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tational mind. Longinus excuses Homer very people in the heathen world. Revealed religioa
will make us deviate from reason and goodness,
This last character, when diverted of the glare of human philofophy that surrounds it, fignifies No 635. MONDAY, DECEMBER 20. no more, than that a good wise man should Sentio te fedem hominum ac domum contemplari, que fo arm himself with patience, as not to yield
A tibi parva (ut eft) ita videtur, bæc coeleftium tamely to the violence of passion or pain ; that
semper spectato; illa bumana contemnite. he should learn so to suppress and contract his de
CICERO Sonin. Scip. fires as to have but few wants; and that he i perceive you contemplate the seat and habitashould cherish fo many virtues in his foul, as to
tion of men ; which if it appears as little to have a perpetual pleasure in himself. The christian religion requires, that after hav
you as it really is, fix your eyes perpetually uping framed the best idea, we are able, of the di
on heavenly objects, and despise earthly. vine nature, it should be our next caré to conform THE following essay comes from the ingenious ourselves to it, as far as our imperfections will
author of th: letter upon novelty, priated in permii. I might mention several passages in the a late Spectator , che potions are drawn from the facred writings on this head, to which I might platonic way of thinking; but as they contribute add many maxims and wise fayings of moral au to raïfe the minds and may inspire noble featithors among the Greeks and Romans.
ments of our own future grandeur and happiness, I I shall only instance a remarkable paffage, co this think it well deferves to be presented to the public. púrpore; out of Julian's Cæsars. That emperor [F the universe be the creature of an intelligent having represented all the Roman emperors, with Alexander the Great, as palling in review before regard to himself in producing it. He needed ihe gods, and Itriving for the superiority, lets no! to make trial of his omnipotence, to be inthem
all drop; excepting Alexander, Julius Cæfar, formed what effects were within its reach: the Augustus Cæsar, 'Trajan, Marcus Aurelius, and world as existing i: his eternal idea was then as Constantine. Each of these grear heroes of an beautiful as now it is drawn forth into being; tiquity lays in his claim for the upper place, and in the immense abyss of his essence are conand, in order to it, sets forth his actions after the tained far brighter scenes than will be ever sec must advantageous manner. But the gods, inftead forth to view; it being impossible that the of being dazzled with the lustre of their actions, great author of nature hould bound his own enquire by Mercury, into the proper motive and go- power by giving existence to a system of creatures, verning principle that influenced them throughout so perfect that he cannot improve upon it by any the whole series of their lives and exploits. i fex- other exertions of his almighty wilt. Betweeit anoer tells them, that his aim was to conquer; finite and infinite there is an unmeasured interval; Julius Cæsar, that his was to gain the highest not to be filled up in endless ages; for which reapoft in his country; Auguftus, to govern well; fon, the moft excellent of all God's works muit Trajan, that his was the same as that of Alex. be equally short of what his power is able to proander, 'namely, to conquer. The question, ac duce as the most imperfect, and may be exceeded length was put to Marcus Aurelius, who replied, with the fame easc. with great modesty, that “ic had been always his This thought hath made fome imagine, (what " care to imitate the gods." This conduct seems it must be confefled, is not impossible) that the to have gained him the most votes and beit place unfathomed fpace is ever teeming with new births in the whole astembly. Marcus Aurelius being the younger till inheriting a greater perfection afterwards asked to explain himself, declares, that than the elder. But as this doth not fall withirt by imitating the gods, he endeavoured to imitate ny present view, I shall content myself withi them in the use of nis understanding, and of all other taking notice, that the confideration now mena faculties; and, in particular, that it was always sioned prove's undeniably, that the ideal worlds his study to have as few wants as possible in him- in the divine understanding yield a prospect infelf, and to do all the good he could to others.
comparably more amples various, and delightful, Among the many methods by which revealed than any created world can do: and that therefore religion bas advanced morality, this is one, that
as it is not firpposed that God should make a world it has given us a more just and perfect idea of that merely of inanimate matter, however diversified, Being whom every reasonable creature 'ought to or iniabited only by creatures of no higher air imitate. The young man, in a heathen comedy, order than brutes; so the end for which he demight juftify his lewdness by the example of ligned his reafonable offspring is the contemplaIupiter ; as, indeed, there was scarce any crimetion of his works, the enjayment of himself; that might not be countenanced by thoie notions, and in both to be happy ; having; to this pur' sehe deity which prevailed among the communi
Pole endowed them with correspondent faculties whence results the harmony of the universe. In and desires. He can have no greater pleasure from çternity a great deal may be done of this kind. à bare review of his works, than from the I find it of use to cherish this generous ambition; furvey of his own ideas ; but we may be assured før bélides thë secret refreshment it diffuses through that he is well pleased in the satisfaction my foul, it engages me in an endeavour to imderived to beings capable of it, and for whole prove my faculties, as well as to exercise them entertainment he hath created this immense conformably to the rank I now hold among reaa' theatre. Is not this more than an intima. fonable beings, and the hope I have of being once tion of our immortality ? Man, who when coné advanced to a more exalted ftationi. fidered as on his probation for a happy existence The other, and that the ultimate end of mang hereafter, is the most remarkable instance of di. is the enjoyment of God, beyond which he canvinc wisdöm, if we cut him off from all relation not form a wish.. Dim at belt are the conceptions to eternity, is the most wonderful and unaccount.
we have of the Supreme Being, who, as it werej able composition in the whole creation. He hath
keeps his creatures in fufpence, neither discovercapacities to lodge a much greater variety of ing, nor hiding himself," by which means, the knowledge than he will be ever master of, and an libertine hath a handle to dispute his existencë, unsatisfied curiosity to tread the secret paths of while the most are content to speak him
fair, but nature and providence: buis with this, his organis, in their heart prefer every trifling satisfaction to in their present structure, are rather fitted to serve the favour of their Maker, and ridicule the good the necessities of a vile body, than to minister to man for the fingularity of his choice. Will there his understanding ; and from the little spot to not a time come, when the free-thinker shall see which he is chained, he can frame but wandering his impious schemes overturned, and be made i guesses concerñing the innumerable worlds of light convert to the truth he hates; whèn deluded morthat encompass him, which, though in them- als siall be convinced of the folly of their purfélves of a prodigious Bignessz do but just glimmer suits, and the few wise who followed the guidance in the remote spaces of the Heavens; and, whien of Heaven, and seorning the blandithments of with a great deal of time and pains he hath laboured fénse and the fordid bribery of the world, aspired a little way up the steep ascent of truth, and bea to a celestial abode, Mall land poslefied of their holds with pity the groveling multitude beneath, utmaoft with the vision of the Creator? Here the in a moment his foot flides, and he tumbles dovin mind heaves á thought now and then towards headlong into the grave.
him, and hath romte tranfient glances of his preThinking on this, I am obliged to believe; in fence : when, in the instant it thinks itself to justice to the Creator of the world, that there is have the fastest hold, the object cludes his expectaanother state when man hall be better lituated ions, and it falls back tired and batfied to the for contemplation, or rather have it in his power groundi Doubtlets there is fơmic more perfect way to remove from object to object, and from world of conversiog with heavenly beings. Are not to world; and be accommodated with senses, and spirits capable of mutual intelligence, unless imother helps, for making the quickest and most mersed in bodies, or bý their intervention ? nuit amazing discoveries. How does such a genius as fuperior natures depend on inferior for the main Sir Isaac Newton, from amidst the darkness that privilege of sociable beings, that of convetsing with involves human understanding, break furth, and and knowing each ocher? what would they have appear like one of another fpecies! the vast ma. done bad matcet never been created ? I suppose; chine, we inhabit, lies open to him ; he seems not have lived in eternal solitude. As incorporeal not unacquainted with the general laws that go. substances are of a nobler order, so be sure, their vern it; and while with the transport of a philo- . manner of intercourse is answerably more expedite sopher he beholds and admires the glorious work, and intimate. This method of communication, he is capable of paying at once a more devout and we call intellectual vision, as something analogous more rational homage to his Maker. But alas ! to the sense of feeing, which is the medium of our how narrow is the prospect even of such a mind? acquaintance with this visible world. And in some and how obscure to the conspass that is taken in fuch way can God make himfelf the object of ima by the keni of an angel; or of a foul but newly mediate intuition to the blessed; and as he can, it is escaped from its imprisonment of the body! For not ittiprobable that he will, always condefcending, my part I freely indulge my soul the confidence in the circumitances of doing it, to the weakness and of its future grandeur ; it pleases me to think that proportion of finite minds. His works but taintly I who know to small a portion of the works of rettect the image of his perfections; it is a second the Creator, and with flow and painful Steps creep hand knowledge: to have a just idea of him, ic up and down on the surface of this globe, thall may be rieceflary that we see him as he is. But ere long shoot away with the twiftness of imagi. what is that? it is something that never entered nation, trace out the hidden springs of nature's inco the heart of man to conceive ; yet, what we operations; be able to keep pace with the hea. can eatily conceive; will be a fountain of unspeak. venly bodies in the rapidity of their career, be a able, and everlatting rapture. All created glories spectator of the long chain of events in the na will fade and die away in his presence. Perhaps tural and motal worlds, vifit the several apart. it will be my happiness to compare çlie world with ments of the creation, know how they are fur- the fair cxemplar of it in the divise mind; pernished and how inhabited, comprehend the order, kaps, to view the original plan of those wise and measure the magnitudes and distances of those defigns that have been executing in a long fucoros, which to us feem dispołed without any re eefion of ages. Thus empluyed in finding out gular design, and set all in the same circie; obe his works, and contemplating their author, how Terve the dependance of the parts of each fyftem, fhall I fall proftrate and adoring, my brdy (waland (if our minds are big enough to grasp the the lowed up in the immensity of matter, my mind ory) of the several systems upon one another, from in the intinitude of his perfections!
F I N I. S
well written, N. 10. his observation upon
this ablence, ibid. and means to conquer it, ibid. into sticks and
Bawdry, never writ but where there is a dearth of
Beaver, the haberdasher, a great politician, N. 49.
From St. James's Coffee-house, 24. From a How to improve beauty, 33. then the most charm-
From another that is a fine fleth-painter, 41. Bell, (Mr.) his ingenious device, N. 28.
Birds, a cage full for the Opera, N. 5.
imall-pox, N. 33. it deforms beauty, and turns Blackmore, (Sir Richard) his observation, N. 6.
Robours. (Montieur,) a great critick among the
the Athenians, and respected by the Spartans, Bours-Rimnez, what, N. 60.
Breeding, fine breeding distinguished from goodi,
British Ladies diftinguithed from the Piets, N. 41.
plified in a vision of one of their countrymen, Bruycre, (Monsieur) his character of an absent man,
helps to a filly play, N. 44.
Æjar (Julius ) his behaviour to Catullus, who
Caligula, his with, N. 16.
and the man, in answer to the story of the Epbe- Carbuncle, (Dr.) his dye, what, N. 52.
Chevy-Cbace, the Spectator's examen of it, N. 700
Chronogram, a piece of false wit, N. 60.
luxury, ibid. at war with luxury, ibid. its oificers his philofophic writings, ibid.
Clergyman, one of the Spectator's club, N. 2.
ed with his fize, complexion, and temper, in order Clubs, nocturnal assemblies so called, N. 9. Sever
hghing club, 30. The fringe-glove club, ibid. Fine Gentlemen, a character frequently misapplied
that club. ibid.
club, N. 2.
dicinc of life, ibid. The qualifications of a good
Allantry; wherein true gallantry ought to
Gaper; the sign of the gaper frequent in Amster-
dam, N. 47.
pearance of a ghost of great efficacy on an Ex-
page, N. 3. a great valetudinarian, ibid. Gospel gossips described, N. 46.
HAndkerchief, the great machine for moring
pity in a tragedy, N. 44.
cohorter be on what occafions hieroglyphical G Aconting
Dy the news-writer, an Ariforle in politics
Death, the time and manner of our death not
Hard words ought not to be pronounced right by
well-bred Ladies, N. 45.
Hobbes (Mr.) his observation upon laughter, N. 47.
with the Spectator in the playhoute, 4. his ad-
the Thames, N. 77.
for information but exercitë, ibid. Naturally turn Honour to be described only by negatives, N. 35.
the genealogy of true honour, ibid. and of false,
Ambic verse the most proper for Greek tragedies,
James, how polished, by Love, N. 71.
Idols, who of the Fair Sex so called, N. 73.
definition of English, Scotch, and Irish impudence,
Indiscretion, more hurtful than ill-nature, N. 23.
A great temptation to the female sex, ibid. Inkle and Yarico, their story, N. 11.
proof, N. II.
Johnson (Ben) an epitaph written by him on a La.
In:bow (Tho.) states his case in a letter to the
the children and frogs, N. 23. Or Jupiter King-dances censured, N. 67.
ADY’s library deferibed, N. 37.
Lætitia and Daphne, their fory, N. 33.
Ni 16. witty lampoonis inflict wounds that are
incurablc, N. 23. the inhuman barbarity of the
ordinary Icribblers of lampoois, isid.
parts, N. 6.
Larvati, who so called among the ancients, N. 32. London, an emporium for the whole earth, N. 69,
part withal for a pair of legs to his mind, N. 32. Love of the world, our hearts milled by it, N. 27.
ibid. a fable of those two vices, ibid.
N. 21. both forts described, ibid.
The loss of
public and private virtues owing to men of
Masquerade, a complaint against it, N. 8. The de-
Quillet, who had relicted upon him in a poem,
querade, N. 8. from the opera-lion, N. 14. from Merchants of great benefit to the public, N. 69.
of the French opera, N. 29.
the poet to the
ties taken in country-dances, ibid. from James to dies, N. 57. Party-zeal very bad for the face, ib.
operas, N. 18.
books for the female library, ibid.
Peace, some ill consequences of it, N.45.
Peepers described, N. 53.
Pbaramond, memoirs of his private life, N. 76. His
Philcutia, a great votary, N. 79.