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which before would not abide looking on. l With envy of each other's happiness,
K. Henry. This moral' ties nie over to time, and! May cease their hatred; and this clear conjunction a hot summer: and so I shall catch the fly, your Plant neighbourhood and christian-like accord cousin, in the latter end, and she must be blind too. In their sweet bosoms, that never war advance
Burg. As love is, my lord, before it loves. 5 His bleeding sword 'twixt England and fair France. K. Henry. It is so: and you may, some of you, All. Amen.
(witness all, thank love for my blindness; who cannot see K. Henry. Now welcome, Kate:--and bear me many a fair French city, for one fair French maid That here I kiss her as my sovereign queen. that stands in my way.
[Flourish. Fr. King. Yes, my lord, you see them per-10 2. Isa. God, the best inaker of all marriages, spectively, the cities turn'd into a maid; for they Combine your hearts in one, your realms in one! are all girdled within maiden walls, that war hath As man and wife, being two, are one in love, nel er enter'd.
So be there'twixt your kingdoms such a spousal, K. Henry. Shall Kate be my wife?
(That never inay ill office, or fell jealousy, Fr. King. So please you.
15 Which troubles oft the bed of blessed marriage, K. Henry. I am content; so the maiden cities Thrust in between the paction of these kingdoms, you talk of, may wait on her: so the maid, that To make divorce of their incorporate league ; stood in the way for iny wish, shall shew me thel Chat English may as French, French Englishmen, way to my will.
(Receive each other !–God speak this Amen! Fr. King. We have consented to all terms of 20 All. Amen! reason.
K'. Henry. Prepare we for our marriage:--on K. Henry. Is't so, my lords of Engiand?
which day, West. The king hath granted every article: My lord of Burgundy, we'll take your oath His daughter, first; and then in sequel all, . 1 land all the peers', for surety of our leagues. According to their firm proposed natures. 25 Then shall I swear to Kate, and you to me;
Ere. Only, he hath not yet subscribed this: And may our oaths well kept and prosp'rous be! Where your majesty deinands, --That the king of
[Ereunt. France, having any occasion to write for matter of
Enter Chorus. grant, shall name your highness in this form, and Thus far, with rough, and all unable pen, with this addition in French:--Votre tres cher 30 Our bending? author hath pursu'd the story; fil: Henry roy d'Angleterre, horcier de France : In little room confining mighiy men, and thus in Latin,-Præclarissimus filius noster | Mangling by starts' the full courscoftheir glory. Henricus, rer Anglia, & hæres francia.
Small time, but, in that small, most greatly liv'd Fr. King. Yet this Thave not, brother,sdeny'd, 1 This star of England: fortune made his sword; But your request shall inake me let it pass. 135 By which the world's best garden he atchiev'd, K. Henry. I pray you then, in love and dear | And of it left his son imperial lord. alliance,
Henry the sixth, in infant bands crown'd king Let that one article rank with the rest:
| Of France and England, did this king succeed; And, thereupon, give me your daughter.
Whose state so many bad the managing, Fr. King.' Take her, fair son: and from her 10 That they lost france, and made his England blood raise up
[sake, Issue to me: that the contending king,loms (pale Which oft our stage hath shewn; and, for their Of France and England, whose very shores look! (In your fair minds let this acceptance take.
"That is, the application of this fable, the moral being the application of a fable. ? i.e. humble. * Meaning, by touching only on select parts,
KING HE N R Y VI.
PERSONS REPRESENTE D.
King HENRY the Sirth.
Basset, of the Red Rose, or Luncaster Fuction. Duke of GLOSTER, Uncle to the King, and Protector.
Charles, Dauphin, und afterwards King of Duke of BEDFORD, Uncle to the King, and Re France. gent of France.
Reignier, Duke of Anjou, and Titular X'ing Curdinal BEAUFORT, Bishop of Winchester, and of Naples. Great Uncle to the king.
Duke of BURGUNDY. Duke of EXETER.
Duke of ALENÇON. Duke of SOMERSET.
Bastard of ORLEANS. Earl of WARWICK.
Governor of Paris. Earl of SALISBURY.
Master-Gunner of ORLEANS, Boy, his son. Earl of SUFFOLK.
An Old Shepherd, Futher to Joan la Pucelle. Lord TALBOT. Young Talbot, his son.
MARGARET, daughter to Reignier, and afterRICHARD PLANTAGENET, afterwards Duke of wards Queen to King Henry. York.
Countess of AUVERGNE. MORTIMER, Earl of March.
JOAN LA PUCELLE, commonly called Joan of Sir John FASTOLFE WOODVILLE, Lieutenant Arc; a Maid pretending to be inspir'd from of the Tower. Lord Mayor of London. Sir Heaven, and setting up for the Championess THOMAS GARGRAVE. Sir WILLIAM GLANS of France. DALE. Sir WILLIAM Lucy.
Fiends, attending her. VERNON, of the White Rose, or York Faction. I Lords, Captains, Soldiers, Alessengers, and several Altendants both on the English and French. .
The SCEVE is partly in England, and partly in France.
A CT I.
Brandish your crystal tresses in the sky;
And with them scourge the bad revolting stars, . Westminster-Abbey.
That have consented unto Henry's death! Dead March. Enter the funeral of King Henry the Henry the fifth, too famous to live long!
Fifth, attended on by the Duke of Bedford, Re- 5 England ne'er lost a king of so much worth. gent of France; the Duke of Gloster, Protector; Glo. England ne'er had a king, until his time. the Duke of Ereter, and the Earl of Warwick ; Virtue he had, deserving to command: the Bishop of Winchester, and the Duke of So- His brandish’dsword did blind men with his beams; merset, &c.
His arms spread wider than a dragon's wings; Bed. LJUNG be the heavens with black, 10] His sparkling eyes, replete with wrathfulfire, yield day to night!
| More dazzled and drove back his enemies, Comets, importing change of times and states, I Than mid-day sun, fierce bent against their faces.
"Mr. Theobald observes, that, “the historical transactions contained in this play, take in the compass of above thirty years. I must observe, however, that our author, in the three parts of Henry VI. bas not been very precise to the date and disposition of his facts; but shuffled thein, backwards and forwards, out of time. For instance; the lord Talbot is kill'd at the end of the fourth act of this plav, who in reality did not fall till the 13th of July 1453; and The Second part of Henry VI. opens with
the marriage of the king, which was solemniz'd eight years before Talbot's death, in the year 1445. 1 Again, in the second part, dame Eleanor Cobham is introduced to insult queen Margaret; though her
penance and banishment for sorcery happened three years before that princess caine over to England, I could point out many other transgressions against history, as far as the order of time is concerned. Indeed, though there are several inaster-strokes in these three plays, which incontestably betray the workinauship of Shakspeare; yet I am almost doubtful whether they were entirely of his writing. And unless they were wrote by him very early, I should rather imagine them to have been brought to hiin as a director of the stage; and so have received some finishing beauties at his band. An accurate obPrver will easily see, the diction of them is more obsolete, and the numbers inore mean and prosaical, Hea in the generality of his genuine compositions.”
What should I say? his deeds exceed all speech: 1 Among the soldiers this is muttered,
That here you maintain several factions; Exe. We mourn in black; Wly mourn we not And, whilst a field should be dispatch'd and fought, in blood?
You are disputing of your generals. Henry is dead, and never shall revive:
5 One would have ling'ring wars with little cost; Upon a wooden coffin we attend;
Another would fly swift, but wanteth wings; And death's dishonourable victory
A third man thinks, without expence at all, We with our stately presence glorify,
By guilesul fair words peace may be obtain'd. Like aptives bound to a triumphant car.
Awake, awake, English nobility; What? shall we curse the planets of mishap, 110 Let not sloth dim your honours, new-begot: That plotted thus our glory's overthrow?
Cropp'd are the flower-de-luces in your arms; Or shall we think the subtle-willed French
Of England's coat one half is cut away. Conjurers and sorcerers, that, afraid of him,
Ere. Were our tears wanting to this funeral, By magic verses have contriv’d his end?
These tidings would call forth their flowing tides. Win. He was a king blest of the King of Kings. 15 Bed. Methey concern;regent I am of France:Unto the French the dreadful judgment-day Give me my steeled coat, I'll fight for France. So dreadtul will not be, as was his siglt.
way with these disgraceful wailing robes! The battles of the Lord of Hosts he fought: Wounds I will lend the French instead of eyes, The church's pravers made him so prosperous. To weep their intermissive’ miseries. Glo. The church !where is it? Ilad not church-20 E nter to them another lessenger. men pray'd,
2 Mess. Lords, view these letters, full of bad Ilis thread of life had not so soon decay'd:
mischance. None do you like but an effeminate prince, France is revolted from the English quite; Whoin, like a school-box, you may over-awe. Except some petty towns of no iinport: Win. Gloster, whate'ir we like, thou art pro-25The Dauphin Charles is crowned kingin Rheims; tector;
The bastard of Orleans with him is join'd; And lookest to command the prince, and realm. Reignier, duke of Anjou, doth take bis part; Tby wife is proud; she holdeih thee in awe, The duke of Alençon flieth to his side. [Erit. More than God, or religious church-men, may. Ere. The Dauphin crowned king! all ily to
Glo. Namenot religion, for thou lov’st the flesh; 30/0, whither shall we fly from this reproach: [lim! And ne'er throughout the year tochurch thou go'st, Glo.We will notflybutto ourenemies'throats:Except it be to pray against thy foes.
Bedford, if thou be slack, I'll fight it out. Bed. Cease, cease these jars, and rest your minds | Bed. Gloster, why doubt'st thou of my forin peace!
Enter a third Messenger'.
3 Mess. My gracious lords, to add to your laWhenaitheir mothers' moist eyesbabes shall suck:
ments, Our isle be made a nourish' of salt tears, 140 Wherewith you now bedew king llenry's hearse,-And none but women left to wail the dead. I must inform you of a dismal tight, Henry the fifth! the ghost I invocate;
Betwist the stout lord Talbot and the French, Prosper this realmı, keep it from civil broils !
Win. What! wherein Talbot overcame? is't so! Combat with adverse planets in the heavens!
3 Mess. O, no; wherein lord Talbot was o'erA far more glorious stir thy soul will inake, 145
thrown: Than Julius Cæsar, or bright
The circumstance I'll tell you more at large. Enter allessenger.
The tenth of August last, this dreadful lord, Mess. My honourable lords, health to you all!! Retiring from the siege of Orleans, . Sad tidings bring I to you out of France,
Having full' scarce' six thousand in his troop, Of loss, of slaughter, and di-comiiture:
50 By three and twenty thousand of the French Guienne, Chainpaigne, Rheins, Orleans,
Was round encompassed and set upon: Paris, Guisors, Poitiers, are all quite lost.
No leisure had be to enrank his men; Bed. What say'st thou, man, before dead Hen- He wanted pikes to set before his archers; ry's corse?
| Instead whereof, sharpstakes,pluck'dout of hedges, Speak softly; or the loss of those great towns 155 They pitched in the ground confusedly, Will make him burst his lead, and rise from death. To keep the horsemen ots from breaking in. Glo. Iz Paris lost? Is Roan yielded up?
More than three hours the fight continued; If Henry were recall'd to life again, [ghost. Where valiant Talbot, above human thought. These news would cause him once more vield the Enacted wonders with his sword and lance. Exe. How were they lost? what treachery was 60 Hundreds he sent to hell, and nove durst stand hiin: us'd?
[money. Here, there, and every where, enrag'd he flew : Mess. No treachery; but want of men and the French exclaiin'd, The devil was in arms;
i Nourish here signifies a nurse. ?i. e. their miseries which have had only a short intermission from Henry the Fifth's death to my coming amongst them. i. e. scarcely.
All the whole army stood agaz'd on him:
So in the earth, to this day is not known: His soldiers, spying his undaunted spirit,
Late, did he shine upon the English side; A Talbot! a Talbot! cried out amain,
Now we are victors, upon us he smiles. And rush'd into the bowels of the battle.
What towns of any moment, but we have ? Here bad the conquest fully been scal'd up, 5 At pleasure here we lie, near Orleans; If Sir John Fastolfe had not play'd the coward: Otherwhiles, thefamish'd English, like pale ghosts, He being in the vaward' (plac'd behind, |Faintly besiege us one hour in a month. With purpose to relieve and follow them) | Alen. They want their porridge, and their fat Cowardly fled, not having struck one stroke.
bull-beeves: Hence grew the general wreck and massacre; 110 Either they inust be dieted, like mules, Enclosed were they with their enemies:
And have their provender ty'd to their mouths, A base Walloon, to win the Dauphin's grace, Or piteous they will look like drowned mice. Thrust Talbot with a spear into the back; || Reig. Let's raise the siege;Whyliveweidlyhere? Whomall France,withherchiefassembledstrength, Talbot is taken, whom we wont to fear: Durst not presume to look once in the face. 15 Remaineth nonc, but mad-brain'd Salisbury; _Bed. Is Talbot slain? then I will slay myself, And he may well in fretting spend his gall, For living idly here, in pomp and ease,
Nor men, nor money, hath he to make war. Whilst such a worthy leader, wanting aid,
Char. Sound, sound alarum; we will rush on Unto his dastard foc-men is betray'd.
them. 3 Mess. O no, he lives; but is took prisoner, 20 Now for the honour of the forlorn French:And lord Scales with him, and lord Hungerford Him I forgive my death, that killeth me, Most of the rest slaughter'd, or took, likewise. When he sees me go back one foot, orfly.[Exeunt.
Bed. His ransom there is none but I shall pay: 1 [Here alarum, they are beaten back by the I'll hale the Dauphin headlong from his throne,
English, with great loss. His crown shall be the ransom of my friend;
Re-enter Charles, Alençon, and Reignier. Four of their lords I'll change for one of ours. Char. Who ever saw the like? what men have Farewell, my masters; to my task will I;
[fied, Bonfires in France forthwith I am to make, Dogs! cowards! dastards!-I would ne'er have To keep our great Saint George's feast withal: But that they left me 'midst my enemies. Ten thousand soldiers with me I will take. 1301 Reig. Salisbury is a desperate homicide; Whose bloodydeedsshall make all Europe quake. He fighteth as one weary of his life.
3dless. So you had need; for Orleans is besieg'd; The other lords, like lions wanting food, The English army is grown weak and faint: Do rush upon us as their hungry prey. The earl of Salisbury craveth supply;
Alen. Froisard, a countryman of ours, records, And hardly keeps his men from mutiny, 35 England all Olivers and Rowlands 2 bred, i Since they, so few, watch such a multitude. During the time Edward the third did reign. Exe. Remember, lords, your oaths to Henryl More truly now may this be verified; sworn;
For none but Sampsons, and Goliasses, Either to quell the Dauphin utterly,
It sendeth forth to skirmish. One to ten! Or bring him in obedience to your yoke. |40|Lean raw-bon'd rascals! who would e'er suppose
Bed. I do remember it; and here take leave, They had such courage and audacity? To go about my preparation.
[Exit. Char. Let's leave this town; for they are hairGlo. I'll to the Tower with all the haste I can, . brain'd slaves, To view the artillery and munition;
1 And hunger will enforce them to be more eager: And then I willproclaim young Henry king. [Exit. 45 Of old I know them; rather with their teeth .
Ere. To Eltham willl, where the young kingis, The walls they'lltear down, than forsakethesiege. Being ordain'd his special governor; 1Reig. I think, by some odd gimmals 3 or device, And for his safety there I'll best advise. [Exit. Their arms are set, like clocks, still to strike on; , Win. Each hath his place and function to attend: Else they could ne'er hold out so, as they do. I am left out; for me nothing remains. 50 By my consent, we'll e'en let them alone. But long I will not be Jack-out-of-office;
Alen. Be it so. The king from Eltham I intend to send,
Enter the Bastard of Orleans. And sit at chiefest stern of public weal. [Erit. Bast. Where's the Prince Dauphin? I have SCENE II.
news for him. Before Orlearus in France. ' 1551 Dau. Bastard of Orleans, thrice welcome to us. Enter Charles, Alençon, and Reignier, marching Bast. Methinks, your looks are sad, your chear4 with a Drum and Soldiers.
appall’d; Char. Mars his true moving, even as in the Hath the late overthrow wrought this offence?
| Be not dismay'd, for succour is at hand:
'i. e. the back part of the can or front. 2 These were two of the most famous in the list of, Charlemagne'stwelve peers; and their exploits are render'dsoridiculously and equally extravagant by the old romancers, that from thence arose that saying amongst our plain and sensible ancestors, of giting one a Rowland for his Oliver, to signify the matching one incredible lye with another; or, as in the modern acceptation of the proverb, to give a person as good a one as he brings. 3 Agimmal is a piece. of jointed work, where one piece moves within another, whence it is taken at large for anengine. It is now vulgarly called a gimcrack. 4 Chear is countenance, appcarance.