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TO THE

то

DUKE of MARLBOROUGH.

MY LORD,

S it is natural to have a fondness for what has cost us much AS

time and attention to produce, I hope your Grace will forgive an endeavour to preserve this work from oblivion, by affixing to it your memorable name.

I shall not here presume to mention the illustrious passages of your life, which are celebrated by the whole age, and have been the subject of the most sublime pens; but if I could convey you to posterity in your private character, and describe the stature, the behaviour, and aspect of the Duke of Marlborough, I question not but it would fill the reader with more agreeable images, and give him a more delightful entertainment than what can be found in the following, or any other book.

One cannot indeed, without offence to yourself, observe, that you excel the rest of mankind in the least, as well as the greatest endowments. Nor were it à circumstance to be mentioned, if the graces and attraction of your person were not the only pre-eminence you have above others, which is left, almost, unobserved by greater writers.

Yet how pleasing would it be to those who shall read the surprising revolutions in your story, to be made acquainted with your ordinary life and deportment? How pleasing would it be to hear that the same man, who had carried fire and fword into the countries of all that had opposed the cause of liberty, and struck a terror into the armies of France, had, in the midst of his high station, a behaviour as gentle as is usual in the first steps towards greatness? And if it were possible to express that easy grandeur,

which did at once persuade and command; it would appear as clearly to those to come, as it does to his contemporaries, that all the great events which were brought to pass under the conduct of so well-governed a spirit, were the blessings of heaven upon wisdom and valour; and all which seem adverse fell out by divine permiffion, which we are not to search into.

You have passed that year of life wherein the most able and fortunate captain, before your time, declared he had lived enough both to nature and to glory; and your Grace may make that reflexion with much more justice. He spoke it after he had arrived at empire by an usurpation upon those whom he had enslaved; but the prince of Mindleheim may rejoice in a sovereignty which was the gift of him whose dominions he had preserved.

Glory established upon the uninterrupted success of honourable designs and actions is not subject to diminution; nor can any ată tempts prevail against it, but in the proportion which the narrow circuit of rumour bears to the unlimited extent of fame.

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We may congratulate your Grace not only upon your high atchieveinents, but likewise upon the happy expiration of your com mand, by which your glory is put out of the power of fortune : and when your person shall be so too, that the author and disposer of all things may place you in that higher mansion of bliss and immor: tality which is prepared for good princess law-givers, and heroes; when he in his due time removes them from the envy of mankind; is the hearty prayer of,

My LORD,

Your Grace's most obedient;

most devoted, humble Servant;

The SPECTATOR:

THE

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S P E C T A

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No 252, WEDNESDAY, Dec.19,1711: your correspondent had confulted me in your .

• discourse on the eye, I could have told you Erranti, passimque oculos per cunéta ferenti. ' tijạt the eye of Leonora is llily watchful while

Virg. Æn. 2. ver. 570, it looks negligent; the looks round her withExploring ev'ry place with curious eyes.

out the help of the glasses you speak of, and

yet seems to be employed on objects diMr. Spectator,

rectly before her. This eye is what affects AM very sorry to find by your dif- chance-mediey, and on a sudden, as if it at

course upon the eye, that you have not tended to another thing, turns all its charms • thoroughly studied the nature and force of that ! against an ogler. The eye of Lusitania is an

part of a beauteous face. Had you ever been instrument of premeditated murder; but the . in love, you would have said ten thousand

design being visible, destroys the execution of things, which it seems did not occur to you: it; and with much more beauty than that of do but reflect upon the nonsense it makes men Leonora, it is not half so mischievous. There

talk, the flames which it is said to kindle, the ris a brave soldier's daughter in town, that by 4 transport it raises, the dejection it causes in - her eye has been the death of more than ever s the bravest men; and if you do believe those her father made fly before him. A beautiful " things are expressed to an extravagance, yet eye makes silence eloquent, a kind eye makes

you will own, that the influence of it is very contradiction an affent, an enraged eye makes • great which moves men to that extravagance. ( beauty deformed. This little member, gives

Certain it is, that the whole strength of the • life to every other part about us, and I believe mind is sometimes seated there; that a kind the story of Argus implies no more than that the look imparts all, that a year's discourse could

eye is in every part, that is to say, every other • give you, in one moment.

What matters it part would be mutila ied, were not its force ( what she says to you? see how she looks ? represented more by the eye than even by itself.

is the language of all who know what love is, < But this is heathen Greek to those who have not " When the mind is thus summed up and ex conversed by glances. This, Sir, is a language

pressed in a glance, did you never observe a (in which there can be no deceit, nor can a lite

sudden joy arise in the countenance of a lover?, ful observer be imposed upon by looks even • Did you never see the attendance of years paid, among politicians and courtiers. If you do

over-paid, in an instant? You a Spectator, and (-me the honour to print this among your spénot know that the intelligence of affection is • culations, I shall in my next make you a precarried on by the eye only; that good-breeding • fent of secret history, by translating all the has made the tongue falsify the heart, and act looks of the next assembly of ladies and gena part of continual constraint, while nature has tlemen into words, to adorn some future pa

preserved the eyes to herself, that she may not per. I am, • be disguised or misrepresented. The poor bride

Sir, your faithful friend, can give her hand, and say, “I do," with a

Mary Heartfree.'. languishing air, to the man she is obliged by Dear Mr. Spectator, o cruel parents to take for mercenary reasons, Have a fot of a husband that lives a very

but at the same time she cannot look as if the scandalous life, and wastes away his body i loved; her eye is full of sorrow, and reluctance • and fortune in debaucheries; and is immove. i fits in a tear, while the offering of a sacrifice is « able to all the arguments I can urge to him. o periormed in what we call the marriage cere "I would gladly know whether in some cases a

mony. Do you never go to plays ? Cannot cudgel may not be allowed as a good figure of you distinguish between the eyes of those who • speech, and whether it may not be lawfully go to see, from those who come to be seen ? ufed by a female orator. I am a woman turned of thirty, and am on

6 Your humble ferrent, whe observation a little ; therefore if you or

. Barbara Crabtree.'

I

:T

• Mr. Spectator,

would still keep themselves upon a level with "Hough I am a practitioner in the law of them.

of some standing, and have heard many The greatest wits that ever were produced in « eniinent pleaders in my time, as well as other one age, lived together in so good an under* eloquent speakers of both universities, yet I ftanding, and celebrated one another with fo • agree with you, that women are better quali- much generosity, that each of them receives an • fied to succeed in oratory than the men, and additional lustre from his contemporaries, and #believe this is to be resolved into natural is more famous for having lived with men of so « caufes. You have mentioned only the volu. extraordinary a genius, than if he had himself • Bility of their tongue; but what do you think been the fole wonder of the age. I need not • of the Alent Aattery of their pretty faccs, and tell my reader, that I here point at the reign of & the persuasion which even an insipid discourse Augustus, and I believe he will be of my opi6 cmties with it when flowing from beautiful nion, that neither Virgil nor Horące would have & tips, to which it would be cruel to deny any- gained so great a reputation in the world, had « tliing? It is certain too, that they are pofTefled they not been the friends and admirers of each

of fome springs of rhetoric which men want, other. Indeed all the great writers of that age, y fucks as tears, fainting fits, and the like, which for whom singly we have so great an esteem, «l have seen employed upona occafion with good stand up together as vouchers for one another's • fucculs. You must know I am a plain man reputation. But at the fame time that Virgil 6 and love my money; yet I have a spoufe who was celebrated by Gallus, Propertius, Horace,

is fo great an orator in this way, that the draws Varius, Tucca and Ovid, we know that Bavius * from me wliat sums ile pleases. Every room and Mævius were his declared foes and calum. « in my house is furnished with trophies of her niators.

eloquence, rich cabinets, piles of china, Japan In our own country a man seldom sets up for • Screens, and colly jars; and if you were to a poet, without attacking the reputation of all i come into my great partout, you would fancy his brothers in the art. The ignorance of the

yourfelf in an India warehoufe: Befides this, moderns, the scribblers of the age, the decay of • flie keeps a squirrel, and I am doubly taxed puetry, are the topics of detraction, with which « to pay for the china the breaks. She is reized he makes his entrance into the world: but how, « wiih periodical fits about the time of the sub- much more noble is the fame that is built on * fcriptions to a new opera, and is drowned in candour and ingenuity, according to those beau• tears after having seen any woman there in tiful lines of Sir John Denham, in his poem on « over cleaths than herself: these are arts of per- Fletcher's works!

fuafica purely feminine, and which a render « But whither am I stray'd ? I need not raise • breast cannot repit." What I would therefore * defire of you, is, to prevail with your friend « Nor is thy fame on leffer ruins built,

Ķr Trophies to thee from other men's dispraise : e who has promised to discat a female tongue, « Nor needs thy juster title the foul guilt • that he would at the same time give us the

« Of castern kings, who, to secure their reign, * anatomy of a female eye, and explain the Springs and quices which feed it with fuch “Must have their brothers, fops, and kindred

“ Aain," ready supplies of moisture; and likewise thew by what exans, if possible, they may be stop I am sorry to find that an author, who is very

pred at a reasonable expence: or indeed, since justly esteemed among the best judges, has adschere is something so moving in the very imagę mitted some #roķes of this nature into a very

of weeping beauty, it would be worthy his art fine poem; I mean The Art of Criticism, which

to provide, that thefe eloquent drops may no was published" Tome months since, and is a • Diore be lavihed on trifies, or employed as master-piece in its kind. The observations fol. • servants to their wayward wills; but reserved low one another like those in Horace's Art of

for ferious occasions in life, to adorn generous Poetry, without that methodical regularity which pity, true penitence, or real forrow.

would be requisite in a profe author. They are T

. I am, &c. some of them uncommon, but such as the reader

must afsent to, when he sees them explained with that elegance and perspicuity in which they

are delivered. As for those which are the most No 253 THURSDAY, DECEMBER 20.

known, and the most received, they are placed Indignor quicquam reprehendi, non quia crasse in so beautiful a light, and illustrated with such Con pofitair, illepideve putetur, fed quia nuper.

apt illusions, that they have in them all the graces Hor. Ep. 2

lib. 1. ver. 75. of rovelty, and make the reader, who was before I lose my patience, and I own it too,

acquainted with them, still more convinced of

their truth and folidity. And here give me leave When works are censur'd, not as bad, but new.

to mention what Monsieur Boileau has so very POPE.

well enlarged upon in the preface to his works, WHERE is nothing which more denotes a that wit and fine writing do not confift so much

great mind, than the abhorrence of envy in advancing things that are new, as in giving and detraction. This passion reigns more among things that are known an agreeable turn. It is bad poets, than among any other set of men. imposible for us, who live in the later ages of

As there are none more ambitious of fame, the world, to make observations in criticisin, than those who are conversant in poetry, it is morality, or in any art or fcience, which have not very natural for such as have not fucceeded in been touched upon by others. We have l'atle it to depreciate the works of those who have. elfe left us, but to represent the common sense of For fince they cannot raise themselves to the mankind in more strong, more beautiful, or more reputation of their fellow-writers, they must uncommon lights. If a reader examines Horace's deavour to fink it to their own pitch, if they Art of Poetcy, he will find but very few precepts

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