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That mens defiring eyes were never weary'd, Once Delia Nept, on easy moss rectin'd,
But hung upon the object. To soft flutes Her lovely limbs half bare, and rude the wind :
The silver oars kept time: and while they play'd I smooth'd her coats, and stole a filent kiss:
The hearing gave new pleasure to the light, Condemn me, shepherds, if I did arniss.
And both to thought

Such good offices as these, and such friendly Here the imagination is warmed with all the make up the amity; as they call it, between man

thoughts and concerns for one another, are what objects presented, and yet there is nothing that is and woman.. luscious, or what raises any idca more loose than that of a beautiful woman set off to advantage. makes a young woman come to the arms of her

it is the permission of such intercourse, that The like, or a more delicate and careful spirit of husband, after the disappointment of four or five modesty, appears in the following passage in one passions which the has fucceffively had for difof Mr. Phillip's pastorals.

ferent men, before she is prudentially, given to him Breathe soft ye winds, ye waters gently frow, for whom she has neither love nor friendship. Shield her ye trees, ye flow'rs around her grow ;

For what thould a poor creature do, that has loft Ye swains, i beg you, pass in filence by,

all her friends. There is Marinet the agreeable, My love in yonder vale afleep does lie.

has, to my knowledge, had a friendship for Lord

Welford, which had like to break her heart; then Desire is corrected when there is a tenderness or Me had so great a friendship for Colonel Hardy, admiration expressed which partakes the passion. that the could not endure any, woman elre should Licentious language has fomething trutal in its do any thing but rajl at him. Many and fatal which disgraces humanity, and leaves us in the liave been disasters between friends who have fall.

en out, and these refentients are more keen than condition of the favages in the field. But it may be asked, to what good use can tend a discourse ever those of other men can poflibly be: but in of this kind at all? It is to alarm chaîte ears a this it happens unfortunately, that as there ought gainst such as have what is above called the pres to be nothing concealed from one friend to ano. vailing gentle art. Masters of tluat talent are ca- ther, the friends of different sexes very often find pable of clothing their thoughts in fo soft a dress; fatal effects from their unanimity. and something to distant from the fecret purpose For my part, who study to pass life in as much of their heart, that the imagination of the un innocence and tranquility as I can, I fhun the guarded is touched with a fondness which grows company of agreeable women as much as posible; too infenfibly to be refifted. Much care and con and muft confess that I have, though a tolerable cern for the lady's welfare, to seem afraid left the good philosopher, but a low opinion of Platonic should be annoyed by the very air which surrounds love ; for which reason I tirouglst it neceffary to her, and this uttered rather with kind looks, and give my fair readers a caution against it, having expressed by an interjection, an ah, or an oh, at to my great concern, observed the waist of a Pla. some little hazard in moving or máking a step, tonift lately swell to a roundness which is incon

fiftent with that philosophy. than in any direct profession of love, are the me

T thods of skilful admirers : They are honest arts when their purpofe is such, but infamous when misapplied. It is certain that many' a young wo- No 401. TUESDAY, JUNE 10, man in this town has had her heart irrecoverably won, by men who have not made ore advance In amore bæc omnia infunt vita : Injuriæ, which ties their admirers, though the females Sufpiciones, inimicitiæ, inducie, languish with the'utmost anxiety. I have often Pellum, pax rursum.by way of admonition to my female readers, given

TER. Eun. Act. 1. Sc. I. them warning against agreeable company of the other sex, except they are well acquainted with It is the capricious state of love, to be attended


reproaches, suspicions, enmities, truces, their characters. Women may disguise it if they think fit, and the more to do it, they inay be an

quarrelling, reconcilement. gry at me for saying it; but I lay it is natural to

Shall publish, for the entertainment of this them, that they have no manner of approbation of

day, an odd sort of a packet, which I have men, without some degree of love: for this reason

just received from one of my female corresponde he is dangerous to be entertained as a friend or visitant, who is capable of gaining any eminent esteem or observation, though it be never so re « Mr. Speclator, mote from pretensions as a lover. If a man's

INCE you have often conferred that you

are not displeased your papers 1hould somedefign, he may easily improve approbation into

times convey the complaints of diftrefed lovers kindness, and kindness into passion. There may

to each other, I am in hopes you will favour poflibly be no manner of love between them in

one who gives you an undoubted instance of the cyes of their acquaintance; no, it is all friendShip; and yet they may be as fond as shepherd vincing proof of the happy influence your la

her reformation, and at the fame time a conand inepherdess in a pastoral, but ftill the

nymph bours have had over the most incorrigible, part and the Twain may be to each other no other, I

c of the most incorrigible sex. You must know, warrant you, than Pylades and Orestes,

Sir, I am one of that species of women, whom When Lucy decks with Aowers her swelling you have often characterized under the name of breaft,

Jilts, and that I send you these lines as well ta And on her elbow leans difTembling rest; • do public penance for having so long continued Unable to refrain my wadding mind,

in a known error, as to beg pardon of the party Nor fi map nor påluie vorti, my care I find, ' ofieaded. I the rather choose this way, because



heart has not the abhorrence of any treacherous S.


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• it in some measure answers the terms on which "tation as well known to the public, as they • he intimated the breach between us might por are already apprised of the manner with • fibly be made up, as you will see by the letter ( which you have treated me, you mall never ' he sent me the next day after I had discarded more see him ; which I thought fit to send you a copy

6. PhILANDER,' ' of, that you might the better know the whole

AMORET to PHILANDER. 'I must further acquaint you, that before I jilted him, there had been the greatest intimaсу between us for a year and a half together, PON reflection, I find the injury I have

during all which time I cherished his hopes, done both to you and myself to be so " and indulged his fiame. I leave you to guess great, that tho' the part I now act may appear “after this what must be his surprise, when contrary to that decorum usually observed by • upon his presing for my full consent one day, our sex, yet I purposely break through all

I told him I wondered what could make him ' rules, that my repentance may in some mea

fancy he had any place in my affections. His • sure equal my crime. I assure you that in my ' own sex allow him sense, and all ours good prefent hopes in recovering you, I look upon • breeding. His person is such as might, with. • Antenor's estate with contempt. The fop was ' out vanity, make him believe himfelt not inca . here yesterday in a gilt chariot and new li

pable to be beloved. Our fortunes indeed, veries, but I refused to see himn. Though I • weighed in the nice scale of interest, are not ? dread to meet your eyes, after what has passed, • exactly equal, which by the way was the true I fatter myself, that amidst all their confusion . cause of my jilting him, and I had the assurance you will difcover fuch a tenderness in mine, ' to acquaint him with the following maxim, as none can imitate but those who love. I • that I should alw.ys believe t'iat man's passion

Thall be all this month at Lady Dio's in the • to be the most vivient, who could offer ine the country; but the woods, the fields, and gar• largest settlement. I have since changed my dens, without Philander, afford no pleasures opinion, and have endeavoured to let him know

to the unhappy • so much by several letters, but the barbarous

AMORET.' r man has refused them all; so that I have no way left of writing to him but by your affift ' I must desire you, dear. Mr. Spectator, to

If you can bring him about once more, publish this my letter to Philander as soon as I promise to send you all gloves and favours, poffible, and to assure him that I knew nothing and shall desire the favour of Sir Roger and

at all of the death of his rich uncle in Glou

rcestershire.' ¢ yourself to stand as godfathers to my first

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"I am, SIR, • Your most obedient and humble servant, No 402. WEDNESDAY, JUNE 11. Amoret.'

quae Philander to Amoret.

Ipfe fibi tradit Spectator

HOR. ARs, Poet, v. 181, Madam,

What the Spectator to himself relates. Am fo surprised at the question you were


ERE I to publish all the advertisements at a loss what to say to it. At least my answer

I receive from different hands, and • would be too long to trouble you with, as it persons of different circumstances and quality,

would come from a person, who, it seems, is the very mention of them, without reflexions

so very indifferent to you. Instead of it, I on the several subjects, would raise all the par• shall only recommend to your consideration fons which can be felt by human minds. . As " the opinion of one whose sentiments on these instances of this, I fall give you two or three

matters I have often heard you say are ex- letters; the writers of which can have no recourse

treinely just. “ A generous and constant par- to any legal power for redress; and seem to have so sion," says your favourite author, in an agree- written rather to vent their forrow than to re" able lover, where there is not too great a dif- ceive confolation. “ parity in their circumstances, is the greatest “ blessing that can befal a person beloved : and

Mr. Spectator, “ if overlooked in one, may perhaps never be Am a young woman of beauty and quality, « found in another."

and suitably married to a gentleman who "I do not, however, at all despair of being 'dotes on me. But this person of mine is the • very shortly much better beloved by you than • object of an unjust passion in a nobleman who • Antenor is at present; since whenever my for ? is very intimate with my husband. This

tune thall exceed his, you were pleased to in • friendship gives him very easy access, and fre. • timate your passion would increase accor quent opportunities of entertaining me apart.

My heart is in the utmost anguish, and my The world has seen me shamefully lose that « face is covered over with confusion, when I • time to please a fickle woınan, which might have • impart to you another circumstance, which is, • been employed much more to my credit and " that my mother, the most mercenary of all ' advantage in other pursuits. I shall therefore ( women, is gained by this false friend of my • take the liberty to acquaint you, however r husband's to folicit me for him. I am fre. • harsh it may sound in a lady's ears, that tho' quently chid by the poor believing man my

your love-fit should happen to reţurn, unless • husband, for thewing an impatience of his you could contrive a way to make your recan • friend's company; and I am never alone with



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my mother, but she tells me stories of the discre ' in my fortune to make up what he might tionary part of the world, and such a one, and such expect in another. Within these few months a one who are guilty of as much as the advises I have observed his carriage very much altered,

me to. She laughs at my astonishment; and and he has affected a certain air of getting me ' seems to hint to me, that as virtuous as she alone, and talking with a mighty profusion of ' has always appeared, I am not the daughter of passionate words, how I am not to be refifted ? her husband. It is possible that printing this longer, how irresistible his wishes are, and ' letter may relieve me from the unnatural im. the like. As long as I have been acquainted

portunity of my mother, and the perfidious ' with him, I could not on such occasions say ? courtship of my husband's friend. I have an downright to him, you know you may make ? unfeigned love of virtue, and am resolved to me yours when you please. Bat the other

preserve my innocence. The only way I can night he with great frankness and impudence ' think of to avoid the fatal consequences of the explained to me, that he thought of me only ? discovery of this matter, is to fly away for

as a mistress. I answered this declaration as ever, which I must do to avoid my husband's " it deserved; upon which he only doubled thit < fatal resentment against a man who attempts terms on which he proposed my yielding,

to abuse him, and the shame of exposing a pa When my anger heightened upon him, he told

rent to infamy. "The persons concerned will me he was sorry he had made so little use of • know these circumstances relate to them; and "the unguarded hours we had been together fo t tho' the regard to virtue is dead in them, I remote from company, as indeed continued he,

have some hopes from their fear of shame so we are at present. I flew, from him to a

upon reading this in your paper; which I neighbouring gentlewoman's house, and tho* sconjure you to insert, if you have any compaf- her hulband was in the room threw myself on a 6 fion for injured virtue.

couch and burst into a passion of tears. My "SYLVIA.' « friend desired her husband to leave the room ;

but, said he, there is something so extraordi"Mr. Speftater,

nary in this, that I will partake in the afllicAm the husband of a woman of merit, but tion; and be it what it will, me is so much

am fallen in love, as they call it, with a your friend, that the knows you may command lady of her acquaintance who is going to be

6 what services I can do her. The man sat married to a gentleman who deserves her. I down by me, and spoke fo like a brother, that I am in a trust relating to this lady's fortune, " I told him my whole affiction. He spoke of

which makes my concurrence in this matter "the injury done me with so much indignation, ' necessary ; but I have so irresistible a rage and and animated me against the love he said he

envy rise in me when I consider his future hap I saw I had for the wretch who would have be'piness, that against all reason, equity, and com trayed me, with so much reason and humanity

mon justice, I am ever playing mean tricks to Yul to my weakness, that I doubt not of my per! pend the nuptials. I have no manner of hopes

feverance. His wife and he are my comforters, for myself; Emilia, for so I will call her, is and I am under no more restraint in their com

a woman of the most strict virtue; her lover pany than if I were alone; and I doubt not " is a gentleman whom of all others I could wish but in a small time contempt and hatred

my friend; but envy and jealousy, though will take place of the remains of affection ta placed fo unjustly, wast my very being, and a'rafcal:* with the torment and sense of a demon, I am

" I am, SIR, ever cursing. what I cannot but approve. I

. Your affectionate reader, ? wish it were the beginning of repentance, that

6 DORINDAN I fit down and describe my present disposition with fo hellith an aspect ; but at present the

Mr. Spectator, • destruction of these two excellent persons Had the misfortune to be an uncle before I

knew my nephews from my nieces, and 6 piness.

Mr. Spečiator, pray let me have a now we are grown up to better acquaintance paper on these terrible groundless sufferings, they deny me the respect they owe. One upand do all you can to exercise crowds who are braids me with being their familiar, another in some degree poflessed as I am.

I will hardly be persuaded that I am an uncle, • CANIBAL." í a third calls me little uncle, and a fourth tells

me there is no duty at all due to an uncle., "Mr. Spectator,

have a brother-in-law whose fon will win all (Have no other means but this to express my my affection, unless you shall think this wor

thanks to one man, and my resentment a thy of your cognizance, and will be pleased to • gainst another, My circumstances are as fol prescribe some rules for our future reciprocal • low. I have been for five years last past court i behaviour. It will be worthy the particularity • ed by a gentleman of greater fortune than I of your genius to lay down rules for his cona rought to expect, as the market for women duét, who was, as it were, born an old man, goes.

You must to be sure have observed in which you will much oblige, people who live in that sort of way, as all their

"SIR, « friends reckon it will be a match, and are

Your most obedient servant, « marked out by all the world for each other. T

I CORNELIUS NEPOS,'. In this view we have been regarded for some s time, and I have above these three years loved

him tenderly. As he is very careful of his for. tune, I always thought he lived in a near man. ner, to lay up what he thought was wanting



never, boy. Up to the walls of Paris direcN° 403. THURSDAY, JUNE 12.

ly.” With several other deep reflections of the

same nature. Qui mores bominum multorum vidit,-

'I met with very little variation in the politics Hor. Ars. Poet. v. 147. between Charing-Cross and Covent-Garden. And Who many towns, and change of manners saw.

upon my going into Will's, I found their discourse RoscoMMON.

was gone off from the death of the French king to

that of Monsieur Boileau, Racine, Corneille, and 'HEN I consider this great city in its les several other poets, whom they regretted on this

veral quarters and divisions, I look upon 'occasion, as persons who would have obliged the it as an aggregate of various nations distinguith- world with very noble elegies on the death of so ed from each other by their respective customs, great a prince, and so eminent a patron of learn, manners, and interests. The courts of two ing. countries do not so much differ from one another At a coffee-house near the Temple, I found a as the court and city in their peculiar ways of couple of young gentlemen engaged very smartly life and conversation. In fmort, the inhabitants in a dispute on the succession to the Spanish moof St. James's, notwithstanding they live under narchy. One of them seemed to have been rethe same laws, and speak the same language, are tained as advocate for the Duke of Anjou, the ad iftinct people from those of Cheaptide, who other for his Imperial Majesty. They were both åre likewise removed from those of the Temple for regulating the title of that kingdom by the on the one side, and those of Smithfield on the statute laws of England; but finding them goother, by several climates and degrees in their ing out of my depth, I passed forward to Paul's way of thinking and converting together.

church.yard, where I listened with great attenFor this reason, when any public affair is upon

tion to a learned man who gave the company an the anvil, I love to hear the reflections that arise account of the deplorable state of France during upon it in the several distries and parishes of the minority of the deceased King. London and Westminster, and to ramble up and I then turned on my right liand into Filhdown a whole day together, in order to make street, where the chief politician of that quarter, myself acquainted with the opinions of my ingen- upon hearing the news, (after having taken a jous countrymen. By this means I know the pipe of tobacco, and ruminated for some time) faces of all the principal politicians within the If, says he, the king of France is certainly dead, bills of mortality; and as every coffee-house has we fall have plenty of mackerel this season : some particular (tatesman belonging to it, who our fishery will not be disturbed by privateers, is the mouth of the street where he lives, I always as it has been for these ten years paft. He af take care to place myself near him, in order to terwards considered how the death of this great know his judgment on the present porture of ai man would affect our pilchards, and by several intention, was about three months ago, when whole audience.

The latt progress that I made with this other remarks infused a genera) joy into hiş we had a current report of the king of France's I afterwards entered a hy-coffee-houfe that death. As I foresaw this would produce a new stood at the upper end of a narrow lane, where face of things in Europe, and many curious spe. I met with a nonjuror engaged very warmly culations in our British coffee-houses, i was very

with a laceman who was the great support of a desirous to learn the thoughts of our most emi. neighbouring conventicle. The matter in debate nent politicians on that occafon.

was, whether the late French King was moit That I might begin as near the fountain-head ļike Auguftus Cæfar or Nero. The controversy as poflible, ifirft of all called in at St. James's, was carried on with great heat on both sides, where I found the whole outward room in a buz and as each of 'the im looked upon me very free of politics. The speculations were but very in- quently during the course of their debate, I was different towards the door, but grew finer z, you under some apprehenfion that they would appeal advanced to the upper end of the room, and to me, and therefore laid down my penny at were so very much improved by a knot of theo- the bar, and made the best of my way to Cheap rists, who fat in the inner room, within the fide. Neams of the coffee pot, that I there heard the I here gazed upon the signs for some time be whole Spanish monarchy disposed of, and all the fore I found one to my purpose. The first obline of Bourbon provided for in less than a quar jçet ! met in the coffee-room, was a perfon who er of an hour

expreiled a great grief for the death of the French I afterwards called in at Giles's, where, } King; but upon his explaining hunfelf, I found faw à board of French gentlemen fitting upon his forrow did not arise from the lots of the mo the life and death of their Grand Monarque. narch, but for his having sold out of the Banks

Those among them who bad espoused the whig about three days before he heard the news of it. intereft, very positively affirmed, that the depart. Upon which a haberdasher, who was the oracle ed th life about a week 'fince, and therefore of the coffee-lcuse, and had his circle of ad. proceeded without any further delay to the re mirers about him, called several to witness that deale of their friends in the gallies, and to their he had declared his opinion above a week before, own re-establishment; but finding they could that the French King was certainly dead; to not agree among themselyes, I proceeded on my which he added, that considering the latead intended progrefs.

vices we had received from France, it was im. Upon my arrival at Jenny Man's, I saw an posible thac it could be otherwise.

As he was alert young fellow that cock'd his hat upon a laying these together, and dictating to his hear. friend of his who entered just at the fame ers with grear authority, there came in a gen. time with myself, and accosted him after the tleman from Garraway's, who told us that there following manner. “ Well, Jack, the old prig were several letters from France just come in, 2.4 dead at last, Sharp's the word. Now of with advice that the king was in good health,


and was gone out a kunting the very morning of a man's own making, by applying his talents the post came away. Upon which the haber- otherwise than nature designed, who ever bears dather ftole off his hát that hung upon a wooden à high resentment for being put out of her course, peg by him, and retired to his mop with great and never fails of taking her revenge on those confusion. This intelligence put a stop to my that do fo. Opposing her tendency in the applitravels, which I had prosecuted with fo much cation of a man's parts, has the same success ao fatisfaction'; not being a little pleased to hear lo declining from her course in the production of many different opinions upon fo great an event; vegetables : by the afirtance of art and an hot: and to observe how naturally upon fuch a piece bed, we may posibly extort an unwilling plant, of news every one is apt to consider it with re or an untimely fallad; but how weak, how gard to his particular interest and advantage.

tasteless and infipid? Just as insipid as the poetry L of Valerio: Valerio had an universal character,

was genteel, had learning, thought justly, spoke correctly; it was believed there was nothing

in which Valerio did not excel ; and it was so N° 404. FRIDAY, JUNE 13.

far true, that there was but one ; Valerio had no -Non omnia poffumus omnes. Virg. Ecl. v. 63. genius for poetry, yet he is resolved to be a poet; With different talents form’d, we variously excel. vince the town, that Valerio is not that extraor.

he writes verses, and takes great pains to contor of the universe has appointed every

If men would be content to graft upon nature, thing to a certain use and purpose, and deter- and allilt her operations, what mighty effects mined it to a fertled course and sphere of action, might we expe&t? Tully would not stand to from which if it in the least deviates, it becomes much alone in oratory, Virgil in poetry, or Cæfar unfit to answer those ends for which it was de- in war. To build upon 'nature, is laying the figned. In like manner it is in the dispositions foundation upon a rock; every thing difpofes itof society, the civil ceconomy is formed in a self into order as it were of course, and the whole chain as well as the natural : and in either cafe work is half done as soon as undertaken, ci. the breach of but one link puts the whole in cero's genius inclined him to oratory, Virgil's some disorder. It is, I think, pretty plain, that most

to follow the train of the Muses; they piouny of the absurdity and ridicule we meet with in the obeyed the admonition, and were rewarded. world, is generally owing to the impertinent af Had Virgil attended the bar, his modest and in. fectation of excelling in characters men are not genuous virtue would surely have made but a fit for, and for which Nature never designed very indifferent figure; and Tully's declamatory them.

inclination would have been as useless in poetry. Every man has one or more qualities which Nature, if left to herself, leads us on in the best may make him ufeful both to himself and others: course, but will do nothing by compulsion or nature never fails of pointing them out, and constraint; and if we are not satisfied to go her while the infant continues under her guardian- way, we are always the greatest fufferers by it. thip, the brings him on in his way, and then Wherever Nature designs a production, tho offers herself for a guide in what remains of the always difpofes feeds proper for it, which are as journey; if he proceeds in that course, he can abfolutely necessary to the formation of any mohardly miscarry: nature makes good her en- ral or intellectual excellence, as they are to the gagements; for as the prever promises what the being and growih of plants; and I know not by is not able to perform, fo the never fails of per what fate and folly it is, that men are taught not forming what the promises. But the misfortune to reckon him equally absurd that will write is, men defpise what they may be masters of, and af. 'verses in spite of nature, with that gardener fect what they are not fit for; they reckon them that should undertake to raise a jonquil or tulip felves already poffesfed of what their genius in. without the help of their respective seeds. clined them to, and so bend all their ambition to As there is no good or bad quality that does excel in what is out of their reach. Thus they not affect both fexes, so it is not to be imagined destroy the use of their natural talents, in the but thc fair sex must have suffered by an affectafame manner as covetous men do their quiet and tion of this nature, at least as much as the other. repose: they can enjoy no fatisfaction in what The ill effect of it is in none so conspicuous as they have, becaufe of the abfurd inclination they in the two opposite characters' of Cælia and Iras : are pofferred with for what they have not. Cælia has all the charms of person; together

Cleanthes had good sense, a great memory, and with an abundant sweetness of nature, but wants • a constitution capable of the clofest application. wit, and has a very ill voice : Iras is ugly and In a word, there was no profeffion in which ungenteel, but has wit and good sense : if Cælia Cleanthes might not have made a very good figure; would be filent, her beholders would adore but this would not satisfy him, he takes up an her ; If Iras would talk, her hearers admire her ; unaccountable fondness for the character of a but Cælia's tongue runs incessantly, while Iras fine gentleman; all his thoughts are beħt upon gives herfelf filent airs and soft languors, so that this : instead of attending to diffe&ion, frequent- it is difficult to persuade one's self that Cælia has ing the courts of justice, or studying the fathers, beauty, and Iras wit : each neglects her own exCleanthes reads plays, dances, dresses, and spends' cellence, and is ambitious of the other's charac. his time in drawing-rooms; instead of being ter; Iras would be thought to have as much a good lawyer, divine, or physician, Cleanthes is beauty as Cælia, and Cælia as much wit as a downright coxcomb, and will remain to all Iras. that know hii a contemptible example of talents The great misfortune of this affectation is, misapplied. It is to this affectation the world that men not only lose a good quality, but also owes its whole race of coxcombs: nature in contract a bad one : they not only are unfit for her whole drama never drew such'a part; she what they were designed, but they assign themhas fometimes made a fool, but a coxcomb is O z


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