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yelist, in opposition to those who begin their:ro “ Whilft all around the Zephyrs bear
November, when the people of England hang “ Does, o'er cach flow'r with beauteous pride
and drown themselves, a disconíolate lover prevail, • walked out into the fields, &c.'
« And itands with dews and kindeft fun-ihine Every one ought to fence against the temper of bleft, his climate or constitution, and frequently to in. “ In fair pre-eminence, superior to the reft: dulge in himself those considerations which may “ So if my love, with happy influence ined give him a serenity of mind, and enable him to “ His eyes bright sunshine on his lover's head, bear up chearfully against those little evils and " Then Mall the role of Sharon's field, misfortunes which are common to human nature, " And whitest lilies to my beauties yield.” and which, by a right improvement of them: “ Then fairent flow’rs with fiudious art comwill produce a satiety of joy, and an uninterrupt bine, ed happiness.
“ The roses with the lilies join, At the same time that I would engage my rea
" And their united charms are less than mine der to consider the world in its most agreeable
II. lights, I must own there are many evils which
" As much as faireft lilies can surpass naturally spring up, amidst the entertainments
thorn in beauty, or in height the grass ; that are provided for us; but there, if rightly
“ So does my, love among the virgins thine, confidered, ihould be far from overcasting the ... “ Adorn’d with graces more than half divine; mind with sorrow, or destroying that chearfulnefs of temper which I have been recomuending. . “ Is hung with appies all of ruddy gold,
“ Or as a trce, that gloricus to behold,
“ Hesperian fruit; and beautifully bugil,
“ So does my love the virgins eyes invite:
" 'Tis he alone can fix their wand'ring fight, following words:
« Among ten thousand eminentiy bright. • Beyond all this, we may find another reason
degrees of pleasure and pain, in all the things “ Beneath his pleating ihade,
together, in al nost all that cur thoughts and" And on his tragrant boughs reclin'd my head,
senses have to do with ; that, we finding imper “ I pull'd the golden fruit with eager haste;
happiness in all the enjoyments, which the “ Wich sparkling wine he crown d the bowi,
« I faint ! I die! my lahouring breast N° 388. MONDAY, MAY 26.
« Is with the mighty weight of love oppret;
« I feel the fire poffeís my heart,
" And pain convey'd to ev'ry part,
“Thro all my veins the patron fiies,
“ My fceblo foul forhakes its place, For thee, I dare unlock the sacred spring,
“ A treinbling iaintncís seals my eyes, And arts disclos'd by antient fages ling.
“ And palencis dwells upon my face:
« Oh! let my love with pow'riul odours itay Mr, Sperator,
« My fainting love-fick foul, that dies away : TT is my custom, when I read your papers, to
« One hand beneath me let him place,
" With t'other press me in a chafe einbrace, "thors from 'wiience you take them: as you
“ I charge you, nymphs of Sion, as you go looking into it; and upon reading it I thought “ Arm’d with the founding quiver and the Bw. • the ideas so exquisitely soft and tender, that I
« Whilft thro' the loathsome woods you rove, could not help making this paraphrase of. “ You ne'er disturb my sleeping love; 'it; which, now it is done, I can as little « Be only gentle Zephyrs there, « forbear sending to you. Some marks of your .
« With downy wings to ian che air; approbation, which I have already received,
" Let sacred ulence dwell around, i have given me fo fenfible a taste of them, that • To keep off each intruding found : ? I cannct forbear endeavouring after thein as... « And when the balmy fiumber leaves his eyek, I often as I can with any appearance of success. “ May he to joys, unknown till then, arite. "I am, SIR,
VI. " Your molt obedient humble servant.?
« But see! he comes! with what majestie
gait. The second chapter of Solomon's Song,
“ He onward bears his lovely state! I.
“ Now thro' the lattice he
" Arise, my fair one, and receive
The author pretends that Jupiter, once upon * All the pleasures love can give,
a time, resolved on a reformation of the constel. « For now the fullen winter's past,
lations : for which purpose having summoned " No more we fear the northern blast: the stars together, he complains to them of the “ No storms nor threat’ning clouds appear, great decay of the worship of the gods, which « No falling rains deform the year.
he thought so much the harder, having called re« My love admits of no delay,
veral of thofe celestial bodies by the names " Arife, my fair, and come away,
of the heathen deities, and hy that means made
the beavens as it were a book of the pagan VIT. “ Already see the tceming earth
theology. Momus tells him that this is not to “ Brings forth the fow'rs, her beauteous birth.
be wondered at, since there were so many scan* The dews, and soft descending thow'rs,
dalous stories of the deities ; upon which the " Nurse the new-born tender flow'rs.
author takes occasion to cast reflexions upon all • Hark! the birds melodious fing,
other religions, concluding that Jupiter, after a « And sweetly usher in the spring.
full hearing, discarded the deities out of heaven, « Close by his fellow fits the dove,
and called the stars by the names of the moral
This short fable, which has no pretence in it “ Diffusing round a grateful smell,
to reason or argument, and but a very small
Thare of wit, has however recommended itself « Arife my fair one and receive * All the blessings love can give :
wholly by its impiety, to those weak men, who “ For love admits of no delay,
would diftinguish themselves by the fingularity
of their opinions.
There are two considerations which have been
often urged against atheists, and which they never ** As to its mate the constant dove
yet rould get over. 16 Fiies through the covert of the spicy grove,
The first is, that the great
eft and most eminent persons of all ages have « So let us hasten to some lonely shade,
been against them, and always complied with the “ There let me safe in thy lov’d arms be laid, " Where no intruding hateful noise
public forms of worship established in their res « Shall damp the found of thy melodious pective countries, when there was nothing in voice ;
them either derogatory to the honour of the Su" Where I may gaze and mark each beauteous preme Being, or prejudicial to the good of man
kind. grace :
I he Platos and C.ceros among the ancients « For sweet thy voice, and lovely is thy face.
the Bacons, the Boyles, and the Lockes, a: « As all of me, my love, is thine,
mong our own coun men, are all instances of
what I have been saying, not to mention any of « Let all of thee be ever mine.
the divines, however celebrated, fince our ad“ Among the lilies we will play,
versaries challenge all those, as men who have « Fai:c; my love, thou art than they;
too much interest in this case to be impartial « Till the purple morn arise,
evidences. « And balmy sleep forsake thine eyes;
But what has been often urged as a consideration « Till the gladsome beams of day 5 Remove the shades of night away;
of much more weight, is not only the opinion of « Then when soft sleep shall from thy eyes de. the better fort, but the general consent of man
kind to this great truth : which I think could rart,
not possibly have come to pass, but from one of 56 Rise like the bounding roe, or lusty hart, « Glad to behold the light again
the three following reaswns; either that the idea « From Bether’s mountains darting o'er 'the of a God is innate and co-existent with the plain,
mind itself; cr that this truth is so very ob. vious, that it is discovered by the first exertion of reason in persons of the most ordinary capa
cities ; or lasily, that it has been delivered down N° 389. TUESDAY, MAY 27. to us through all ages by a tradition from the
first man. Meliora pi docuere parentes.
The atheists are equally confounded, to which
ever of these three causes we asign it; they have Their pious fires a better leíron taught.
been lo prefied by this last argument from the OTHING has more surprised the learned general conf nt of mankind, that after great
in England, than the price which a finall search and pains they pretend to have found out book, intitled Spacrio, della Bestia triomfante, bore a nation of atheists, I mean that polite people in a late auction. This book was fold for thirty the Hottentots. pounds. As it was written by one Jordanus I dare not shock my readers with the defcrip. Brunus, a proiett atheist, with a design to de- tion of the customs and manners of these baia preciate religion, every one was apt to fancy, barians, having no language among them but from the extravagant price it bore, that there a confused gabble, which is neither well unmust be something in it very formidable.
derstood by themselves or others. I must confess, that happening to get a night It is not however to be imagined how much of one of them myself, I could not forbear pe- the atheists have gloried in these their good rusing it with this apprehension; but found friends and allies. there was so very little danger in it, that I shall If we boalt of a Socrates or a Seneca, they venture to give my readers a fair account of the may now confront them with these great philofowhole plan upon which the wonderful treatise sophers the Hottentots, is built.
Though even this point has, not without reafon, been several times Controverted, I see no
manner of harm it could do religion, if we mankind of what themselves own is of excellent Thould entirely give them up this elegant part of use in all great focieties, without once offering mankind.
to establish any thing in the room of it: I think Methinks nothing more Mews the weakness of the best way of dealing with them, is to retort their cause, than that no division of their fellow- their own weapons upon them, which are those creatures join with them, but those among of scorn and mockery.
X whom they themselves own reason is als most defaced, and who have little else but their Mape, which can entitle them to any place in N° 390. WEDNESDAY, MAY 28. the species.
Besides these poor creatures, there have now Non pudendo sed non faciendo id quod non decet, and then been instances of a few crazy people impudentiæ nomen effugere debemus.
TULL. in several nations, who have denied the exist- The way to avoid the imputation of impudence, ence of a deity.
is not to be alhamed of what we do, but never The catalogue of these is however very short;
to do what we ought to be ashamed of. even Vanini, the most celebrated champion for the cause, professed before his judges that he
ANY are the epiftles I receive from ladies believed the existence of a God, and taking up
extremely afflicted that they lie under a straw which lay before him on the ground, the observation of scandalous people, who love assured them, that alone was sufficient to con
to defame' their neighbours, and make the unvince him of it; alledging several arguments to justert interpretation of innocent and indifferent prove that it was imposible nature alone could actions. They describe their own behaviour so create any thing.
unhappily, that there indeed lies fome cause of I was the other day reading an account of Ca- suspicion upon them. It is certain, that there simir Liszynski, a gentleman of Poland, who is no authority for persons who have nothing was convicted and executed for this crime. The else to do, to pass away hours of conversation manner of his punishment was very particular. upon the miscarriages of other people, but lince As soon as his body was burnt, his ashes were
they will do so, they who value their reputation put into a cannon, and thot into the air towards should be cautious of appearances to their disadTartary.
vantage : but very often our young women, as I am apt to believe, that if fomething like well as the middle-aged and the gay part of this method of punishment should prevail in Eng. those growing old, without entering into a forland, fuch is the natural good sense of the British mal league for that purpose, to a woman agree nation, that whether we rammed an atheist whole upon a short way to preserve their characters, into a great gun, or pulverised our infidels, as
and go on in a way that at best is only not via they do in Poland, we should not have many
cious. The method is, when an ill-natured or charges.
talkative girl has said any thing that bears hard I thould, however, propose, while our ammu
upon some part of another's carriage, this creanition lasted, that instead of Tartary, we should
ture, if not in any of their lit: le cabals, is run always keep two or three cannons ready pointed down for the most cenforious dargerous body in towards the Cape of Good Hope, in order to
the world. Thus they guard their reputation shoot our unbelievers into the country of the rather than their modelly; as if guilt lay in Hottentots.
being under the imputation of a fault, and not in In my opinion, a solemn judicial death is too the commission of it. Orbicilla is the kindest poor great an honour for an atheist, though I must thing in the town, but the most blushing creaallow the method of exploding him, as it is
ture living : it is true, me has not lost the sense practised in this ludicrous kind of martyrdom, of name, but he has lost the sense of innocence. has something in it proper enough to the nature
If me had more confidence, and never did any of this offence,
thing which ought to itain her cheeks, would the There is indeed a great objection against this
not be much more modest without that ambigumanner of treating them. Zeal for religion is
ous suffufon, which is the livery both of guilt of so active a nature, that it feldom knows and innocence ? Modesty confifts in being conwhere to reft; for which reason I am afraid, scious of no ill, and not in being ashamed of after having discharged our atheists, we might having done it. When people go upon any poffibly think of thouting off our sectaries; and other foundation than the truth of their own as one does not foresee the vicissitude of human hearts for the conduct of their actions, it lies affairs, it might one time or other come to a
in the power of scandalous tongues to carry the man's own turn to fly out of the mouth of a
world before them, and make the reít of mandemiculverin,
kind fall in with the ill, for fear of reproach. If any of my readers imagine that I have traat On the other hand, to do what you ouglit, is the ed these gentlemen in too ludicrous a manner, I ready way to moke calumny either filent or inmust contess for my own part, I think reasoning effectually malicious. Spenser, in his Fairy against such unbelievers upon a point that mocks Queen, says admirably to young ladies under the the common sense of mankind, is doing them distress of being defamed :: too great an honour, giving them a sigure in The best, said he, that I can you advise, the eye of the world, and making people fancy Is to avoid the occasion of the ill; that they have more in them than they really For when the cause, whence evil doch arise, have.
Removed is, th' effect furceareth itil]. As for those persons who have any fcheme of Abstain from pleasure, and restrain your wi!!, religious worinip, I am for treating such with Subdue defire, and bridle loose dclight a the utmost tenderness, and should endeavour to Use scanty diet, and forbear your fill; thew them their errors with the greatest temper Shun secrecy, and talk in open fight: and humanity; but as these miscreants are for So Mall you soon repair your present evil plight, throwing down religion in general, for tripping
Instead of this care over their words and actions, tecominended by a poet in old queen Bess's days, N° 391. THURSDAY, MAY 29. the modern way is to say and do what you please,
Non eu prece poscis emaci, and yet be the prettiest sort of women in the world. If fathers and brotliers will defend a At bona pars procerum tacitâ libabit acerrâ,
Que n'fi feáuet's nequeas committere Divis : lady's honour, she is quite as safe as in her own innocence. Many of the distressed, wlio suffer Haud cuiuis promptum eft, murmurque bum:lefque under the malice of evil tongues, are so harmless Tollere de remplis ; & aperto vivere vores that they are every day they live asleep until Mens bona, fama, fides; bæc claré, & ut dudido twelve at nocn: concern themselves witli nothing but their own persons until two take Illa fibi introrfum, & fub lingua immurmurat: 05
bospes, vist, go to the play; and fit up at cards ursil Sub raftro crepet argenti mibi feria dextro towards the ersuing morn; and the malicious Hercule! prep #amve utinàm, afuem proxime's hæres world fall draw conclufions from innocent
Pers. Sat 2. v. 3 glances, fort whispers, or pretty familiar ralleries with fathionable men, that these fair ones Thy pray'rs the test of Heav'n will bear; are not as rigid as vetials. It is certain, say Nor nécd'st thou take the Gols atide, to hear : these gooden creatures very well, that virtue While others, e'en tlie miglity men of Rome, does not contist in constrained behaviour and wry Big swelld with mischief, to the temples come; faces, that must he allowed : but there is a de- And in low murmurs, and with costly smoke, cency in the aspect and manner of ladies con Heav'n's help, to prosper their black vows, intracted from a habit of virtue, and from general
vcke. reflexions that regard a modeit conduct, ail so boldly to the Gods mankivid reveal which may be understood, though they cannot what from each other they, for same, conceal. be described. A young woman of this sort Give me good fame, ye pow'rs, and inake me claims an esteem mixed with affection and honour, and meets with no deiamation; or if the Thuis much tác rogue to public eårs will träft. does, the wild malice is overcome with an un- In private thon. When wilt thou, nighty Jove; disturbed perseverance in iser inncccnce. To My wealthy uncle from this world remove ? speak freely, there are such coveys of coquettes Or-O'thou thund'rer's fon, great Hercules, about this town, that is the peace was not kept That once thy bounteous deity would please by some impertinent tongues of their own sex, To guide my rake, upon the chinking found wihich keep them under some restraint, we Or fome vast treasure, bidden under ground ! thrould have no manner of engagement upon were my pupil fairly knock d o’th' head! them to keep them in any tolerable order. I Mould poiiefs th' citate if he were dead. As I am a Spectator, and behold how plainly
DRÝDEN. one part of woman-kind balance the behaviour of the other, whatever I may think of tale INILE Homer represents Plienix, the tearers or sandcrers, I cannct whoily suppress
tutor of Achilles, as persuading his pu.. thon, no more than a general would discourage pil to lay afide his resentments, and give himself ipies. The enemy would easily surprise hin up to the intreatics of his countryinen, the poet when they knew had no intelligence of their in order to make him speak in character, ascribes motions. It is so far otherwise with me, that to hiin a speech full of those fables and allegories I ackrcwledge I permit a she-landerer or two which old men take delight in reiating, and whichi in every quarter of the town, to live in the are very proper for instruction. "The Gods, characters of coqueties, and take all the inno- says he, Tuffer themselves to be prevailed upon cont freccionis of the rest, in order to fund me " by intreaties. When mortals have offended information of the behaviour of their respective them by their transgreffions, they appease thein Gierloods.
(by vows and facrifices. You must know, Fiut as the matter of respect to the world, Achilles, thar prayers are the daughters of Juwhich looks on, is carried on, methinks it is piter. They are crippled by frequent kneeling, so very easy to be what is in the general called have their faces full of cards and wrinkles, and virtuous, that it need noi coli one hour's reflex their eyes always cast towards Heaven. They icn in a nicnih to preserve that appeilation. It are comitant attendants on the goddess Atě, and is pleasant to hear the pretty rogues talk of vir march bevind her. This goddeis walks fortue and vice among each other : the is the laziert (ward with a bold and haughty air, and being ceature in the world, but I must confefs striály very light of foot, runs through the whole eartli, virtuous; the peevishett hulley breathing, but grieving and afflicting the fons of men. She as io her virtue, The is without blemish : Me las gets the start of Prayers, who always follory not the last charity for any of her acquaintance, her, in order to lical those persons whóm the but I must allow her rigidly virtuous. As the I wounds. He who honouis those daughters of
unthinking part of the inale worlä сail every Jupiter, when they draw near to him, receives • man a man ct horour who is not a coward; so great benefit from thein; but as for him who
the croud of the other x ternis every woman rejects them, they intreat their father to give who will not be a Wench, virtuous.
Elvis order's to the goddess Até, tô punith him < for Inis hardness of liéart.' This noble allegory needs but little explanaticn; for wlicther the goddess Arc signifies injury, as some have explained it'; or guilt in general, as, others; or divine justice, as I am the more apt to think, the interpretation is cbvious enough.
I shall produce another heathen fable relating
feries of human life. The old fellow shall liye to prayers, which is of a more diverting kind. till he makes his heart ake, I can tell him that One would think by some passages in it, that it ' for his pains. This was followed by the soft was composed by Lucian, or at least by some ' voice of a pious lady, defiring Jupiter that he author who has endeavoured to imitate his way
amiable and charming in the light of writing : but as dissertations of this nature
As the philosopher was reare more curious than useful, I fall give my ' fecting on this extraordinary petition, there reader the fable, without any further inquiries af « blew a gentle wind through the trap-door, ter the author.
which he at first mistook for a gale of Zephyrs, Menippus the philosopher was a second time but afterwards found it to be a breeze of fighs : taken up into Heaven by Jupiter, when for his they smelt strong of flowers and incense, and entertainment he lifted up a trap-door that was
were succeeded by most passionate complaints placed by his foot-stool, At its rising, there of wounds and torments, fires and arrows, crus ç issued through it such a din of cries as astonith ' elty, despair, and death. Menippus fancied
ed the philofopher. Upon his asking what they r that such lamentable cries arose from some gemeant, Jupiter told him they were the prayers neral execution, or from wretches lying under that were sent up to him from the earth. Me the torture; but Jupiter told him that they nippus, amidst the confusion of voices, which came up to him from the ifte of Paphos, and was so great, that nothing less than the ear of ' that he every day received complaints of the
Joye could distinguish them, heard the words, fame nature from that whimsical tribe of mor-riches, honour, and long life, repeated to se tals who are called lovers. . I am so trified with, ' veral different tones and languages. When the • says he, by this generation of both sexes, and (first hubbub of sounds was over, the trap-door ' find it so impossible to please them, whether I being left open, the yoices caine up more sepa grant or refuse their petitions, that I shall order
rate and distinct. The firit prayer was a very a western wind for the future to intercept them 6. odd one; it came from Athens, and desired Ju. in their passage, and blow them at random up
piter to increase the wisdom and the beard of on the earth. The last petition I heard was his humble fupplicant. Menippus knew it by from a very aged man of near an hundred years the voice to be the prayer of his friend Lycander old, begging but for one year more of life, and the philosopher. This was succeeded by the then promising to die contented. This is the petition of one who had just laden a ship, and rarest old fellow, says Jupiter. He has made promised Jupiter, if he took care of it, and re " this prayer to me for above twenty years togeturned it home again full of riches, he would
(ther. When he was but fifty years old, he de• make him an offering of a silver cup. Jupiter
fired only that he might live to see his son settled thanked him for nothing; and bending down • in the world, I granted it. He then begged the ' his ear more attentively than ordinary, heard a " same favour for his daughter, and afterwards < voice complaining to him of the cruelty of an
that he might see the education of a grandfon : Ephefian widow, and begging him to breed
(when all this was brought about, he puts up a ( compassion in her heart. This, says Jupiter,
petition that he might live to finish a house le " is a very honest fellow. I have received a great was building. In mort, he is an unreasonable « deal of incense from him; I will not be so cruel old cur, and never wants an excudé ; I will hear ! to him as not to hear his prayers. He was then no more of him. Upon which he fiung down ' interrupted with a whole volley of vows which the trap-door in a passion, and was refolved to
were made for the health of a tyrannical prince á give no more audience that day.' • by his subjects who prayed for him in his pre Notwithstanding the levity of this fable, the • sence. Menippus was Turprised, after having moral of 'it very well deserves our attention, and • listened to prayers offered up with so much ar
is the same with that which has been inculcated dour and devotion, to hear low whispers from by Socrates and Plato, not to mention Juvenal the same afsembly expoftulating with Jove for and Persius, who have each of them made the
fuffering such a tyrant to live, and asking him finest satire in their whole works upon this subject. • how his thunder could lie idle? Jupiter was
The vanity of men's wishes, which are the na. so offended at these prevaricating rafcals, that tural prayers of the mind, as well as many of he took down the first vows, and puffed away those secret devotions which they offer to the
the last. The philofopher feeing a great cloud Supreme Being are sufficiently exposed by it. * mounting upwards, and making its way direct. Among other reasons for set forms of prayer, I • ly to the trap-door, inquired of Jupiter what it have often thought it a very good one, that by < meant. This, fays Jupiter, is the smoke of a this means the folly and extravagance of men's ( whole hecatomb that is oftered me by the ge- desires may be kept within due bounds, and ret • neral of an army, who is very importunate with break out in absurd and ridiculous petitions on fo me to let him cut off an hundred thousand men great and folemn an occasion.
I " that are drawn up in array against him: what * does the impudent wretch think I see in him, to
believe I will make a facrifice of so many mor- Nó 390. FRIDAY, MAY 32. * tals as good as himself, and all this to his story Per ambages & minifteria deorum forsooth? But hark, says Jupiter, there is a
PETROS. is voice I never heard but in time of danger : it is Præcipitandus eft liber spiritus. sa rogue ihat is shipwrecked in the Ionian fea: [ By fable's aid ungovern’d fancy foars, - saved him
on a plank but three days ago, upon And claims the minisry of heav'nly pow'rs. his promise to mend his manners; the scoundrel
"To the Spectator s is not worth a groat, and yet has the impudence' The transformation of Fidelio into a locking* to offer me a temple if I will keep him from
glass. i finking.---But yonder, says he, is a special youth! WAS lately at a téa-table, where some
young ladies entertained the company wich • keeps a great estate from him, out of the mi.