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See Heav'n its sparkling portals wide as it has shewn itself in all ages: there is still exdisplay,

tant an epistle written by Alexander the Great to And break upon thee in a flood of day! his tutor Aristotle, upon that philosopher's pubCap. 60. No more the rising sun shall gild the lifning some part of his writings; in which the 0.19,20. morn,

prince complains of his having made known to Norev’ning Cynthia fill her silver horn, all the world those secrets in learning which lie But loft, diffoly'd in thy superior rays, had before communicated to him in private One tide of glory, one unclouded lectures ; concluding, “That he had rather exblaze

( cel the rest of mankind in know!edge than in O'erflow thy courts : The Light Him power' self mall-shine

Louisa de Padilla, a lady of great learning, and Reveal'd, and God's eternal day be countess of Aranda, was in like manner angry thine!

with the famous Gratian, upon his publishing 6.51, v.6. The feas Mall waste, the skies in smoke his treatise of the Discreto! wherein me fancied decay,

that he had laid open those maxims to common Rocks fall to dust, and mountains readers, which ought only to have been reserved

for the knowledge of the great. But fix'd His word, His saving pow'r These cbjections are thought by many of ro remains :

much weight, that they often defend the aboveThy Realm for ever lasts, thy own mentioned authors, by affirming they have affectMessiah reigns,

T ed such an obscurity in their stile and manner of

writing, that though every one may read their works, there will be but very few who can com

prehend their meaning. N° 379. THURSDAY, MAY 15.

Persius, the Latin satirist, affected obfcurity for

another reason ; with which however Mr. CowScire tuum nibil est nisi te scire hoc sciat alter. ley is so offended, that writing to one of his

Pers. Sat. 1. V. 27. friends, You, says he, tell me, that you do not

know whether Persius be a good poet or no, be-Science is not fcience till reveal'd,

cause you cannot understand him; for which very DRYDEN. reason I affirm that he is not so.

However, this art of writing unintelligibly has Have often wondered at that ill-natured po- heen very much improved, and followed by fe

sition which has been sometimes maintained veral of the moderns, who observing the general in the schools, and is comprised in an old Latin inclination of mankind to dive into a secret, and verse, namely, that`a man's knowledge is worth the reputation many have acquired by concealing

nothing, if he communicates what he knows their ineaning under obscure terms and phrases, to any one berides.' There is certainly no refolve, that they may be fill more abstruse, to more sensible pleasure to a good-natured man, write without any meaning at all. This art, as than if he can by any means gratify or inform it is at present practised by many eminent authe mind of another. I might add, that this vir thors, consists in throwing so many words at a fue naturally carries its own reward along with venture into different periods, and leaving the cuit, since it is almost impoffible it hould be exer rious reader to find the meaning of them. cised without the improvement of the person The Egyptians, who made use of hieroglyphics who practises it. The reading of books, and the to signify several things, expressed a man who daily occurrences of life, are continually furnish- confined his knowledge and discoveries altogether ing us with matter for thought and reflexion. within himself, by the figure of a dark lanthorn It is extremely natural for us to desire to see such closed on all sides, which, though it was illumiour thoughts put into the dress of words, with nated within,'afforded no manner of light or adout which indeed we can scarce have a clear and vantage to such as stood by it. For my own part, distinct idea of them ourselves : when they are as I shall from time to time communicate to the thus cloathed in expressions, nothing so truly public whatever discoveries 1 happen to make, I Mews us whether they are just or falfe, as there should much rather be compared to an ordinary effects which they produce in the minds of others. lamp, which confumes and wastes itself for the

I am apt to flatter myself, that in the course of benefit of every passenger. these my speculations, I have treated of several I Mall conclude this paper with the story of Ro.. fubjects, and laid down many such rules for the ficrucius's fepulchre. I suppose I need not inconduct of a man's life, which my readers were form my readers that this man was the author of either wholly ignorant of before, or which at the Rosiçrusian fect, and ihat his disciples still least those few, who were acquainted with them, pretend to new discoveries which they are never looked upon as so many secrets they have found to communicate to the rest of mankind. out for the conduct of themselves, but were re. A certain person haying occafion to dig somefclved never to have made public.

what deep in the ground, where this philosopher I am the more confirmed in this opinion from lay interred, met with a small door, having a wall my having received several letters, wherein I am on each side of it. His curiosity, and the hopes çensured for having prostituted learning to the of finding some hidden treasure, soon prompted embraces of the vulgar, and made her, as one of him to force open the door. He was immediatemy correspondents phrases it, a common strum- ly surprised by a sudden blaze of light, and discopet: I am charged by another with laying open vered a very fair vault : at the upper end of it was the Arcana, or secrets of prudence, to the eyes of a ftatue of a man in armour ficting by a table, every reader.

and leaning on his left arm. He held a truncheon The narrow spirit which appears in the letters in his right hand, and had a lamp burning before of these my correspondents is the less surprising, him. The man had no sooner fit one foot with


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'n the vault, than the statue erecting itself from Mr. Speétator.

April 28, 1712. its leaning posture, Rood bolt upright; and upon

OUR observations on persons that have the fellow's advancing another step, lifted up his

behaved themselves irreverently truncheon in his right hand. The man still ven

church, I doubt not have had a good effect on tured a third step, when the statue with a furious

• fo.ne that have read them : but there is anoblow broke the lamp into a thousand pieces, and

other fault which has hitherto escaped your noleft his guest in a sudden darậness.

tice, I mean of such persons as are very zeaUpon the report of this adventure, the country lous and punctual to perform an ejaculation people foon came with lights to the sepulchre, and that is only preparatory to the service of the discovered that the statue, which was made of church, and yet neglect to join in the service brafs, was nothing more than a piece of clock itself. There is an instance of this in a friend work; that the floor of the vault was ail loose, of Will Honeycomb's, who sits opposite to me: and underlaid with several springs, which, upon

"he seldom comes in until the prayers are about any man's entering, naturally produced that half over, and when he has entered his seat which had happened.

(instead of joining with the congregation) he Rosicrucius, say his disciples, made use of this devoutly holds his hat before his face for three method, to thew the world that he had re-invent or four moments, then bows to all his aced the ever-burning lamps of the antients, though • quaintance, fits down, takes a pinch of snuff, he was resolved no one should reap any advantage

o if it be evening service perhaps a nap, and from the discovery,

X ' spends the remaining time in surveying the

congregation. Now, Sir, what I would de.

fire, is, that you will animadvert a little on

"(this gentleman's practice. N° 380. FRIDAY, MAY 16.

practice. In my opinion,

• this gentleman's devotion, cap.in-hand, is only Rivalem patienter habe.

• a compliance to the custom of the place, and Ovid. Ars. Am. 1. 2. v. 538. goes no farther than a little ecclesiastical goudWith patience bear a rival in thy love.

breeding. If you will not pretend to tell us

the motives that bring such trifles to folemn "SIR,

Thursday, May 8, 1712. ( affe.rıblies, yet let me desire that you will give HÉ character you have in the world of ? this letter a place in your paper, and I thall

being the lady's philosopher, and the • remain, « pretty advice I have seen you give to others

Sir, your obliged humble survant, ' in your papers, make me address myself to

'J. S, you in this abrupt manner, and to desire your opinion what in this age a woman may call a

- Mr. Spectator,

May the 5th, lover. I have lately had a gentleman that HE conversation at a club, of which I " I thought made pretensions to me, insomuch

am a member, last night falling upon " that moit of my friends took notice of it, and vanity and the desire of being admired, put

thought we were really married ; which I did me in mind of relating how agreeably I was not take much pains to undeceive them, and entertained at my own door by a clean freih

especially a young gentlewoman of my parti coloured girl, under the most elegant and ( cular acquaintance which was then in the coun • belt furnished milk-pail I had ever obserys try. She coming to town, and seeing our intima. red. I was glad of such an opportunity of

cy so great, the gave herself the liberty of tak "feeing the behaviour of a coquet in low life, ! ing me to talk concerning it: I ingenuousy • and how she received the extraordinary notice (told her we were not married, but I did not ' that was taken of her; which I found had af( know what might be the event.

She scon got

'ficted every muscle of her face in the same acquainted with the gentleman, and was pleaf manner as it does the feature of a first-rate !ed to take upon her to examine him about it. ' toast at a play, or in an affombly. This hint « Now whether a new face had made a greater of mine made the discourse turn upon the

conquest than the old, I will leave you to 5 sense of pleasure; which ended in a general

judge; but I am informed that he utterly de (resolution, that the milk-maid enjoys her va. • nied all pretensions to courtship, but withal nity as exquisitely as the woman of quality,

professed a fincere friendship for me; but " I think it would not be an improper subject whether marriages are proposed by way of for you to examine this frailty, and trace it ? friendship or not, is what I desire to know, to all conditions of life: which is recommend, " and what I may really call a lover. There are ed to you as an occasion of obliging many of < so many who talk in a language fit only for your readers, among the rest, ç that character, and yet guard themselves against

Your moit humble fervant, speaking in direct terms to the point, that it SIR,

"T. B. ! is imposible to distinguish between courtship! OMING last week into a coffee-house not cand conversation. . I hope you will do me juf. far from the exchange with iny basket

tice both upon my lover and my friend, if ' under my arm, a Jew of considerable note, as « they provoke me further : in the mean time " I am informed, takes half a dozen oranges of ! I carry it with fo equal a behaviour, that the me, and as the same time slides a guinea into ! nymph and the swain too are mightily at a my hand; I made him a curtsy, and went my • lots; each believes I, who know them both way: he followed me, and finding I was

well, think myself revenged in their love to going about my business, he came up with me one anothier, which creates an irreconcilable " and told me plainly, that he gave me the

jealousy. If all comes right again, you shall ? quinea with no other intent but to purchase <hear further from,

my person for an hour. Did you To, Sir? "Sir, your most obedient fervant, says I ; you gave it me then to make me be MYRTILLA.? ! wicked; I will keep it to make me honeft.


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May 12,


However, not to be in the reaft ungrateful, I dịtion improper for the present state of luma. promise you I will lay it out in a couple of nity, and is very conspicuous in the characters rings, and wear them for your fake. I am so of those who are looked upon as the greatest phi, just, Sir, besides, as to give every body that losophers among the heathens, as well as among • aks how I came by my rings this account of those who have been deservedly esteemed as

my benefactor ; but to save me the trouble of saints and holy men among Christians. « telling my tale over and over again, I hymbly If we confider chearfulness in three lights, with • beg the favour of you so to tell it once for all, regard to ourselves, to those we converse with, and you will extremely oblige

and to the great Author of our Being, it will • Your humble servant,

not a little recommend itself on each of these

accounts. The man who is poffefred of this 1712,

BETTY LIMON.' excellent frame of mind, is not easy in his

thoughts, but a perfect master of all the powers ISIR,

St. Bride's, May 15, 1712. and faculties of his foul : his imagination is T is a great deal of pleasure to me, and I always clear, and his judgment undisturbed ;

dare fay will be no less satisfaction to you, his temper is even and unruffled, whether in • that I have an opportunity of informing you, action or in folitude. He comes with a relih { that the gentlemen and others of the parith of to all thofe goods which nature has provided • St. Bride's, have raised a charity-school of fifty for him, tastes all the pleasures of the creation “ girls, as before of fifty boys. You were fo which are poured about him, and does not

kind to recommend the boys to the cha- ,feel the full weight of those accidental evils ritable world, and the other sex hope you will which may befal him.

do them the same favour in Friday's Speciator If we consider him in relation to the persons ' for Sunday next, when they are to appear with whom he converses with, it naturally pro« their humble airs at the parish church of St. c'uces love and good. will towards him. A

Bride's. Sir, the mention of this may polfi- chearful mind is not only disposed to be affable • bly be ferviceable to the children: and sure no and obliging, but raises the same good humour

one will omit a good action attended with no in those who come within its influence. A ! expence.

man finds himself pleased, he does not know ? I am SIR,

why, with the chearfulness of his companion : Your very humble servant, It is like a sudden funíhine that awakens a fe"The Sexton.' cret delight in the mind, without lier attending

to it. The heart rejoices of its own accord, No 381. SATURDAY, MAY 17, and naturally flows cut into friendship and

arduis Æquam memento rebus

benevolence towards the person who has so

kindly an effect upon it. Servare mentem, non fecùs in bonis

When I consider this chéarful state of mind Ab insolenti temperatan

in its third relation, I cannot but look upon it Lætitiá moriture Deli. Hor. Od. 3. 1. 2. y. I.

as a constant habitual gratitude to the great AuBe calm my Delius, and serene,

thor of Nature. An inward chearfulners is an Hovever fortune change the scene :

įmplicit praise and thanksgiving to Providence In thy most dejccted state,

under all its dispensations. It is a kind of acSink not underneath the weight;

quiescence in the state wherein we are placed, Nor yet when happy days begin,

and a secret approbation of the Divine Will in And the full tide comes rolling in,

his conduct towards man. Let a fierce, unruly joy

There are but two things, which, in my opin, The fettled quiet of thy mind destroy. ANON.

ion, can reasonably deprive us of this chearsula Have always preferred chearfulness to mirth. ness of heart. The first of these is the sense of

The latter I consider as an act, the former as guilt. A man who lives in a state of vice and an habit of the mind. Mirth is short and tran- impenitence, can have no title to that evenness fient, chearfulness fixed and permanent. Those and tranquility of mind which is the health of are often raised into the greatest transports of the soul, and the natural effect of virtue and mirth, who are subject to the greatest deprese innocence. Chearfulness in an ill man deserves fions of melancholy. On the contrary, chear a harder name than language can furnish us with, fulness, though it does not give the mind such an and is many degrees beyond what we commonly exquisite gladness, prevents us from falling into call folly or madness. any depths of sorrow. Mirth is like a flash of Atheism, by which I mean a disbelief of a lightning, that breaks through a gloom of cloud, Supreme Being, and consequently of a future and glitters for a moment; chearfulness keeps up a state, under whatsoever titles' it shelters itself, kind of day-light in the mind, and fills it with a may likewise very reasonably deprive a man of {teady and perpetual serenity..

this chearfulness of temper. There is something Men of auítere principles look upon mirth as so particularly gloomy and offensive to human too wanton and diffolute for a itate of pro- nature in the prospect of non-existence, that I bation, and as filled with a certain triumph and cannot but wonder with many excellent writers, infolence of heart that is inconsistent with a life how it is polible for a man to outlive the expecwhich is every moment obnoxious to the greatest tation of it. For my own part, I think the dangers. Writers of this complexion have ob- being of a God is so little to be doubted, that ferved, that the sacred person who was the great it is almost the only truth we are sure of, and pattern of perfection was never seen to laugh. such a truth as we mect with in every object, in

Chearfulness of mind is not liable to any of every occurence, and in every thought. If we these exeeptions : it is of a serious and compof- look into the characters of this tribe of infidels, ed nature; it does not throw the mind into a con we generally find they are made up of pride,


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spleen, and cavil: It is indeed no wonder, that ing to ourselves, to those with whom we converse, men, who are uneasy to themselves, should be and to him whoni we were made to please. lo to the rest of the world; and how is it possible

Į for a man to be otherwise than uneafy in himself, who is in danger every moment of losing his intire existence, and dropping into nothing? N° 382. MONDAY, MAY 19.

The vicious man and atheist have therefore no pretence to chearfulness, and would act very un Habes confitentem reum. seasonably, should they endeavour after it. It is

TULL, impofiible for any one to live in good-humour, The accused confesses his guilt. and enjoy his present existence, who is apprehensive either of torment or of annihilation; of OUGHT not to have neglected a request of being miserable, or of not being at all.

one of my correspondents so long as I have; After having mentioned these two great prin- but I care say I have given him time to add pracciples, which are destructive of chearfulness in tice to profession. He sent me some time ago a their own nature, as well as in right reason, I bottle or two of excellent wine to drink the health cannot think of any other that ought to banish of a gentleman who had by the penny-poft adthis happy temper from a virtuous mind. Pain vertised him of an egregious crror in his condu&. and fic.ness, shame and reproach, poverty and My correspondent received the obligation from old age, nay death itself, confidering the shortness an unknown hand with the candour which is of their duration, and the advantage we may reap natural to an ingenuous mind; and promises a from them, do not deserve the name of evils. A contrary behaviour in that point for the future : good mind may bear up under them with forti- he will offend his monitor with no more errors eude, with indolence, and with chearfulness of of that kind, but thanks him for his benevolence, heart. The tosling of a tempeít does not discom- This frank carriage makes me refiect upon the pore him, which he is fure will bring him to a amiable atonement a man makes in an ingenuous jvyful harbour.

acknowledgment of a fault: all such miscarriages A man who uses his best endeavours to live as flow from inadvertency are more than repaid according to the dictates of virtue and right rea- by it; for reafon, though not concerned in the fon, has two perpetual sources of chearfulness, in injury, employs all its force in the atonement. the confideration of his own nature, and of that Herhat says, he did not design to disoblige you being on whom he has a dependence. If he looks you in such an action, does as much as if he inio himself, he cannot, but rejoice in that exist. Mould tell you, that though the circumitance ence, which is so lately bestowed upon him, and which difpleased was never in his thoughts, he which, after inillions of ages, will be still new, has that respe&t for you, that he is unsatisfied unand still in its beginni... How many felf-con- til it is wholly out of yours. It must be congratulations naturally rise in the niind, when it fefsec, that wlicn an acknowledgment of an ofrenesis on this its entrance into eternity, when it fence is made out of poorners of spirit, and not taites a view of those improvable faculties, which conviction of heart, the circumstance is quite in a few years, and even at its firit fetting out, different: but in the case of my correspondent, hurve diade fo confiderable, a pregress, and which where both the notice is taken and the return will be itill receiving an increale of perfection, made in private, the affair begins and ends with and consequently an inerease of happiness? The the higheit grace on each side. To make the acconsciousness of such a being (preads a perpetual knowledgment of a fault in the highett marner diffufion of joy through the soul of a virtuous graceful, it is lucky when the circumstances of man, and makes him look upon hinself every the offender place him above any ill consequences moment as more happy than he knows how to from tine resentment of the person offended. A conceive.

dauphin of France upon a review of the army, The second source of chearfulness to a food and a command of the king to alter the posture mind, is its confideration of that being on whom of it by a march of one of the wings, gave an im, we have our ciependence, and in whom, though proper order to an officer at the head of a briwc belold him as yet but in the first faint disco. gade, wino told his bighness, he presumed he had veries of his perfections, we see every thing that not received the lait orders, which were to move we can imagine as great, glorious, or amiable.

a contrary way. The prince, instead of taking We find caríclvos every where upheld by his the admonition which was delivered in a manner Guedli ini, and surrounded with an immensity of that accounted for his error with fafety to his un, love and inercy. In short, we depend upon a derstanding, Maked a cane at the officer, and huint, whicse power qualifies him to make us with the return of opprobious language persisted happy by an infinity of means,whose goodness and in his own orders. The whole matter came netruth cocage him to make those happy who desire cessarily before the king, who commanded his it of him, and whole unchangeableness will secure son, on foot, to lay his right hand on the gentle, us in this happineso to all ciernity.

man's stirrup as he sat on horseback in sight of Such considerations, which svery one should the whole ariny, and ask his pardon. When the perpetually cherish in his thoughts, will banish prince touched his stirrup, and was going to speaks froin us all that secret heaviness of heart which the officer, with an incredible agility, threw himunthinicing men are subject to when they lie un fclf on the earth, and killed his feet. der no real afiction ; all that anguish which we The body is very little concerned in the plea, may fool from any evil that actually oppreffes us, fure or sufferings of souls truly great; and the to which I may likewise add those little crack- reparation, when an honour was designed this lins of mirth and folly, that are apter to betrays. Idier, appeared as much too great to be borne virite ihan support it; and eitablih in us fuch by his gratitude, as the injury was intolerable tą an even and chearful temper, as makes us plcas: his resentment,


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When we turn our thoughts from these extra- ledged error, is entangled with an after-life of ordinary occurrences into common life, we see an guilt, sorrow, and perplexity. ingenuous kind of behaviour not only make up

T for faults committed, but in a manner expiate them in the very commission.

Thus many
things wherein a man has pressed too far, he im- N° 383. TUESDAY, MAY, 20.
plicitly excuses, by owning, “This is a trespass;
you'll pardon my confidence: I am sensible I

Criminibus debent bortosa
have no pretensions to this favour,' and the
like. But con mend me to those gay fellows a-

Juv. Sat. 1. v. 7
bout town who are directly impudent, and make A beauteous garden, but by vice maintain'd.
up for it no otherwise than by calling themselves
such, and exulting in it. But this fort of carri. S I was sitting in my chamber and thinking
age which prompts a man against rules to urge on a subject for my next Spectator, I heard
what he has a mind to, is pardonable only when two or three irregular bounces at my landlariy's
you sue for another. When you are confident in door, and upon the opening of it, a loud cheartui
preference of yourself to others of equal merit, voice inquiring whether the philosopher was at
every man that loves virtue ar.d modesty ought, home. The child who went to the door answer-
in defence of those qualities, to oppose you : but ed very innocently, that he did not lodge there.
without considering the morality of the thing, let I immediately recollected that it was my good
us at this time behold only the natural conse- friend Sir Roger's voice; and that I had promised
quence of candour when we speak of ourselves. to go with him on the water to Spring-garden,

The Sperator writes often in an elegant, often in case it proved a good evening. The knight in an argumentative, and often in a sublime stile, put me in mind of my promise from the bottom with equal success; but how would it hurt the of the stair-cafe, but told me that if I was specureputed author of that paper to own, that of the lating he would stay below until I had done. most beautiful pieces under his title, he is barely Upon my coming down, I found all the children the publisher ? There is nothing but what a man of the family got about my old friend, and my really performs can be an honour to him; what landlady herielf, who is a notable prating gotip, he takes more than he ought in the eye of the engaged in a conference with him; being mightworld, he loses in the conviction of his own heart, ily pleased with his stroking her little boy upon and a man must lofe his consciousness, that is, his the head, and bidding bim be a good child, and very self, before he can rejoice in any fallhood mind his book. wiihout inward mortification.

We were no sooner come to the Temple-stairs, Who has not seen a very criminal at the bar, but we were surrounded with a croud of waterwhen his counsel and friends have done all that men, offering us their respective services. Sir they could for him in vain, prevail on the whole Roger, after having looked about him very attenafsembly to pity him, and his judge to recommend tively, spied one with a wooden-leg, and immehis case to the mercy of the throne, without offer- diately gave him orders to get liis boat ready. As ing any thing new in his defence, but that he, we were walking towards it, “You must know," whom before we wished convicted, became so out says Sir Roger, "I never make use of any body to of his own mouth, and took upon himself all the row me, that has not either lost a leg or an shame and sorrow we were just before preparing

I would rather bate him a few strokes for him? The great opposition to this kind of of his oar, than not employ an honest man that candour arises from the unjust idea people ordi has been wounded in tie queen's service. If I narily have of what we call a high spirit. It is was a lord or a bishop, and kept a barge, I far from greatness of spirit to persist in the wrong I would not put a fellow in niy livery that had in any thing, nor is it a diminution of greatness not a wooden leg.' of spirit to have been in the wrong: perfection is My old friend after having seated himself, and not the attribute of man, therefore he is not de- trimmed the boat with his coachman, who being graded by the acknowledgment of an imperfec- a very sober man, always serves for ballait on tion: but it is the work of little minds to imitate these occasions, we made the best of our way to the fortitude of great spirits on worthy occasions, Vaux-hall. Sir Roger obliged the waterman to by obstinacy in the wrong. This obstinacy pre- give us the hitory of his right leg, and hearing vails so far upon them, that they make it extend that he had left it at La Hogue, with many parto the defence of faults in their very servants. It ticulars which passed in that glorious action, the would swell this paper to too great a length, should knight in the triumph of his heart made several I insert all the quarrels and debates which are reflexions on the greatness of the British nation; now on foot in this town; where one party, and as, that one Englishman could beat three Frenchin some cases both, is sensible of being on the faul- men; that we could never be in danger of popery ty fide, and have not spirit enough to acknowledge so long as we took care of our feet; that the it. Among the ladies the case is very common, Thames was the noblest river in Europe; that for there are very few of them who know that it is London bridge was a grcater piece of work, than to maintain a true and high spirit, to throw away any of the seven wonders of the world; with from it all which itself disapproves, and to fcorn many other licnest prejudices which naturally so pitiful a shame, as that which disables the heart cleave to the heart of a true Englishman. from acquiring a liberality of affections and sen After some short pause, the old kright turning tinent. The candid mind, by acknowledging abcut his head twice or thrice, to take a survey and discarding its faults, has reason and truth for of this great metropolis, bid me observe how the foundation of all its passions and desires, and thick the city was set with churches, and that consequently is happy and simple; the difin- there was scarce a single steeple on this side Temgenuous fpirit, by indulgence of one unacknow- ple-bar. • A most heathenith tight!' says Sir

Roger :


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