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presìions from the masterly strokes of a great au both in profe and verse. As an undertaking of thor every time he peruses him: besides that this nature is entirely new, I question not but he naturally wears himself into the same man it will be received with candour. ner of speaking and thinking.

Conversation with men of a polite genius is another method for improving our natural taste. No 410. FRIDAY, JUNE 20. It is impossible for a man of the greatest parts to consider any thing in its whole extent, and in all its variety of lights. Every man, besides those

-Dum foris funt, nihil videtur mundius, general observations which are to be made upon Nec magis compofitum quidquam, nec magis elegans : an author, forms several reflections that are pe- Quæ, cum amatore suo càm cænant, liguriunt. culiar to his own manner of thinking; so that Harum videre ingluviem, fordes, inopiam, conversation will naturally furnish us with hints Quàm inhonefta sola sint domi, atque avide cibi, which we did not attend to, and make us enjoy Quo paéto ex jure befterno panem atrum vorent : other mens parts and reflections as well as our

Nöje omnia bæc, falus est adolefcentulis. own. This is the best reason I can give for

Ter. Eun. Act. 5. Sc. 40 the observation which several have made, that when they are abroad, nothing is so clean, and men of great genius in the same way of writing,

nicely dressed; and when at fupper with a galseldom rise up singly, but at certain periods of

lant, they do but piddle and pick the choicest time appear together, and in a body; as they bits: but, to see their nastiness and poverty at did at Rome in the reign of Augustus, and in home, their gluttony, and how they devour Greece about the age of Socrates. I cannot think black crusts dipped in yesterday's broth, is a that Corneille, Racine, Moliere, Boileau, la Fon perfect antidote against wenching. taine, Bruyere, Bossu, or the Daciers, would have written fo well as they have done, had they not WILL Honeycomb, who disguises his present been friends and contemporaries.

decay by visiting the wenches of the town It is likewise necessary for a man who would only by way of humour, told us, that the last form to himself a finished taste of good writing, rainy night, he with Sir Roger de Coverley was to be well versed in the works of the best Critics driven into the Temple Cloister, whither had ef. both ancient and modern. I must confess that caped also a lady moit exactly dressed from head I could with there were authors of this kind, to foot. Will made no scruple to acquaint us, who, besides the mechanical rules which a man

that Me faluted him very familiarly by his name, of very little taste may discourse upon, would and turning immediately to the knight, she said, enter into the very spirit and soul of fine writing, she supposed that was his good friend, Sir Roger and Mew us the several sources of that pleasure de Coverley: upon which nothing less could folwhich rises in the mind upon the perusal of a

low than Sir Roger's approach to falutation, with, noble work. Thus although in poetry it be ab- Madam, the fame at your service. She was drefied folutely necessary that the unities of time, place in a black tabby mantua and petticoat, without and action, with other points of the same na ribbons; her linen striped muslin, and on the ture, should be thoroughly explained and under- whole in an agreeable second mourning; decent flood; there is still something more essential to dresses being often affected by the creatures of the art, something that elevates and astonishes the town, at once consulting cheapness and the the fancy, and gives a greatness of mind to the pretensions to modesty. She went on with a fareader, which few of the critics besides Longinus miliar easy air. Your friend, Mr. Honeycomb is bave considered.

a little surprised to see a woman here alone and Our general taste in England is for epigram, unattended; but I dismissed my coach at the gate, turns of wit, and forced conceits, which have no and tripped it down to my council's chamber; manner of influence, either for the bettering or for lawyers sees take up too much of a small disa enlarging the mind of him who reads them, and puted jointure to admit any other expences but have been carefully avoided by the greatest writ meer necessaries. Mr. Honeycomb begged they ers, both among the ancients and moderns. I might have the honour of setting her down, for have endeavoured in several of my speculations Sir Roger's servant was gone to call a coach. In to banish this Gothic talte, which has taken pof- the interim the footman returned, with no coach fession among us. I entertained the town for a to be had ; and there appeared nothing to be done week together with an essay upon wit, in which but trusting herself with Mr. Honeycomb and his I endeavoured to detect several of those false friend to wait at the tavern at the gate for a kinds which have been admired in the different coach, or be subjected to all the impertinence she ages of the world; and at the same time to few must meet with in that public place. Mr. Honeye wherein the nature of true wit confifts. I after comb being a man of honour,determined the choice wards gave an instance of the great force which of the first, and Sir Roger, as the better man, took lies in a natural fimplicity of thought to affect the lady by the hand, leading her through all the the mind of the reader, from such vulgar pieces lower, covering her with his hat, and gallanting as have little else besides this single qualification a familiar acquaintance through rows of young to recommend them. I have likewise examined fellows, who winked at Sukey in the state the the works of the greatest poet which our nation marched off, Will Honeycomb bringing up the or perhaps any other has produced, and par- 'rear. ticularized most of those rational and manly Much importunity prevailed upon the fair one beauties which give a value to that divine work. to admit of a collation, where, after declaring the I call next Saturday enter upon an essay 'on had no stomach, and eaten a couple of chickens,

the pleafures of the imagination,' which though devoured a trufs of fallet, and drank a full bottle I shall not consider that subject at large, will per to her Mare, she sung the Old Man's Wish to Sir haps suggest to the reader what it is that gives Roger. The knight left the room for some time a beauty to many passages of the finest writers after fupper, and wrie the following billes, which

"Itay :

H dle chapters in the Canticles into Englin

M

it is deck'd from Egypt brought,

he conveyed to Sukey, and Sukey to her friend " Whatever to the sense can grateful be
W:ll Honeycomb. Will has given it to Sir Andrew 'I have collected there—I want but thee,
Freeport, who read it last night to the club.

My husband's gone a journey far away,

• Much gold he took abroad, and long will Madam,

Am not so meer a country-gentleman, but He nam'd for his return a diftant day. I

I can guess at the law-business you had at Upon her tongue did such smooth mischief the Temple. If you would go down to the

idwell, { country, and leave off all your vanities but your And from her lips such welcome flatt'ry fell, • singing, let me know at my lodgings in Bow • Th’unguarded youth, in filken fetters ty'd,

Street, Covent-Garden, and you shall be en • Resign'd his reason, and with ease comply'd. 6 couraged by

"Thus does the ox to his own slaughter go, "Your' humble Servant,

And thus is senseless of th’ impending blow. Roger de Coverley.' Thus flies the fimple bird into the snare,

( That skilful fowlers for his life prepare. My good friend could not well stand the

" But let my sons attend. Attend may they raillery which was rising upon him; but to put

• Whom youthful vigour may to fin betray: a stop to it, I delivered Will Honeycomb the fol

Let them false charmers fly, and guard their lowing letter, and desired him to read it to the

* hearts board.

Against the wily wanton's pleasing arts; " Mr. Spectator,

• With care direct their steps, nor turn astray AVING seen a translation of one of • To tread the paths of her deceitful way;

Left they too late of her fell power complain, verse inserted among your late papers, I have And fall, where many mightier have been sain, ventured to send you the viith chapter of the

6 Ti • Proverbs in a poetical dress. If you think it « worthy of appearing among your speculations, it will be a sufficient reward for the trouble of

No 411. SATURDAY, JUNE 21. • Your constant Reader,

A. P.' Avia Pieridum perdgro loca, nullius antè

Trita solo: juvat integros accedere fontes,
Y son, th' instruction that my words

Atque haurire :-

Lucr. lib. 1. V. 925. impart, · Grave on the living tablet of thy heart;

-Inspir'd I trace the muses seats, . And all the wholesome precepts that I give,

Untrodden yet : 'tis sweet to visit first 6 Observe with stricteft reverence, and live.

Untouch'd and virgin streams, and quench my

thirst. • Let all thy homage be to wisdom paid,

CREECH. 'Seek her protection, and implore her aid ;

UR fight is the most perfect and most de« That the may keep thy soul from harm fecure, "And turn thy footfeps from the harlot's door, with the largest variety of ideas, converses with " Who with curs'd charms lure the unwary in, its objects at the greatest distance, and continues "And sooths with fiattery their souls to fin. the longest in action without being tired or fati

« Once from my window as I caft mine eye ated with its proper enjoyments. The fenfe of « On thofe that pass’d in giddy numbers by, feeling can indeed give us a notion of extenfion, A youth among the foolish youths I spy'd, thape, and all other ideas that enter at the eye, • Who took not sacred Wisdom for his guide. except colours ; but at the same time it is very

• Just as the sun withdrew his cooler light, much atraitened and confined in its operations, < And evening soft led on the shades of night, to the number, bulk, and distance of its particu( He stole in covert twilight to his fate,

lar objects. Our fight seems designed to supply And pass’d the corner near the harlot's gate; all these defects, and may be considered as a • When io, a woman comes !

more delicate and diffusive kind of touch, that * Loose her attire, and such her glaring dress, spreads itself over an infinite multitude of bodies, “ As aptly did the harlor's mind express: comprehends the largest figures, and brings into Subtle she is, and practis'd in the arts

our reach fome of the most remote parts of the • By which the wanton conquers heedless hearts: universe. < Stubborn and loud she is; the hates her home, It is this sense that furnishes the imagination « Varying her place and form, the loves to roam: with its ideas; fo that by the pleasure of the "Now she's within, now in the strect does stray, imagination or fancy (which I Thall use promis. "Now at each corner stands, and waits her prey. cuously) I here mean such as arise from vifible ob* The youth 'fhe seiz'd; and laying now afide jects, either when we have them actually in our « All modesty, the female’s justeit pride, view, or when we call up their ideas into our

She said with an embrace, Here at my house minds by paintings ftatues, defcriptions, or any • Peace offerings are, this day I paid my vows. the like occafion. We cannot indeed have a fm. " I therefore came abroad to meet my dear, gle image in the fancy that did not make its first And lo, in happy hour, I find thee here, entrance through the fight; but we have the "My chamber I've adorn'd, and o’er my bed power of retaining, altering and compounding Are cov'rings of the richest tap'stry spread, those images, which we have once received, in

to all the varieties of picture and vision that are carvings by the curious artist wrought; most agreeable to the imagination: for by this

wants no glad perfume Arabia yields faculty a man in a dungeon is capable of enter. • In all her citron groves and spicy fields : taining himself with scenes and landskips more

Here all her store of richest odours meets, beautiful than any that can be found in the whole I'll lay thee in a wildernefs of sweets,

compass of nature,

There

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There are few words in the English language to accompany our more sensual delights, but, which are employed in a more loose and un like a gentle exercise to the faculties, awaken circumscribed sense than those of the Fancy and them from noth and idleness, without putting the Imagination. I therefore thought it necessary them upon any labour or difficulty. to fix and determine the notion of these two We might here add, that the pleasures of the words, as I intend to make use of them in the fancy are more conducive to health, than those thread of my following speculations, that the of the understanding, which are worked out by reader may conceive rightly what is the subject dint of thinking, and attended with too violenta which I proceed upon. I must therefore desire labour of the brain. Delightful scenes, whether him to remember that, by the pleasures of the in nature, painting, or poetry, have a kindly inimagination, I mean only such pleasures as arise fluence on the body, as well as the mind, and originally from fight, and that I divide these not only serve to clear and brighten the imaginapleasures into two kinds; my design being first tion, but are able to disperse grief and melanof all to discourse of those primary pleasures of choly, and to set the animal spirits in pleasing the imagination, which entirely proceed from and agreeable motions. For this reason Sir such objects as are before our eyes; and in the Francis Bacon, in his Essay upon Health, has not the next place to speak of those secondary plea- thought it improper to prescribe to his reader a sures of the imagination which flow from the poem or a prospect, where he particularly difideas of visible objects, when the objects are suades him from knotty and subtle disquisitions, not actually before the eye, but are called up in- and advises him to pursue studies that fill the. to our memories, or formed into agreeable vifions mind with splendid and illustrious objects, as of things that are either absent or fictitious, histories, fables, and contemplations of nature.

The pleasures of the imagination, taken in the I have in this paper, by way of introduction, full extent, are not so gross as those of sense, nor settled the notion of those pleasures of the imato refined as those of the understanding. The gination which are the subject of my present unlast are, indeed, more preferable, because they dertaking, and endeavoured, by several confiare founded on some new knowledge or improve- derations, to recommend to my reader the purment in the mind of man ; yet it must be con- suit of those pleasures. I shall, in my next pafessed that those of the imagination are as great per, examine the several sources from whence and transporting as the other. A beautiful pro- these pleasures are derived. spect delight's the soul, as much as a demonstration; and a description in Homer has charmed more readers than a chapter in Aristotle. Be- No 412. MONDAY, JUNE 23. fides, the pleasures of the imagination have this advantage, above those of the understanding, that they are more obvious, and more easy to be ac

-Divisum fic breve fiet opus.

MART. Ep. 83. lib. 4. quired. It is but opening the eye and the scene

The colours paint themselves on the The work, divided aptly, shorter grows. fancy, with very little attention of thought or application of mind in the beholder. We are Shall first consider those pleasures of the imastruck, we know not how, with the symmetry of gination, which arise from the actual view any thing we fee, and immediately aflent to the and survey of outward objects; and these,' I beauty of an object, without enquiring into the think, all proceed from the sight of what is great, particular causes and occasions of it.

uncommon, or beautiful,

There may, indeed, A man of a polite imagination is let into a great be something so terrible or offensive, that the many pleasures that the vulgar are not capable horror or loathsomness of any object may overof receiving: He can converse with a picture, bear the pleasure which results from its greatand find an agreeable companion in a statue. ness, novelty, or beauty ; but still there will be He meets with a secret refreshment in a defcrip- such a mixtựre of delight in the very disgust it tion, and often feels a greater satisfaction in the gives us, as any of these three qualifications are prospect of fields and meadows, than another most conspicuous and prevailing. dces in the poffeffion. It gives him indeed, a By greatness, I do not only mean the bulk of kind of property in every thing he fees, and any single object, but the largeness of a whole makes the most rude unçultivated parts of na- view, considered as one entire picce. ture administer to his pleasures : fo that he looks the prospects of an open champaign country, a upon the world, as it were in another light, and vast uncultivated desart, of huge heaps of moundifcovers in it a multitude of charms, that con- tains, high rocks and precipices, or a wide exceal themselves from the generality of mankind. panse of waters, where we are not struck with

There are indeed, but very few who know the novelty or beauty of the fight, but with that how to be idle and innocent, or have a relish of rude kind of magnificence which appears in many any pleasures that are not criminal; every diver- of these stupendous works of nature. Our ima. fion they take is at the expence of some one virtue gination loves to be filled with an object, or to or another, and their very first step out of business grasp at any thing that is too big for its capacity, is into vice or folly. A man should endeavour, We are Aung into a pleasing astonishment at fuch therefore, to make the sphere of his innocent unbounded views, and feel a delightful stillness pleasures as wide as possible, that he may retire and amazement in the soul at the apprehensions into them with safety, and find in them such a

of them, The mind of man naturally hates fatisfaction as a wise man would not bluth to every thing that looks like a restraint upon 'it, take. Of this nature are those of the imagina- and is apt to fancy itself under a sort of confinetion, which do not require such a bent of thought ment, when the light is pent up in a narrow as is necessary to our more serious employments, compass, and shortened on every fide by the nor; at the fame time, suffer the mind to link in- neighbourhood of walls or mountains, On the to that negligence and remiffness, whịch are apt contrary, a spacious horizon is an image of lia

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berty, where the eye has room to range abroad, his courtship by the single grain or tincture of a to expatiate at large on the immensity of its feather, and never discovering any charms but in views, and to lose itself amidst the variety of ob- the colour of its species. jects that offer themselves to its observation. Scit thalamo servare fidem, sanctasque veretur Such wide and undetermined prospects are as Connubii leges ; non illum in pectore candor pleasing to the fancy, as the speculations of eter Sollicitat niveus ; neque pravum accendit amorem nity or infinitude are to the understanding. But Splendida lanugo, vel bonesta in vertice crista, if there be a beauty or uncommonness joined Purpureusve nitor pennarum; eft agmina latè with this grandeur, as in the troubled ocean, a Fæminea explorat cautus, maculasque requirit heaven adorned with stars and meteors, or a Cognatas, paribusque interlita corpora guttis; spacious fandíkip cut out into rivers, woods, Ni faceret, pićtis sylvam circum undique monftris rocks, and meadews, the pleasure still grows Confufam afpiceres Vulgò, partusque biformes, upon us, as it arises from more than a single Et genus ambiguum, & veneris monumenta nefanda. principle.

Hinc Merula in nigro fe oblectat nigra marito, Every thing that is new or uncommon raises a

Hinc socium lafciva petit pbilomela canorum, pleasure in the imagination, because it fills thu Agnoscitque pares fonitus, binc noctua tetram foul with an agreeable surprize, gratifies its cu Canitiem alarum, & glaucos miratur ocellos. riosity, and gives it an idea of which it was not Nen:pe fibi semper conftat, crescitque quotannis before poffeffed. We are indeed so often con

Lucida progenies, castos confefja parentes; versant with one set of objects, and tired out Dum virides inter faltus lucosque sonoros with so many repeated shows of the same things, Sere noro exultat, plumasque decora juventus that whatever is new or uncommon contributes Explicat ad folem, patrisque coloribus ardet. a little to vary human life, and to divert our

The feather'd husband, to his partner true, minds, for a while, with the strangeness of its appearance: it serves us for a kind of refresh. Preserves connubial rites inviolate. ment, and takes off from that satiety we are apt The milky whiteness of the stately neck,

With cold indifference every charm he sees, to complain of in our usual and ordinary entertainments. It is this that bestows charms on a

The mining down, proud crest and purple wings : monster, and makes even the imperfections of But cautious with a searching eye explores nature please us. It is this that recommends va

The female tribes, his proper mate to find, riety, where the mind is every instant called off With kindred colours mark’d: did he not so, to something new, and the attention not suffered The grove with painted monsters would abound, to dwell too long, and waste itself on any par

Th'ambiguous product of unnatural love. ticular object. It is this, likewise, that improves The nightingale her musical compeer,

The black-bird hence selects her footy spouse : what is great or beautiful, and makes it afford the mind a double entertainment. Groves, fields, and Lur’d by the well-known voice: the bird of night, meadows, are at any season of the year pleasant Smit with the dusky wings and greenish eyes, to look upon, but never so much as in the open

Wooes his dun paramour. The beauteous race ing of the spring, when they are all new and Speak the chaste loves of their progenitors; fresh, with their first gloss upon them, and not

When, by the spring invited, they exult yet too much accustoined and familiar to the

In woods and fields, and to the sun unfold

eye. For this reason the-e is nothing that inore enlivens Their plumes, that with paternal colours glow. a prospect than rivers, jetteaus, or falls of wa There is a second kind of beauty that we find ter, where the scene is perpetually shifting, and in the several products of art and nature, which entertaining the fight every moment with some- does not work in the imagination with that thing that is new. We are quickly tired with warmth and violence as the beauty that appears looking upon hills and valleys, where every thing in our proper species, but is apt however to raise continues fixt and settled in the same place and in us a secret delight, and a kind of fondness for posture, but find our thoughts a little agitated the places or objects in which we discover it. and relieved at the right of such objects as are This consists either in the gaiety or variety of ever in motion, and Niding away from beneath colours, in the symmetry and proportion of parts, the eye of the beholder.

in the arrangement and disposition of bodies, But there is nothing tzat makes its way more or in a just mixture and concurrence of all togedirectly to the soul than beauty, which immedi- ther. Among these several kinds of beauty the ately diffuses a secret satisfaction and complacen- eye takes most delight in colours. We no where cy through the imagination, and gives a finishing meet with a more glorious or pleasing show in to any thing that is great or uncommon. The nature, than what appears in the heavens at the very first discovery of it strikes the mind with an rising and setting of the sun, which is wholly inward joy, and spreads a chearfulness and de- made up of thofe different ftains of light that show light through all its faculties. There is not per- themselves in clouds of a different situation. For haps any real beauty or deformity mere in one this reason we find the poets, who are always adpiece of matter than another, because we might dressing themselves to the imagination, borrowhave been so made, that whatsoever now appears ing more of their epithets from colours than from loathsome to us, might have Mewn itself agree- any other topic. able; but we find by experience, that there are As the fancy delights in every thing that is several modifications of matter, which the mind, great, strange or beautiful, and is ftill more without any previous consideration, pronounces pleased the more it finds of these perfections in at first light beautiful or deformed.

Thus we

the same object, so it is capable of receiving a see, that every different species of sensible crea new satisfaction by the assistance of another sense. tures has its different notions of beauty, and that Thus any continued found, as the music of birds, each of them is most affected with the beauties of or a fall of water, awakens every moment the its own kind. This is no where more remark- mind of the beholder, and makes him more inten, able than in birds of the same shape and propor- tive to the several beauties of clie place that lie tion, where we often see the male determined in

before

TI

before him. Thus if there arises a fragrancy of may be tempted to multiply their kind, and fill smells or perfumes, they heighten the pleasures the world with inhabitants; for it is very reof the imagination, and make even the colours markable that wherever nature is croft in the and verdure of the landskip appear more agree- productions of a monster (the result of any unable; for the ideas of both lenses recommend natural mixture) the breed is incapable of proeach other, and are pleasanter together, than pagating its likeness, and of founding a new orwhen they enter the mind separately: as the der of creatures; so that unless all animals were different colours of a picture, when they are allured by the beauty of their own species, genewell disposed, set off one another, and receive an ration would be at an end, and the earth unadditional beauty from the advantage of their peopled. situation.

O In the last place, he has made every thing that

is beautiful in all other objects pleasant, or rather

has made so many objects appear beautiful, that N° 413. TUESDAY, JUNE 24.

he might render the whole creation more gay and

delightful.' He has given almost every thing -Causa latet, vis est notissima

about us the power of raising an agreeable idea Ovid. Met. 1. 4. V. 207. in the imagination : so that it is impossible for

us to behold his works with coldness or indifThe caufe is secret, but th' effect is known.

ADDISON. ference, and to survey so many beauties without HOUGH in yesterday's paper we considered would make but a poor appearance to the eye,

a secreţ satisfaction and complacency. Things how every thing that is great, new, or beau

if we saw them only in their proper figures and tiful, is apt to affe&t the imagination with plea motions ; and what reason can we atsign for their assign the neceffary cause of this pleasure, because exciting in us many of those ideas which are difs we know neither the nature of an idea, nor the themselves, (for such are light and colours), were

ferent from any thing that exists in the objects substance of a human soul, which might help us to discover the conformity or disagreeableness of universe, and make it more agreeable to the im

it not to add supernumerary ornainents to the the one to the other; and therefore, for want of such a light, all that we can do in speculati- pleasing iows and apparitions, we discover ima

agination ? We are every where enterta ned with ons of this kind, is to reflect on those operati- ginary glory in the heavens, and in the earth, ons of the soul that are most agreeable, and to

and fee some of this vifionáry beauty poured out range under their proper heads, what is pleasing upon the whole creation ; but what a rough un. or displeasing to the mind, without being able to lightly sketch of nature should we be entertained trace out the several necessary and efficient causes with, did all her colouring disappear, and the from whence the pleasure or displeasure arises.

several distinctions of light and thade vanish? In Final causes lie more bare and open to our observation, as there are often a greater variety that and bewildered in a pleating delufion, and we

Thort, our souls are at present delightfully lost belong to the same effect; and these, though they walk about like the enchanted heroe in a roare not altogether so satisfactory, are generally more useful than the other, as they give us great- meadows; and at the same time hears the warb

mance, who sees beautiful castles, woods and er occasion of admiring the goodness and wisdom ling of birds, and the purling of streams; but of the first contriver. One of the final causes of our delight in any taftic scene breaks up, and the disconfolate knight

upon the finishing of some secret spell, the fanthing that is great, may be this. The Supreme finds himself on a barren heath, or in a solitary Author of our Being has so formed the soul of defart. It is not improbable that something like man, that nothing but himself can be its laft

, this may be the state of the foul

after its firit feadequate and proper happiness. Because, therefore, a great part of our happiness must arise paration, in respect of the images it will receive from the contemplation of his Being, that he from matter, though indeed the ideas of colours

are so pleasing and beautiful in the imagination, might give our souls a just relish of such a contemplation, he has made them naturally delight that it is potsible the soul will not be deprived in the apprehension of what is great or unlimit of them, but perhaps find them excited by To.ne ed. Our admiration, which is a very pleasing other occasional cause, as they are at present by motion of the mind, immediately rises at the the different impresions of the subtle matter on

the organ of sight. consideration of any object that takes up a great

I have here supposed that my reader is zcdeal of room in the fancy, and, by consequence, will improve into the highest pitch of astonish? quainted with that great modern discovery, which ment and devotion when we contemplate his na

is at present universally acknowledged by all this

enquirers into natural philosophy: namely, that țure, that is neither circumscribed by time nor

light and colours, as apprehended by the imagiplace, nor to be comprehended by the largest ca

nation, are only ideas in the mind, and not pacity of a created Being.

He has annexed a secret pleasure to the idea of qualities that have any existence in matter. As any thing that is new or uncommon, that he this is a truth wh ch has been proved in contentmight encourage us in the pursuit after know. ibly by many modern philosophers, and is indeed

one of the finest speculations in that science, if ļedge, and engage us to search into the wonders of his creation ; for every new idea brings such the English reader would see the notion explaina pleasure along with it as rewards any pains ed at large, he may find it in the eighth chapter we have taken in its acquisition, and consequent of the second book of Mr. Locke's Effay on Huly serves as a motive to put us upon fresh dis

man Understanding, coveries.

He has made every thing that is beautiful in Sour own species' pleasant, that all creatures

No.

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