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therefore scorn to divert my reader at the expence N° 262, MONDAY, DECEMBER 31. of any private man.
As I have been thus tender of every particular Nulla venenato litera mista jnco est.
person's reputation, so I have taken more than Ovid.' Trist. 1. 2. v. 566. ordinary care not to give offence to those who Satirical reflexions I avoid.
appear in the higher figures of life. I would not
make myself merry even with a piece of paste.. Think myself highly obliged to the pubļic for board that is invested with a public character ;
their kind acceptance of a paper which visits for which reason I have never glanced upon the them every morning, and has in it none of those late designed procession of his holiness and his seasonings that recommend so many of the wric attendants, notwithstanding it might have aftings which are in vogue among us.
forded matter to many ludicrous speculations. As, on the one side, my paper has not in it a
Among those advantages, which the public may fingle word of news, a reflexion in politics, nor a
reap from this paper, it is not the leait, that it stroke of party; fo on the other, there are no fa-, draws men's minds off from the bitterness of ihionable touches of infidelity, no obscene ideas, party, and furnishes them with subjects of difno fatires upon priesthood, marriage, and the like course that may be treated without warmth or popular topics of ridicule; no private scandal, passion. This is said to have been the first denor any thing that may tend to the defamation of sign of those gentlemen who set on foot the Royal particular persons, families, or focieties.
Society; and had then a very good effect, as it There is not one of these above-mentioned sub- turned many of the greatest geniuses of that age jects that would not sell a very indifferent paper, to the disquisitions of natural knowledge, who, could I think of gratifying the public by such if they had engaged in politics with the same parts mean and base methods. But notwithstanding I and applicaticn, might have set their country in have rejected every thing that favours of party, a flame. The air-pump, the barometer, the every thing that is loose and immoral, and every quadrant, and the like inventions, were thrown thing that might create uneasiness in the minds of out to those busy fpirits, as tubs and barrels are particular persons, I find that the demand for my to a whale, that he may let the ship fail on with, papers has increased every month since their first out disturbance, while he diverts himfelf with appearance in the world. This does not perhaps those innocent amusements. reflect so much honour upon myself, as on my I have been so very scrupulous in this parti. readers, who give a much greater attention to, cular of not hurting any man's reputation that I discourses of virtue and morality, than ever I ex- have forborn mentioning even such authors as I pected, or indeed could hope.
could not name with honour. This I must conWhen I broke loose from that great body of fess to have been a piece of very great self denial : writers who have employed their wit and parts for as the public relishes nothing better than the in propagating vice and irreligion, I did not quel- ridicule which turns upon a writer of any emition but I mould be treated as an odd kind of nence, so there is nothing which a man that has fellow, that had a mind to appear singular in my but a very ordinary talent in ridicule may execute way of writing : but the general reception I have with greater ease. One might raise laughter for found, convinces me that the world is not so cor
a quarter of a year together upon the works of a rupt as we are apt to imagine; and that if those person who has publised but a very few volumes, men of parts who have been employed in vitia. For which reason I am astonished, that those ting the age had endeavoured to rectify and amend who have appeared against this paper have made it, they needed not have sacrificed their good sense so very little of it. The criticisms which I have and virtue to their fame and reputation. Nq hitherto published, liave been made with an inman is so funk in vice and ignorance, but there tention rather to discover beauties and excellen, are still fome hidden feeds of goodness and know. cies in the writers of my own time, than to publedge in him; which give him a relish of such lith any of their faults and imperfections. In reflexions and speculations as have an aptness the mean while I should take it for a very great to improve the mind, and make the heart bete favour from forne of my underhand detractors, if
they would break all measures with me so far, aş I have thewn in a former paper, with how to give me a pretence for examining their perfora much care I have avoided all such thoughts as are mąnces with an impartial eye: nor shall I look loose, obscene, or immoral; and I believe my upon it as any breach of charity to criticise reader would still think the better of me, if he the authar, fo long as I keep clear of the per, knew the pains I am at in qualifying what ļ ron. write after such a manner, that nothing may be In the mean while, until I am provoked to such interpreted as aimed at private persons. For this hostilities, I shall from time to time endeavour ta reason when I draw any faulty character, I con do justice to those who have diftinguished them lider all thofe persons to whom the malice of the selves in the politer parts of learning, and to point world may possibly ply it, and take care to dash out such beauties in their works as may have efit with such particular circumstances as may pre- caped the observation of others, vent all such ill-natured applications. If I write As the first place among our English poets is any thing on a black man, I run over in my mind due to Milton; and as I have drawn more quotaall the eminent perfons in the nation who are of tions out of bin than from any other, I máli enthat complexion : when place an 'imaginary ter into a regular criticism upon his Paradise Loit, name at the head of a character, I examine every which I shall publish every Saturday until I have fyllable and letter of it, that it may not bear any given my thoughts upon that poem. I shall not resemblance to one that is real. Į know very lowever prefume to impose upon others my own well the value which every man sets upon his re, particular judgment on this author, but only de, putation, and how painful it is to be exposed to liver it as my private opinion. Criticism is of a the mirth and derifion of the public and hould very large extent, and every particular master in
this art has his favourite passages in an author,
cannot now go into the parlour to him, and which do not equally frike the best judges. It make his heart glad with an account of a matter will be sufficient for me if I discover many beau ' which was of no copsequence, but that I told ties or imperfections which others have not at its and acted in it. The good man and woman tended to, and I Mould be very glad to see any of are long since in their graves, who used to sit our eminent writers publish their discoveries on and plot the welfare of us their children, white, the same subject. In short, I would always be perhaps, we were sometimes laughing at the old understood to write my papers of criticism in the
folks at another end of the house. The truth spirit which Horace has expressed in those two fą.
of it is, were we merely to follow nature in mous lines;
these great duties of life, though we have a
strong instinct toward the performing of them, -Si quid novisti rectius iftis,
we should be on both sides very deficient. Age Candidus imperti ; fi non, bis utere mecum.
is so unwelcome to the generality of mankind, Ep. 6. lib. 1. ver. ult.
and growth towards manhood so desirable to all, "If you have made any better remarks of your
that resignation to decay is too difficult a talk own, communicate them with candaur; if not,
in the father; and deference, amidst the im. • make use of these I present you with.'
с pulse of gay desires, appears unreasonable to the
son. There are so few who can grow old with
a good grace, and yet fewer who can come now N° 263. TUESDAY, JAN. 1, 1712.
enough into the world, that a father, were he
to be actuated by his desires, and a son, were he Gratulor quòd eum quem necesse erar diligere, qualif
to consult himself only, could neither of them cunque eflet, talem babemus ut libenter
behave himself as he ought to the other. But; dili.
quoque gamus. Tribonius apud Tull.
' when reason interposes against infine, where, I rejoice, that the person, whom it was my duty
it would carry either out of the interests of the to love, good or bad, is such an one, that I can
other, there arises that happiest intercourse of love him with a willing mind.
good offices between those dearest relations of
• human life. The father, according to the op" Mr. Spretator,
portunities which are offered to him, is throw1
Am the happy father of a very towardly son, ing down blessings on the son, and the son en
in whom I do not only see my life, but also deavouring to appear the worthy offspring of my manner of life, renewed. It would be ex ' such a father. It is after this manner that Ca.
tremely beneficial to society, if you would fre. (millus and his first-born dwell together. Ca. ' quently resume subjects which serve to bind millus enjoys a pleasing and indolent old age,
these fort of relations fafter, and endear the in wnich passion is subdued, and reason exalted.
ties of blood with those of good-will, protec • He waits the day of his diffolution with a reá ' tion, observance, indulgence, and veneration, ' fignation mixed with delight, and the son fears • I wouid, methinks, have this done after an un ! the accession of his father's fortune with dif
common method, and do not think any one, dence, left he should not enjoy or become it as " who is not capable of writing a good play, fit well as his predecessor. Add to this, that the
to undertake a work wherein there will necessa • father knows he leaves a friend to the children rily occur so many secret instincts, and biasses of his friends, an easy landlord to his tenants, of human nature which would pass unobserved " and an agrecable companion to his acquain. by cominon eyes. I thank heaven I have no ! tance. He believes his son's behaviour will outrageous offence against my own excellent pa. make him frequently remembered, but never
rents to answer for ; but when I am now and (wanted. This commerce is so well cemented, (then alone, and look back upon my past life, that without the pomp of saying, "Son, be a
from my, earliest infancy to this time, there are ( friend to such a one when I am gone;" Camany
faults which I committed that did not ' millus knows, being in his favour, is direction appear to me, even until I myself became a enough to the gratesul youth who is to succeed • father. I had not until then a notion of the him, without the admonition of his mentioning
yearnings of heart, which a man has when lie it. These gentlemen are honoured in all their
sees his child do a laudable thing, or the sudden neighbourhood, and the same effect which the • damp which reizes him when he fears he will court has on the manners of a kingdom, their « act something unworthy. It is not to be ima characters have on all who live within the in,
gined, what a remorse touched me for a long tiuence of them. « train of childish negligences of my mother, My fon and I are not of fortune to communia • when I saw my wife the other day look out of cate our good actions or intentions to fo many ( the window, and turn as pale as ashes upon see, as these gentlemen do;, but I will be bold to say,
ing my younger boy sliding upon the ice. These my son has, by the applause and approbatiory • night intimations will give you to understand, ( which his behaviour towards me has gained
that there are numberlefs little crimes which I him, occafioned that many an old man, besides ( children take no notice of while they are doing, • myself, has rejoiced. Other men's children fol. « which, upon reflexion, when they shall them low the example of mine, and I have the inex, < selves become fathers, they will look upon with pressible happiness of overhearing our neighi, ( the utmost sorrow and contrition, that they did bours, as we ride by, point to their children, • not regard, before those whoin they offended and say, with a voice of joy,, there they were to be no more seen. How many thousand
go: things do I remember, which would have highảy You cannot, Mr. Sperator, pass your time ' pleaied my father, and I omitted for no other better than in insinuating the delights which • reason, but that I thought what he proposed the • these relations well regarded beftow. upon each ' effect, of humour and old age, which I am now • other.' Ordinary parrages are no longer sucli, convinced had reason and good sense in it, I • bot mutual love gives an importance to the mo
indifferent things, and a merit to a&tions the and family, I Mall immediately enter upon your most insignificant. When we 'look round the reftate for the arrears due to me, and without cnc world, and observe the many misunderstand gear more condemn you for forgetting the fond. ings which are created by the malice and infi nels of your mother, as much as you have the nuation of the meanest servants between peo example of your father. : O Frank, do I live to ple thus related, how necessary will it appear omit writing myself, that it were inculcated that men would be up
Your affectionate mother, on their guard to support a constancy of affec
6A, T. tion, and that grounded upon the principles of
Madam, reason, not the impulses of instir et ?
Will come down to morrow and pay the " It is from the common prejudices which men
money on my knees, Pray write to na receive from their parents, thật hatreds are kept more. I will take care you never fall, for I alive from one generation to another; and I will be for ever hereafter when men act by instinct, hatreds will defcend
Your most dutiful son, when good offices are forgotten. For the de
F. T. generacy of human life is such, that our anger I will bring down new heads for my fisters. is more easily transferred to our children than < Pray let all be forgotten,'
T our love. Love always gives something to the object it delights in, and anger spoils the person
against whom it is moved of something l'auda. No 264. WEDNESDAY, JAN. 2. <ble in him : from this degeneracy therefore, and
a sort of self-love, we are more prone to take -Secretum iter fallentis femita vitą.. up the ill-will of our parents, than to follow
Hor. Ep. 18. lib. 1. ver. 103. them in their friendships.
Clofe retirement, and a life by stealth. • One would think there should need no more
CREECH. to make mien keep up this fort of relation with • the utmost sanctity, than to examine their own
hearts. If every father remembered his own love the pleasure of solitude, among those who thoughts and inclinations when he was a lon, cannot posibly be supposed qualified for passing and every son remembered what he expected life in that manner. "This people have taken up from his father, when he himself was in a state from reading the many agreeable things which
of dependence, this one reflexion would pre- have been writ on that subject, for which we are • serve men from being diffolute or rigid. in these beholden to excellent persons who delighted in
several capacities. The power and subje&tion being retired and abstracted from the pleasures between them, when broken, make them more that inchant 'the generality of the world. This
emphatically tyrants and rebels against each way of life is recommended indeed with great s other, with greater cruelty of heart, than the beauty, and in such a manner as disposes the rea.
disruption of states and empires can possibly der for the time to a pleasing forgetfulnefs, of produce. i Mall end this applicațion to you negligence of the particular hurry of life in which with two letters, which parfed between a mo, he is engaged, together with a longing for that ther and son very lately, and are as follows :
state which he is charmed with in description.
But when we consider the world itself, and how < Dear Frank,
few there are capable of a religious, learned, or you pursue in town, do not take up all your a regard to that sort of solitude, for being a little time, do not deny your mother so much of it, as fingular in enjoying time after the way a man to read seriously this letter. . You said before himself likes best in the world, without going so Mr. Letacre, that an old woman might liye very far as wholly to withdraw from it. I have often well in the country upon half my jointure, and observed, there is not a man breathing who does that your father was a fond fool to give me a not differ from all other men, as much in the fena rent charge of eight hundred a year to the pre- timents of his mind, as the features of his face. judice of his son. What Letacre said to you he felicity is, when any one is so happy as to upon that occasion, you ought to have borne find out and follow what is the proper bent of his with more decency, as he was your father's génius, and turn all his endeavours to exert him. well-beloved servånt, than to have called him a self according as that prompts him. Instead of country-put. In the first place, Frank, I must this, which is an innoeent method of enjoying a tell you, I will have my rent duly paid, for I man's self, and turning out of the general tracks will make up to your filters for the partiality wherein you have crouds of rivals, there are those I was guilty of, in making your father do to who pursue their own way out of a fourness and
much as he has done for you. I may, it seems, spirit of contradi&tion: these men do every thing o live upon half my jointure! I lived upon much which they are able to support, as if guilt andim
less, Frank, when I carried you from place to punity could not go together. They choose a place in these arins, and could neither eat, dress, thing only because another difikes it; and affect or mind any thing for feeding and tending you forsooth an inviolable constancy in matters of no
a weakly child, and shedding tears when the manner of moment. Thus fometines an old I convulsions you were then troubled with reó fellow shall wear this or that sort of cut in his e turned upon you. By my care you out-grew clothes with great integrity, while allthe rest of
them, to throw away the vigour of your youth the world are degenerated into button., pockets, in the arms of harlots, and deny your mother and loops unknown to their ancestors. As infigwhat is not your's to detain. Both your fifters nificant as even this is, if it were fearned to the are crying to see the passion which I smother; bottom, you perliaps would find it mit fincere, 6 but if you please to go on thus like a gentleman but that he is in the famion in his heart and holds of the town, and forget all regarde te yourseli qut from mere obstinacy. . But I an running
from my intended purpose, which was to cele- equiped from head to foot, with a little oaken brate a certain particular manner of passing away cane in the form of a substantial man that did life, and is a contradiction to no man, but a re not mind his dress, turned of fifty. He had at folution to contract none of the exorbitant de- this time fifty pounds of ready money; and in tres by which others are enslaved. The best way this habit, with this fortune, he took his prefent of separating a man's self from the world, is to lodging in St. John's-Itreet, at the mansion-house give up the desire of being known to it. After of a taylor's widow, who washes and can clear, a man has preserved his innocence, and performed starch his bands. From that time to this he has all duties incumbent upon him, his time spent kept the main stock, without alteration under or his own way is what makes his life differ from over, to the value of five pounds. He left off all that of a flave. If they who affect now and his old acquaintance to a man, and all his arts of pomp knew how many of their spectators derided lise, except the play of back-gammon, upon their trivial taste, they would be very much less which he has more than bore his charges. Irus elated, and have an inclination to examine the has, ever since he came into this neighbourhood, merit of all they have to do with: they would given all the intimation he skilfully cou d of befoon find out that there are many who make a ing a close hunks worth money: no body comes figure below what their fortune or merit intitles to visit him, he receives no letters, and tells his them to, out of mere choice, and an elegant de- money morning and evening. He has, from the fire of ease and disincumbrance. It would look public papers, a knowledge of what generally like a romance to tell you in this age of an old passes, thuns all discourses of money, but shrugs ma) who is contented to pass for an humourist, his shoulders when you talk of securities; he dea d one who does not understand the figure he nies his being rich with the air, which all do wko ought to make in the world, while he lives in a are vain of being fo: he is the oracle of a neighbourjodging of ten Miļlings a week with only one fer.. ing justice of peace, who meets him at the coffee. vant: while he dresses himself according to the house; the hopes that what he has muft come to season in cloth or in 1tuff, and has no one necel. somebody, and that he has no heirs, have that effary attention to any thing but the bell which fect wherever he is known, that he every day has calls to prayers twice a day. I say it would look three or four invitations to dine at different plalike a fable to report that this gentleman gives ces, which he generally takes care to chcole in away all which is the overplus of a great fortune, such a manner, as not to seem inclined to the by fecred methods, to other men. If he has not richer man. All the young men respect him, and tu pomp of a numerous train, and of professors say he is just the same man he was when they o fervice to him, he has every day he lives the were boys. He uses no artifice in the world, but conscience that thic widow, the ratherless, the makes use of men's designs upon him to get a mournir, and the stranger bless his unseen hand maintenance out of them. This he carries on in their prayers.
This humourist gives up all by a certain peevithness, (which he acts very well) the compliments which people of liis own condi- that no one would believe could possibly enter tion could make hiin, for the pleasures of helping into the head of a poor fellow. His mien, his the afflicted, supplying the needy, and befriending drets, his carriage, and his language are such, that the neglected. This humouriat kceps to himself you would be at a loss to guess whether in the acmuch more than he wants, and gives a vast re tive part of his life he had been a fensible citizen, fuse of his fuperfluities to purchase heaven, and or scholar that knew the world. These are the by freeing others from the temptations of worldly great circumstances in the life of Irus, and thus want, to carry a retinue with him thither. does he pass away his days a stranger to mankind;
Of all men who affect living in a particular and at his death, the worst that will be said way, next to this admirable character, I am the of him will be, that he got by every man who most enamoured of Írus, whose condition will had expectations from him, more than he had to not admitofsuch large Tes, and who perhaps would leave him, not be capable of making them, if it were. Irus, I have an inclination to print the following though he is now turned of fisty, has not appear- letters; for that I have heard the author of them ed in the world, in his real character, since five has somewhere or other seen me, and by an excela and twenty, at which age he ran out a small pa. lent faculty in mimicry my correspondents tell me trimony, and spent some time after with rakes he can affume my air, and give my taciturnity who had lived upon him: a course of ten years a Nyness which diverts more than any thing I time, passed in all the little alleys, by-paths, and could say if I were present. Thus I am glad my sometimes open taverns and streets of this town, filence is atoned for to the good company in gave Irus a perfect skill in juuging of the incli- town. he has carried his skili in imitation ro nitions of mankind, and acting accordingly. He far, as to have forged a letter from my friend Şir feriously considered he was poor, and the genera! Roger in such a manner, that any one but I, who horror which most men have of all who are in am thoroughly acquainted with him, would have that condition. Irus judged very rightly, that taken it for genuine, while he could keep his poverty a secret, he 1hould not feel the weight of it; he improved this ' Mr, Spectator, thought into an affectation of closeness and covetousness. Upon this one principle he resolved to sweetly Bacchus and Apollo run in a govern his future life; and in the thirty-sixth year verle: I have to preserve the amity between of his age he repaired to Long-lane, and looked • them, called i Bacchus to the aid of my pro: upon several dresses which hung there deserted by “fession of the Theatre. So that while some peo their first masters, and exposed to the purchase of ple of quality are befpeaking plays of me to be the best bidder. At this place he exchanged his facted upon such a day, and others, hogsheads gay ihalbiness of clothes fit for a much younger ( for their houses againft such a time; I ain man, to warm pnes that would be decent for a wholly employed in the agreeable service of wit much older onç... Irus came out thoroughly and wine - Sir, I have sent you Sir Roger de
Coverley's letter to me, which pray comply whether it be a creft, a comb, a tuft of feathers with in favour of the Bumper Tavern. Be or a natural little plume, erected like a kind of
As nature • kind, for you know a player's utmost pride is pinnacle on the very top of the head. she approbation of the Speciator.
on the contrary has poured out her charms in "I am your admirer,
the greatest abundance upon the female part of I though unknown, our species, so they are very affiduous in bestowRichard Estcourting upon themselves the finest garnitures of art.
The peacock, in all his pride, does not display s To Mr. Estcourt, at his house in Covent-Gar- half the colours that appear in the garments of den.'
a British lady, when the is dressed either for a ball • Coverley, December the 19th, 1911. or a birth-day. < Old comical One,
But to return to our female heads. The la. THE hogsheads of neat port came safe, and dies have been for fome time in a kind of moul.
have gotten thee good reputation in these ing season, with regard to that part of their dress, parts; and I am glad to hear, that a fellow who having cast great quantities of ribbon, lace, and • has been laying out his money ever since he was cambric, and in some measure reduced that part • born, for the mere pleasure of wine, has be- of the human figure to the beautiful globular • thought himself of joining profit and pleasure to form, which is natural to it. We have for a • gether. Our sexton, (poor man) having received great while expected whạt kind of ornament • strength from thy wine since his fit of the gout, would be substituted in the place of those anti
is hugely taken with it: he says it is given by quated commodes. But our female projectors • nature for the use of families, that no steward's were all the last summer so taken up with the im• table can be without it, that it strengthens di- provement of their petticoats, that they had not • gestion, excludes surfeits, fevers and physic; time to attend to any thing else; but having as ' which green wines of any kind cannot do. Pray length sufficiently adorned their lower parts, they
get a pure snug room, and I hope next term to now begin to turn their thoughts upon the other help fill your Bumper with our people of the extremity, as well remembering the old kitchen
club; but you must have no bells stirring when proverb, " that if you light your fire at both • the Spettator comes; I forbore ringing to din “ ends, the middle will shift for itself.”
ner while he was down with me in the country. I am engaged in this speculation by a light Thank you for the little hams and Portugal which I lately met with at the opera. As I was
onions; pray keep some always by you. You standing in the hinder part of the box, I took no• know my supper is only good Cheshire cheese, tice of a little cluster of women fitting together • best mustard, a golden Pippin, attended with á in the prettiest coloured hoods that I ever saw. • pipe of John Sly's best. Sir Harry has stolen One of them was blue, another yellow, and ano • all your songs, and tells the story of the 5th of ther philemot; the fourth was of a pink colour, • November to perfection.
and the fifth of a pale green. I looked with as • Your's, to serve you, much pleasure upon this little party-coloured af
• Roger de Coverley. sembly, as upon a bed of tulips, and did not know “We have lost old John since you were here.' at first whether it might not be an embally of
T Indian queens; but upon my going about into
'the pit, and taking them in front, I was immeN° 265. THURSDAY, JANUARY 3.
diately undeceived, and saw so much beauty in
every face, that I found them all to be English. Such Dixerit è multis aliquis, quid virus in angues eyes and lips, cheeks and foreheads, could be the Adjicis ? & rabida tradis ovile lupæ?
growth of no other country. The complexion Ovid. de. Art. Am. lib. 3. ver. 7. of their faces hindered me from observing any farBut some exclaim; what frenzy rules your easily perceive by that unspeakable satisfaction
ther the colour of their hoods, though I could mind? Would you increase the craft of woman-kind;
which appeared in their looks, that their own Teach 'em new wiles and arts ? As well you
thoughts were wholly taken up on those pretty
ornaments they wore upon their heads. may Instruct a snake to bite, or wolf to prey.
I am informed that this fashion spreads daily,
insomuch that the whig and tory ladies begin alCONGREVE.
ready to hang out different colours, and to me:v ON
NE of the fathers, if I am rightly informed, their principles in their head dress. Nay, if I has defined a woman to
may believe my friend Will Ilerescomb, there is a an animal that delights in finery.” I have al- certain old coquette of his acquaintance who inready treated of the, sex in two or three papers, tends to apear in a rainbow hood, like the Iris conformably to this definition, and have in parti- in Dryden's Virgil, not questioning but that cular observed, that in all ages they have been among fuch variety of colours the shall have a more careful than the men to adorn that part of charm for every heart. the head, which we generally call the outside. My friend Will, who very much values himself
This observation is fo very notorious, that when upon his great insight into gallantry, tells me, in ordinary discourse we say a man has a fine head, that he can already guess at the humour a lady is a long head, or a good head, we express ourselves in by her hood, as the courtiers of Morocco kilow
metaphorically, and speak in relation to his un the disposition of their present emperor by the . derstanding; whereas when we say of a woman, colour of the dress which he puts on. When
she has a fine, a lcng, or a good head, we speak Melesinda wraps her head in flame colour, her only in relation to her commode.
heart is set upon execution. When the covers it It is observed among birds, that nature has la- with purple, I would not, says he, advise her kea vished all her ornaments upon the male, who ver to approach her; but if the appears in white, very often appears in a most beautiful head-dress :