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" themfelves in their address to others in my one who has a genius no higher than to think « presence, and the like opportunities, they are “ of being a very good housewife in a country “ all proficients that way : and I had the hap- * gentleman's family. The care of poultry and et pinefs of being the other night where we . pigs are great enemies to the countenance; the * prada fix couple, and every woman's partner

** vacant look of a fipe lady is not to be pre« a professed lover of mine. The wildest ima.. “ ferved, if she admits any thing to take up her € gination canpot form to itself on any occa có thoughts but her own dear person. But I in« fion, higher delight than I acknowledge my * terrupt you too long from your cares, and « felf to have been in all that evening. I chose “ myself from my conquests. te out of my admirers a set of men who most

“ I am, Madam, « love me, and gave them partners of such of

6 Your most.humble servant.” # my own fex who molt envied me.

My way is, when any man who is my ad • Give me leave, Mr. Ste&tator, to add her « mirer protends to give himself airs of merit,

< friend's answer to this epiftle, who is a very « as at this time a certain gentleman you know

? discreet ingenious woman.' « did, to' mortify him by favouring in his pre

"Dear Gatty, « ferice the most infignificant creature I can

Take your raillery in very good part, and « find. At this ball I was led into the com

am obliged to you for the free air with « pary by pretty Mr. Panfy, who, you know,

« which you speak of your own gaieties. But ce is the most obsequious, well-Ihaped, well-bred

" this iš but a barren superficial pleasure. Indeed, 6 woman's' man in town. I at first entrance

“ Gatty, we are made for man, and in serious * declared him my partner if I danced at all;

“ fadness I must tell you, whether you yourself « which put the wliole afsembly into a grin, as

* know it or no, all these gallantries tend to no 6C forming no terrors from such a rival. But we

**6 other end but to be a wise and mother as k had not been long in the room, before I over

“ fast as you can. 6 heard the meritorious gentleman abovementi

“ I am, Madam, « oned fay with an oath, There is no raillery in

« Your most obedient servant." « tle thing, the certainly loves the puppy. My « gentleman, when we were dancing, took an « occasioit to be very soft in his oglings upon a «c lady he danced with, and whom he knew of

No. 516. WEDNESDAY, Oct. 22. « all women I love most to outshine. The & contest began who should plague the other Jmmortale odium & nunquam sanabile vulnus. « most. I, who do not care a farthing for him Inde furor vulgo, quòd numina vicinorum « had no hard talk to out-vex him. I made Odit uterque locus, quum ļolos credit habendos « Fanfly, with a very little encouragement, cut Ede Dcos quos ipfe colitcapers coupée, and then ink with all the air

Juv. Sat. 15, ver. 34. e and tenderness imaginable. When he per

A grudge, time out of mind, begun, e formed this, I observed the gentleman you And mutually bequeath'd from fire to fon : « know of fall into the same way, and imitate

Religious fpite, and pious spleen bred first as well as he could the despised Fanfly. I The quarrel, which so long the bigots nurst: 6c cannot well give you, who are so grave a Each calls the other's God a senseless stock; « country lady, the idea of the joy we have His own, divine.

Tate. a when we fee a stubborn heart breaking, or a “ nan of sense turning ícol for our fakes ; but F all the monstrous passions and opinions a this happened to our friend, and I expect his which have crept into the world, there is « arrcndance whenever I go to church, to court, none so wonderful as that thofe who profess the « to the play, or the park. This is a sacrifice common name of Christians, should pursue each e due to us woinen of genius, who have the other with rancour and hatred for differences in « eloquence of beauty, an easy mien. I mean their way of following the example of their Sa« by an easy mien, one which can be on occa viour. It seems so natural that all who pursue « fion easily affecled : for I must tell you, dear the steps of any leader should form themselves

jenny, I hold one maxim, which is an un after his manner, that it is impossible to account

common one, to wit, That our greatest for effects so different from what we might ex“ charms are owing to affectation. It is to that pect from those who profess themselves followers

our arms can lodge' so quietly just over our of the highest pattern of mcekness and charity, « hips, and the fan can play without any force þut by ascribing such effects to the ambition

or motion but just of the wrist. It is to af- and corruption of those who are so audacious, « fecation we owe the pensive attention of with fouls full of fury, to serve at the altars of « Deidamia at tragedy, the scornful appro- the God of peace. « bation of Dulcimara at a comedy, and the . . The massacres to which the church of Rome “ lowly aspect of Lanquicella at a fermon. has animated the ordinary people, are dreadful

“ To tell you the plain truth, I know no instances of the truth of this observation; and « pieafure but in being admired, and have yet whoever reads the history of the Irish rebellion, “ never failed of attaining the approbation of: and the cruelties which ensued thereupon, will " the man whose regård I had a mind to. You be sufficiently convinced to what rage poor igno“ fee a! the men who make a figure in the rants may be worked up by those who profess “ world (as vise a look as they are pleased to put holiness, to become incendiaries, and, under “ upon the matter) are moved by the same va- the dispensation of grace, promote evils abhara nity as i ain. V/hat is there in ambition, but rent to nature. cs to make viher people's wills depend upon „This subject and catastrophe, which deserve “ your's ? This indeed is not to be aimed at by fo well to be remarked by the protestant world,

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will, I doubt not, be confidered by the reverend - virtue, and gild his vice at fo high a rate, that and learned prelate that preaches to-morrow

he, without fcotn of the one or love of the before many of the descendents of those who other, would alternately and occafiotially uís perished on that lamentable day, in a manner

both : so that his bounty mould fupport hiin Tuitable to the occasion, and worthy his own ' in his rapines, his mercy in his cruelties. great virtue and eloquence.

Nor is it to give things a more fevere Icok I shall not dwell upon it any further, but than is natural, to suppose fuch must be the only transcribe out of a little tract, called, the consequences of a prince's having no other Christian Hero, published in 1701, what I find pursuit than that of his own glory; for if we there in honour of the renowned Hero, Wil consider an infant born into the world, and liam III. who rescued that nation from the re ( beholding itself the mightiest thing in it, itfeif petition of the same disasters. His late Majesty, the present admirarion and future prospect of of glorious memory, and the most Christian a fawning people, who profefs themselves King, are considered at the conclusion of that great or mean, according to the figure he is treatise as heads of the Protestant and Roman « to make amongst them, what fancy would not Catholic world in the following manner.

« be debauched to believe they were but what

they professed theinteives, his mere creatures, There were not ever, before the entrance of and use them as such by purchasing with their 6 the christian name into the world, men who lives a boundless renown, which he, for want " have maintained a more renowned carriage, K of a more just prospeki, would place in the r than the two great rivals who possess the full 6 number of his faves, and the extent of his

fame of the present age, and will be the theme ( territories ? Such undoubtedly would be the < and examination of the future. They are tragical effects of a prince's living with no res exactly formed by pature for thofe ends to ligion, which are not to be surpassed but by his ( which heaven feems to have sent them having a false one: among us :

both animated with restless : If ambition were spirited with zeal, what 6 desire of glory, but pursue it by differ- " would follow, but that his people should be means,

and with different motives. converted into an army, whose fwords can s To one it consists in an extensive undisputed make right in power, and sole controversy in 6 empire over his subjects, to the other in their belief ? and if men should be stiff-necked to r rational and voluntary, obedience : one's l ap- ! the doctrine of that visible church, let them ve . piness is founded in their want of power, the contented with an oar and a chain, in the

other's in their want of defire to oppose him, midtt of stripes and anguilh, to contemplate

The one enjoys the summit of fortune with on him," whose yeke - is easy, and whore (the luxury of a Persian, the other with the “ burden is light.'? r moderation of a Spartan: one is made to op With a tyranny begun on his own subjects, « press, the other to relieve the oppreffed : the ** and indignation that others draw their breath s one is fatisfied with the pomp and oftentation independent of his frown or smile, why should 6 of power to prefer and debafe his inferiors, he not proceed to the seizure of the world?

the other delighted only with the cause and (and if nothing but the thirst of sway were the 6 foundation of it to cherish and protect them. motive of his actions, why thould treaties be « To one therefore religion is buť a convenient • other than mere words, or solemn national disguise, to the other a vigorous motive of compac?s be any thing but an halt in the march 6 action.

• of that army, who are never to lay down their "For without such ties of real and solid arms, until all men are reduced to the neces6 honour, there is no way of forming a monarch, 6 fity of hanging their lives on his wayward will;

but after the Machiavelian scheme, by which who might fupinely, and at leisure, expiate his

a prince must ever seem to have all virtues, own fins by other mens sufferings, while he .but really to be master of none; but is to be ? daily meditates new Naughter, and new con• Jiberal, merciful and just, only as. they serve $ his interests ; while, with the noble art of hy . For mere man, when giddy with unbridled • pocrisy, empire would be to be extended, and power, is an insatiate idol, not to be appeared

new conquests be made by new devices, by ' with myriads offered to his pride, which may 6 which prompt address his creatures might in. be puffed up by the adulation of a base and

sensibly give law in the business of life, by prostrate world, into an opinion that he is leading men in the entertainment of it. :6 something more than human, by being fome« Thus when words and show are apt to pass "thing less: 'and, alas! what is there that morfor the fubftantial things they are only to ex • tal man will not believe of himself, when com. press, there would need no more to ensave plimented with the attributes of God ? He can à country but to adorn a court; for while then conceive thoughts of a power as omni. every man's vanity makes him believe himself present as his. But should there be such a fos capable of becoming luxury, enjoyments are of mankind now upon earth, have our fins fo

a ready bait for sufferings, and the hopes of « far provoked Heaven, that we are left utterly ' preferment invitations to servitude; which naked to his fury? Is there no power, no • Tavery would be coloured with all the agrec « leader, no genius, that can conduct and ani

ments, as they call it, imaginable. The no. mate us to our death or our deterce? Yes ; blest arts and artists, the finest pens and most our great God never gave one to reign by his

elegant minds, jointly employed to set it off, permifsion, but he gave to another also to reign 6 with the various embellishments of sumptuous

< by his grace. & entertainments, charming assemblies, and po All the circumstances of the illustrious life

lifhed discourses ; and those apoftate abilities of our prince, seem to have conspired to make 4 of men, the adored monarch might profusely him the check and bridle of tyranny; for his

and skilfully encourage, while they flatter his ripind has been trengthened and confirmed by




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one continued struggle, and Heaven has edu- particulars to the honour of the good old man. "cated him by adversity to a quick sense of the I have likewise a letter from the butler, who took • diftresses and miseries of mankind, which he so much care of me last summer when I was at

was born to redress: in just scorn of the trivial the knight's house. As my friend the butler • glories and light oftentations of power, that mentions, in the fimplicity of his heart, reveral

glorious instrument of Providence moves, like circumstances the others have passed over in • that, in a steddy, calm, and filent course, inde- filence, I shall give my reader a copy of his let. • pendent either of applause or calumny; which ter, without any alteration or diminution.

renders him, if not in a political, yet in a mo• ral, a philosophic, an heroic, and a christian Honoured Sir, • sense, an absolute monarch; wlio, satisfied with Nowing that you was my old master's good (this unchangeable, juft, and ample glory, must

friend, I could not forbear sending you • needs turn all his regards from himself to the • the melancholy' news of his death, which has <service of others; for he begins his en:erprises

afflicted the whole country, as well as his poor « with his own mare in the success of them; for • servants, who loved him, I may say, better integrity bears in itself its reward, nor can that

« than we did our lives. I am afraid he caught ' which depends not on event ever know disap

« his death the last county-sessions, where he • pointment.

' would go to see justice done to a poor widow With the undoubted character of a glorious woman, and her fatherless children, that had captain, and (what he much more values than been wronged 'by a neighbouring gentleman ; • the most splendid titles) that of a sincere and ' for you know, Sir, my good master was always honest man, he is the hope and stay of Europe,

' the poor man's friend. Upon his coming an universal good not to be ingroffed by us only;

o home, the first complaint he made was, that for diftant potentates implore his friendship,

" he had lost his roast beef stomach, not being . and injured empires court his assistance. He rules

( able to touch a sirloin, which was served up • the world, not by an invasion of the people of according to custom: and you know he used " the earth, but the address of its princes; and " to take great delight in it. From that time " if that world Thould be again roured from the

forward he grew worse and worse, but still kept repose which his prevailing arms had given it, a good heart to the last. Indeed we were once ! why should we not hope that there is an Al ' in great hope of his recovery, upon a kind "mighty, by whose influence the terrible enemy

I message that was sent him from the widow « that thinks himfelf prepared for battle, may

• lady whom he had made love to the forty laft • find he is but ripe for destruction ? and that years of his life; but this only proved a light" there may be in the womb of time great inci.

ning before death. He has bequeathed to this « dents, which may make the catastrophe of a

• lady, as a token of his love, a great pearl neck• prosperous life as unfortunate as the particular • lace, and a couple of filver bracelets set with « scenes of it were successful? for there does not • jewels, which belonged to my good old lady « want a skilful eye and resolute arm to observe his mother: he has bequeathed the fine white 6 and grasp the occasion: a prince, who from

gelding, that he used to ride a hunting upon,

to his chaplain, because he thought he would -Fuit Ilium & ingens

o be kind to him, and has left you all his books, GloriaVIRG. Æn. 2. ver. 325.

• He has, moreover, bequeathed to the chaplain

a very pretty tenement with good lands about « Troy is no more, and Ilium was a town. it. It being a very cold day when he made his

Dryden.' will, he left for mourning, to every man in the

• parish, a great frize-coat, and to every woman

black riding-hood. It was a most moving

• fight to see him take leave of his poor servants, N°517. THURSDAY, Oct. 23.

6.commending us all for our fidelity, whilst we Heu pietas! beu prisca fides !

were not able to speak a word for weeping. VIRG. Æn. 6. ver. 878. As we most of us are grown grey-headed in

s our dear master's service, he has left us penMirrour of ancient faith!

O fions and legacies, which we may live very Undaunted worth! inviolable truth! Dryden. ( comfortably upon the remaining part of our

days. He has bequeathéd a great deal more in E last night received a piece of ill news • charity, which is not yet come to my know

at our club, which very sensibly affli&ted ledge, and it is peremptorily said in the parish, every one of us. I question not but my readers (that he has left money to build a steeple to the themselves will be troubled at the hearing of it. • church; for he was heard to say some time To keep them no longer in suspence, Sir Roger ago, that if he lived two years longer, Coverley de Coverley is dead. He departed this life at his church should have a steeple to it. The chaphouse in the country, after a few weeks sickness. < lain tells every body that he made a very good Sir Andrew Freeport has a letter from one of his rend, and never speaks of him without tears, correspondents in those parts, that informs him " He was buried according to his own directions, the old man cauglit a cold at the county-sessions, among the family of the Coverleys, on the left as he was very warmly promotir 3 an address of ( hand of his father Sir Arthur. The coffin was his own penning, in which he succeeded accord • carried by fix of his tenants, and the pall held ing to his wishes. But this particular comes up by fix of the quorum: the whole parish from a whig justice of peace, who was always « followed the corpse with heavy hearts, and in Sir Roger's enemy and antagonist. I have letters o their mourning suits, the men in frizė, and the both from the chaplain and captain Sentry which women in riding-hoods. Captain Sentry, my mention nothing of it, but are filled with many • master's nephew, has taken poffeßion of the





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ball-house, and the whole estate. When 'my club with -as worthy and diverting a members
old master saw him a little before his death, he • I question not but you will receive many re-
Took him by the hand, and wished him joy of ? commendations from the public of such as will
the estate which was falling to him, defiring appear candidates for that post,
him only to make a good use of it, and to pay Since I am talking of death, and have men
the several legacies, and the gifts of charity

tioned an epitaph, I must tell you, Sir; that I which he told him he had left as quit rents have made, discovery of a church-yard in which upon the estate. The captain truly seems a I believe you'jmight spend an afternoon, with

courteous man, though he says but little. He great pleasure to yourself and to the public : ş makes much of those whóm my master loved, it belongs to the church of Stebon-heath, coins

and Thews great kindness to the old house-dog, monly called Stepney. Whether or no it be that you know my poor master was so fond of, that the people of that parish have a particular It would have gone to your heart to have heard genius for an epitaph, or that there be some the moans the dumb creature made on the day poet among them who undertakes that work of my maiter's death. He has never joyed by the great, I cannot tell; but there are more himself since; no more has any of us. It was remarkable inscriptions in that place than in the melancholiest day for the poor people that any other I have met with; and I may say ever happened in Worcetershire. This is all without vanity, that there is not a gentlemani from,

in England better read in tomb-ftones than Honoured Sir,

myself, my studies having laid very much in Your most sorrowful servant, church-yards. I shall beg leave to send you

i Edward Biscuit, a couple of epitaphis, forta sample of those I * P. S. My master desired, some weeks be

have just now mentioned. They are written

< fore he died, that a book, which comes up to

in a different manner;, the first being in the

diffused and luxuriants, the fecond in the close you by the carrier., Thould be giten to Sir Anna

contracted file. The first has much of the drew Freeport, in his name:

simple and pathetic; the second is, fomerhing This letter, notwithstanding the poor butler's

light, but nervous. The first is thus é. manner of writing it, gave us such an idea of our

« Here Thomas Sapper lies interr'd. Ab why! good old friend, that upon the reading of it there

« Born in New England, did in London die; was not a dry eye in the club. Sir Andrew open

" Was the third son of eight, begot upon ing the book, found it to be a collection of acts

« His mother Martha by his father John. of parliament. There was in particular the Act

« Mạch favour'd by his prince he 'gan to be, of Uniformity, with some passages in it marked

< Buť nipt by death at the age of twenty-three. by Sir Roger's own hand. Sir Andrew found

o Fatal to bim was that we small pox name, that they related to two or three points, which

By which his mother and two brethren came i he had disputed with Sir Roger the last time he

6. Also to breathe their last nine years before, appeared at the clab. Sir Andrew, 'who would

“And now have left their father to deplore have been merry at such an incident on another

“ The loss of all his children with his wife, occasion, at the light of the old man's hand.

ár Who was the joy and comfort of his life.
writing burst into tears, and put the book into
his pocket.: Captain Sentry informs me, that the The second is as follows:
knight has left rings and mourning for every one
in the club.

# Here lies the body of Daniel Saút;

di Spittle-fields weaver, and that's all. N° 518. FRIDAY, OCTOBER 24.

• I will not dismiss you, whilf I am upon this .

• subject, without sending a fhort epitaph which Miferum est akende 'inctimbere famet, " I once met with, though I cannot possibly reNe collapjá fuánt subductis tecla columnis.' • collect the place. The thought of it is serions,

Juv. Șat. 8. ver. 36. cand in my opinion, the fineft that l'ever met "Tis poor relying on another's fame:

*'with upon this occafion. You know, Sir,

“it is usual, after having told us the name of the For, take the pillars but away, and all suri The superstructure müft in ruins fall., 's

person who lies interted, to launch out into his

praises: This epitaph takes a quite contrary

2 Stepneys • turn, having been made by the person himself HIS being a day of business' with me, I some time before his death.

must make the present 'entertainment like
I treat at an house-warming; out of such press Hic jacét R. Č. in expectatione diei fupremi. Qualis
fents as have been sent me by my guests: The

erat dies ifte indicabit.
first dish which I serve up is a letter come fresh
to:my hand. 4!

• Here lieth R. C. in expe&tation of the last
day. What fort of a man he that day

was, 696 Mr. SpeEtator,

will discoveri [T is with inexpressible forrow that it heaf of

I am, Sir, &c.
the death of good Sir Roger, and do hệättily
condole with you upon lo melancholy an occa The following letter is dated from Cambridge
svfion. I think you'ought to have blackened the

esedges of a paper which brought us fo 111 news,
& sand to have had it stamped likevoile

in black.

tions, an essay upon physognomy, I canepitaphysandrit poffible, fill his plaee in the be still blow orydza Law Site mor bir şhink that if you made a vift to this

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. • ancient university, you might receive very con- has so curioufly wrought the mass of dead mat< fiderable lights upon that subject, there being ter, with the several relations which those bodies • foarce a young fellow in it who does not give bear to one another; there is still, methinks, I certain indications of his particular humour something more wonderful and surprising in cone and disposition conformable to the rules of templations on the world of life, by which I

that art. In courts and cities every body lays mean all those animals with which every part of a constraint upon his countenance, and endea- thc universe is furnished. The material world

vours to look like the rest of the world; but is only the sell of the universe: the world of • the youth of this place, having not yet formed life are its inhabitants. « themselves hy conversation, and the knowledge If we consider those parts of the material • of the world, give their limbs and features their world which lie nearest to us, and are therei full play.

fore subject to our observations and inquiries, As you have confidered human nature in all it is amazing to consider the infinity of animals • its lights, you must be extremely well appris. with which it is stocked. Every part of matter

ed, that there is a'very close correspondence is peopled; every green leaf swarins with inha• between the outward and the inward man; bitants. There is scarce a single humour in the

that scarce the least dawning, the least partu- body of a man, ur of any other animal, in which

riency towards a thought can be stirring in the our glasses do not discover myriads of living crea• mind of man, without producing a suitable re

The surface of animals is also covered • volution in his exteriors, which will easily dis- with other animals, which are in the same man

cover itself to an adept in the theory of the phiz. ner the basis of other animals that live upon it; • Hence it is, that the intrinfic worth and merit nay, we find in the most solid bodies, as in • of a son of Alma Mater is ordinarily calculated marble itself, innumerable cells and cavities that " from the cast of his visage, the contour of his are crouded with such imperceptible inhabitants, • perfon, the mechanism of his dress, the dispo- as are too little for the naked eye to discover. • sition of his limbs, the manner of his gait and On the other hand, if we look into the more

air, with a number of circumstances of equal bulky parts of nature, we see the seas, lakes and • consequence and information : the practitioners rivers teeming with numberless kinds of living • in this art often make use of a gentleman's creatures : we find every mountain and marih,

eyes to give them light into the posture of his wildernefi and wood, plentifully ftocked with • brains; take a handle from his nose, to judge birds and beasts, and every part of matter afford.

of the size of his intellects; and interpret the ing proper necessaries and conveniencies for the • over much visibility and pertness of one ear, as livelihood of multitudes which inhabit it. • an infallible mark of reprobation, and a sign The author of the Plurality of Worlds draws ! the owner of fo saucy a member fears neither a very good argument from this confideration, • God nor man. In conformity to this scheme, for the peopling of every planet ; as indeed it

a contracted brow, a lumpith down-cast look, seems very probable from the analogy of reason, ' a sober sedate pace, with both hands dangling that if no part of matter, which we are acquaint

quiet and steady in lines exactly parallel to each ed with, lies waste and useless, those great bodies, lateral pocket of the galligarkins, is logic, me. which are at such a distance from us, Mould not

taphyfics and mathematics in perfection. So be defare and unpeopled, but rather that they ' likewise the Belles Lettres are typified by a hould be furnished with beings adapted to their • saunter in the gait, a fall of one wing of the respective situations. • peruke backward, an insertion of one hand in Existence is a blefling to those beings only

the fob, and a negligent swing of the other, which are endowed with perception, and is in a (with a pinch of right and fine Barcelona be- manner thrown away upon dead matter, any

tween finger; and thumb, a due quantity of the farther than as it is subfervient to beings which

same upon the upper lip, and a noddle care are confcious of their existence. Accordingly "loaden with pulvil. Again, a grave solemn we find, from the bodies which lie under our

Nalking pace is heroic poetry, and politics; an obfervation, that matter is only made as the basis unequal one, a genius for the ode, and the and support of animals, and that there is no

modern ballad; and an open breast, with an more of the one, than what is necessary for the ? audacious display of the holland Thirt, is con- existence of the other. ' ftrued ä fatal tendency to the art of military. Infinite goodness is of fo communicative a

I might be much larger upon these hints, but nature, that it seems to delight in the conferring I know whom I write to. If you can graft of exitence upon every degree of perceptive ' any speculation upon them, or turn them to being. As this is a speculation, which I have

the advantage of the persons concerned'in often pursued with great pleasure to myself, I ! Mem, you will do a work very becoming the shall enlarge farther upon it, by considering that • Britim Spectator, and oblige.

part of the scale of beings which comes within • Your very humble servant, our knowledge.

Tom Tweer.' There are some living creatures which are

raised but just above dead matter. To mention No 519. SATURDAY, OCTOBER 2:50 only that species of thell-fish, which are formed Inde bominum pecudumque genus, vitæque volantum, of several rocks, and immediately die upon their

in the fashion of a cone, that grow to the surface Et quæ marmoreo feret monfira sub æquore pontus. I Virá. Æn. 6. ver. -728. There are many other creatures but one remove

being severed from the place where they grow. • Hence men and beasts the breath of life obtain,

from these, which have no other fense besides And birds of air, and monsters of the main.

that of feeling and cafte. Others have ftit can

Dryden. additionat one of heatinig: others of smelt; and Hough there' is a great deal of pleasure in others of fight. ' It is wonderful. to obferve, Imoan that system of bodies into which nature



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