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whilft he receives the recompence of merit, the N° 238. MONDAY, DECEMBER 3.

other whilft he fhews he knows how to discern

it; but above all, that man is happy in this art, Nequicquam populo bibulas donaveris aures; who, like a skilful painter, retains the features Respue quod non es

and complexion, but still softens the picture into Persius, Sat. 4. ver 50. the most agreeable likeness. Please not thyself the flatt’ring crowd to hear;

There can hardly, I believe, be imagined a 'Tis fulsome stuff, to please thy itching ear.

more desirable pleasure, than that of praise una Survey thy soul, not what thou doft appear,

mixed with any possibility of flattery. Such was But what thou art.--


that which Germanicus enjoyed, when, the night

before a battle, desirous of some sincere mark of A ,

not one more epidemical or more perni- by Tacitus listening in a disguise to the discourse cious than the love of Aattery. For as wliere the of a soldier, and wrapt up in the fruition of his juices of the body are prepared to receive a ma- glory, whilst with an undesigned fincerity they lignant influence, there the disease rages with praised his noble and majestic mien, his affability, most violence; so in this distemper of the mind, his valour, conduct, and success in war. How where there is ever a propensity and inclination must a man have his heart full blown with joy in to suck in the poison, it cannot be but that the fuch an article of glory as this? What a spur and whole order of reasonable action must be over- encouragement still to proceed in those steps túrned, for, like music, it

which had already brought him to so pure a taste -So softens and difarms the mind,

of the greatest of mortal enjoyments ? That not one arrow can resistance find."

It sometimes happens, that even enemies and

envious persons bestow the sincerest marks of efFirst we fiatter ourselves, and then the flattery teem when they least design it. Such afford a of others is sure of success. It awakens our self- greater pleasure, as extorted by merit, and freed love within, a party which is ever ready to revolt from all suspicion of favour or pattery. Thus it from our better judgment, and join the enemy is with Malvolio ; he has wit, learning, and disa without. Hence it is, that the profusion of fa- cernment, but tempered wiih an allay of envy, vours we so often see poured upon the parasite, self-love, and detraction. Malvolio turns pale are represented to us, by our self-love, as justice at the mirth and good-humour of the company, if done to the man, who so agreeably reconciles us it center not in his person; he grows jealous and to ourselves. When we are cvercome by such displeased when he ceases to be the only person foft infinuations and enfnaring compliances, we admired, and locks upon the commendation paid gladly recompense the artifices that are made use to another as a detraction from his merit, and an of to blind our reason, and which triumph over attempt to lessen the superiority he affe&ts; but the weakneffes of our temper and inclinations. by this very method, he bestows such praise as

But were every man persuaded from how mean can never be suspected of Aattery. His uneasiness and low a principle this passion is derived, there and distastes are so many sure and certain figns can be no doubt but that the person who should of another's title to that glory he desires, and åttempt to gratify it, would then be as contemp- has the mortification to find himself not poñefeat tible as he is now successful. It is the desire of of, some quality we are not possessed of, or inclina. A good name is fitly compared to a precious tion to be something we are not, which are the ointment, and when we are praised with ikill and causes of our giving ourselves up to that man, decency, it is indeed the most agreeable perfume ; who bestows upon us the characters and quali- but if too strongly admitted into a brain of a less ties of others; which perhaps suit us as ill, and vigorous and happy, texture, it will, like too were as little designed for our wearing, as their strong an odour, overcome the sense , and prove clothes. . Instead of going out of our own com- pernicious to those nerves it was intended to replexional nature into that of others, it were a fresh. A generous mind is of all others the most better and more laudable industry to improve sensible of praise and dispraise; and a noble spirit our own, and instead of a miserable copy become is as much invigorated with its due proportion of a good original ;, for there is no temper, no dispo- honour and applause, as it is depressed by neglect: sition so rude and untractable, but may in its and contempt: but it is only persons far above own peculiar cast and turn be brought to some the common level who are thus affecied with eiagreeable use in conversation, or in the affairs of ther of these extremes; as in a thermometer, it life. A person of a rougher deportment, and less is only the purest and most sublimated fpirit that -tied up to the usual ceremonies of behaviour, is either contracted or dilated by the benignity or , will, like Manly in the play, please by the grace indemency of the season. which nature gives to every action wherein she is complied with; the brink and lively will not ( Mr. Spectator, want their admirers, and even a more reserved HÊ translations which you have lately giand melancholy ten per may at some times be ven us from the Greek, in some of your agreeable.

' last papers, have been the occasion of my lookWhen there is not vanity enough awake in a ring into some of those authors; among whom man to undo him, the flatterer stirs up that dor "I chanced on a collection of letters which país mant weakness, and inspires him with mcrit " under the name of Aristanetus. Of all tlie reenough to be a coxcomb. But if faitery be the ( mains of antiquity, I believe there can be no. most sordid act that can be complied with, the • thing produced of an air so galiant and polite ; art of praising justly is as commendable; for it is each letter contains a little novel or adventure, laudable to praile well; as poets at one and the which is told with all the beauties of language, same time give inmortality, and receive it them ' and heightened with a luxuriance of wit. There selves for a reward : both are pleased, the one are several of them translated, but with such


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' wide deviations from the original, and in a
• file so far differing from the author's, that the NO 239. TUESDAY, DECEMBER 4.
trandator seems rather to have taken hints for

-Bella, horrida bella! Virg. Æn. 6. ver. 86 ' the expresfing his own fenfe and thoughts, than

to have endeavoured to render those of Ariftæ- Wars, horrid wars !
netus. In the following tranNation, I have HAVE sometimes amured myfelf with con.

kept as near the meaning of the Greek as I
• could, and have only added a few words to debate which have obtained in the world.
• make the sentences in English fit together a The first races of mankind used to dispute,
• little better than they would otherwise have as our ordinary people do now-a-days, in a kind
« done. The story seems to be taken from that of wild logic, uncultivated by rules of art.

of Pigmalion and the statue in Ovid: some of Socrates intreduced a catechetical method of
• the thoughts are of the fame turn, and the arguing. He would ask his adversary question
whole is written in a kind of poetical prose. upon question, until he had convinced him out

of his own mouth that his opinions were wrong.

This way of debating drives an enemy np into ą • Philopinax to Chromation.

corner, seizes all the passes through which he can

make an escape, and forces him to surrender as EVER was man more overcome with fo discretion.

fantasticat a paflion as mine. I have Aristotle changed this method of attack, and painted a beautiful woman, and am despair. invented a great variety of little weapons, called " ing, dying for the pi&ture. My own skill has fyllogisms. As in the Socratic way of dispute “ undone me; it is not the dart of Venus, but you agree to every thing which your opponens

my own pencil has thus wounded me. Ah advances, in the Aristotelic you are still denying « me! with what anxiety am

neceffitated to and contradicting some part or other of what " adore my own idol! How miserable am I, he says. Socrates conquers you by stratagem, « whilft every one must as much pity the pain. Aristotle by force: the one takes the town by

ter as he praises the picture, and own my fap, the other sword in hand. " torment more thau equal to my art ! But why The universities of Europe, for many years, * do I thus complain ? Have there not been carried on their debates by fyllogism, insomuck

more unhappy and unnatural passions than that we see the knowledge of feveral centuries “ mine? Yes, I have seen the representations laid out into objections and answers, and all “ of Phædra, Narcissus, and Pariphae. Phæ- the good sense of the age cut and minced into * dra was unhappy in her love; that of Patin almost an infinitude of diftin&tions. phäe was monstrous; and whilst the other When our universities found that there was * caught at his beloved likeness, he destroyed no end of wrangling this way, they invented a " the watery image, which ever eluded his em- kind of argument, which is not reducible to any 6 braces. The fountain represented Narciffus mcod or figure of Aristotle. It was called the

to himself, and the picture both that and him, Argumentum Basilinum, ethers write it Bacili" thirsting after his adored image. But I am nam or Baculinum, which is pretty well ex“ yet less unhappy, I enjoy her presence con pressed in our Englim word, club-law. When « iinually, and if I touch her, I destroy not the they were not able to confute their antagonist, « beauteous form, but she looks pleased, and a they knocked him down. It was their method «i sweet fimile fits in the charming space which in these polemical debates, first to discharge their « divides her lips. One would fwear that voice fyllogisms, and afterwards to betake themselves " and speech were ifsuing out, and that one's to their clubs, until fuch time as they had one * ears felt the melodious found. How often way or other confounded their gæinfayers. There « have I, deceived by a lover's credulity, leark- is in Oxford a narrow defile, to make use of a “ ened if me had not something to whisper me? military term, where the partisans used to en6 and when frustrated of my hopes, how often counter, for which reason it still retains the name « have I taken my revenge in kiffes from her of Logic-lane. I have heard an old gentleman, r cheeks and eyes, and softly wooed her to my a physician, make his boasts, that when he was & embrace, whilft the, as to me it seemed, only a young fellow, he marched several times at the

withheld her tongue the more to infiame me? head of a troop of Scotifts, and cudgelled a body * But, madman that I am, Niall I be thus ta. of Smiglesians half the length of Highr- street, • kon with the representation only of a beau- until they had difpersed themfelves for helter * teous face, and flowing hair, and thus waste into their respective garrifons. the myself, and melt to tears for a shadow ? Ah, This humour, I find, went very far in Eral. * fure it is fomething more, it is a reality! for mus's time. For that author tells us, that upon * see fier beauties thine out with new lustre, the revival of Greck letters, moft of the univer* and the seems to upbraid me with such unkind fities of Europe were divided into Greeks and 6 reproaches. Oh may I have a living mistress Trojans. The latter were those who bore a 6 of this form, that when I fall compare the mortal enmity to the language of the Grecians, of wait of nature with that of art, I may be still infomuch that if they met with any who underus at a loss which to choose, and be long per- stood it, they did not fail to treat him as a foe. #plexed with the plealing vacertainty!" Erafmus himfelf had, it seems, the misfortune

Try to fall into the hands of a party of Trojans, who

laid on him with so many blows and buffets that he never forgot their hostilities to his dye ing day.

There is a way of managing an argument not Nach unlike the former, which is made use of


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by states and communities, when they draw up reader an account of the whole art of cavilling; a hundred thousand disputants on each side, and which shall be a full and satisfactory answer to convince one another by dint of sword. A all such papers and pamphlets as have yet apcertain grand monarch was so sensible of his peared against the Spectator.

с strength in this way of reasoning, that he writ upon his great guns--Ratio ultima Regum, “ The « Logic of Kings;" but, God be thanked, he N° 240, WEDNESDAY, Dec, 5. is now pretty well based at his own weapons. When one has to do with a philosopher of this

Aliter non fit, avite, liber. kind, one should remember the old gentleman's

Mart. Ep. 17. lib. I. saying, who had been engaged in an argument with one of the Roman emperors. Upon his of such materials, Sir, are books composid, friend's telling him, that he wondered he would

" Mr. Spectator, give up the question, when he had visibly the better of the dispute ; I am never ashamed," AM one of the most genteel trades in the says tre, “to be confuted by one who is master 6 of fifty legions."

education, as to have an ardent ambition of I Mall but just mention another kind of rea being useful to mankind, and to think that foning, wliich may be called arguing by poll; the chief end of being as to this life. I had and another which is of equal force, in which these good impressions given me from the wagers are made use of as arguments, according

handsome behaviour of a learned, generous; to the celebrated line of Hudibras.

' and wealthy man towards me, when I first But the moft notable way of managing a con began the world. Some dissatisfaction be. troversy, is that which we may call arguing by tween me and my parents made me enter into torture. This is a method of reasoning which it with less relifh of businefs than ! ought ; has been made use of with the poor refugees, " and to turn off this uneasiness I gave myself to and which was fo fashionable in our country • criminal pleasures, some excesses, and a general during the reign of queen Mary, that in a par loose conduct. I know not what the excellent fa&c of an author quoted by Monsieur Bale, it man above-mentioned saw in me, but he des. is faid the price of wood was raised in England, cended from the superiority of his wisdom and by reason of the executions that were made in ' merit, to throw himself frequently into my Sinithfield. Thefe disputants convince their ad company. This made me foon hope that I had verfrries with a Sorites, commonly called a pile fomething in me worth cultivating, and his of farygots. The rack is also a kind of syllogism conversation made me fenfible of satisfactions which has been ufed with good effect, and has in a regular way, which I had never before made multitudes of converts. Men were for imagined. When he was grown familiar with meriy disputed out of their doubts, reconciled ' me, he opened himself like a good angel, and to truth by force of reason, and won over to

told me, he had long laboured to ripen me opinions by the candour, sense, and ingenuity of ' into a preparation to receive his friendinip and those who had the right on their side; but this advice, both which I fould daily command, method of conviction opcrated too Nowly. Pain and the use of any part of his fortune, to apply was found to be inuch more enlightening than the measures he should propose to me, for the reason. Every scruple was looked upon as ob ' improvement of my own.

I assure you, I Atinacy, and not to be removed but by several cannot recollect the goodness and confusion of engines invented for that purpofe. In a word, • the good man when he spoke to this purpose the application of whips, racks, gibbets, gallies, to me, without melting into tears; but in a dungeons, fire and faggot, in a dispute, may be

' word, Sir, I must lasten to tell you, that my looked upon as popish refinements upon the ' heart burns with gratitude towards him, and old heathen logic.

he is so happy a man, that it can never be in There is another way of reasoning which sel my power to return him his favours in kind, dom fails, though it be of a quite different na but I am sure I have made him the most ture to that I have last mentioned.

I mean,

agreeable satisfaction I could possibly, in becor:vincing a man by ready money, or as it is or ing ready to serve others to my ocmoft abi. dinarily called, bribing a man to an opinion. lity, as far as is consistent with the prudence This method has often proved successful, when 'he prescribes to me. Dear Mr. Spectator, I do all the others have been made use of to no pur- ! not owe to him only the good-will and esteem pose. A man who is furnished with arguments • of my own relations, who are people of difrom the mint, will convince his antagonist much stinction, the present ease and plenty of my fooner than one who draws them from reason circumstances, but also the government of my and philofophy. Gold is a wonderful clearer paffions, and the regulation of my desires. I of the understanding; it dissipates every doubt doubt not, Sir, but in your imagination fuch and fcruple in an initant; accommodates itself virtues as these of my worthy friend, bear as co the meaneft capacities; filences the loud and great a figure as actions which are more glitflamorous, and brings over the most obstinate tering in the common estimation. What I and infexible. Philip of Macedon was a man of would ask of you, is to give us a whole Spec. most invincible reason this way. He refuted by (tator upon heroic virtue in common life, which it all the wisdom of Athens, confounded their may incite men to the fame generous inclinaa Statesmen, ftruck their orators dumb, and at tions, as have by this admirable person been ļength argued them out of all their liberties. " thewn to, and raised in, Having here touched upon the several methods

Sir, your most humble fervans," of disputing, as they have prevailed in different ages of this world, thall very suddenly give my


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- Mr. Spectator,

AM'a country gentleman, of a good plenti-" N° 241. THURSDAY, DECEMBER 6.
I ful estate, and live as the rest of my neigh-?
« bours with great hospitality. I have been ever Semperque relinqui
• reckoned among the ladies the best company in Sola sibi, semper longam incomitata videtur
« the world, and have access as a sort of favourite. Ire viam.

Virg. fen. 4. ver. 466. "I never came in public but I faluted them,

She seems alone • though in great assemblies, all around, where it To wander in her feep thro’ ways unknown, was seen how genteelly í avoided hampering Guideless and dark.

DRYDEN my spurs in their petticoats, whilst I moved amongst them; and on the other side how pret ? Mr. Spectator, tily they curtfied and received me, Itanding in

HOUGH you have confidered virtuous proper rows, and advancing as fast as they saw

love in most of its distresses, I do not re<iheir elders, or their betters, dispatched by me.

member that you have given us any dissertation “But so it is, Mr. Sportator, that all our good

upon the absence of lovers, or laid down any « breeding is of late loft by the unhappy arrival

" methods how they should support themselves of a courtier, ordãown gentleman, who cam:

under those long separations which they are lately among us: this person wherever he came

'sometimes forced to undergo. I am at present • into a 'room made a profound bow, and fell

in this unhappy circumstance, having parted • back, then recovered with a soft air, and made

with the best of husbands, who is abroad in the a bow to the next, and foʻto one or two more, « and then took the cross of the room, by passing turn for fone years." His warm and generous

service of his country, and may not possibly re, by them in a continued bow until he arrived at

affection while we were together, with the tenthe person he thought proper particularly to en

i derness which he expressed to me at parting, « tertain. This he did with so good a grace and

( make his absence almost infupportable. I think affurance, that it is taken for the present fa.

of him every moment of the day, and meet him • fhion! and there is no young gentlewoman

every night in my dreams. Every thing I see within several miles of this place has been

puts me in mind of him. I apply myself with • kissed ever since his first appearance among us.

' more than ordinary diligence to the care of his • We country gentlemen cannot begin again and

? family and his ertate; but this, instead of re« learn these fine and reserved airs; and our con• versation is at a stand, until we have your judga i wishing for his return. I frequent the rooms

i lieving me, gives me but so many occasions of ment for or against kiffing, by way of civility

! where I used to converse with him, and not or falutation; which is impatiently expected meeting him there, sit down in his chair, and

by your friends of both sexes, but by none so 6 much as

fall a weeping. I love to read the books hę 6 Your liumble servant,

delighted in, and to converse with the persons

( whom he esteemed. I visit his picture a hun. • Rustic Sprightly;' dred times a day, and place myself over-against

it whole hours together. I pass a great part of " Mr. Spectator,

my time in the walks where I used to lean upon Was the at , where I ex - , and recollect in my mind the discourses " but was unhappily disappointed of his compa over the several prospects and points of view

ny, and saw another person who had the like ( which we used to survey together, fix my eye • ambition to distinguish himself in a noisy man upon the objects which he has made me take

ner, partly by vociferation or talking loud, and notice of, and call to mind a thousand agreeable partly by his bodily agility. Thit was a very remarks which he has made on those occasions. lufty fellow, but withal a fort of beau, who get I write to him by every conveyance, and con

ting into one of the de-boxes on the stage bę (trary to other people, am always in good hu<fore the curtain drew, was difpofed to thow the mour when an east wind blows, because it fel« whole audience his activity by leaping over the • dom fails of bringing me a letter from him, ' spikes; he passed from thence to one of the en Let me intreat you, Sir, to give me your advice 'tering doors, where he took snuff with a tolę- upon this occafion, and to let me know how • rable good grace, displayed his fine clothes, ? I may relieve myself in this my widowhood, • made iwo or three feint pasies at the curtain " I am, • with his cane, then faced about and appeared

' Sir, your very humble servant, at the other door: here he affected to survey the

Asteria.' ? whole house, bowed and smiled at random, and

then thewed his teeth, which were some of them Absence is what the pocts call death in love, ' indeed very white : after this he retired behind and has given occasion to abundance of beautiful • the curtain, and obliged us with several views complaints in those authors who have treated of • of his person from every opening.

this passion in verse. Ovid's Epistles are full of • During the time of alting, he appeared fre- them. Otway's Monimia talks very tenderly quently in the prince's apartm.ent, made ope upon this subject. at the hunting-match, and was very forward in the rebellion, If there were no injunctions to

r It was not kind
the contrary, yet this practice must be confessed « To leave me like a turtle, here alone,
to diminish the pleasure of the audience, and for “ To droop and mourn the absence of mate.
« that reason presumptuous and unwarrantable: 66 When thou art from me, every place is desert,

but since her majesty's late command has made “And I, methinks, am savage and forlorn.
it criminal, you have authority to take notice of it. Thy presence only 'tis can make me blert,

Sir, Your humble servant, 's Heal my unquiet mind, and tune my soul.”

Charļes Easy;

Dec. 3, 1711




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The consolations of lovers on these occasions If Monsieur Scudery, or any other writer of' are very extraordinary. Besides those mentioned romance, had introduced a necromancer, who is by Asteria, there are many other motives of generally in the train of a knight-errant, making comfort, which are made use of by absent lov a present to two lovers of a couple of these above

mentioned needles, the reader would not have I remember in one of Scudery's romances, a been a little pleased to have seen them corres. couple of honourable lovers agreed at their part- ponding with one another when they were guarded ing to set aside one half hour in the day to think of by spies and watches, or separated by castles and each other during a tedious absence. The ro adventures, mance tells us, that they both of them pun In the mean while, if ever this invention should tually observed the time thus agreed upon : be revived or put in practise, I would propose, and that whatever company or business they that upon the lover's dial-plate there should be were engaged in, they left it abruptly as soon written not only the four and twenty letters, but as the clock warned them to retire. The ro. several intire words which have always a place in mance further adds, that the lovers expected the passionate epistles, as “ filames, darts, die, lanreturn of this stated hour with as much impa, co guish, absence, Cupid, heart, eyes, hang, tience, as if it had been a real afsignation, and en « drown," and the like. This would very much joyed an imaginary happiness that was almost as “ abridge the lover's pains in this way of wripleasing to them as what they would have found ting a letter, as it would enable him to express from a real meeting. It was an inexpressible sa- the most useful and significant words with a tisfaction to these divided lovers, to be assured single touch of the needle, that each was at the same time employed in the same kind of contemplation, and making equal returns of tenderness and affection,

No 242. FRIDAY, DECEMBER 7, If I may be allowed to mention a more serious expedient for the alleviating of absence, I Mall Creditur, ex medio quia res arcefit, babere take notice of one which I have known two per- Sudoris minimumfons practise, who joined religion to that elegance

Hor. Ep. 1. lib 2. ver. 16%. of sentiments with which the passion of love gen To write on vulgar themes, is thought an easy nerally inspires its votaries. This was, at the

task. return of such an hour, to offer up a certain prayer for each other, which they had agreed upon be

"Mr. Spectator, fore their parting. The husband, who is a man OUR speculations do not fo generahy that makes a figure in the polite world, as well

prevail over men's manners as I could as in his own family, has often told me, that he (with. A former paper of your's concerning could not have supported an absence of three years the misbehaviour of people, who are necessarily without this expedient.

« in each other's company in travelling, ought to Strada, in one of his prolusions, gives an ac I have been a lasting admonition against tranfcount of a chimerical correspondence between gressions of that kind: but I had the fate of two friends by the help of a certain loadstone, your Quaker, in meeting with a rude fellow which had fuch virtue in it, that if it touched two rin a stage-coach, who entertained two or three several needles, when one of the needles so touched women of us, for there was no man besides began to move, the other, though at never fo himself with language as indecent as ever was great a distance, moved at the same time, and in heard upon the water. The impertinent obthe same manner. He tells us, that the two fervations which the coxcomb made upon our friends, being each of them poffefsed of one of shame and confusion were such, that it is an these needles, made a kind of a dial-plate, inscribe' unspeakable grief to reflect upon them. As ing it with the four and twenty letters, in the much as you have declaimed against duelling, fame manner as the hours of the day are marked I hope you will do us the justice to declare, upon the ordinary dial-plate. They then fixed that if the brute has courage enough to send to one of the needles on each of these plates in such the place where he saw us all alight together to a manner, that it could move round without im get rid of him, there is not one of us but has a pediment, so as to touch any of the four and lover who fall avenge the insult. It would twenty letters. Upon their separating from one certainly be worth your consideration, to look another into diftant countries, they agreed to into the frequent misfortunes of this kind, to withdraw themselves punctually into their closets ( which the modest and innocent are exposed, by at a certain hour of the day, and to converse with " the licentious behaviour of such as are as much one another by means of this their invention. 6 strangers to good-breeding as to virtue. Could Accordingly when they were some hundred miles (we avoid hearing what we do not approve, as asunder, each of them shut himself up in his clo easily as we can seeing what is disagreeable, set at the time appointed, and immediately cast there were some confolation; but fince in a his eye upon his dial-plate. If he had a mind to box at a play, in an assembly of ladies, or even write any thing to his friend, he directed his nee (in a pew at church, it is in the power of a gross die to every letter that formed the words which (coxcomb to utter what a woman cannot avoid he had occasion for, making a little pause at the hearing, how miserable is her condition who end of every word or sentence, to avoid confu ( comes within the power of such impertinents ? sion. The friend, in the mean while, saw his " and how neceffary is it to repeat invectives own sympathetic needle moving of itself to every against such a behaviour ? If the licentious had letter which that of his correspondent pointed at. not utterly forgot what it is to be modest, they By this means they talked together across a whole I would know that offended modesty labours uncontinent, and conveyed their thoughts to one der one of the greatest sufferings to which hu.

another in an instant over çities or mountains, ' man life can be exposed. If one of these brutes seas or defertso,




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