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ed Jews, many of whom I have met with in land of Promise. They have as often been bamost of the confiderable towns which I have nished out of most other places where they have passed through in the course of my travels. They settled, which must very much disperse and, are, indeed, so disseminated through all the scatter a people, and oblige them to seek a live. trading parts of the world, that they are become lihood where they can find it.

Besides, the the instruments by which the most diftant nati. whole people is now a race of such merchants ons converse with one another, and by which as are wanderers by profession, and, at the same mankind are knit together in a general corre- time, are in most, if not all, places incapable fpondence: they are like the pegs and nails in a of either lands or offices, that might engage great building, which, though they are but lit-, them to make any part of the world their home. tle valued in themselves, are absolutely neces This dispersion would probably have lost their fary to keep the whole frame together.

religion, had it not been secured by the strength That I may not fall into any common beaten, of its constitution : for they are to live all in a tracks of observation, I Mall consider this peo- body, and generally within the same inclosure; ple in three views : first, with regard to their to marry among themselves, and to eat no ineats number; secondly, their difperfion; and third- that are not killed or prepared their own way. ly, their adherence to their religion : and after. This shuts them out from all table-conversation, wards endeavour to thew, first, what natural and the most agreeable intercourses of life reasons, and, secondly, what providential rea- and, by consequence, excludes them from the fons may be assigned for these three remarkable most probable means of conversion. particulars.

If, in the last place, we confider what proviThe jews are looked upon by many to be as, dential reasons may be assigned for these three numerous at present, as they were formerly in particulars, we shall find that their numbers, the land of Canaan.

dispersion, and adherence to their religion, have This is wonderful," considering the dreadful furnihed every age, and every nation of the flaughter made of them under some of the Ro- world, with the strongest arguments for the man Emperors, which historians describe by Christian Faith, not only as these very particulars the death of many hundred thousands in a, are foretold of them, but as they themselves are war; and the innumerable massacres and per-, the depositories of these and all the other proa fecutions they havs undergone in Turkey, as pheges, which tend to their own confufion. well as in all Christian nations of the world. Their number fúrnishes us with a sufficient The Rabbins, to express the great havock which cloud of witnesses that attest the truth of the has been sometimes made of them tell us, af- old. Bible. Their, dispersion spreads these witnerter their usual manner of hyperbole, that there ses through all parts of the world. The adhe. were such torrents of holy blood shed as, car rence to their religion makes their testimony. unried rocks of an hundred yards in circumference questionable. Had the whole body of the Jews above three miles into the sea.

been converted to Christianity, we should cer. Their dispersion is the second remarkable tainly have thought all the prophesies of the particular in this people. They (warm over Old Testament, that relate to the coming and all the East; and are settled in the remotest history of our blessed Saviour, forged by Chrifti. parts of China : they are spread through most ans, and have looked upon them, with the of the nations of Europe and Africa, and many prophesies of the Sibyls, as made many years families of them are established in the West. after the events they pretended to foretel, Indies ; not to mention whole nations bordering on Prefter- John's' country, and some difcovered in the inner parts of America, if we No. 496. MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, may give any credit to their own writers.

Their firm adherence to their religion, is no Gnatum pariter uti bis decuit aut etiam ampliùs, less remarkable than their numbers and disper-, Quòd illa ætas magis ad bec utenda idonea eft. fion, especially considering it as persecuted or

TER, Heaut. Act. 1. Sc. I. contemned over the face of the whole earth. This is likewise the more remarkable, if we

Your son ought to have shared in these things, consider the frequent apoftafies of this people,

because youthi is best suited to the enjoya
when they lived under the kings in the land of ment of them,
Promise, and within Gght of their temple.

Mr. Spectator, "
If in the next place we examine, what may

PHOSE ancients who were the most accu. the Jews

rate in their remarks on the genius and are not to be found in any other religion or

temper of mankind, by confidering the vari

ous bent and scope of our actions throughout people, I.can, in the first place, attribute their numbers to nothing but their constant employm --allotted inclinations and objects of desire par

" the progress of life, have with great exactness ment, their abstinence, their exemption from

ticular to every stage, according to the difwars, and, above all their frequent marriages ;

« ferent circumstances of our conversation and for they look on celibacy as an accursed state,

fortune, through the feveral periods of it, and generally are married before twenty, as hop,

Hence they were disposed easily to excuse thofe ing the Meffiah may descend from them. The dispersion of the Jews into all the nations eager pursuit of the affe&ions more immedi.

excesses which might possibly arife from a too of the earth, is the second remarkable particu: ately proper to each state : they indulged the lar of that people, though not so hard to be ac

( levity of childhood with tenderness, overlook. counted for. They were always in rebellions and tumults while they had the temple and holy

ed the gaiety of youth with good-nature, tem

pered the forward ambition and impatience çity in view, for which reason they have often been driven out of their pld babịtations in the of ripened manhood with discretion, and kind



be the natural reafons for these three particu :TH

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ly imputed the tenacious avarice of old men

"Mr. Spectator,

London, Sept. 26, 1712 s to their want of relish for any other enjoyment. AM just come from Tunbridge, and have. « Such allowances as there were no less advan

since my return read Mrs. Matilda Mohair's tageous to common society than obliging to letter to you: the pretends to make a mighty • particular persons ; for by maintaining a de story about the diversion of swinging in that

cency and regularity in the course of life, they place. What was done, was only among re< supported the dignity of human nature, "lations; and no man swung any woman who was

which then suffers the greatest violence when • not second cousin at farthest. She is pleased • the order of things is inverted ; and in no. to say, care was taken that the gallants tied ' thing is it more remarkably vilified and ridi. • the ladies legs before they were wafted into

culous, than when feebleness preposterously the air. Since she is so spiteful, I will tell you ' attempts to adorn itself with that outward the plain truth : there was no such nicety ob

pomp and lustre, which serve only to set off ('served, since we were all, as I just how told o the bloom of youth with better advantage. I you, near relations; but Mrs. Mohair herself ' was insensibly carried into reflexions of this • has been swung there, and the invents all this ".nature, by just now meeting Paulino (who is o malice, because it was observed the had crooked ' in his climacteric) bedecked with the utmost legs, of which I was an eye-witness. • splendor of dress and equipage, and giving an

• Your humble servant, 6 unbounded loose to all manner of pleasure,

• Rachel Shoestring.' 6 whilst his only fon is debarred all innocent di6 version, and may be seen frequently solacing

« Mr. Spectator,

Tunbridge, Sept. 26, 1712. « himself in the Mall with no other attendance

have just now read your paper, con" than one antiquated servant of his father's

taining Mrs. Mohair's letter. It is for a companion and director.

an invention of her own from one end to the • It is a monstrous want of reflexion, that a other; and I defire you would print the inclosed • man cannot consider, that when he cannot • letter by itself, and shorten it so as to come

resign the pleasures of life in his decay of ap ' within the compass of your half sheet. She is

petite and inclination to them, his son must the most malicious minx in the world, for all the • have a much uneasier talk to resist the impe- looks fo innocent. Do not leave out that part 'tuofity of growing desires. The skill therefore about her being in love with her father's butler, « mould, methinks, be to let a son want no I which makes her shun men; for that is the • lawful diversion, in proportion to his future "truest of it all. « fortune, and the figure he is to make in the

« Your humble servant, "-world. The first step towards 'virtue that I

« Sarah Trice.' ' have observed in young men of condition that P.S. She has crooked legs.' 6 have run into excesses, has be

that they ' had a regard to their quality and reputation

Mr. Spectator, Tunbridge, Sept. 26, 1712. ' in the management of their vices. Narrow, Lí that Mrs. Mohair is so vexed at against ness in their circumstances has made many

the good company of this place, is, that youths, to supply themfelves , as debauchees, we all know the has crooked legs. This is cer6 commence cheats and rascals. The fəther,' tainly true. I do not care for putting my name, ( who allows liis son to his utmost ability a.. « because one would not be in the power of the 6 voids this latter evil, which as to the world“ ' creature. • is much greater than the former,

But the

• Your humble servant unknown.' contrary practice has prevailed so much among ' fome men, that I have known them deny them

- Mr. Spe&tator, Tunbridge, Sept. 26, 1712. ' what was merely necessary for education suit. WHAT insufferable prude Mrs. Mohair, who able to their quality. Poor young Antonio is

has told such fories of the company here, a lamentable instance of ill conduct in this cis with child, for all her nice airs and her crooked ' kind. The young man did not want natural legs. Pray be sure to put her in for both those

talents ; but the father of him was a cox two things, and you will oblige every one here,

comb, who affected being a fine gentleman especially ' so unmercifully, that he could not endure in

6 Your hurable servant, his light, or the frequent mention of one, T

• Alice Bluegarter." who was his son, growing into manhood, and ' thrusting him out of the gay world. I have often thought the father took a secret pleasure

497. TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER R.30. in reflecting that when that fine house and ' feat came into the next hands, it would re

“Ouróç eçtı yadeutns réparr'. Menandere vive his memory, as a person who knew how to enjoy them, from observation of the rusti.. A cunning old fox this!

city and ignorance of his fucceffor. Certain ' it is that a man may, if he will, let his heart

Favour well bestowed is almost as great an close to the having no regard to any thing but

honour to him who confers it, as to him • his dear felf, even with exclusion of his very who receives it. What indeed makes for the fu' children. I recommend this subject to your perior reputation of the patron in this case is, that consideration, and am,

he is always surrounded with specious pretences of Sir, your moft humble servant, unworthy candidates, and is often alone in the

(T. B;' kind inclination he has towards the well deserving.

Justice is the first quality in the man who is in a poft of directions and I remember to have heard an old gentleman talk of the civil wars, and in his relation give an account of a general officer,




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who with this one quality, without any shining he told his excellency that he had pretended in endowments, became so popularly beloved and ho- this manner to be wiser than he really was, but noured, that all decisions between man and man with no ill intention ; but he was honeft Suchwere laid before him by the parties concerned in a-one of the train, and he came to tell him that a private way; and they would lay by their ani. they wanted wheel-barrows and pick-axes. The mosties implicitly, if he bid them be friends, or thing happened not to displease, the great man submit themselves in the wrong without reluctance, was seen to smile, and the successful officer was if he said it, without waiting the judgment of recondycted with the same profound ceremony out court-martials. His manner was to keep the dates of the house. of all commissions in his closet, and wholly dis When Leo X, reigned Pope of Rome, his holimiss from the service such who were deficient in nefs, though a man of fenie, and of an excellent their duty; and after that took care to prefer ac- taste of letters, of all things affected fools, bufcording to the order of battle. His familiars were foons, humourists, and coxcombs : whether it were his intire friends, and could have no interefted from vanitv, and that hę enjoyed no talents in views in courting his acquaintance; for his af- other men but what were inferior to him, or what. fection was no step to their preferment, though it ever it was, he carried it so far, that his whole was to their reputation. By this means a kind delight was in finding out new fools, and, as our aspect, a salutation, a smile, and giving out his phrafe is, playing them off, and making them hand, had the weight of what is esteemed by Thew themselves to advantage. A priest of his vulgar minds more substantial. His business was former acquaintance suffered a great many disap very short, and he who had nothing to do buť pointments in attempting to find access to him in justice, was never affronted with a request of a a regular character, until at laft in despair he refamiliar daily vifitant for what was due to a brave tired from Rome, and returned in an equipage fo man at a distance. Extraordinary merit he used very fantastical, both as to the dress of himself to recommend to the king for some diftinction at and servants, that the whole court were in an home, until the order of battle made way for his emulation who should first introduce him to his riling in the troops. Add to this, that he had an holiness. What added to the expectation his holi, cxcellent manner of getting rid of such whom he ness had of the pleasure he jhould have in his observed were good at a halt, as his phrase was. follies, was, that this fellow, in a dress the most Under this description he comprehended all those exquisitely ridiculous, desired he might speak to who' were contented to live without reproach, and him alone, for he had matters of the higheft im-. had no promptitude in their minds towards glory. portance, upon which he wanted a conference. These fellows were also recommended to the King, Nothing could be denied to a coxcomb of so great and taken off of the general's hands into posts hope; but when they were apart, the impostor wherein diligence and common honesty were all revealed himself, and spoke as follows: that were necessary. This general had no weak part in his line, but every man had as much care

not be surprised, most holy father, at upon him, and as much honour to lose as himself. Every officer could answer for what passed where your old friend, who has taken this way of access he was, and the general's presence was never ne.. to admonish you of your own folly. Can any thing cessary any where, but where he had placed him- Thew your holiness how unworthily you treat manself at the first disposition, except that accident kind, more than my being put upon this difficulty happened from cxtraordinary efforts of the enemy to speak with you? It is a degree of folly to dewhich he could not foresee; but it was remark- light to see it in others, and it is the greatest inable that it never fell out from failure in his own folence imaginable to rejoice in the disgrace of troops. It must be confeffed the world is just so human nature. It is a criminal humility in a much out of order, as an unworthy person poffeffes person of your holiness's understanding, to believe what Ihould be in the direction of him who has you cannot excel but in the conversation of halfbetter pretensions to it,

wits, humourists, coxcombs, and buffoons. If Instead of such a conduct as this old fellow used your holiness has a mind to be diverted like a ra. to describe in his general, all the evils which haye tional man, you have a great opportunity for it, ever happened among mankind have arose from in difrobing all the impertinents you have favourthe wanton disposition of the favours of the power- ed of all their riches and trappings at once, and ful. It is generally all that men of modesty and bestowing them on the humble, the virtuous and virtuc can do, to fall in with some whimsical turn the meek. If your holiness is not concerned for in a great man, to make way for things of real the sake of virtue and religion, be pleased to reflect, and absolute fervice. In the time of Don Se- ' that for the sake of your own safety it is not pros basțian of Portugal, or some time since, the first per to be so very much in jeft. When the Pope'is minister would let nothing come near him but what thus merry, the people will in time begin to think bore the molt profound face of witdom and gravity. 'many things, which they have hitherto bekeld They carried it so far, that, for the greater thew with the greatest veneration, are in themselves of their profound knowledge, a pair of spectacles objects of scorn and derision. If they once get a tied on their noses, with a black ribbon round trick of knowing how to laugh, your holiness saytheir heads, was what completed the dress of those ing this sentence in one night-cap, and the other who made their court at his levee, and none with with the other, the change of your slippers, bringnaked noses were admitted to his presence. A ing you your staff in the midit of a prayer, then blunt honest fellow, who had a command in the stripping you of one vest and clapping on a second train of artillery, had attempted to make an im- - during divine service, will be found ant to have pression upon the porter day after day in vain, un-' nothing in it. Consider, Sir, that at this rate a til at length he made his appearance in a very head will be reckoned never the wiser for being thoughtful dark suit of clothes, and two pair of bald, and the ignorant will be apt to say, that fpeétacles on at once. He was conducted from going bare-foot does not at all help on in the way room to room, with great deference, to the mi- to heaven. The red cap and the cowl will fall nister ; . and carrying on the farce of the place,


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under the same contempt; and the vulgar will my neck into the bargain. After such a severe tell us to our faces that we hall have no authority reprimand, you may imagine I was not very easily over them, but from the force of our arguments, prevailed with to make a second attempt; and the fanctity of our lives.

• indeed, upon mature deliberation, the whole * fcienee seemed, at least to me, to be surrounded

' with so many difficulties, that notwithstanding N° 498. WEDNESDAY, Oct. 1.

• the unknown advantages which might have ac- ,

' crued to me thereby, I gave over all hopes of at-Frustra retinacula tendens

• taining it; and I believe had never thought of Fertur equus auriga, neque audit currus babenas.

• it more, but that my memory has been lately VIRG. Georg. 1. ver. 514. ref: ethed by seeing some of these ingenious genNor reins, nor curbs, nor cries, the horses fear, o tlemen ply in the open streets, one of which But force along the trembling charioteer. Dryden.

" I saw receive fo suitable a reward to his labours, To the Spectator-General of Great-Britain.

" that though I know you are no friend to story

' 'telling, yet I must beg leave to trouble you with From the farther end of the Widow's coffee-house

" this at large. in Devereux-court, Monday evening, twenty • About a fortnight fince, as I was diverting eight minutes and a half past fix.

( myself with a pennyworth of walnuts at the

• Temple-gate, a lively young fellow in a fustian Dear Dumb,

• jacket thot by me, beckoned a coach, and told N short, to use no farther preface, if I should the coachman he wanted to go as far as Chelsea :

tell you that I have seen a hackney-coachman, " they agreed upon the price, and this young gen• when he has come to set down his fare, which • tleman mounts the coach-box; the fellow staring • has confifted of two or three very fine ladies, at him, desired to know, if he should not drive • hand them out, and falute every one of them with 6 until they were out of town? No, no replied • an air of familiarity, without giving the least che: he was then going to climb up to him, but • offence, you would perhaps think me guilty of received another check, and was then ordered ' a gasconade. But to clear myself srom that im to get into the coach or behind it, for that he • putation, and to explain this matter to you, I wanted no instructors; but be sure you dog you, • assure you that there are many illustrious youths ' says he, do not bilk me. The fellow thereupon « within this city, who frequently recreate them- " surrendered his whip, scratched his head, and • selves by driving of a hackney-coach : but chore • crept into the coach. Having myself occasion • whom, above all others, I would recommend to • to go into the Strand about the same time, we

you, are the young gentlemen belonging to our oftarted both together; but the streets being very

inns of court. We have, I think, about a dozen • full of coaches, and he not so able a coachman 6 coachmen, who have chambers here in the as perhaps he imagined himself, I had soon got Temple; and as it is reasonable to believe others' a little way before him; often, however, having • will follow their example, we may perhaps in the curiosity to cast my eye back upon him, to • time (if it shall be thought convenient) be drove observe how he behaved himself in this high to Westminster by our own fraternity, allowing station; which he did with great composure,

every fifth person to apply his meditations this until he came to the pass, which is a military 6 way, which is bụt a modeft computation, as • term the brothers of the whip have given to the • the humour is now likely to take. It is to be • strait at St. Clement's church: when he was • hoped likewise, that there are in the other nur 6 arrived near this place, where are always coaches • series of the law to be found a proportionable rin waiting, the coachmen began to suck up the • number of these hopeful plants, springing up ( muscles of their cheeks, and to tip the wink up« to the everlasting renown of their native coun. on each other, as if they had some roguery in « try. Of how long standing this humour has their heads, which I was immediately convinced • been, I know not; the first time I had any par of; for he no sooner came within reach, but the 6 ticular reason to take notice of it, was about • first of them with his whip took exact dimensions • this time twelve-month, when being upon Hamp- ' of his houlders, which he very ingeniously called • ftead-heath with some of these studious young endorfing: and indeed I must say, that every one * men, who went thither purely for the sake of o of them took due care to endorse him as he came • contemplation, nothing would serve them but • through their hands. He seemed at first a little " I must go thro' a course of this philosophy too; uneasy under the operation, and was going in ! and being ever willing to cmbellish myself with i all hafte to take the numbers of their coaches ; r any commendable qualification, it was not long . but at length by the mediation of the worthy

ere they persuaded me into the coach-box ; nor gentleman in the coach, his wrath was afswaged, rindeed much longer, before I underwent the fate and he prevailed upon to pursue his journey i

of brother Phæton ; for having drove about fifty • though indeed I thought they had clapt such a paces with pretty good success, through my own spoke in his wheel, as had disabled him from

natural fagacity, together with the good instruc being a coachman for that day at least: for I • tions of my tutors, who, to give them their due, am much mistaken, Mr. Spec, if some of these « were on all hands encouraging and assisting me (indorsements were not wrote with so {trong a • in this laudable undertaking; I say, Sir, having hand that they are still legible. Upon my en • drove about fifty paces with pretty good success, • quiring the reason of this unusual salutation, " I must needs be exercising the lash, which the they told me, that it was a custom among them, • horses resented so ill from my hands, that they (whenever they saw a brother tottering or unstable

gave a fudden start, and thereby pitched me di " in his post, to lend him a hand, in order to set. rectly upon my head, as I very well remembered (tlé him again therein. For my part I thought about half an hour afterwards, which not only their allegations but reasonable, and so marched

deprived me of all the knowledge t had gained coff. Besides our coachmen, we abound in divers . for fifty yards before, but had liked to have broke other forts of ingenious robust youth, who' I S


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hope, will not take it ill if I refer giving you " The ladies did not a little triumph at this an account of their several recreations to ano ' story, asking us at the same time, whether in other opportunity. In the mean time, if you, our consciences we believed that the men in (would but bestow a little of your wholsome any town of Great-Britain would, upon the

advice upon our coachmen, it might perhaps ' fame ofter, and at the same conjuncture, have 'be a reprieve to some of their necks. As I loaded themselves with their wives; or rather, o understand you have several inspectors under whether they would not have been glad of such

you, if you would but send one amongst us an opportunity to get rid of them? To this

here in the Temple, I am persuaded he would my very good friend Tom Dapperwit, who • not want employment. But I leave this to took upon him to be the mouth of our sex, your own confideration, and am,

replied, that they would be very much to • Sir, Your humble servant, blame if they would not do the same good • Moses Greenbag.

r office for the women, considering that their

strength would be greater, and their burdens OP. S. I have heard our critics in the coffee • lighter. As we were amusing ourselves with houses hereabout talk mightily of the unity of • discourses of this nature, in order to pass away

time and place : according to my notion of the evening, which now begins to grow . the matter, I have endeavoured at something

tedious, we fell into thát laudable and prilike it in the beginning of my epifle. I desire mitive diversion of questions and commands. • to be informed a little as to that particular. In I was no sooner vested with the regal autho

my next I design to give you some account of rity, but I enjoined all the ladies, under pain 6 excellent watermen who are bred to the law, of my displeasure, to tell the company in6 and far outdo the land students abovementi genuously, in case they had been in the fiege « onedi'

T " above-mentioned, and had the fame offers made

them as the good women of that place, what every one of them would have brought off with

her, and have thought most worth the saving ? No. 499. THURSDAY, Oct. 2. " There were several merry answers made to my

question, which entertained us until bed-time. -Nimis uncis

• This filled my mind with such a bundle of Naribus indulgesPERS. Sat. 1. ver. 40. ' ideas, that upon my going to sleep, I fell into

the following dream. -You drive the jest too far.

I saw a town of this island, which hall be DRYDEN. ' nameless, invested on every side, and the in

habitants of it so ftraitened as to cry for friend Will Honeycomb has told me for

quarter. above this half year, that he had a great

The General refused any other mind to try his hand at a Spectator, and that he

terms than those granted to the abovemen

tioned town of Hensberg, namely, that the would fain have one of his writing in my works.

' married women might come out with what This morning I received from him the follow

they could bring along with them. Immeing letter, which, after having rectified some

diately the city-gates flew open, and a female little, orthographical mistakes, I fall make a present of to the public.

procession appeared, multitudes of the sex ' following one another in a row, and stag

gering under their respective burdens. I took Dear Spec.

my stand upon an eminence in the enemy's T WAS about two nights ago in company camp, which was appointed for the general I with very agreeable young people of both rendezvous of these female carriers, being sexes, where talking of some of your papers very desirous to look into their several ladings. which are written on conjugal love, there arose " The first of them had a huge sack upon her a dispute among us, whether there were not shoulders, which she set down with great more bad husbands in the world than bad care : upon her opening it, when I expected

wives. A gentleman, who was advocate for 6 to have seen her husband hot out of it, I " the ladies, took this occasion to tell us the < found it was filled with china-ware, The

story of a famous fiege in Germany, which I next appeared in a most decent figure, carry' have fince found related in my historical dic ing a handsome young fellow upon her back :

tionary, after the following manner, When "I could not forbear commending the young the Emperor Conrade the third had besieged - woman for her conjugal affection, when, to Guelphus, Duke of Bavaria, in the city of my great surprize, I found that she had left Hensberg, the women finding that the town the good man at home, and brought away

could not possibly hold out long, petitioned her gallant. I saw the third, at some dif• the Emperor that they might depart out of it, • tance, with a little withered face peeping « with so much as each of them could carry. over her shoulder, whom I could not sufpect « The Emperor knowing they could not convey for any but her spouse, until upon her setting

away many of their effects, granted them their him down, I heard her call him dear pug, petition: when the women, to his great sur and found him to be her favourite monkey.

prise, çame out of the place with every one A fourth brought a huge bale of cards along < her husband upon her back. The Emperor was ( with her; and the fifth a Bologna lap.dog;

fo moved at the fight, that he burft into tears, < for her husband, it seems, being a very burly « and after having very much extolled the wo ( man, she thought it would be lefs trouble (men for their conjugal affection, gave the men « for her to bring away little Cupid. The next ! to their wives, and received the duke into his I was the wife of a rich ulurer, loaden with a · favour.

bag of gold; the told us that her spouse was

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