« 上一頁繼續 »
Another rib afford, yet loss of thee
nation are wonderfully imagined, not only as Would never from my heart! no, no! I see prodigies, but as marks of her sympathising in The link of nature draw me: Aerh of flesh,
the fall of man, Bone of my bone thou art, and from thy state Adam's converse with Eve, after having eaten Mine never shall be parted, bliss or woc ! the forbidden fruit, is an exact copy of that heThe beginning of this speech, and the prepara. Juno there approaches Jupiter with the girdle
tween Jupiter and Juno in the fourteenth Iliad, tion to it, are animated with the same spirit as the which she had received from Venus; upon which conclusion, which I have here quoted. The leveral wiles which are put in practice by defirable than the had ever done before, even when
he tells her, that she appeared more charming and the tempter, when he found Eve separated from their loves were at the highest. The poct afterher husband, the many pleasing images of nature
wards describes them as reposing on a summit of which are intermixed in this part of the story,
mount Ida, which produced under them a bed of ith its gradual and regular progress to the
fiowers, the lotcs, the crocus, and the hyacinth ; fatal catastrophe, are, fo very remarkable, that it and concludes his description with their falling would be fupertiuous to point out their respect- asleep. ive beauties. I have avoided mentioning any particular fimi passage in Milton, which begins with Adam's
Let the reader compare this with the following Jitudes in my remarks on this great work, because
speech to Eve. I have given a general account of them in my paper on the first book. There is cne, however, For never did thy beauty, since the day in this part of the poem, which I shall here quote, I saw thee firit and wedded thee, adorn'd as it is not only very beautiful, but the clofeit of With all perfections, fo infan.e my sense any in the whole poem ; I mean that where the With ardour to enjoy thee, fairer now ferpent is described as rolling forward in all his Then ever, bounty of this virtuous trec. pride, animated by the evil spirit, and conducting So faid hc, and forbcre not glance or toy Eve to her destruction, while Adam was at t::o Of amorous intent, well understood great a distance from her to give her his affiítance. Of Eve, whose eye darted contagiou: fire. The se several particulars are all of them wrought Her hand he seiz'd, and to a mady bank, into the following fimilitude.
Thick over-head with verdant roof embower'd,
He led her nothing loth; fow'rs were the couch, --Hcpc elevates, and joy Brightens his creit; as when a wand'ring fire,
Panfics, and violets, and asphodel, Compact of unétucus vapour, which the nig!ıt
And hyacinth, earth's freshest sofreft lap. Condenses, and the cold entirons round,
There they their fill of love and love's disport Kindled through agitation to a flame,
Took largely, of their mutual guilt the seal,
The folace of their fin, till dewy seep
As no poet seems ever to have studied Homor 10 bogs and mires, and oft through pond or pool, more, or to have more resembled him in the greatThere (wallow'd up and loft, from succour iar.
neis of genius than Milton, I think I should have That secret intoxication of pleasure, with all given but a very imperfect account of its beauties, those transient flushings of guilt and joy, which if I had not observed the most remarkable patsages the poet represents in our first parents upon cat
which look like parallels in these two great auing the forbidden fruit, to those flaggings of spirit, thors. I might, in the course of these criticisms, damps of forrow, and mutual accusations which have takeu nctice of many particular lines and Yucceed it, are conceived with a wonderful ima- expresions which are trannated from the Greek gination, and described in very natural sentiments. poet, but as I thought this would have appeared When Dido, in the fourth Æneid, yielded to
too ininute and over-curious, I have purposely that fatal temptation which ruined 'her, Virgil omitted them. The greater incidents, however, tells us the earth trembled, the heavens were filled are not only set off by being sewn in the same with flashes of lightning, and the nymphs howled light with several of the same nature in Homer, upon the mountain tops. Milton, in the fanio but by that means may also be guarded against the
L betical fpirit, has described all nature as disturb. cavils of the tasteless or ignorant. ed upon Eve's eating the forbidden fruit. So saying, her rash hand in evil hour
N° 352. MONDAY, APRIL 14.
Si ad honeftatem nati sumus, ea aut fola exThat all was loit
petenda eft, aut certè omni pondere gravior efi baten
da quàm reliqua omnia. Upon Adam's falling into the same guilt, the
TULL. whole creazion appears a second time in convnitions.
If virtue be the end of our being, it must either He fcrupled not to eat
ingrots cur whole concern, or at least take place Against his better knk wledge : not deceiv'd, of all our other interests. Put fondly overcome with female charm. Earth trenied from her entrails, as again
WILL Honeycomb was complaining to me yes:
terday, that the conversation of the town is In pangs, and nature gave a second groan;
so altcred of late years, that a fine gentleman is at Sky lour'd, and, mutt'ring thunder, tome sad drops
a loss for matter to start discourse, as well as ynWept at completing of the mortal fin.
able to fall in with the talk he generally meets As all nature suffered by the guilt of our first with. 1:ll takes notice, that there is now an evil parents, thust symptoms of trouble and conner- under the fun which he fupposes to be entirly 5
new, because not mentioned by any satyrist or hazard in it; it is the shortest and nearest way moralift in any age : inen, said he, grow knaves " to our end, carrying us thither in a straight line, sooner than they ever did fince the creation of the and will hold out and last longest. The arts of world before. If you read the tragedies of the deceit and cunning do continually grow weaker laft age, you find the artful men, and persons of and less effectual and forvic able to them that intrigue, are advanced very far in years, and be-' • use them; whereas integrity gains strength by yond the pleasures and sallies of youth; but now use, and the more and longer any man practisWill obferves, that the young have taken in the eth it, the greater service it does him, by convices of 'the aged, and you shall have a man of firming his reputation and encouraging those five and twenty crafty, false, and intriguing, not with whom he has to do, to repose the greatest ashamed to over-reach, côzen, and beguile. My trust and confidence in him, which is an unfriend adds, that till about the latter end of King 'speakable advantage in the business and affairs Charles's reign, there was not a rascal of any emi of life. nence under forty: in the places of refort for " Truth is always confiftent with itself, and conversation, you now hear nothing but what re & needs nothing to help it our; it is always near lates to the improving men's fortunes, without “at hand, and fits upon our lips, and is ready to regard to the methods toward it. This is so drop out before we are aware; whereas a lye is falhionable, that young men form themselves up troublesome, and sets a man's invention upon on a certain neglect of every thing that is candid, the rack, and one trick. needs a great many fimple, and worthy of true esteem ; and effect more to make it good. It is like building upon being yet worse than they are, by acknowledging " a false foundation, which continually stands in in their general turn of mind and discourse, that ' need of props to thore it up, and proves at last they have not any remaining value for true honour more chargeable, than to have raised a subftanand honesty: preferring the capacity of being tial building at firít upon a true and solid artful to gain their ends, to the merit of despising « foundation, for fincerity is firm and substanthose ends when they come in competition Stial, and there is nothing hollow and unsound with their horefty. All this is due to the very in it, and because it is plain and open, fears ro filly pride that generally prevails, of being va
of which the crafty man is always lued for the ability of carrying their point; " in danger, and when he thinks he walks in the in a word, from the opinion that shallow and dark, all his pretences are su transparent that he unexperienced people entertain of the short ( that runs may read them; he is the last man lived force of cunhing. But I Mall, before I enter that finds himself to be found out, and whilft upon the various faces which folly, covered with he takes it for granted that he makes focls of artifice, puts on to impose upon the unthinking, others, he renders himself ridiculous. produce a great authority for asserting, that no * Add to all tliis, that sincerity is the most thing but truth and ingenuity has any lasting good! compendious wisuom, and an excellent inftrueffect, even upon a man's fortune and interest. ment for the speedy dispatch of business: 'it
creates confidence in those we have to deal * Truth and reality have all the advantages of (with, saves the labour of many inquiries, and appearance, and many more. If the few of
brings things to an issue in a few words : It is any thing be good for any thing, I am sure fins like travelling in a plain beaten road, which * cerity is better; for why does any man diffcm commerly brings a man suoner to his journey's
ble, or seem to be that which he is not, but end than bye-ways, in which men often lcle because he thinks it good to have such a quality ? themselves. In a word, wha fover conveniens
as he pretends to ? For to counterfeit or dir. 'ces may be thought to be in falfhood and dila 'Pomble, is to put on the appearance of some real fimulation, it is soon over ; but the inconveniis excellency. Now the best way in the world 'ence of it is perpetual, because it trings a man
for a man to seem to be any thing, is really to under an everlasting jealousy and suspicion, lo
be what he would seem to be. Besides that it that he is not believed when he spealss truth, ' is many times as troublesome to make good the ? nor trusted perhaps when he means honestly. - pretence of a good quality, as to have it; and When a man has once forfeited the reputition
if a man have it not, it is ten to one but he is of his integrity, he is set fast, and nothing will discovered to want it, and then all his pains and then serve his turn, neither truth nor fallhood. labour to seem to have it is loft. There is • And I have often thought, that God hath in
something unnatural in painting, which a skil. This great wisdom hid from men of false and dif. 'ful eye will easily discern from native beauty • honest minds the wonderful advantages cí truth r and complexion.
and integrity to the prosperity even cf cur It is hard to perfonate and act a part long; worldly affairs; these men are so blinded by their (where truth is not as the bottom, nature will ( covetourness and ambition, that they cannot lock ' always be endeavouring to return, and will beyond a present advantage, nor forbear to size
peep out and beti ay herself one time or other. upon it, though by ways never so indirect; they · Therefore if any man think it convenient to cannot see so far as to the remotest consequence • seem good, let him be fo indeed, and then his of a steady integrity, and the vast benefit and • goodness will appear to every body's satisfac advantages which it will bring a man at last. • tion; 10 that upon all accounts fincerity is true Were but this sort of men wise and clear-fighted ? wisdom. Particularly as to the affairs of this ( enough to discern this, they would be honest out ' world, integrity hath many advantages over all of very knavery, not out of any love to honesty • the fine and artificial ways of diffimulation and (and virtue, but with a crafty design to promote
deceit; it is much the plainer and eafier, much ' and advance more effeaually the r own inter• the safer and more secure way of dealing in the rests; and therefore the justice of the Divisce. (world; it has less of trouble and difficulty, of - Providence hath hid this truest point of wist inh intanglement and perplexity, of danger and < from their eyes, that bad men right nou be upru,
on unequal terms with the just and upright, and. I am acquainted with two persons who were • serve their own wicked ends by honest and law. (formerly school-fellows, and have been good (ful means.
friends ever since. One of them was not only Indeed, if a man were only to deal in the world thought an impenetrable blockhead at school, ! for a day, and thould never have occasion to but still maintained his reputation at the uni
converfe more with mankind, never more need (versity; the other was the pride of his master, • their good opinion or good word, it were then no " and the most celebrated person in the college of
great matter (Ipeaking as to the concernments 6 which he was a member. The man of genius • of this world) if a man spent his reputation all • is at present buried in a country parlonage of • at once, and ventured it at one throw: but if eight-score pounds a year ; while the other, with • he be to continue in the world, and would have the bare abilities of a common scrivener, has
the advantage of conversation whilft he is in it,' got an estate of above an hundred thousand
let him make use of truth and fincerity in all pounds. « his words and actions; for nothing but this . I fancy, from what I have said, it will almost I will last and hold out to the end : all other arts appear a doubtful case to many a wealthy citi• will fail, but truth and integrity will carry a zen, whether or no he ought to with his son • man through, and beat him out to the last.' should be a great genius: but this I am sure of,
T that nothing is more absurd than to give a lad
the education of one, whom nature has not fa
voured with any particular marks of distinction. N° 353. TUESDAY, APRIL 15.
**The fault therefore of our grammar-schools
is, that every boy is pushed on to works of geIn tenui labor
• nius: whereas it would be far more advan. Virg. Gcorg. 4. ver. 6. tageous for the greatest part of them to be taught Thó' low tlte subject it deserves our pains.
• such little practical arts and sciences as do not
' require any great fhare of parts to be master of HE gentleman who obliges the world in ' them, and yet may come often into play during
the course of a man's life. thoughts upon education, has just sent me the Such are all the parts of practical geometry: following letter :
• I have known a man contract a friendihip with ' a minifter of state, upon cutting a dial in his
• window; and remember a clergyman who got TAKE the liberty to send you a fourth one of the beft benefices in the west of England, I
letter upon the education of youth: in my by setting a country gentleman's affairs in some last I gave you my thoughts about some parti- ' method, and giving him an exact survey of his ? cular talks which I conceived it might not be estate.
amiss to mix with their usual exercises, in order " While I am upon this subject, I cannot for
to give them an early seasoning of virtue; I • bear mentioning a particular which is of use in < fhall in this propose some others, which I fancy every station of life, and which methinks every • might contribute to give them a right turn for • master should teach his scholars; I mean the ( the world, and enable them to make their way writing of English letters. To this end, instead s in it.
• of perplexing them with latin epistles, themes " The design of learning is, as I take it, either • and verses, there might be a punctual corre
to render a man an agreeable companion in spondence established between two boys, who chimself, and reach him to support solitude with I might act in any imaginary parts of business, or • pleasure, or if he is not born to an estate, to sup • be allowed sometimes to give a range to their
ply that defect, and furnish him with the means 'on fancies, and communicate to each other
of acquiring one. A person who applics him. whatever trifles they thought fit, provided nei. < self to learning with the first of these views may ther of them ever failed at the appointed time to < be said to study for ornament, as he who pro • answer his correspondent's letter. • poses to himself the second, properly studies for ' I believe I may venture to affirm, that the ge
ufe. The one does it to raise himself a fortune, 'nerality of boys would find themselves more ad* the other to set off that which he is pofseffed • vantaged by this custom, when they come to be
of. But as the far greater part of mankind are men, than by all the Greek and Latin their included in the latter class, I Mall only propose ( masters can teach them in seven or eight years, rfume methods at present for the service of such " The want of it is very visible in many learned ''who expect to advance themselves in the world persons, who, while they are admiring the stiles
by their learning: in order to which I shall pre of Demosthenes or Cicero, want phrases to ex• mise, that many more estates have been acquire press themselves on the most common occasions. ied by little accomplishments than by extraor • I have seen a letter from one of these Latin ora• dinary ones; those qualities which make the tors, which would have been defervedly laughed
grcatest figure in the eye of the world, not be rac by a common attorney.
ing always the most useful in themselves, or she • Under this head of writing cannot omit i most advantageous to their owners.
accounts and thort-liand, which are learned • The posts which require men of shining and ' with little pains, and very properly come into
uncommon parts to diseharge them, are so very " the number of sucha arts as I have beep here re. “ few, that many a great genius goes out of the 'commending.
world without ever having had an opportunity " You must doubtless, Sir, observes that I have to exert itself; whereas perfons cf ord nary en hitherto chiefly inased upon these things for
dowments meet with occasins fitted to their • such boys as do not appear to have any thing i pares and capacities every day in the common o extraordinary in their natural talents, and conoccurrence of lite.
I fequently are not qualified for the finer parts of
Il at any
learning; yet I believe I might carry this mat mixed with her contempt of it. • ter still further, and venture to assert that a lad ' time the sees a man warm in his addresses to his * of genius has sometimes occasion for these little mistress, she will lift up her eyes to Heaven and . acquirements, to be as it were the fore-run. cry, what nonsense is that fooi talking! Will • ners of his parts, and to introduce him into the the bell never ring for prayers ? We have an I world.
• eminent lady of this kamp in our country, who • History is full of examples of persons, who, pretends to amusements very much above the * though they have had the largest abilities, have rest of her sex. She never carries a white • been obliged to infinuate themselves into the fa- ' fhock-dog with bells under her arm, nor a 'vour of great men by these trivial accomplim- ' squirrel or dormouse in her pocket, but always
ments; as the complete gentleman in some of • an abridged piece of morality to steal out when our modern comedies, makes his first advances " the is sure of being observed. When she wont
to his mistress under the disguise of a painter, to the famous ass-race (which I must confess • or a dancing master.
swas but an odd diverfion to be encouraged by • The difference is, that in a lad of genius people of rank and figure) it was not, like • these are only fo many accomplishments, which other ladies, to hear those poor animals bray, • in another are essentials; the one diverts him nor to see fellows run naked, or to hear coun,
self with them, the other works at them. In • try-squires in bob wigs and white girdles maką • short, I look upon a great genius, with these • love at the side of a coach, and cry, madam, « little additions, in the same light as I regard this is dainty weather. Thus she described the
the Grand Signior, who is obliged by an express diversion; for the went only to pray heartily command in the Alcoran, to learn aud prac " that nobody might be hurt in the croud, and
tise fome handicraft trade. Though I nced not " to see if the poor fellow's face, which was dir' to have gone for my instance farther than Ger torted with grinning, might any way be
many, where several emperors have voluntarily • brought to itself again. She never chats over
done the same thing, Leopold the last worked • her tea, but covers her face, and is supposed ' in wood; and I have heard there are several ? in an ejaculation before she tastes a sup. This • handicraft works of his making to be seen at I ostentatious behaviour is such an offence to true • Vienna fo neatly turned, that the best joiner in fanctity, that it disparages it, and makes virtue • Europe might safely own them without any not only unamiable, but also ridiculous. The • disgrace to his profession.
' sacred writings are full of reficctions which abI would not be thought, by any thing I have • hor this kind of conduct; and a devotee is so • faid, to be against improving a boy's genius to ( far from promoting goodness, that the deters
the utmoft pitch it can be carried. What I 6 others by her example. Folly and vanity in • would endeavour to thew in this essay, is, that one of these ladies, is like vice in a clergyman; 6 there may be methods taken to make learning' it does not only debase him, but makes the in • advantageous even to the meaneft capacities. confiderate part of the world think the worse х "I am, Sir, your's, &c.'
• of religion.
• Your humble servant, N°354. WEDNESDAY, APRIL 16.
Hotspur,' -Cum magnis virtutibus affers
Mr, Spectator, Grande supercilium.
Spartan commonwealth, speaking of the
• behaviour of their young men in the streets, We own thy virtues ; but we blame befide
• says, there was so much modefty in their looks, Thy mind elate with insolence and pride.
• that you might as soon have turned the eyes of Mr. Spectator,
with a marble statue upon you, as theirs; and that ou have in some of your discourses de rin all their behaviour they were more modelt
scribed most sorts of women in their than a bride when put to bed on her wedding• distinct and proper classes, as the ape, the co night : This virtue, which is always subjoined
quette, and many others : but I think you to magnanimity, had such an influence upon
have never yet said any thing of a devotee. A • their courage, that in battle an enemy could • devotee is one of those who disparage religion not look them in the face, and they durft nog ! by their indiscreet and unseafonable introduc 6 but die for their country. « tion of the mention of virtue on all occasions : • Whenever I walk into the streets of London
the professes she is what nobody ought to doubt and Westminster, the countenances of all the o the is; and betrays the labour Me is put to, to • young fellows that pass by me, make me with ļ be what the ought to be with chearfulness and • myself in Sparta : I meet with such blustering
alacrity. She lives in the world, and denies • airs, big looks, and bold fronts, that to a fu, ? herself none of the diverfions of it, with a perficial observer would bespeak a courage ? constant declaration how infipid all things in it above those Grecians. I am arrived to that ! are to her. She is never herself but at church; perfection in speculation, that I understand the " there the displays her virtue, and is so fervent • language of the eyes, which would be a great ' in her devotions, that I have frequently seen 4 misfortune to me, had I not corrected the celui« her pray herself out of breath. While other ness of old age by philosophy. There is scarce young
ladies in the house are dancing, or play, a man in a red coat, who does not tell me, ! ing at questions and commands, the reads with a full ftare, he is a bold man : I see se, « aloud in her closet. She says all love is ridicu, veral swear inwardly at me, without any of I lous, except it be celestial; but he speaks of ! fence of mine, but the oddness of my person • the passion of one mortal to another with tog “I meet contempt in every street, expressed in o much bitterness, for.one that had me jçalousy different manpers, by the scorncul lopke the
Juv. Sat. 6. V. 168. · XENOPHON, in his short account of the
elevated eye-brow, and the swelling nostrils of in making suitable returns to an enemy, and has the proud and prosperous. The 'prentice the instruments or revenge in his hands, to let speaks his disrespect by an ex ended finger, and drop his wrath, and stifie his resentments, seems the porter by stealing out his tongue. If a to have something in it great and heroical. There country gentleman appears a little curious in is a particular merit in such a way of forgiving oserving the edinces, ligns, clocks, coaches, an enemy; and the more violent and unprovoked and dials, it is not to be imagined how the the offence has been, the greater still is the polite rabble of this town, who are acquaint- merit of him who thus forgives it. ed with these objects, ridicule his rufticity. I I never met with a confideration that is more have known a telow with a burden on his finely fpun, and what has better pleased me,' head steal a hand down from his load, and 'than one in Epictetus, which places an enemy fily twiri the cock of a squire's hat behind in a new light, and gives us a view of him altoniin; while the offended person is swearing, or gather different from that in which we are used to out of countenance, all the wag-wits in the regard him. The sense of it is as follows: Does hiznway are grinning in applause of the inge- ' a man reproach thee for being proud or ill.natured, nious rogue that gave him the tip, and the envious or conceited, ignorant or detracting? folly of him who had not eyes all rourd his Confider with thyself wlietlier his reproaches are head io prevent receivingit. Those things arite true : if they are not, consider that thou art not from a general affectation of smartness, wit, the person whom he reproaches, but that he reand courage.
Vycherley somewhere rallies viles an imaginary being, and perhaps loves what the pretentions this way, by making a fellow thou really art, though he hates what thou apsay, “red breeches are a certain tign of valour;” pearest to be. If his reproaches are true, if and Otway makes a man, to boast his agility, thou art the envious ill-natur'd man he takes thee trip up a beggar on crutches. From luch hints for, give thyself another turn, become mild, affaI beg a speculation on this subjet; in the ble and obliging, and his reproaches of thee namean time; I mall do all in the power of turally cease: his reproaches may indeed conți. a weak old fellow in my own defence ; for nue, but thou art no longer the person whom he as Diogene, being in quest of an
honeit reproaches. man, fought for him when it was broad
I often apply this rule to myself: and when I day-light with a lantborn and candle, so hear of a satirical speech or writing that is aimed I intend for the future to walk the streets with
at me, I examine my own heart, whether I dea dark lanthorn, which has a convex crystal in serve it or not. If I bring in a verdict against it; and if any man stares at me, I give fair myself, I endeavour to rectify my conduct for the warning that I will direct the light full into his future in those particulars which have drawn the eyes. Thus despairing to find men modest, I censure upon me; but if the whole invective be hope by this ineans to evade their impudence. grounded upon a falihood, I trouble myseif no · I am, SIR,
further about it, and look upon my name at the "Your most humble ser ant,
head of it to signify no more than one of those T
• Sophrosunius.' fictitious names made use of by an author to ing
troduce an imaginary character. Why mould a
man be sensible of the sting of a reproach who is N° 355. THURSDAY, APRIL 17.,
a stranger to the guilt that is implied in it? or subject himself to the penalty, when he knows
he has never committed the crime ? This is a Non ego mordaci di Prixi carmin, quer quam, OVID. Trist 1. 2. v. 563.
piece of fortitude, which every one owes to his
innocence, and without which it is impossible for I ne'er in gall dipp'd my envenom'd pen, a man of any merit cr figure to live at peace with Nor branded the bold front of shameless men. himself in a country that abounds with wit and
liberty. HAVE been very often tempted to write in The famous Monsieur Balzac, in a letter to the
ve&tives upon those who have detracted from charicellor of France, who had prevented the pubmy works, or spoken in derogation of my per- lication of a book against hiin, has the following for, but I look upon it as a particular happiness, words which are a lively picture of the greatness that I ha:e always hindered my resentments from of mind so vif ble in the works of that author. proceeding to this extremity. I once had gone "If it was a new thing, it may be I should not be ihrough half a satire, but found so many mo displeated with the suppression of the first libel tions of humanity rising in me towards the per that should abuso me; but since there are cons whom I had severely treated, that I threw it enough of them to make a small library, I am into the fire without ever finishing it. I have ' fecretly pleased to see the number increased, and becay angry enough to make leveral little epigrams ''take delight in raising a heap of stores that envy and lampoons; and after having admired them ' has cast at me without doing me any harm.' a day or two, have likewiss committed them to The author here alludes to those monuments of tho Aames. There I look upon as to many facri-' the eastern nations, which were mountains of fic?s to humanity, and have receiv d much itunes raised upon the dead body by travellers, frearer satisfaction from the suppreting such per-' that used to cait every one his itone upon it as formances, than I could have done from any re- they patied by. It is certain that no monument putation they might have procured ine, or from is so glorious as one which is thus raised by the any moitiication they might have given my ene- hands of envy. For my part 1 admire an author mies, in cafe I had made them public. If a man for such a temper of mind as enables him to bear has any talent in writinr, it shews a good mind an undeserved reproach without resentment, more forhear answering calumnies and reproaches in than for all the wit of any of the finest satirical the fame ípirit of bitterness with which they are reply. errerod : but when a man has been at some pains