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heart now no longer under the direction of the NO 318. WEDNESDAY, MARCH 5. unhappy owner of it. Such for some months

• had been the language of Escalus, both in his non omnia poffumus omnes.

"talk and his letters to Isabella ;, who returned Virg. Ecl. 8. 'ver. 63.

all the profusion of kind things which had been

" the collection of fifty years with " I must not With different talents form’d, we variously " hear you; you will make me forget that you excel.

are a gentleman ; I would not willingly lose * Mr. Spectator's

you as a friend ;” and the like expressions,
which the skilful interpret to their own advan-

tage, as well knowing that a feeble denial is á tacked, has not yet been considered by ontodeft affent. I mould have told you, that you as growing so deep in the heart of man,

Isabella, during the whole progress of this that the affectation out-lives the practice of it. i amour, communicated it to her husband; and You muft have observed that men who have that an account of Escalus's love was their been bred in arms preserve to the most ex I usual entertainment after half a day's absence : treme and feeble old-age a certain daring in

• Isabella therefore, upon lier lover's late more their aspect: in like manner, they who have open assaults, with a smile told her husband parted their time in gallantry and adventure, the could hold out no longer, but that his fate keep up, as well as they can, the appearance was now come to a crisis. After The had exof it, and carry a petulant inclination to their r

plained herself a little farther, with her hufa last moments. Let this serve for a preface to • band's approbation the proceeded in the fol. à relation am going to give you of an old (lowing manner. The next time that Escalus beau in town, ţhat has not only been amo • was alone with her, and 'repeated his imporrous, and a follower of women in general, but

tunity, the crafty Isabella looked on her fan also, in spite of the admonition of gray hairs, with an air of great attention, as considering been from his fixty-third year to his present of what importance such a secret was to her ;

seventieth, in an actual pursuit of a young ' and upon the repetition of a warm expression, • lady, the wife of his friend, and a man of • The looked at him with an eye of fondness, • merit. The gay old Escalus has wit, good and told him he was past that time of life, health, and is perfectly well-bred; but from

' which could make her fear he would boast of a • the fashion and manners of the court when he lady's favour; then turned away her head, " was in his bloom, has such a natural tendency with a very well acted confusion, which fa.

amorous adventure, that he thought it (voured the escape of the aged Escalus. This would be an endless reproach to him to make " adventure was matter of great pleasantry to no use of a familiarity he was allowed at a • Isabella and her spouse; and they had enjoyed

gentleman's house, whose good-humour and « it two days before Escalus could recollect him, ' confidence exposed his wife to the addresses of felf enough to forın the following letter,

any who should take it in their head to do him the good office. It is not impoffible that Er.

“ Madam, calus "might also retent that the husband was particularly negligent of him; and though he

HAT happened the other day, gives gave many intimations of a paßion towards

me a lively image of the inconcistence the wife, the husband either did not see them,

" of human passions and inclinations. We pura or put him to the contempt of overlooking

" sue what we are denied, and place our affeco them. In the mean time Isabella, for so we

stions on what is abfent, though we neglected • mall call our heroine, saw his passion, and

" it when present. As long as you refused my rejoiced in it as a foundation for much diver " love, your refusal did so strongly excite my • fion, and an opportunity of indulging herself “ passion, that I had not once the leisure to in the dear delight of being admired, ad

" think of recalling my reason to aid me against • dressed to, and Aattered, with 'no ill conse

“ the design upon your virtue. - But when that quence to her reputation. This lady is of a

"s virtue began to comply in my favour, my reao free and disengaged behaviour, ever in good. i see the baseness of my behaviour in attempt.

66 son made an effort over my love, and let me humour, such as is the image of innocence with those who are innocent, and an encou

"ing a woman of honour. I own to you, it 6.ragement to vice with those who are aban.

" was not without the most violent struggle, • doned. From this kind of carriage, 'apd an

" that I gained this victory over myfelf; nay, I apparent approbation of his gallantry, Escalus will confess my name, and acknowledge ! • had frequent opportunities of laying amorous

“ could not have prevailed but by fight. How(epiftles in her way; of fixing his eyes. attenti

for ever, Madam, I beg that you will believe a vely upon her action, of performing a thou

moment's weakness has not destroyed the er. fand little offices which are neglected by the

“ teem I had for you, which was confirmed by (unconcerned; but are soʻmany approaches to

so many years of obstinate virtue. You have "wards happiness with the enamoured. It was

“ reason to rejoice that this did not happent

<< within the observation of one of the young now, as is above hinted, almost the end of the i seventh year of his pasion, when Escalus from

« fellows, who would have exposed your weak • general terms; and the ambiguous respect

“ness, and gloried in his own brutina inclinawhich criminal lovers retain in their addresses,

9. tions. began to bewail that his passion grew too vio: "lent for him to anfwer any longer for his be,

“ I'am, Madam, i haviour towards her; and that he hoped me i would have consideration for his long and * Your meft devoted humble fervant.':. patient respect, to excuse the motions of a

* Habella,

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Cannot but account myself 4 yery happy the first time he declared himself, was in a

Isabella, with the help of her husband, rę various cocks of their hats, all flatter us in this turned the following answer.


I had an humble servant last summer, who

full-bottomed wig; but the day after, to my can write so well, and give so good a turn to • tural one. I received hiin at this our second a disappointment. Another excellence you interview, as a perfect stranger, but was exhave above all other pretenders" I ever heard tremely confounded, when his speech discoof, on occasions where the most reasonable (vered who he was. I resolved, therefore, to men lose all their reason, you have your's ! fix his face in my memory for the future; but most powerful. We have each of

f us to thank

as I was walking in the Park the same evening, our genius that the passion of onié abated in ' he appeared to me in one of those wigs that I

proportion as that of the other grew violent. think you call a night-cap, which had altered * Does it not yet come into your head, to ima him more effectually than before. He after

gine that I knew my compļiance was the (wards played a couple of 'black riding wigs greatest cruelty I could be guilty of towards upon me with the same suceess; and in short, you? In return for your long and faithful rallumed a new face, almost every day in the paslion, I must let you know that you are old first month of his courtthip.

enough to become a little more gravity ; but " I observed afterwards, that the variety of $ if you will leave me and coquet it any where

cocks into which he moulded his hat, had not elfe, may your mistress yield?

6 a little contributed to his impositions upon me. « Isabella's Yet as if all these ways were not sufficient to

diftinguish their heads, you must doubtless, ("Sir, have observed, that great numbers of

young fellows have, for several months last N° 319 THURSDAY, MARCH 6.

past, taken upon them to wear feathers.

* We hope, therefore, that there may, with Quo teneam vultus mutantem Protea nodo ?

• as much justice, be called Indian princes, as Hor. Ep. 1. lib. 1. ver. 90.


have stiled a woman in a coloured hood What chain can hold this varying Proteus fast ?

an Indian queen ; and that you will, in due CREECH.

time, take these airy gentlemen into considera

ction. Have endeavoured in the course of my papers • We the more earnestly beg that you would to do justice to the age, and have taken care

put a stop to this practice, tince it has already as much as possible to keep myself a neuter bet

loft us one of the most agreeable members of ween both sexes. I have neither spared the

' our society, who after having refused several ladies out of complaisance, nor the men out of good estates, and two titles, was lured from partiality ; but notwithstanding the great in us last week by a mixed feather. tegrity with which I have acted in this parti "I am ordered to present you the respects of cular, I find myself taxed with an inclination to

our whole company, .and am, Sir, favour my own half of the species. Whether it

. Your very humble servant, be that the women afford a more fruitful field

« Dorinda. for fpeculation, or whether they run more in my head than the men, I cannot tell, but I shall let

Note. The person wearing the feather, down the charge as it is laid against me in the

" though our friend took him for an officer in following letter

• the guards, has proved to be an errant linen

• draper.' « Mr. Spectator

I am not now at leisure to give my opinion Always make one among a company of upon the hat and feather; however, to wipe off

young females, who perufe your specula- the present imputation, and gratify my female • tions every morning. I am at present com- correspondent, I Thall here print a letter which I ' missioned by our whole assembly, to let you lately received from a man of mode, who seems • know, that we fear you are a little inclined to to have a very extraordinary genius in his way.

be partial towards your own sex. We must • however acknowledge, with all due gratitude, • that in some cases you have given us our re

Presume I need not inform you, that venge on the men, and done us justice. We among men of dress it is a common phrase could not easily have forgiven you several to say, Mr. Such-a-one “ has, struck a bold

strokes in the diffection of elit coquette's heart, <stroke ;' by which we understand, that he is • if you had not much about the same time made the first man who has had courage enough to à facrifice to us of a beau's scull.

lead up a fashion. Accordingly, when our You may further, Sir, please to remember, tailors take measure of us, they always de. & that not long since you attacked our hoods and “ mand " whether we will have a plain suit, or i commodes in such manner, as, to use your (ftrike a bold stroke." I think I may without own expression,' made very many of us (vanity say, that I have struck some of the " alhamed to Thew our heads. We must, there boldest and most successful strokes of any man 'fore, beg leave to represent to you, that we 6 in Great-Britain. I was the first that struck

are in hopes, if you would please to make a the long pocket about two years since; I was due inquiry, the men in all ages' would be likewise the author of the frosted button, found to have been little less whimsical in (which when I saw the town come readily into, 6 adorning that part, than ourselves. The dif being resolved to strike while the iron was hot, • ferent forms of their wigs, together with the I produced much about the same time the fcal


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lop Aap, étre kridtted cravat, and made a fair impartiat, pray be so honent as to print the ing • push for the silver-clocked stocking.

formation I now give you, of a certain set of * A few months after I brought up the modis women who never coquet for the matter, but jacket, or the coat with clofe neeves. I struck with an high hand marry whom they please to

this at first in a plain Doily; but that failing I whom they please. As for my part, I should \ ftruck it a fecond time in blue camblet, and * not have concerned myself with them, but that

repeated the froke in several kinds of cloth, I understand I am pitched upon, by them to until at last it took effect. There are two or be married, against my will, to one I never three young fellows at the other end of the raw in 'my life. It has been my misfortune,

town, who have always their eye upon me, Şir very innocently, to rejoice in a plentiful for* and answer, me stroke for stroke. I was once tune, of which I am maner, to bespeak a fine

fo unwary as to mention my fancy in relation chariot, to give direction for two or three & to a new-fashioned surtout before one of these handsome snuff-boxes, and as many suits of

gentlemen, whớ was difingenuous enough to ' fine clothes; but before any of these were

fteal my thought, and by that means prevented ready, I heard reports of my being to be mar\ my intended stroke.

ried to two or three different young women, * I have a design this fpring to make very con. Upon my taking notice of it to a young genfiderable innovations in the waistcoat; and tleman who is often in my company, he told have already begun with a corp är ejjai upon me siniling, I was in the inquisition. You the neeves, which has fucceeded very well. may believe I was not a little startled at what of muft further inform you, if you will he meant, and more so when he asked me if I promise to encourage, or at least connive at had bespoke any thing of late that was fine, ! me, that it is my design to strike fuch a stroke I told him feveral; upon which he produced

the beginning of the next month, as Mall a description of my person, from the trader. 6 surprise the whole town.

men whóm I had employed, and told me that "I do not think it prudent to acquaint you they had certainly informed against me. Mr. 6 with all the particulars of my intended dress; Speciator, Whatever the world may think of

but will only tell you as a sample of it, that I me, I am more coxcomb than fool, and I fall very speedily appear at White's in a grew very inquisitive upon this head, not a - cherry-coloured hat. I took this hint from • little pleased with the novelty. My friend told & the ladies hoods, which I look upon as the me, there were a certain fet of women of • boldest stroke' that sex has struck for these ? fashion; whereof the number of fix made a • hundred years last past.

committee, who sat tlurice a week, under the • I am, Sir,

" title of the inquisition on maids and bachelors. 6 Your moft obedient,

• It seems, whenever there comes such an un, Most humble servant,

thinking gay thing as myfelf up town, he must · Will Sprightly.' want all manner of necessaries, or be put into

the inquisition by the first tradesman he emI have not time at present to make any re ploys. They have conftant intelligence with Bexions on this letter, but must not however, cane-Mops, perfumers, toymen, coach-makers, omit, that having shewn it to Will Honeycomb, and china-houses. From there several places he delires to be acquainted with the gentleman " these undertakers for marriages have as conwho writ it.

Х Itant and regular correspondence, as the fune

rai-men have with vintners and apothecaries. • All bachelors are under their immediate in

spection, and my friend produced to me a N° 320. FRIDAY, MARCH 7

report given into their board, wherein an old

i uricle of mine who came to town with me, mon pronubą Juno,

' and myself, where inserted, and we stood Non Hymenaus adeft, non illi gratia le&o:

the uncle smoky, rotten, poor; the Eamenides fravere torumOvid. Met. lib. 6. 'ver. 428.

nephew raw, but no fool, sound at present,

very rich. My information did not end here, Nor Hymen, nor the graces here preside,

but my friend's advices are so good, that he Nor Juno'to befriend the blooming bride; 'could Thew me a copy of the letter sent to the But Äends with fun'ral brands the process. led, young lady who is to have me; which I in.

e close to you, And furies waited at the genial bed. CROXAL. «Mr. S; etator, OU have given many hints in your THIS is to let you know, that you are to

be married to a beau that comes out on your own sex, who lay plots' upon wonen. i Thursday fix in the evening. Be at the Park, Among other hard words you have published You cannot but know, a virgin fop; they have the term male-coquets, and been very severe a mind to look faucy, but are out of counten. upon such as give themselves the liberty of a

The board has denied him to several little dalliance of heart, and playing fast and good families. I wilh you joy. loose, between love and indifference, until

• Corinna.' perliaps an easy young girl is reduced to fighs,

dreams, and tears; and languishes away her What makes my correspondent's cafe the more • life for a carelefs coxcomb, who looks astodeplorable, is, that as I find by the report from

nished, and wonders' at such an effe&t from my cenfor of matriages, the friend he fpeaks of • what in him was all but common civility. is employed by the inquisition to take him in, as + Thus you have treated the men who were ir the phrale is. After all'that is told him, he has " refolute in marriage; but if you design to be information only of one woman that is laid for

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cne on,

him, and that the wrong one ; for the lady com- things for which he has no taste. But notwithmissioners have devoted him to another than the standing all this, and what else he may defend person against whom they have employed their himself with, as that the lady is too old or 100) agent his friend to alarm him. The plot is laid young, of a suitable humour, or the quite so well about this young gentleman, that he has contiary, and that it is impossible they can ever no friend to retire to, no place to appear in, or do other than wrangle from June to January, part of the kingdom to fly into, but he must fall every body tells him all this is spleen, and lie into the notice, and be subject to the power of must have a wife; while all the members of the the inquisition. They have their emissaries and inquisition are unanimous in a certain woman substitutes in all parts of this united kingdom. for him, and they think they all together are betThe first step they usually take, is to find from a ter able to judge, than he or any other private correspondence, by their messengers and whild person whatsoever, perers, with some domestic of the bachelor, who is to be hunted into the toils they have laid for

Temple, March 3, 1911. him, what are his manners, his familiarities, OUR speculation this day on the subject his good qualities or vices; not as the good in

of idleness has employed me, ever since him is a recommendation, or the ill a diminu I read it, in sorrowful reflexions on my having tion, but as they affect or contribute to the main

loitered away the term, or rather the vacation, inquiry, What estate he has in him ? When this of ten years in this place, and unhappily sufpoint is well reported to the board, they can take sered a good chamber and study to lio idle as in a wild roaring fox-hunter, as easily as a soft,

long. My books, except those I have taken gentle young fop of the town.

The way is to 'to Deep upon, have been totally neglected, and make all places uneasy to him, but the scenes in

my Lord Coke and other venerable authors which they have allotted him to act. His brother

were never so Nighted in their lives. I spend huntsmen, bottle-companions, his fraternity of 'most of the day at a neighbouring coffee-house, fops, shall be brought into the conspiracy against ( where we have what may call a lazy club. him. Then this matter is not laid in fo bare " We generally come in night.gowns, with our faced a manner before him as to have it inti

stockings about our heels, and sometimes -but mated, Mrs. Such-a. one would make him a very

Our salutation at entrance is a yawn proper wife; but by the force of their corre " and a stretch, and then without more ceremony spondence they mall make it, as Mr. Waller we take our place at the lolling-table, where said of the marriage of the dwarfs, as imprac • our discourse is, what I fear you would not ticable to have any woman besides her they design read out, therefore shall not insert. But I him, as it would have been in Adam to have

asure you, Sir, I heartily lament this loss of refused Eve. The man named by the com time, and am now resolved, if poflible, with million for Mrs. Such-a-one, shall neither be in

double diligence, to retrieve it, being effece fashion, nor dare ever to appear in company, • tually awakened by the arguments of Mr. Thould he attempt to evade their determination. • Slack out of the senseless stupidity that has to The female sex wholly govern domestic life;

• long possessed me. And to demonstrate that and by this means, when they think fit, they can penitence accompanies my confession, and confow diffensions between the dearest friends, nay .ftancy my resolutions, I have locked my door make father and son irreconcileable enemies in

" for a year, and desire you would let my com. spite of all the ties of gratitude on one part, and panions know I am not within. I am with the duty of protection to be paid on the other. The ladies of the inquisition understand this

Sir, your most obedient servant, perfectly well; and where love is not a motive T to a man's choosing one whom they allot, they 'can with very much art, insinuate stories to the disadvantage of his honesty or courage,' until the

SATURDAY, MARCH 8. creature is too much dispirited to bear up against a general ill reception, which he every where. meets with, and in due time falls into their ap.

Nec fatis eft pnlcbra elle poemata, dulcia funto. pointed wedlock for shelter. I have a long let.

Hor. Ars Poet. ver. 99. ter bearing date the fourth instant, which gives

'Tis not enough a poem's finely writ; me a large account of the policies of this court;

It must affe&t and captivate the foul. and find there is now before them a very refrac

ROSCOMMON. tory person, who has escaped all their machinations for two years last palt: but they have "HOSE, who know how many volumes lave prevented two successive matches which were of his own inclination, the one by a report that his Virgil, will easily pardon the length of my diimistress was to be married, and the very day ap- course upon Milton. The Paradise Loft is looked pointed, wedding-clothes bought, and all things upon by the best judges, as the greatest producready for her being given to another; the fecond tion, or at least the noblest work of genius in. time by insinuating to all his mistress's friends our language, and therefore delerves to be set beand acquaintance, that he had been false to fore an English reader in its full beauty. For Several other women, and the like. The poor this reason, though I have endeavoured to give a man is now reduced to profess he designs to lead general idea of its graces and imperfections in a single life; but the inquisition give out to all my fix first papers, I thought myself obliged to his acquaintance, that nothing is intended but below one upon every book in particular. The the gentleman's own welfare and happiness. first three books I have already dispatched, and When this is urged, he talks still more humbly, am now entering upon the fourth. I need not and protests he aims only at a life without pain acquaint my reader that there are multitudes of PF reproach; pleasure, homous, and riches, are beauties in this great author, especially in the


great repect,

o N. B..

N° 321,


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the poem.

descriptive parts of this poem, which I have not We are in the next place to consider the matouched upon, it being my intention to point chincs of the fourth book. Satan being now out those only, which appear to me the most within prospect of Eden, and looking round upexquisite, or those which are not so obvious to on the glories of the creation, is filled with senordinary readers. Every one that has read the timents different from those which he discovered critics who have written upon the Odyssey, the whilft he was in hell. The place inspires him Iliad, and the Æneid, knows very well, that with thoughts more adapted to it: he reflects though they agree in the opinions of the great upon the happy condition from whence he fell, beauties in those poems, they have nevertheless and breaks forth into a speech that is softened each of them discovered several master-strokes, with several trarifient touches of remorse and selfwhich have escaped the observation of the rest. accusation ; but at length he confirms himself in In the same manner, I question not but any impenitence, and in his design of drawing man writer, who shall treat of this subject after me, into his own state of guilt and misery. This may find several beauties in Milton, which I conflict of pallions is raised with a great deal of have not taken notice of. I must likewise ob- art, as the opening of his speech to the sun is serve, that as the greatest masters of critical very bold and noble. learning differ.among one another, as to some particular points in an epic poem, I have not « O thou that with surpaffing glory crown'd, bound myself scrupulously to the rules which “ Look’ft from thy fole dominion like the God any one of them has laid down upon that art,

Of this new would; at whose fight all the stars but have taken the liberty sometimes to join with “ Hide their diminish'd heads; to thee I call, one, and sometimes with another, and some « But with no friendly voice; and add thy name times to differ from all of them, when I have

" O fun! to tell thee how I hate thy beams, thought that the reason of the thing was on my That bring to my remembrance from what fide,

state We may consider the beauties of the fourth “ I fell, how glorious once above thy sphere !”. book under three heads. In the first are those pictures of still life, which we meet with in the cribed to Satan in the whole poem. The evil

This speech is, I think, the finest that is af. description of Eden, Paradise, Adam's bower,

In the next are the machines, which comfpirit afterwards proceeds to make his discoveries prehend the speeches and behaviour of the good concerning our first parents, and to learn after and bad angels. In the last is the conduå of what manner they may be best attacked. His Adam and Eve, who are the principal actors in bounding over the walls of Paradise; his fitting

in the mape of a cormorant upon the tree of In the description of Paradise, the poet has life, which stood in the center of it, and over. observed Aristotle's rule of lavishing all the or-

topped all the other tress of the garden; his naments of diction on the weak unactive parts alighting among the herd of animals

, which are of the fable, which are not supported by the fo beautifully represented as playing about Adam beauty of sentiments and characters. Accords and Eve, together with his transforming himself ingly the reader may observe, that the expresions into different hapes, in order to hear their con. are more florid and elaborate in these descripti, able furprise to the reader and are devised with

versation ; are circumstances that give an agree. ons, than in most other parts of the poem. I muft further add, that though the drawings of great art, to connect that series of adventures in gardens, rivers, rainbows, and the like dead which the poet has engaged this artificer of pieces of nature are justly centured in an heroic

fraud. poem, when they run out into an unnecessary

The thought of Satan's transformation into a length; the description of Paradise would have cormorant, and placing himself on the tree of been faulty, had not the poet been very particu- life, seems raised upon that passage in the Iliad, lar in it, not only as it is the scene of the prin- where two deities are described, as perching on cipal action, but as it is requisite to give us an

the top of an oak in the shape of vultures. idea of that happiness from which our first pa

His planting himself at the ear of Eve under rents fell. The plan of it is wonderfully beau. the form of a toad, in order to produce vain tiful, and formed upon the fort aketch which dreams and imaginations, is a circumstance of we have of it in holy writ. Milton's exuberance the same nature; as his starting up in his own of imagination has poured forth such a redun- form is wonderfully fine, both in the literal de. dancy of ornaments on this seat of happiness and scription, and in the moral which is coneealed innocence, that it would be endless to point out

under it. His answer upon his being discovered, each particular.

and demanded to give an account of himself, is I must not quit this head, without further ob- conformable to the pride and intrepidity of his serving, that there is scarce a speech of Adam or

character. Eve in the whole poem, wherein the sentiments « Know ye not then, said Satan, filld with and allusions are not taken from this their de. lightful habitation.

scorn, The reader, during their whole course of action, always finds himself in

“ Know ye not me ? ye knew me once no mate the walks of Paradise. In short, as the critics

“ For you, there fitting where you durft not have remarked, that in those poems wherein

soar; hepherds are actors, the thoughts ought always

“ Not to know me argues yourselves unknown, to take a tincture from the woods, fields, and

The lowest of your throng”. rivers, so we inay chserve, that our firit parents seldom lose sight of their happy station in any

Zephon's rebuke, with the influence it had thing they speak or do; and if the reader will

on Satan, is exquisitely graceful and moral.

Satan is afterwards led away to Gabriel, the {ive me leave to use the expresion, that their chief of the guardian angels, who kept watch eboughts are always Paradisiacal.

in Paradie. His disdainrul behaviour on this


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