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his coat, and, biting it into shape, loaded his musket with it, and, taking deadly aim, shot Colonel Sinclair over the left eye, killing him instantaneously. The carnage was dreadful, and the Scots were killed wholesale, without being able either to defend themselves or attack their enemies. Numbers of the wounded fell into the roaring waters of the torrent below, while about sixty were taken prisoners, and of the whole 900 who entered that fatal pass, only three escaped and succeeded in making their way back to Caithness. One was the wife of the Colonel, the other two being gentlemen who knew the supposed page was their Colonel's wife, and did their best to defend her.

There is a pathetic incident mentioned in connection with this unfortunate affair. The day before the slaughter of the Caithness men, a young Norwegian was sitting with his betrothed bride in earnest conversation. He wished to join his countrymen in their proposed attack, and she was trying to dissuade him from doing so; but on hearing that one of her own sex was supposed to be among the invaders, she wished her lover to go to their camp privately that night and try to protect the lady from the fate which they well knew awaited the rest. He consented, and in the twilight made his way unseen to where the Scots lay encamped for the night; but, in endeavouring to get near enough to Mrs. Sinclair to give her warning, he was perceived by her, and, not waiting to hear what he wanted, she shot at, and killed him. Tradition records that it was the bereaved and grief-stricken bride, who, disguised as a lad, led the Scots to their doom, and revenged her lover's death by pointing out Colonel Sinclair to the Norwegian Captain. The sixty men who were taken prisoners were a few days afterwards marched to a field and there brutally slaughtered in cold blood by the natives, who had got tired of providing food and lodging for them. Their comrades, who fell at the time, were left as they lay, for the birds of the air and beasts of prey to devour ; but the body of Colonel Sinclair was decently buried, and a wooden cross erected over the grave with the following inscription

“Here lies Colonel George Sinclair, who, with 900 Scotsmen, were dashed to pieces, like so many earthen pots, by the peasants of Lessoe, Vaage, and Froem. Berdon Seilstad of Ringeboe was their leader.”

Robert Chambers, who visited Norway in 1849, and went to the scene of the tragedy, says—“ In a peasant's house near by were shown to me a few relics of the Caithness men, a matchlock or two, a broadsword, a couple of powder-flasks, and the wooden part of a drum.”

And thus ended one of the most unfortunate, fatal, and inglorious military adventures in which Scotsmen were ever engaged.

M. A. Rose.


J. W.

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As there is no long metre version of the Hundredth Psalm in
the Scotch Gaelic Psalm Book, perhaps some of your readers will
be interested in the following from the version prepared by the
late Rev. Dr. Norman Macleod ("An Teachdaire Gaidhealach")
"for the use of the native Irish,” in 1836.

Fuaim luathghaireach deanaidh gach tir,
Don Triath ar nard- Thighearna fior;
Tigidhe a's deanuidh seirbhis dò,
Air aghaidh le subhachas gach lò.
Ni sinn do rinn sinn tein, a Dhia,
Biodh aguibh fios gur b'e an Triath ;
A dhaoine sinn 's a shluagh go léir,
Caoire a innbhir cneasda shaoir.
Tigidhe 'na gheatuibh-sior a steach,
Go cuirtibh aluin a naomh-theach,
A's tigidhe fos le moladh mor,
A làthair Righ na nuile ghloir.
Sar-bhuidheachos anois tugaigh dho,
A's ainm-sion beannuigh gach lò;
Oir Dia ta maith a's troc 'reach sior ;
Go sao'l na sao'l ta seisean fior.

CONCERNING LOCHIEL-1664, 1717, AND 1784.

Times have greatly changed when the quarrels of two great Highland Chiefs made it necessary for a neutral person to get an Assurance and Protection such as that after given. In course of the lengthened quarrels betwixt Mackintosh and Lochiel in regard to the great estate of Glen Luie and Loch Arkaig, matters were in the year 1664 referred to arbitration.

The arbiter fixed upon was the Earl of Moray, and, considering the hostility displayed on many an occasion by that family to the Mackintoshes, it showed a great spirit of conciliation on the part of Mackintosh that he agreed to this arbiter.

The meeting was appointed to be held at Tomnahurich early in the month of June; but, though William Baillie of Dunain was willing to accommodate the Camerons coming from the West by allowing them to encamp on his lands, he deemed it necessary for his safety to get the following Letter of Assurance from Mackintosh :

“Whereas Evan Cameron of Lochyeld has ane assurance of me to com the length of Dunzean, attended with threttie persons only, and to stay there for the space of four days (this being the first) without trouble or molestation. And seeing Wm. Bailzie of Dunzean, his wife and servants, cannot goodly but have communication with the said Evan and his said attendants during the tym aforesaid. Therefore, I do assure the said Wm. and his aforesaids that he nor they shall no ways be troubled by me for inter-communing with the said Evan and his said attendants during the space aforesaid. They thereby acting nothing prejudicial to the authority, nor to me nor myn, and hereof I assure them by these, subscribed at Inverness, the eight day of June, 1664 years, by me. (Signed) “L. MACKINTOSHE,

Of Torcastell.” After full deliberation, it was determined that Lochiel should have the lands, but hold them of and under Mackintosh as his

superior, and pay a considerable feu-duty. Affecting to acquiesce, Lochiel obtained a day to think over the matter while the necessary documents could be prepared, but his pride, and the anger of the clansmen having been aroused at the idea of vassalage to Mackintosh, Lochiel and his men decamped in the night with great expedition, and he afterwards repudiated the decreet of Tomnahurich.

Two years later Lochiel had to accept the superiority of the Duke of Argyll, and, as will be immediately seen, that family did not scruple to exercise their rights of superiority after the rising of 1715.

Sir Evan in his latter years had disposed of his estate to his eldest son, John, reserving to himself a certain life-rent. John Cameron was attainted in 1716.

It thus happened that before his death, Sir Evan had the misfortune to see the estates which, after great effort, he had preserved and consolidated, apparently lost to the family for ever.

Sir Evan continued to live at Achnacarry, and as late as the 29th day of January, 1717, he signs, at that place, a procuratory to have himself served nearest and lawful heir male to his deceased nephew, Allan Cameron, son of his also deceased brother, Allan Cameron. The Procuratory which is signed “E. Cameron of Lochzeill” in a very tremulous hand, and altogether a wonderful piece of caligraphy, is witnessed by Archibald Cameron of Dungallon, and Alex. Cameron, cousin German to Glendessary.

The object of the service appears to have been for the purpose of making up a title to a wadsett, dated the 18th of May, 1696, granted by Sir Evan for the sum of 6000 merks over the lands of Achnasaul.

In 1717, John, Duke of Argyll ; Elizabeth, Duchess Dowager of Argyll, his mother; James, Earl of Bute; Archibald, Earl of Islay; Sir James Campbell of Ardkinglass, Bart. ; John Campbell, Lord Provost of Edinburgh ; Colonel Alex. Campbell of Finnab; George Drummond, Esq., one of the Commissioners of H.M.'s Excise ; Mr. Patrick Campbell of Monzie, advocate ; and Ronald Campbell, Writer to the Signet, commissioners nominated by his Grace, the said John, Duke of Argyll, for managing his affairs and estate, conform to his commission to them, or any three of them,

who are thereby declared to be a quorum, dated roth September, 1716, lose no time in taking possession of Glen Luie and Loch Arkaig, and they pursue the tenants to make payment of the rents to the Duke, as in right, under the late Act for the encouragement of superiors, etc., of the lands which formerly pertained to John Cameron, late of Lochiel, attainted. The following is a list of the tenants' names and their rents of the lands before referred to, but it does not include Lochiel's tenants on his Argyleshire estates, nor those on his part of Lochaber held of the Duke of Gordon.

It will be observed that few surnames are given, and that the ancient Macphees of Glendessary have become Camerons—their "alias " being Macphee. A rental of these lands in 1642 is very interesting, and may be published hereafter. The chief tenant in 1642, after the Tutor, appears to have been John Cameron, the well-known “Bodach" of Erracht-of whom, Sliochd lan-aVoddich.

Here is the rent roll of Glen Luie and Loch Arkaig, Moy :-Duncan mac Ian vic Ewen, John mac Ewen vic Ian, Donald Mac lan, John Macphail, Ewen Mac Ian oig, John mac Gillie challum, John oig mac Ewen vic Ian, and John Combie, Two hundred and forty pounds Scots money, silver rent; 20 bolls of meal and twenty merks for the presents, each of them for their own parts of the said rent of Moy. Strone-Dugall Cameron of Strone, for Strone, Achachera, and Kinloch-Arkaig, 200 merks silver tack duty. Barr-Alexander Cameron, Allan mac Ewen vic Harlich, and John Ban mac Lauchlan, 360 merks silver rent, 3 quarts butter, 3 stones cheese, one sheep, two veals, each of them for their own part of the rent of Barr. InnersKillivullin-Alex. mac Ewen vic Neil, and William mac William, 133. 6, 8, Scots of silver rent, 2 stones cheese, 2 quarts and I pint butter, one sheep, one veal, one kid, and one lamb of presents, each for their own parts. Mursherlich, and Auchinellan -Dugall Cameron, John mac Coul-vic-Coil-Donald Mor, and Donald mac lan vic Ian mor, 200 merks silver rent, 3 stones cheese, 3 quarts butter, 2 sheep and 2 veals of presents, each of them for their own parts of the said lands.

Erracht and Glenmalzie—John Cameron of Erracht, 140

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