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In the Army and Air Force, the Secretariats have increased as a percentage of the total personnel assigned to the top management headquarters. While the Navy Secretariat represents a substantially greater portion of the total work force of the top management headquarters, its current percentage is lower than in 1950 and 1960.

PERSONNEL STRENGTHS OF THE SERVICE SECRETARIATS

AS A PERCENTAGE OF THE TOP MANAGEMENT HEADQUARTERS

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C. CURRENT ORGANIZATION OF THE MILITARY DEPART.

MENTS The Military Departments are large organizations encompassing both Washington headquarters organizations and substantial field commands, bureaus, and activities. The major organizational elements of the Departments of the Army, Navy, and Air Force are graphically presented in Charts 6-1, 6-2, and 6-3, respectively. This study will focus on seven organizations that constitute the top management headquarters of the three Military Departments:

Office of the Secretary of the Army
Office of the Secretary of the Navy
Office of the Secretary of the Air Force
Office of the Chief of Staff, U.S. Army
Office of the Chief of Naval Operations
Office of the Chief of Staff, U.S. Air Force

Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps While organizations subordinate to these seven headquarters may be in need of structural and management reform, evaluation of such needs are beyond the scope of this study.

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'ALSO INCLUDES OTHER DESIGNATED ACTMTIES NOT SHOWN ON THE CHART WHICH ARE UNDER TNE COMMAND OR SUPERVISION OF THE ORGANIZATIONS DEPICTED

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1. Service Secretariats a. Organization

The current structure of each Military Department is generally similar. Each is headed by a Secretary whose position and general duties are mandated by statute (Sections 3012, 5031, and 8012 of title 10, United States Code). Under these statutes, only the Secretary of the Air Force is required to be “appointed from civilian life by the President, and by and with the advice and consent of the Senate." (Requirements and procedures for appointment of the Secretaries of the Army and Navy are not prescribed in statute.) However, the Air Force requirement and procedure are followed for all three Service Secretaries.

Additionally, each Military Department is authorized an Under Secretary who is appointed by the President from civilian life, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. Each Under Secre tary succeeds to the duties of the respective Service Secretary if there is a vacancy in that office or during the Secretary's temporary absence. The duties of the Service Under Secretaries are not prescribed by law.

Each Military Department has a number of assistant secretaries. The Department of the Army is authorized five; the Department of the Navy, four; and the Department of the Air Force, three. Under the authorizing statutes, each Military Department must designate one of its assistant secretaries as Assistant Secretary for Manpower and Reserve Affairs, and the duties of that position are prescribed by law. In addition, the Department of the Army also must designate one of its assistant secretaries as Assistant Secretary for Civil Works, and the duties of that position are prescribed by law. The titles and duties of the remaining authorized assistant secretaries (three in the Army, three in the Navy, and two in the Air Force) are not mandated by law. Administratively, the departments have established these positions as follows. Each Military Department has an Assistant Secretary for Financial Management. Likewise, an assistant secretary exists in each Department to handle research and development and related activities. Finally, the Army has an Assistant Secretary for Installations and Logistics while the Navy has an Assistant Secretary for Shipbuilding and Logistics. In the Air Force, the logistics function is assigned to the assistant secretary who handles research and development.

Additionally, each Military Department is required by law to have a Comptroller and Deputy Comptroller, to be appointed by the Service Secretary. The authorizing statutes specify the duties of these positions and require that at least one of these two positions in each department be occupied by a civilian.

Finally, within each Secretary's Office, there is an Office of General Counsel, an office for public affairs, an office for legislative affairs, and an administrative assistant to the Secretary. (In the Army, the position of Administrative Assistant is authorized by law.)

The organization of the three Service Secretariats is graphically depicted in Charts 6-4, 6-5, and 6-6.

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