« 上一頁繼續 »
you think fit.
unpremeditated graces, is a fit Todging for a N° 30:. FRIDAY, FEB. 15. mind fo fair and lovely; there dwell rational
piety, modeft hope, and chearful resignation. -Lachrymæque decoræ,
Many of the prevailing paflions of mankind do Gratior & pulsbro veniens in corpore virtus.
undeservedly pass under the name 'of religion; Virg. Æn. 5. ver. 343.
which is thus made to express itself in action, according to the nature of the constitution in
which it refides : fo that were we to make a Becoming forrows, and a virtuous mind More lovely, in a beauteous form infrin'd.
judgment from appearances, one would imagine
religion in some is little better than fullenners Read what I give for the entertainment of and reserve, in many fear, in others the defpond
this day with a great deal of pleasure, and ings of a melancholy complexion, in others the publish it just as it came to my hands. I Mall formality of insignificant unaffecting obferbe very glad to find there are many guessed at vances, in others severity, in others oftentation, for Emilia.
In Emilia it is a principle founded in reafon anii
enlivened with hope; it does not break forth ( Mr. Spectator,
into irregular fits and fallies of devotion, but is this paper has the good fortune to be an uniform and confiftent renour of action: it is
honoured with a place in your writings, I strict without severity, compassionate without « Mall be the more pleased, because the character weakness; it is the perfection of that good-fiu.
of Emilia is not an imaginary but a real one: mour which proceeds from the understanding, • I have industriously obscured the whole by the not the effect of an easy constitution. ( addition of one or two circumstances of no
By a generous sympathy in nature, we feel ? consequence, that the person it is drawn from ourselves difpofed to mourn when any of our ( might ftill be concealed ; and that the writer fellow-creatures are afficted; but imjured in• of it might not be in the least suspected, and nocence and beauty in distress, is an object that • for some other reasons, I choose not to give it · carries in it something inexpressibly moving : it
the form of a letter : but if, besides the faults foftens the most manly heart with the tendertit 6 of the composition, there be any thing in it sensations of love and compassion, until at • more proper for a correspondent then the length it confesses its humanity, and flows out
Spettator himself to write, I fubmit it to your into tears. • better judgment, to receive any other model Were I to relate that part of Emilia's life
which has given her an opportunity of exerting I am, Sir,
the heroism of christianity, it would make too lad; “ Your very humble servant.' too tender a story : but when I consider her alone
inthe midst of her distresses, looking beyond this There is nothing which gives one so pleasing gloomy vale of affliction and forrow into the a prospect of human nature, as the contempla- joys of heaven and immortality, and when I fee tion of wisdom and beauty : the latter is the her in conversation thoughtless and eafy as if the peculiar portion of that sex which is therefore were the most happy creature in the world, I called fair.; but the happy concurrence of both am transported with admiration. Surely never these excellencies in the same person, is a cha- did such a philofophic foul inhabit such a beaura&ter too celestial to be frequently met with. teous form! For beauty is often made a privilege Beauty is an over-weaning self-sufficient thing, against thought and reflexion; it laughs at wil. careless of providing itself any more substantial dom, and will not abide the gravity of its ornaments ; nay so little does it consult its own inftructions. interests, that it too often, defeats itself by be Where I able to represent Emilia's virtues in traying that innocence which renders it lovely their proper colours and their due proportions, and desirable. As therefore virtue makes love or flattery might perhaps be thought to have beautiful woman appear more beautiful, so drawn the picture larger than light'; but as this beauty makes a virtuous woman really more is but an imperfect draugit of so excellent a chavirtuous. Whilft I am considering these two racer, and as I cannot, will not hope to have perfections gloriously united in one person, I any interest in her perfon, all that I can say of cannot help representing to my mind the image her is but impartial praise extorted from mé by of Emilia.
the prevailing brightness of her virtues.
So raro Who ever beheld the charming Emilia, with a pattern of female excellence ought not to be out feeling in his breast at once the glow of love concealed, but Mould be set out to the view and and the tenderness of virtuous friendship? The imitation of the world; for how amiable does unstudied graces of her behaviour, and the virtue appear thus as it were made visible to us pleasing accents of her tongue, insensibly draw in so fair an example ! you on to wish for a nearer enjoyment of them ; Honoria's disposition is of a very different but even her smiles carry in them a filent re: turn: her thoughts are wholly bent upon conproof to the impulses of licentious love. Thus, quest and arbitrary power. That she has some though the attractives of her beauty play almost wit and beauty no body denies, and therefore irresistibly upon you and create defire, you im- has the esteem of all her acquaintance as a womediately stand corrected not by the severity but man of an agreeable person and conversation; the decency of her virtue. That sweetness and but, whatever her husband may think of it, that good humour which
fo visible in her face, na is not sufficient for Honoria : the waves that turally diffuses itself into every word and action': title to respect as a mean acquisition, and dea man must be a savage, who at the fight of mands veneration in the right of an idol; för Emilia, is not more inclined to do her good than this reafon her natural desire of life is continually gratify himself. Her person, as it is thus ftudi- checked with an inconfitent fear of wrinkles oudly embellighed by nature, thus adorned with and old age,
Emilia cannot be supposed ignorant of her parel, even among the most intimate friends, personal charms, though he seems to be so; but does infenfibly letten their regards to each other, The will not hold her happiness upon so preca. by creating a familiarity too low and contemptirious a tenure, whilst her mind is adorned with ble. She understands the importance of those beauties of a more exalted and lasting nature. things which the generality account trifles; and When in the full bloom of youth and beauty contiders every thing as a matter of consequence, we saw her surrounded with a crowd of adorers, that has the least tendency towards keeping up the took no pleasure in Naughter and destruc or abating the affection of her husband; him tion, gave no false deluding hopes which might she esteems as a fit object to employ her ingeincrease the torments of her disappointed lovers; nuity in pleasing, because he is to be pleased but having for some time given to the decency for life. of a virgin coyness, and examined the merit of By the help of these, and a thousand other their several pretensions, the at length gratified nameless arts, which it is easier for her to pracher own, by resigning herself to the ardent tise than for another to express, by the obstinacy passion of Bromius. Bromius was then matter of her goodness and unprovoked submission, in of many good qualities and a moderate fortune, spite of all her afflictions and ill usage, Bromius which was soon after unexpectedly increased to is become a man of sense and a kind husband, á plentiful estate. This for a good while and Emilia a happy wife. proved his misfortune, as it furnished his un Ye guardian angels, to whose care heaven has experienced age with the opportunities of evil intrusted its dear Emilia, guide her ftill forward company and a fenfual life. He might have in the paths of virtue, defend her from the inlonger wandered in the labyrinths of vice and folence and wrongs of this undiscerning world; folly, had not Emilia's prudent conduct won at length when we must no more converse with him over to the government of his reason. Her such purity on earth, lead her gently hence in. ingenuity has been constantly employed in hu. nocent and unreprovable to a better place, where manizing his paffions and refining his pleasures. by an easy trantition from what she now is, the She has shewed him by her own example, that may mine forth an Angel of light.
T virtue is consistent with decent freedoms and good-humour, or rather, that it cannot subfift without them. Her good sense readily instructed
No her, that a silent example and an easy unre.
303. SATURDAY, FEB, 16. pined behaviour, will always be more persuasive than the severity of lectures and admonitions ;
volet hæc fub luce videri, and that there is so much pride interwoven into Judicis argutum quce non formidat acumen. the make of human nature, that an obftinate
Hör. Ars Poet, ver. 3632 man must only take the hint from another, and
Some choose the clearest light, then be left to advise and correct himself. Thus
And boldly challenge the most piercing eye: by an artful train of management and unseen
ROSCOMMON persuasions, having at first brought him not to diNike, and at length to be pleased with that Have seen, in the works of a modern philosowhich otherwise he would not have bore to hear of, she then knew how to press and secure this paper of the faults and blemishes in Milton's advantage, by approving it as his thought, and Paradise Loft, may be considered as a piece of seconding it as his proposal. By this means the the same nature. To pursue the allusion : as it has gained an interest in some of his leading is observed, that among the bright parts of the passions, and made them accessary to his re luminous body above-mentioned, there formation.
some which glow more intensely, and dart a There is another particular of Emilia's con- stronger light than others, so, notwithstanding duct which I cannot forbear mentioning: to I have already shewn Milton's poem to be very some perhaps it may at first-fight appear but a beautiful in general, I shall now proceed to take trifing inconsiderable circumstance; but for my notice of such beauties as appear to me more part, I think it highly worthy of observation, exquisite than the rest. Milton has proposed the and to be recommended to the confideration of subject of his poem in the following verses. the fair-sex. I have often thought wrapping
Of man's first disobedience, and the fruit gowns and dirty linen, with all that huddled
Of that forbidden tree, whose mortal taste ceconomy of dress which paires under the general name of a mob, the bane of conjugal love,
Brought death into the world and all our woe,
With loss of Eden, 'till one greater man and one of the readiest means imaginable to alienate the affection of an husband, especially
Restore us, and regain the blissful seat, a fond one. I have heard some ladies, who
Sing heav'nly muse!hiave been surprised by company in such a dif. These lines are perhaps as plain, simple, and hübille, apologize for it after this manner; unadorned, as any of the whole poem, in which “ Truly I am ashamed to be caught in this particular the author has conformed himself “ pickle ; but my husband and I were fitting to the example of Homer and the precept of * all alone by ourselves, and I did not expect Horace. 76 to see such good company." -This by the His invocation to a work which turns in a way is a fine compliment to the good man, great measure upon the creation of the world, which it is ten to one but he returns in dogged is very properly made to the mufe who inspired answers and churlish Lehaviour, without know- Moses in those books from whence our author ing what it is that puts him out of humour. diew his subject, and to the Holy Spirit who is
Emilia's observation teaches her, that as lit- therein represented as operating after a particutie inadvertencies and neglects cast a blemish lar manner in the first production of nature. upon a great character; so the neglect of ap. This wirole exordium rises, very happily into
'noble language and sentiment, as I think the His sentiments are every way answerable to his transition to the fable is exquisitely beautiful and character, and suitable to a created being of the natural.
most exalted and most depraved nature. Such The nine days aftonishment, in which the is that in which he 'takes poffeffion of his place of angels lay entranced after their dreadful overthrow and fall from heaven, before they could
Hail horrors ! hail recover either the use of thought or speech, is a
Infernal world! and thou profoundest hell noble circumstance, and very finely imagined.
Receive thy new poffeffor, one who brings The division of hell into seas of fire, and into firm
A mind not to be chang'd by place or time, ground impregnated with the same furious element, with that particular circumstance of And afterwards, the exclusion of hope from those infernal regions,
Here at least, are instances of the same great and fruitful in
We shall be free; the Almighty hath not built vention.
Here for his envy, will not drive us hence : The thoughts in the first speech and descrip
Here we may reign secure; and in my choice tion of Satan, who is one of the principal actors
To reign is worth ambition, tho’in hell : in this poem, are wonderfully proper to give us
Better to reign in hell, than serve in heav'n. a full idea of him. His pride, envy and revenge, obstinacy, despair and impenitence, are all of
Amidst those impieties which this enraged them very artfully interwoven. In short, his spirit utters in other places of the poem, the aufirst speech is a complication of all those passions thor has taken care to introduce none that is which discover themselves separately in several
not big with absurdity, and incapable of other of his speeches in the poem. The whole shocking a religious reader; his words, as part of this great enemy of mankind is filled with the poet describes them, bearing only a femsuch incidents as are very apt to raise and terrify blance of worth, nut substance. He is likewise the reader's imagination. Of this nature, in the with great art described as owning his adversary book now before us, is his being the first that
to be almighty. Whatever perverse interpretaawakens out of the general trance, with his pof; tion he puts on the justice, mercy, and other ture on the burning lake, his rising from it, and attributes of the Supreme Being, he frequently the description of his shield and spear.
confesses his omnipotence, that being the per
fection he was forced to allow him, and the only Thus Satan talking to his nearest mate,
consideration which could support his pride unWith head up-lift above the wave, and eyes der the Thame of his defeat. That sparkling blaz’d, his other parts beside
Nor must I here omit that beautiful circum. Prone on the flood, extended long and large,
ftance of his bursting out into tears, upon his Lay Aloating many a rood
survey of those innumerable spirits whom he had Forthwith upright he rears from off the pool
involved in the same guilt and ruin with him. His mighty itature; on each hand the fiames
felf. Driv'n backward Nope their pointing spires, and roll'd
He now prepar'd In billows, leave i' th' midst a horrid vale. To speak; whereat their double ranks they
bend Then with expanded wings he steers his flight Aloft incumbent on the dusky air
From wing to wing, and half inclofe him That felt unusual weight
round his pond'rous shield
With all his peers : attention held them mute. Ethereal temper, maffy, large and round, Thrice he assay'd, and thrice in spite of scorn Behind him catt; the broad circumference Tears, such as angels weep, hurit forthHung on his shoulders like the moon, whore orb
The catalogue of evil spirits has abundance Through optic glass the Tuscan artists view of learning in it, and a very agreeable turn of At ev'ning, from the top of Fesole,
poetry, which rises in a great measure from its Or in Valdarno, to descry new lands,
describing the places where they were worRivers, or mountains, on her spotted globe. Hipped, by those beautiful marks of rivers so His ipear to equal, which the tallest pine frequent among the ancient poets. The author Hewn on Norwegian hills to be the mast had doubtless in this place Homer's catalogue of Of some great admiral, were but a wane, Thips, and Virgil's list of warriors, in his view. He walk'd with to support uneasy steps
The characters of Moloch and Belial prepare Over the burning marle
the reader's mind for their respective speeches
and behaviour in the second and fixth book. To which we may add his call to the fallen The account of Thammuz is finely romantic, angels that lay plunged and stupified in the sea of and suitable to what we read among the ancients fire.
of the worship which was paid to that idol, He call’d so loud, that all the hollow deep
-Thammuz came next behind, Of liell resoundcd,
Whose annual wound in Lebanon allur'd
The Syrian damsels to lament his fate But there is no fingle passage in the whole
In am'rous ditties all a summer's day, poem worked up to a greater fublimity, than
While smooth Adonis from his native rock that wherein his person is described in those
Ran purple to the sea, Tuppos'd with blood celebrated lines :
Of Thammuz yearly wounded, the love tale --He, above the rest
Infected Sion's daughters with like heat, In thape and gerture proudly eminent,
Whose wanton passions in the sacred porch Stood like a tower, &c,
Ezekiel law, when by the vision led
. His eye survey'd the dark idolatries
Cafts pale and dreadful Of alienated Judab
The Tout of the whole host of fallen angels The reader will pardon me if I insert asą when drawn up in battle array: note on this beautiful passage, the account give
-The universal host up sent en us by the late ingenious Mr. Maundrell of
A Mout that tore hell's concave, and beyond this ancient piece of worship, and probably
Frighted the reign of Chaos and old Night. the first occasion of such a superftition. “We " came to a fair large river-doubtless the an The review, which the leader makes of his “ cient river Adonis, so famous for the idola- infernal army; trous rites performed here in lamentation of
He thro' the armed files « Adonis. We had the fortune to see what may
Darts his experienc'd eye, and soon traverse “ be supposed to be the occasion of that opini
The whole battalion views, their order due, ☆ on which Lucian relates concerning this ri
Their visages and stature as of gods, ver, viz. That this stream, at certain seasons
Their number last he fums; and now his heart w of the year, especially about the feast of A
Diftends with pride, and hard’ning in his “ donis, is of a bloody colour; which the hea
Itrength « thens looked upon as proceeding from a kind
Glories “ of sympathy, in the river for the death of A“ donis, who was killed by a wild boar in the The fam of light which appeared upon the “ mountains, out of which this stream rises. drawing up of their swords; “ Something like this we saw actually come to
He fpake; and to confirm his words out few “ pals; for the water was stained to a surprising
Millions of Aaming swords, drawn from the « redness; and, as we observed in travelling,
thighs « had discoloured the fea a' great way into a
Of mighty Cherubim; the sudden blaze « roddirh hue, occafioned doubtless by a sort of
Far round illumin'd hell.“minium, or red earth, washed into the river « by the violence of the rain, and not by any The sudden production of the Pandæmonium ; 66 ftain from 'Adonis's blood."
Anon out of the earth a fabric huge The passage in the catalogue, explaining the
Rose like an exhalation, with the found manner how spirits transform themselves by con.
Of dulcet symphonies and voices fweet, traction or enlargement of their dimensions, is introduced with great judgment, to make way The artificial illuminations made in it; for several surprising accidents in the sequel of From the arched roof the poem. There follows one, at the very end
Pendent by subtle magic, many a row of the first book, which is what the French
Of farry lamps and blazing crescents, fed critics call marvellous, but at the same time
With Naphtba and Asphaltus, yielded light probable by reason of the passage last mentioned,
As from a lky As soon as the infernal palace is finished, we are told the multitude and rabble of spirits imme
There are also several noble fimiles and allu. diately shrunk themselves into a small compass fions in the first book of Paradise Loft: and that there might be room for such a numberless here I muft observe, that when Milton alludes assembly in this capacious hall. But it is the either to things or persons, he never quits his poet's refinement upon this thought which I fimile until it rises to some very great idea, most admire, and which is indeed very noble in which is often foreign to the occation that gave itself. For he tells us, that notwithstanding birth to it. The resemblance does not, perhaps the vulgar among the fallen fpirits, contracted last above a line or two, but the poet runs on their forms, those of the first rank and dignity with the hint until he has raised out of it fome still preserved their natural dimensions.
glorious image or sentiment, proper to inflame
the mind of the reader, and to give it that subThus incorporeal spirits to smallest forms
lime kind of entertainment, which is suitable Reduc'd their shapes immense, and were at to the nature of an heroic poem. Those, who large,
are acquainted with Homer's and Virgil's way Though without number, still amidst the hall of writing, cannot but be pleased with this kind Of that infernal court. But far within, of structure in Milton's fimilitudes. I am the And in their own dimensions like themselves, more particular on this head, because ignorant The great seraphic lords and cherubim, readers, who have formed their taste upon the In close recess and secret conclave sat,
quaint fimiles and little turns of wit, which A thoufand demi-gods on golden seats, are so much in vogue among modern poets, Frequent and full
cannot relish these beauties which are of a much The character of Mammon, and the descrip- higher nature, and are therefore apt to censure tion of the Pandæmonium, are full beauties.
Milton's comparisons in which they do not see There are several other strokes in the first any surprising points of likeness. Monsieur book wonderfully poetical, and instances of that. Perrault was a man of this vitiated relish, and sublime genius so peculiar to the author. Such for that very reason has endeavoured to turn inis the description of Azazel's stature, and the to ridicule several of Homer's fimilitudes, which infernal standard which he unfurls ; as also of
he calls Comparaisons à longue queue,
“ long-tail'd that ghastly light, by which the fiends appear
« comparisons." Į mhall conclude this paper to one another in their place of torments,
on the first book of Milton with the answer
which Monsieur Boileau makes to Perrault on The seat of desolation, void of light, this occafion; “ Comparisons,” says he, “ in Save what the glimm'ring of those livid “ odes and epic poems, are pot introduced only faines « to illustrate and embellish the discourse, but
to amuse and relax the mind of the reader, by 'way to the article of wealth. From this one “ frequently disengaging him from too painful consideration it is that I have concealed the aran attention to the principal subject, and by
(dent love I have for her; but I am beholden “ leading him into other agreeable images. "to the force of my love for many advantages “ Homer," says he, “ excelled in this particular, ' which I reaped from it towards the better “ whose comparisons abound with such images conduct of my life. A certain complacency “ of nature as are proper to relieve and diversi " to all the world, a strong desire to oblige “ fy his fubjects. He continually instructs the • wherever it lay in my power, and a circum“ reader, and makes him take notice, even in 'spect behaviour in all my words and actions, i objects which are every day before our eyes,
have rendered me more particularly accepta. “ of such circumstances as we should not other • ble to all my friends and acquaintance. Love « wife have observed." To this he adds, as a
has had the fame good effect upon my fortune; maxim universally acknowledged, “ That it is 6 and I have increased in riches in proportion to “ not necessary in poetry for the points of the my advancement in those arts which make a « comparison to correspond with one another man agreeable and amiable. There is a cer“ exactly, but that a general resemblance is tain sympathy which will tell my mistress from -“ sufficient, and that too much nicety in this these circumstances, that it is I who writ this “ particular favours of the rhetorician and epi ' for her reading, if you will please to insert it. 6 grammatist.”
• There is not a downright enmity, but a great In short, if we look into the conduct of Ho. • coldness between our parents ; so that if either mer, Virgil, and Milton, as the great fable is of us declared any kind sentiments for each the soul of each poem, fo, to give their works other, her friends would be very backward to an agreeable variety, their episodes are so many 'lay any obligation upon our family, and mine short fables, and their fimiles so many short
( to receive it from her's. Under these delicate episodes ; to which you may add, if you please,
(circuintances it is no easy matter to act with that their metaphors are so many short fimiles.
' safety. I have no reason to fancy my mistress If the reader considers the comparisons in the • has any regard for me but from a very disinterfirst book of Milton, of the sun in an eclipse,
rested value which I have for her. If from any of the neeping Leviathan, of the bees swarm hint in any future paper of your's the gives me 'ing about their hive, of the fairy dance, in the
" the least encouragement, i doubt not but I view wherein I have here placed them, he will
Tall surmount all other difficulties; and ineasily discover the great beauties that are in each spired by so noble a motive for the care of my of those passages.
fortune, as the belief the is to be concerned in
it, I will not despair of receiving her one day • from her father's own hand.
• I am, Sir, N° 304. MONDAY, FEB. 18.
"Your most obedient
• To his Worship the Spectatore
• The humble petition of Anthony Title-page, whose letter I now insert, are so frequent,
• Stationer, in the centre of Lincoln's-Inc
WHAT your petitioner and his forefathers Smiti field bargain for children, that if this
have been sellers of books for time imlover carries his point, and observes the rules memorial; that your petitioner's ancestor, he pretends to follow, I do not only with him ' Crouchback Title-Page, was the first of that success, but also that it may aniinate others to ( vocation in Britain ; who keeping his station follow his example. I know not one motive rin fair weather, at the corner of Lothbury, relating to this life which would produce so ma. was by way of eminency called the stationer, ny honourable and worthy actions, as the hopes a name which from him all sụcceeding bookof obtaining a woman of merit : there would sellers have affected to bear: that the station ten thousand ways of industry and honest ambi • of your petitioner and his father has been in tion be pursued by young men, who believed the place of his present settlement ever since that the persons admired had value enough for • that square has been built ; that your petitiontheir passion to attend the event of their good rer las formerly had the honour of your worfortune in all their applications, in order to Thip’s custom, and hopes you never had reamake their circumstances fall in with the duties "fon to complain of your pennyworths ; that they owe to themselves, their families, and their • particularly he told you your first Lilly's country. All these relations a man should think grammar, and at the same time a Wit's Com. of who intends to go into the state of marriage, «monwealth almost as good as new : moreover, and expects to make it a state of pleasure and " that your first rudimental effays in spectatorsatisfaction.
• fhip were made in your petitioner's shop,"
*« where you often practiced for hours toge. Mr. Speftator,
" ther, sometimes on his books upon the rails, Have for some years indulged a passion for « sometimes on the little hieroglyphics either gilt,
a young lady of age and quality suitable to filvered, or plain, which the Egyptian woman my own, but very much fuperior in forture. on the other side of the shop, had wrought in • It is the fashion with parents, how juftly gingerbread, and sometimes on the English « leave you to judge, to make all regards give youth, who in fundry places there were ex