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the force of an apology in the behalf of the perN° 274. MONDAY, JANUARY 14.

son accused. We mall therefore, according as

the circumstances differ, vary our appellations Audire eft operæ pretium, trocedere rećiè

of these criminals : those who offend only a. Qui meecbis non vultis

gainst themselves, and are not scandals to loci. Hor. Sat. 2. lib. 1. ver. 37. ety, but out of deference to the sober part of All you, who think the city ne'er can thrive, the world, have so much good left in them as Till ev'ry cuckold-inaker's flay'd alive, to be ashamed, must not be huddled in the Attend.

Pore. common word due to the worst of women ; Have upon several occasions, that have oc

but regard is to be had to their circumstances curred since I first took into my thoughts the when they fell, to the uneasy perplexity under present state of fornication, weighed with my. which they lived under senseless and severe paa self in behalf of guilty females, the impulses rents, to the importunity of poverty, to the viof fem and blood, together with the arts and olence of a passion in its beginning well groundgallantries of crafty men; and reАect with some ed, and all other alleviations which make uno fcorn that most part of what we in our youth happy women resign the characteristic of their

To do otherwise than this, think gay and pölite, is nothing else but an ha- sex, modesty. bit of indulging a pruriency that way. It will would be to act like a pedantic stoic, who coft some labour to bring people to so lively a

thinks all crimes alike, and not like an imparsense of this, as to recover the manly modesty tial Spetator, who looks upon them with au in the behaviour of my men readers, and the the circumstances that diminish or enhance the bashful grace in the faces of my women; but guilt. I am in hopes, if this subject be well in all cases which come into debate, there are

pursued, women will hereafter from their incertain things previously to be done before we

fancy be treated with an eye to the.r future can have a true light into the subject matter; made too untractable from an improper four

state in the world, and not have their tempers therefore it will, in the first place, be necellary to confider the impotent wenchers and indur. ness or pride, or too complying from familiaritrious hags, who are fupplied with, and are ty or forwardness contracted at their own houses. constantly supplying, new facrifices to the devil After these hints on this subject, I Mall end this of luft. You are to know then, if you are lo paper with the following genuine letter; and happy as nct to know it already, that the great future speculations on this subject, to send in

defire all who think they may be concerned in havock which is made in the habitations of what they have to say for themselves for some beauty and innocence, is committed by such as can only lay waste and not enjoy the foil. When incidents in their lives, in order to have proper

allowances made for their condu&t. you observe the present state of vice and virtue, the offenders are such as one would think should

Mr. Speftator,

Jan. 5, 1711. have no impulse to what they are pursuing; as

HE subject of your yesterday's paper is in business, you see sometimes fools pretend to be kraves, ro in pleasure, you will find old

of so great importance, and the tho. men set up for wenchers. This latter sort of the preservation of many an innocent young

rough handling of it may be so very useful, to mien are the great basis and fund of iniquity in

(creature, that I think every one is obliged to the kind we are speaking of; you thall have

furnith us with what lights he can, to expose an old rich mu often receive scrawls from the several quarters of the town, with descriptions « natural women called bawds.

the pernicious arts and practices of those un

In order to of the new wares in their hands, if he will

s this the inclosed is fent you, which is verbapieafe to send word when he will be waited en.

rim the copy of a letter written by a bawd of This interview is contrived, and the innocent is

' figure in this town to a noble Lord. I have brought to such indecencies as from time to

i concealed the names of both, my intention time banish name and raise desire. With there preparatives the hags break their wards by lit

' being not to expose the persons but the thing,

I am, Sir, tle and little, until they are brought to lose all

« Your humble Servant,' apprehensions of what shall befall them in the poffefsion of younger men.

it is a common 'My Lord, poitscript of an hag to a young fellow whom the invites to a new woman, “ She has, I af a better opinion of you than of any of the sure you, feen none but old Mr. Such-a-one.” quality, makes me acquaint you of an affair It pleases the old fellow that the nymph is that I linpe will oblige you to know, I have a brought to hiin unadorned, and from his bounty niece that came to town about a fortnight the is accommodated with enough to dress her ago. Her parents being lately dead she came for other lovers. This is the most ordinary me. to me, expecting to have found me in ro good thod of bringing beauty and poverty into the a condition as to set ler up in a milli. positision of the town : but rlie particular cafes ner's shop. Her father gave fourscore pound's oi kind keepers, skilful pimps, and all others with her for five years : her time is out, and who drive a feparare trade, and are not in the ( fine is not fixteen: as pretty a black gentlewo. general fociety or commerce of fin, will require nian as ever you saw; a little woman, which distinct confideraticn. At the same time that • I know your Lordship likes : well shaped, and we are thus severe on the abandoned, we are to as fine a complexion for red and white as ever reprefeut the cafe of others will that mitiga I saw; I doubt nor but your Lordship will be

as the circumftances demand. Calling ' of the same opinion. She designs to go down Daines does no good; to speak worfe of any

« about a month bence, except I can provide shing than it deserves, docs only take off from • for her, which i cannot at present : her father wie tredis of the acruter; and has implicitly

was che vith whom all he load, died with him,



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N° 2759


« so there is four children left deftitute : so if with invisible billet-doux, love-letters, pricked

your Lordship thinks fit to make an appoint- dances, and other trumpery of the fame nature,

ment where I shall wait on you with my In another we found a kind of powder, which ' niece, by a line or two, I stay for your au- set the whole company a sneezing, and by the scent

fór I have no place fitted up since I discovered itself to be right Spanis. The several • left my house, fit to entertain your honour. I other cells were stored with commodities of the • told her the should go with me to see a gen: same kind, of which it would be tedious to give • tleman, a very good friend of mine; so I de- the reader an exact inventory. fire you to take no notice of my letter, by rea There was a large cavity on each side of the

That on the ' son she is ignorant of the ways of the twwn. head, which I must tiot omit. ' My Lord, I desire if you meet us to come right side was filled with fictions, flatteries, and • alone; for upon my word and honour you are falfhoods, vows, promises, and protestations ; • the first that ever I mentioned her to. so I that on the lert with oaths and imprecations. • remain,

There issued out a duct from each of these cells, • Your Lordship's

which ran into the root of the tongue, where • most humble servant to command. both joined together, and passed forward in 'I beg of you to burn it when you have one common due to the tip of it. We disco

vered several little roads or canals running I read it.'


from the ear into the brain, and took particular TUESDAY, JANUARY 15.

care to trace them out through their several pal

sages. One of them extended itself to a bundle tribus Anticyris caput infanabile

of sonnets and little musical instruments. Others Hor. Ars Poet. ver. 300. ended in several bladders which were filled either A head, no helebore can cure,

with wind or froth. But the large canal enter

ed into a great cavity of the skull, from whence Was yesterday engaged in an assembly of vir- there went another canal into the tongue. This curious observations which he had lately made substance, which the French anatomists call g2in the anatomy of a human body. Another limatis, and the English nonsense. of the company communicated to us several

The skins of the forehead were extremely wonderful discoveries, which he had also made tough and 'thick, and, what very much furon the same subje&t, by the help of very fine prised us, had not in them any single bloodglasses. This gave birth to a great variety of un veffel that we were able to discover, either with common reinarks, and furnished discourse for

or without our glasses; from whence we conthe remaining part of the day.

cluded, that the party when alive must have The different opinions which were started on

been intirely deprived of the faculty of blushthis occasion, presented to my imagination so ing. many new ideas, that by mixing with those The os cribriforme was exceedingly stuffed, which were already there, they employed my and in some places damaged with snuff. We fancy all the last night, and composed a very could not but take notice in particular of that wild extravagant dream.

small muscle which is not often discovered in I was invited, methought, to the diffection of dissections, and draws the nose upwards, when a beau's head, and of a coquet's heart, which it expresses the contempt which the owner of it were both of them laid on a table before us. An has, upon seeing any thing he does not like, imaginary operator opened the first with a great or hearing any thing he does not underdeal of nicety, which, upon a cursory and fu- ftand. I need not tell my learned reader, this perficial view, appeared like the head of another is that muscle which performs the motion so man; but upon applying our glasses to it, we often mentioned by the Latin poets, when they made a very odd discovery, namely, that what talk of a man's cocking his nose, or playing the we looked upon as brains, were not such in re rhinoceros. ality, but an heap of strange materials wound

We did not find any thing very remarkable in up in that shape and texture, and packed toge- the eye, saving only, that the musculi amatorii, ther with wonderful art in the several cavities

or as we may translate it into English, the ogling of the skull. For, as Homer tells us, that the muscles, were very much worn and decayed blood of the gods is not real blood, but only with use; whereas on the contrary, the elevator, something like it : so we found that the brain of or the muscle which turns the eye towards heaa beau is not a real brain, but only something ven, did not appear to have been used at all. like it,

I have only mentioned in this dissection such The pineal gland, which many of our mo ney discoveries as we were able to make, and have dern philosophers suppose to be the seat of the not taken any notice of those parts which are to soul, smelt very strong of effence and orange. be met with in common heads. As for the flower water, and was encompassed with a kind skull, the face, and indeed the whole outward of horny substance, cut into a thousand little liape and figure of the head, we could not dis. faces or mirrors, which were imperceptible to cover any difference from what we observe in the naked' eye, insomuch that the soul, if there the heads of other men. We were informed, had been any here, must have been always tak- that the perfon to whom this head belonged, en up in contemplating her own beauties. had passed for a man above five and thirty years;

We observed a large antrum or cavity in the during which time he eat and drank like other lapciput, that was filled with ribbons, lace, and people, dressed well, talked loud, laughed free embroidery, wrought together in a most curious quently, and on particular occasions had acquitpiece of net-work, the parts of which were ced himself tolerably at a ball or an assembly; likewise imperceptible to the naked eye. Anor to which one of the company added, that a cere ther of these antrums or cavities was stuffed sain knot of ladies took him for a wit. He was

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cut off in the flower of his age by the blow of 'pect others in conversation may second your a paring-Shovel, having been surprised by an raillery ; but when you do it in a stile which eminent citizen, as he was tendering some civi. every body else forbears in respect to their lities to his wife.

quality, they have an easy remedy in forbearWhen we had thoroughly examined this heading to read you, and hearing no more of with all its apartments, and its several kinds of their faults. A man that is now and then furniture, we put up the brain, such as it was, "-guilty of an intemperance is not to be called into its proper place, and laid it aside under a a drunkard; but the rule of polite raillery, broad piece of scarlet cloth, in order to be pre- is to speak of a man's faults as if you loved pared, and kept in a great repository of diffec • him. Of this nature is what was said by tions ; our operator telling us that the prepara- Cæsar: when, one was railing with an untion would not be so difficult as that of another "courtly vehemence, and broke out, What brain, for that he had observed several of the I must we call him who was taken in an inlittle pipes and tubes which ran through the trigue with another man's wife ? Cæsar anbrain were already filled with a kind of mer "swered very gravely, "à careless fellow.” curial substance, which he looked upon to be - This was at once a reprimand for speaking of true quick-silver.

a crime which in those days had not the abHe applied himself in the next place to the horrence attending it as it ought, as well coquette's heart, which he likewise laid open: as an intimation that all intemperate behawith great dexterity. There oecurred to us « viour before superiors loses its aim, by' acmany particularities in this dissection; but be "cusing in a method unfit for the audience. A ing unwilling to burthen my reader's memo word to the wife. All I mean here to say to ry too much, I shall reserve this subject for you is, that the most free person of quality the speculation of another day.

L. can go no farther than being a kind wo

man; and you should never say of a man • of figure worse, than that he knows the

6 world: No 276. WEDNESDAY, JAN. 16.

"I am, Sir, Errori nomen virtus posuillet honestum.

• Your most humble servant, Hor. Sat. 3. lib. i, ver. 42.

6. Francis Courtly.' Misconduct screen'd behind a specious námé.

"Mr. Speciator, Mr. Spectator,

Am a woman of an unspotted reputation,

and know nothing I have ever done which pable of bearing the mention of your 'fhould encourage such infolence; but here was faults. Your papers which regard the fallen ( one the other day, and he was dressed like a part of the fair sex, are, I think, written, gentleman too, who took the liberty to name with an indelicacy which makes them unwor (the words, lusty fellow, in my presence. I

thy to be inserted in the writings of a moral doubt not but you will refent it in behalf of, <ift who knows the world. I cannot allow

« Sir, your humble servant, ' that you are at liberty to observe upon the

6 Celia.' " actions of mankind with the freedom which you seem to resolve upon; at least if you do

Mr. Spečiator, so, you mould take along with you the dif. O'U lately put out a dreadful paper, tinction of manners of the world, according

wherein you promise a full account to the quality and way of life of the persons of the state of criminal love; and call all concerned. A man of breeding speaks of the fair who have transgressed in that kind even misfortunes among ladies, without giv- by one very rude name which I do not care

ing it the most terrible aspect it can bear : and to repeat : but I desire to know of you whe(this tenderness towards them, is much more "ther I am or am not one of those ? My case

to be preserved when you peak of vices. " is as follows. I am kept by an old bacheAll mankind are so far related, that care is to • lor, who took me so young, that I knew be taken, in things to which all are liable,' not how he came by me: he is a bencher you do not mention what concerns one in of' one of the inns of court, a very gay

terms which mail disgust another. Thus to Healthy old man; which is a very lucky • tell a rich man of the indigence of a kinsman ' thing for him, who has been, he tells me, a

of his, or abruptly inform a virtuous wo 'scowerer, a scamperer, a breaker of windows, man of the lapse of one who until then and invader of conitables, in the days of

was in the same degree of esteem with herself; yore, when all dominion ended with the • is in a kind involving each of them in some 5 day, and males and females met helter fkel"participation of those disadvantages. It is ter, and the scowerers drove before them all • therefore expected from every writer; to treat who pretended to keep up order or rule to his argument in such a manner, as is noft

' the interruption of love and honour. This proper to entertain the sort of readers to (is his way of talk, for he is very gay when o whom his discourse is directed. It is not ne ''he visits me; but as his former knowledge « cessary when you write to the tea-table, that « of the town has alarmed him into an invinci

you should draw vices which carry all the ble jealousy, he keeps me in a pair of Nip! horror of name and contempt: if you paint "pers, neat boddice, warm petticoats, and my

an impertinent felf-love, an artful glance, an own hair woven in ringlets, after a manner, « assumed complexion, you fay all which you " he says, he remembers. I am not mistress 'ought to suppose they can be possibly guilty of one farthing of money, but have all ne

When you talk with this limitation, « cessaries provided for me, under the guard you beliave yourself so as that you may ex of one who procured for him while he had 3


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any desires to gratify. I know nothing of a 'wench’s life, but the reputation of it: I have N277. THURSDAY, JAN. 17.

a natural voice, and a pretty untaught step in dancing. His manner is to bring an old,

fas'eft & ab-boste doceri. 6 fellow who has been his servant from his:

Óvid. Met. lib. 4. ver. 428. • youth, and is grey headed : this man makes

Receive instruction from an enemy, on the violin a certain jiggith noise to which, Presume I need not inform the polite part • I dance, and when that is over I fing to • him some loose air that has more wanton- ence withi France was unhappily interrupted by

ness than music in it. You must have seen the war, our ladies had all their fashions from

a strange windowed house near Hyde Park, thence; which the milliners took care to fur( which is so built that no one can look out of nith them with by means of a jointed baby,

any of the apartments; my rooms are after that came regularly over once a month, habited. • that manner, and I never see man, woman or after the manner of the moft eminent.toants in ' child, but in company with the two .persons Paris. « above-mentioned. He sends me in all the I am credibly informed, that even in the hot

books, pamphlets, plays, operas, and songs test time of the wary the sex made several ef• that come out; and his utmost delight in me forts; and raifed large contributions towards the

as a woman, is to talk over all his old amours, importation of this vooden Madamoiselle. • in my presence, to play with my neck, say, Whether the yeffel they fer out was lost or ta" the time was,” give me a kiss, and bid me ken, of whether its cargo was seized on by the « be sure to follow the directions of my guardi: officers of the custom-house as a piece of conan (the above-mentioned lady) and 1. hall

ne: traband goods, I have not yet been able to ver want. · The truth of my case is, I sup- learn ; it is, however, certain, their first atpose, that I was educated for a purpose he tempts were without success, to the no small did not know he Mould be unfit for when I disappointment of our whole female world; but

came to years. Now, Sir, what I ask of you as their conftancy and application, in a matter ' as a casuist, is to tell me how far in these of ro, great impbrtarice, can never be suffici

circumstances I am innocent, though submis- ently commended, I am glad to find, that in live; he guilty, though impotent ?

spite of all opposition, they have at length car• I am, Sir,

ried their point, of which I received advice by

the two following letters.
Your constant reader, Mr. Spezator,
« Pucella.

Am fo great a lover of whatever is French,

that I lately discarded an humble admirer, « To the man called the Spectator. .

because he neither spoke that tongue, nor

drank claret. I have long bewailed, in secret, • Friend,

the calamities of my sex during the war, in Órasmuch as at the birth of thy labour, o all which time we have laboured under the thou didst promise upon thy word, that

insupportable inventions of English tirewomen, • letting alone the vanities that do abound, who, though they fometimes copy indifferently thou wouldst only endeavour to strengthen

well, can never compose with that gout they " the crooked morals of this our Babylon, i i do in France.

gave credit to thy fair speeches, and admitted . I was almost in despair of ever more seeing one of thy papers, every day save Sunday, in ca model from that dear country, when last to my houfe, for the edification of my daugh. • Sunday I overheard a lady in the next pew ter Tabitha, and to the end that Susannah the

to me, whisper, another, that at the Seven ( wife of my bofom might profit thereby. But Stars in King-street, Covent Garden, there alas ! my friend, 1 find that thou art a liar, i a Madamoiselle

was r and that the truth is not in thee; else why come from Paris.

pletely dressed just I didst thou in a paper which thou didft lately

. I was in the utmost impatience during the put forth, make mention of those vain cover

remaining part of the service, and as soon as •ings for the heads of our females, which thou

it was over, having learnt the milliner's • lovest to liken unto tulips, and which are late,

" address, I went directly to her house in King • ly sprung up among us? Nay, why didst thou

street, but was told that the French lady was make mention of them in such a seeming, as at a person of quality's in Pall-Mall, and

if thou didst approve the invention, insomuch I would not be back again 'until very late that * that my daughter Tabitha beginneth to wax night. I was therefore obliged to renew my ' wanton, and to luft after these foolish' vani

visit carly this morning, and had then a full (ties? Surely thou dost see with the eyes of view of the dear moppet from head to foot. ..the flesh. Verily therefore, unless thou dost { You cannot imagine, worthy Sir, how rispeedily amend and leave off following thine

idiculously I find we have all been trussed up own imaginations, I will leave off thee.

during the war, and how infinitely the French " Thy friend,

i dress excells ours.

The mantua has no leads in the sleeves, and las hereafter thou dost demean thyself,

hope we are not lighter than the French T:

Hezekiah Broadbrim.'

• ladies, so as to want that kind of ballast ;

the petticoat has no whalebone, but fits with ran air altogether gallant and degagé : the o coiilure is inexpresiibiy pretty, and in mort, o the whole drois has a thousand beauties in it,

which I would not have as yet made too public.



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• I thought fit, however, to give this natice, As I was taking my leave, the milliner far. "that you may not be surprifed at my appear: ther informed me, that with the assistance of a • ing à la mode de Paris on the next birth-night. Watch-maker, who was her neighbour, and the • I am, Sir,

ingenious Mr. Powel, the had also contrived your humble servant, another puppet, which by the help of several

« Teraminta. little springs to be wound up within it, could Within an hour after I had read this letter

move all its limbs, and that she had fent it over I received another from the owner of the pup- various leanings and bendings of the head, the

to her correspondent in Paris to be taught the pet.

risings of the bosom, the courtesy and recovery, OS IR,

the genteel trip, and the agreeable jet, as they Sunday last, being the 12th instant,

are now practised at the court of France. there arrived at my house in King-Itreet, She added, that the hoped the might depend « Covent-Garden, a French baby for the year upon having my encouragement as soon as it • 1712. I have taken the utmost care to have arrived; but as this was a petition of too « her dressed by the most celebrated tire-women great importance to be answered extempore, I lett • and mantua-makers in Paris, and do not find her without reply, and made the best of my way • that I have any reason to be sorry for the ex to Will Honeycomb's lodgings, without whose ad

pence I have been at in her cloaths and im- vice I never communicate any thing to the pub• portation : however, as I know no person lic of this nature.

X • who is so good a judge of dress as yourself, if

you please to call at my house in your way

to the city, and take a view of her, I promise N° 278. FRIDAY, JANUARY 18. • to amend whatever you fall disapprove in your next paper, before I exhibit her as a

-Sermones ego mallem pattern to the public.

Repentes per bumum• I am, Sir,

Hor. Ep 1. lib. 2. ver. 2500 • Tour most humble admirer, • and most obediunt servant,

I rather choose a low and creeping stile. • Betty Cross-stitch.

• Mr. Spectator,

“SIR, As I am willing to do any thing in reason for the service of my countrywomen, and had OUR having done considerable services much rather prevent faults. than find them, !

in this great city, by rectifying the disa went last night to the house of the above-men orders of families, and several wives' having tioned Mrs. Cross-stitch. As foon as I entered, preferred your advice and directions to those the maid of the shop, who, I suppose, was pre of their husbands, emboldens me to apply pared for my coming, without asking me any ' to you at this time. questions, introduced me to the little damsel, "I am a shop-keeper, and though but a young and ran away to call her mistress.

man, I find by experience that nothing but The puppet was dressed in a cherry-coloured the utmost diligence both of husband and wife, gown and petticoat, with a fhort working apron among trading people, can keep affairs in any over it, which discovered her shape to the • tolerable order. My wife at the beginning of most advantage. Her hair was cut and di our establishment thewed herself very aflifting vided very prettily, with several ribbons stuck up to me in my business as much as could lie in and down in it. The milliner afsured me, that her • her way, and I have reason to believe it was complexion was such as was worn by all the ( with her inclination; but of late she has got ladies of the best fashion in Paris. Her head acquainted with a schoolman, who values was extremely high, on which subject having • himself for his great knowledge in the Greek long fince declared my sentiments, I shal} fay tongue. He entertains her frequentiy in the nothing more to it at present. I was also of. shop with discourses of the beauties and exfended at a small patch the wore on lier breast, • cellencies of that language ; and repeats to which I cannot suppose is placed there with any her several passages out of the Greek poets, good design.

I wherein he tells her there is unspeakable harHer necklace was of an immoderate length, mony and agreeable sounds that all other lanbeing tied before in such a manner, that the guages are wholly unacquainted with.

He two ends hung down to her gird!e; but whe. • has so infatuated her with his jargon, that inther these fupply the place of killing-Itrings in • stead of using her former diligence in the shop, our enemy's country, and whether our British the now neglects the affairs of the house, and ladies have any occafion for them, I shall leave is wholly taken up with her tutor in learnto their serious confideracion.

• ing by heart scraps of Greek, which the vents After having observed the particulars of her upon all occasions, She told me fome days dress, as I was taking a view of it altogether, ago, that whereas I use some Latin inscriptions the shop-maid, who is a pert wench, told me • in my mop, the advised me with a great deal that Madanaoiselle had something very curious • of concern to have them changed into Greek; in the tying of her garters; but as I pay a due • it being a language less underitood, would be respect even to a pair of sticks wlien they are more conformable to the mystery of my pro. under petticoats, I did not examine into that * feffion; tllat our good friend would be affift. particular.

• ing to us in this work; and that a certain fa. Upon the whole I was well enough pleased • culty of gentlemen would find themselves fo with the appearance of this gay lady, and the much obliged to me, that they would infalli. more so because the was not talkative, a quality bly make my fortune : in more, her frequent very rarely to be nint with in the rest of her importunities upon this and other imperti. onur, wonen,


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