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year: Not a bad bunch, not half a bad Then, fixing a baleful eye on trembunch, mused their teacher, while wait- bling twelve-year-old Eisan Koyama, ing for the meeting to come fully to he shouted in a voice of thunder, — order and life.

‘MEN To-night we'll sing no hymns. I ‘Males, courteously murmured the want to talk. What I say Suzuki here faithful Suzuki. will translate. All right?

‘MEN, things can't go on here as they Suzuki blushed and everybody laugh- are at present. The Antis in school ed, Addison loudest. Then, remember already say you can tell a Christian ing his solemn duty, he resolutely ban- dormitory boy by his sleepy face!' ished his smile and summoned again the Suzuki: 'Males, in school (in Amerdifficult frown.

ica?) there are kind aunts who give a * Fellows,' he began threateningly (his present to every Christian boy who has manner had been much admired in a sleepy face.' Then, hurriedly, in the similar meetings at home), and thump- same tone of voice, with unnecessary ing his closed hymn-book, 'awfully anxiety lest Addison discover any linsorry, and all that, but you and I have guistic blunder: 'So he says, but pergot to go to the mat now on at least two haps I'm not getting all this.' counts.'

Addison (in his best manner, with inHe glared round on all present, and finite and scathing contempt): 'Such a the boys, who knew him in private life condition, men, turns your stomach as a being not wholly impossible to and fills you with disgust.' propitiate, and also as a corking good Suzuki: 'Such a condition, males, baseball pitcher, registered appropri- turns your stomach over and fills it ate and sympathetic solemnity, with- with dust.' out understanding one word. Sotto Addison held up another accusing voce: ‘Shoot 'em that, Suzuki!'

finger beside the first: ‘Count two.' Suzuki, politely, deprecatingly, in “The second count.' Japanese: 'Honorable everyone! Par- (Recrudescence of interest on the don me, but the Sensei says we're go- part of the audience.) ing to the jiu-jitsu room to meet two "This count is of even greater imcounts.'

portance.' Interested surprise manifested every- “This count is of even higher rank.' where, but gravity still maintained, 'MEN, we are losing our vitality in since the occasion and the Sensei's face getting across our propaganda.' seemed to demand it.

Here, Suzuki was forced into sur‘Number one,' holding up a long fore render and begged for further enlightenfinger, ‘hereafter we've got to cut out ment. A conference ensued, and he inall late hours.'

terpreted: Suzuki, hesitating: ‘The first count 'In spreading our propaganda we are says we must operate on ourselves. losing our lives.' That is' – uncertainly - so the Sen

(Visible consternation on every face

except that of Inouye, who was by this Puzzlement on part of audience; but time asleep.) foreigners are funny creatures anyhow ‘ 'Pep, pep, PEP! We must show even Sensei.

more pep. To win out we've got to get Addison, warming up: ‘That's right, a wiggle on. (No, Suzuki, afraid you that's right, Suzuki; give it to 'em can't make that one get a move on, straight, give it to 'em straight!' I mean.) In a school of eight hundred

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sei says.'

boys we ought to rope in more than not!

not! — the Reverend Mr. Nishio at fifty!' And so on, the translation of once recalled and expressed three illushis remarks illustrating anew what al- trious characters: he was as good as ways happens when enterprising young Pickwick, as unctuous as Pecksniff, as Westerners try to hustle the East. hopeful as Micawber — and stouter

He drew for them, he thought, a than any of the three. And so, figpicture of what the dormitory was and uratively, if not literally, — being a of what it ought to be. He told them, Japanese, – he welcomed Addison and

, in racy Yankee, what, if they worked, his nimble flock with open arms. He it surely would become. He closed with smiled, and winked his Jusan-like eyes, a forceful appeal, begging them thence and rubbed his dimpled hands. Indeed, forth to toil like yeomen (though that there was much bowing and intaking of was not his word), like fishers tugging at breath on both sides. the nets, and constrain, constrain mem- They were just in time, it seemed; for, bers to come in.

as they entered the main room of the It was a splendid effort. But perhaps, church, a young lady in spectacles and after all, it was just as well that the dun-colored kimono had just begun an boys did n't understand it quite – attack on an asthmatic organ. They especially the forceful example at the sat in a row on the front bench, and end; because, except for Fujimura San, even in their wriggling silence lent the all of them hailed from the mountain- otherwise middle-aged and demure conous country of Tamba, in whose rapid gregation the vividness of youth. They rivers custom dictated that gentlemen made even the minister and organist should not fish at all, but lie in canopied feel their grateful aura, and turned what boats at pillowed ease and merely had begun as a very drowsy prayerwatch other men wield the nets. meeting into something akin to life.

'Now, fellows,' he said in his ordina- 'He is taking Sensei's text,' whisperry voice, taking the silence for appro- ed Suzuki to Addison, when Mr. Nishio, bation and permanently dropping his rubbing his hands, and winking and frown, 'now, fellows, as a sign of our smiling more heartily than ever, began turning over a new leaf, I suggest that his little talk. And, as it went on, we all go to the Heian Church to-night though Addison could grasp scarcely for the midweek service. We have n't a word, in the voice, the gestures, the been there for months. It'll mean a rising passion of the preacher, most of fine hike, some good words from Mr. all in the open-eyed attention of all the Nishio, and an early snooze.'

boys, including even sleepy Inouye, he What Suzuki made of this, I leave realized what was being said. you to puzzle out. But they were going The old, old story of Galilee - he somewhere, that they knew, and they breathed it all. The blueness of the guessed it was to church.

cloudless sky and untroubled turquoise ‘Banzai!'shouted Jusan wildly, ‘Ban- water he felt, and saw the two rough zai! We're going to church to meet fishermen with their ragged nets, listensome counts!' And everyone — Ino- ing rapt to the words of the tall, white

uye San being roused — agreed that robed One whose sandals made purer it was a far more suitable place than the the stainless sand:jiu-jitsu room for receiving two such

Now as he walked by the sea of Galilee, prominent persons.

he saw Simon and Andrew his brother castTo one who knew his Dickens — and ing a net into the sea: for they were fishers. who in this dark world and wide does And Jesus said unto them, Come ye after

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me, and I will make you to become fishers of waiting pail of water without contact

with the fingers, if they are to be taken And straightway they forsook their nets,

home alive and unhurt. Time and time and followed him.

again he raised one to the surface of the Now, as everyone in Kyoto knows, water only to have it, by a sudden flirt at the junction of Omiya and Shijo of its lithe body, wriggle away again; streets, where one takes the car for and on a dozen occasions he let one flop cherry-famed Arashiyama, there is a loose when already in the air. little store which, from the diversity and "Well,' he said disgustedly at the seasonableness of its wares, merits the hundredth mishap, 'I quit. I'm going name, Jack-of-all-Shops. In winter, it home have some work to prepare sells fried sweet potatoes to children anyway.' To a questioning look of (who gobble them hot out of the sack); Suzuki's: ‘All right, fellows — hang in summer, vegetables; in fall, persim- round a bit, if you care to. But don't mons. At the time I am speaking of - forget — not too late.' in spring - its specialty was goldfish. 'Sayonara, Sensei!' sang the two

Addison and his troop, returning from or three others who remembered that church about nine o'clock, shot round he existed. the corner upon it, in full cry, so to speak.

Next morning, Addison opened his They stopped as who would n't? eyes, yawned, rose on one arm, noted Goldfish, goldfish everywhere! In crys- that the sun already stood high in the tal globes on stands, on shelves, globes heavens, and conscientiously got out of within globes; in pails, in tubs, in arti- bed. The dormitory was unusually ficial ponds spanned by tiny bridges; of still. Throwing on a few clothes, he all bulks, from minnows to full-sized slipped down to the common washcarp, the magic creatures swam, twink- room. There, too, unwonted silence ling and blazing under the powerful reigned. Only the old woman cook electric light.

could be heard puttering about in the Beside one pond in the centre adjoining kitchen. the largest and most populous of all — He plunged his face into a basin of lay displayed miniature bamboo rods, cold water and came to full consciouswith black threads for lines, and micro- ness. On the floor stood a tub, not a scopic filament-like hooks; while over- small one, bubbling with panting goldhead, in Chinese characters, ran the fish. Their scales shone in the morning explanatory legend: 'Buy a pole and sun, though here and there a paler uptake home your own catch. Fish as turned belly showed where some weaker long as you like - only two sen.' warrior had given up the crowded fight.

‘Oh-h-h-h! shouted the younger He poured fresh water into the tub contingent; and plunged recklessly be from a pail standing by, and watched tween the rows of glass globes for the it give new ease and life. sport to be had inside.

By George, there must be a thousand Addison was not the last, be it said to of them!'he cried. his credit, to cast in a line. But fishing “Seven hundred and fifty-three,' for goldfish with a hook many sizes yawned a voice. smaller than a pin has its own tech- He whipped round to find Suzuki nique. Goldfish are slippery as catfish, standing at his elbow rubbing sleepand must be caught gently under the belly or gills, and jerked quickly into a “Seven hundred and fifty-three exVOL. 128 - NO. 6

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filled eyes.

actly. Oh, the man he is angry — bery,

Addison consulted his watch. bery angry. But we stay and stay and 'Heck, only ten minutes till the first stay, and of course pay no attention to bell! No breakfast, no preparation, no heem. “As long as you weesh,” we re- anything! O Suzuki!' mind heem that he hab said. “We Snores wafted softly down on them weesh to stay longer.” And we stay from six open transoms. until all are catched

catched — all. And, His voice trembled: 'Suzuki, how Sensei, eef you go there to-day you will could you?' find that the advertisement which we 'Sensei, do not trouble. I will awoke saw to-morrow night is no longer there. them before your stomach turn himself Twenty leettle sen for ten leettle poles over once!' and seven hundred fifty-three pretty The student touched his teacher's leettle feesh. Also, you will find bery, arm affectionately. bery angry man bery angry man!' 'Sensei, do not trouble. All right.

Dazed, hurt, and not a little angry Everyshing is all right. I will awoke himself, Addison sternly climbed the them. Sh-h-h-h, listen to them, so stairs, Suzuki close behind him.

brave, so innocent! I will awoke them At the top he turned on the boy at once. I am coming to awoke you, accusingly.

my boys!' ‘Suzuki, when did you fellows turn Then turning away, reverently, with in last night?'

upraised Nishio-like face and finger to Pardon, dear Sensei, early'-shame- lips: ‘Last night, feeshers in feesh. facedly-'this morning. One o'crock.' To-day, who know, feeshers in men!'




From the point of view of the average half of all the battleships afloat, yet beeducated Englishman, the naval situa- tween them they spent far less than tion to-day is the most extraordinary twenty millions sterling a year. The imaginable. If he is a middle-aged most expensive ship that either nation man, he will remember that, barely a had, built or building, cost less than generation and a half ago, all the pow- £700,000. To-day, although we are at ers combined spent less upon their peace with all the world, our navy is navies than a single power does to-day. costing ninety millions sterling a year, Then England and France spent more and we are outbuilt, not by one, but than the rest of the world together, and by two powers. compared in capital ships as three to The great change came before the two. Together they owned more than war. Two men are primarily responsi

ble for the new emphasis given to naval Britain was spending only eleven milforces during the forty years preced- lions and a half on her navy, in 1914 she ing 1914 — two men whose minds and had voted over fifty millions; whereas characters differed fundamentally. The in 1884 she had no naval competitor but American Mahan had been a midship France, in 1914 the Russian, German, man in the Civil War, but had seen no Austrian, and Italian fleets would have other fighting, and was a student by na- been greatly superior to her, could they ture. The Englishman Fisher saw, so have combined. Germany alone, which far as one is apt to remember, no sea- had no fleet at all at the first date, had fighting at all, his solitary experience of capital ships in number and in power warships used in war being the bom- equal to nearly seventy-five per cent of bardment of Alexandria. He, unlike the British force. So much for Europe. Mahan, was no student. He was, in- The war with Spain had resulted in deed, proud of his ignorance of history America's having a very considerable and of his contempt for the so-called navy; the war with Russia had done the scientific doctrines of war. These are same for Japan. common failings of men who believe Yet on the eve of the World War, themselves to be practical, and have a Great Britain had, built and building, native insight into the possibilities of forty-four dreadnought battleships and physical science. Fisher was, in these battle-cruisers, the United States had respects, preëminent. His faith in what fourteen, and Japan seven. In other the inventors and manufacturers could words, a brief seven years ago, Great do was unlimited. His impatience with Britain compared, in capital ships, with the old-fashioned and the obsolescent America as three to one, and with was monumental. Like Mahan’s, his Japan as six to one. She was rather memory ran back to the Civil War, more than twice as strong as the two and he was apt to think of the sea-war put together. Russia and France were of the future in terms of big guns and allies, Italy was neutral, the Austrian thick armor, and the revolution in ma- and Turkish fleets could not combine terial of which he had seen so much. with the German, and war was deIt was Fisher who, in the early eighties, clared before Turkey could get the two started the late Mr. Stead in his jour- battleships building for her in England. nalistic campaign on the ‘Truth about With no rivals outside Europe, and with the Navy.' It roused England. But it allies in Europe, Great Britain had a did more. It roused the whole of Europe comfortable superiority over the neighto a sudden realization that England bor that shortly was to be her enemy. was England only when her navy was But great as was the contrast besupreme. And this agitation had hardly tween the situation of 1914 and that of got well under way when Mahan's first forty years ago, the contrast between book appeared. The world was now 1914 and 1921 is more striking still. doubly awakened to the function of sea- Since the engagement that took place power in history. Here was Great Brit- off the Danish coast on the thirty-first ain agitated from end to end in her of May, 1916, commonly — and ereffort to put her naval house in order; roneously — talked of as the ‘Battle of and here was Mahan seemingly giving Jutland,' Great Britain has laid down away the secret of English greatness! and completed one battle-cruiser only

In little more than a generation the — the Hood. She has built no other sea-aspect of the world had changed capital ships at all. To be strictly accompletely. Whereas in 1885 Great curate, she has built other ships, bigger

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