner as may be mutually agreed upon by the Secretary of Agriculture and the State agricultural college or colleges receiving the benefits of the Act.'
1 State Agricultural Experiment Stations: A History of Research Policy and Procedure. U.S. Department of Agriculture Miscellaneous Publication 904, May 1962. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1962. 219 p.
2 For full text of Smith-Lever Act as amended, see Federal Legislation, Regulations and Rulings Affecting Cooperative Extension Work in Agriculture and Home Economics. U.S. Department of Agriculture Miscellaneous Publication No. 285. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, January 1946. 61 p. (Supplements have also been issued.)
ANDREWS, BENJAMIN F. The Land Grant of 1862 and the Land-Grant Colleges. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, Department of Interior. Bureau of Education. Bulletin 1918, No. 13. 65 pp. (Out of print.) Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges (formerly the American Association of Land-Grant Colleges and State Universities). Proceedings of Annual Conventions. Washington: Office of the Association, 1785 Massachusetts Avenue NW.
EDDY, EDWARD DANFORTH, Jr. Colleges for Our Land and Time. Harper Bros., New York, 1957. 328 p.
EELLS, WALTER C.
Baccalaureate Degrees Conferred by American Colleges in the 17th and 18th Centuries. Washington: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare; Office of Education, May 1958 (Circular No. 528). Federal Legislation, Rulings, and Regulations Affecting the State Agricultural Experiment Stations. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Miscellaneous Publication No. 515 (Revised January 1959).
Federal Legislation, Regulations, and Rulings Affecting Cooperative Extension Work in Agriculture and Home Economics. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Miscellaneous Publication No. 285 (Revised January 1946). 61 p.
Public Law 83, 83d Congress, Ch. 157, 1st sess., approved June 26, 1953 (67 Stat. 83-85).
Public Law 360, 84th Congress, Ch. 798, 1st sess., approved August 11, 1955 (69 Stat. 684).
MORRILL, HON. JUSTIN W. An Address, delivered at the University of Massachusetts in 1887 on the occasion of the 25th anniversary of the First Morrill Act. Reprinted by Centennial Committee of the University of Massachusetts under title "I Would Have Higher Learning More Widely Disseminated," Amherst, Mass., 1961. 10 p.
MUMFORD, FREDERICK B. The Land-Grant College Movement. University of
Department of Health, EdWashington: U.S. Government
Survey of Land-Grant Colleges and Universities. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1930; Department of Interior; Office of Education; 2 vols. 1919 p. (Out of print.)
WORKS, GEORGE A., and BARTON, MORGAN. The Land-Grant Colleges. Washingtion: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1939. Staff Study No. 10, The Advistory Committee on Education. (Out of print.)