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imagine. I cannot conclude without doing ing it. As soon as I had got it down, I found it her justice in one article ; where her frugality very unpalatable, upon which the knight observis so remarkable, I must not deny her the merit ing that I had made several wry faces, told me that of it, and that is in relation to her children, he knew I should not like it at first, but that it who are all confined, both boys and girls, to was the best thing in the world against the stone one large room in the remoteft part of the house, or gravel. with bolts on the doors and bars to the win I could have wished indeed that he had acdows, under the care and tuition of an old wo quainted me with the virtues of it sooner; but it man, who had been dry-nurse to her grand was too late to complain, and I knew what he mother. This is their residence all the year had done was out of good-will. Sir Roger told round; and as they are never allowed to ap
me further, that he looked upon it to be
very pear, she prudently thinks it needless to be at good for a man whilst he staid in town, to keep
any expence in apparel and learning. Her off infection, and that he got together a quantity reldest daughter to this day, would have neither of it upon the first news of the sickness being at
read nor writ, if it had not been for the butler, Dantzick: when of a sudden turning short to one who being the son of a country attorney, has of his servants, who stood behind him, he bid
taught her fuch a hand, as is generally used for him call a hackney-coaeh, and take care it was • engrossing bills in Chancery. By this time I an elderly man that drove it. « have sufficiently tired your patience with my He then resumed his discourse upon Mrs. « domestic grievances; which I hope you will Trueby's water, telling me that the widow True
agree could not be well contained in a narrower by was one who did more good than all the doc' compass, when you consider what a paradox I tors and apothecaries in the country: that the (undertook to prove in the beginning of my distilled every poppy that grew within five miles • epiftle, and which manifestly appears to be but of her; that she distributed her water gratis (too melancholy a truth. And now I heartily among all sorts of people; to which the knight « wish the relation I have given of my misfortunes added, that she had a very great jointure, and I may be of use and benefit to the public. By the that the whole .country would fain have it a ( example I have set before them, the truly vir match between him and her; and truly, says Sir (tuous wives may learn to avoid those errors Roger, if I had not been engaged, perhaps I could ( which have so unhappily misled mine, and which not have done better. « are visibly these three; first, in mistaking the His discourse was broken off by his man's tel« the proper objects of her exteem, and fixing ling him he had calied a coach. Upon our'going « her affections upon such things as are only the to it, after having cast his eye upon the wheels, " trappings and decorations of her sex ; fecondly, he asked the coachman if his axletree was good; « in not distinguishing what becomes the different upon the fellow's telling him he would warrant
stages of life; and, lastly, the abuse and cor- it, the knight turned to me, told me he looked • ruption of some excellent qualities, which, if like an honest man, and went in without further « circumscribed within just bounds, would have ceremony:
been the blessing and prosperity of her family, We had not gone far, when Sir Roger, popping , but, by a vicious extreme, are like to be the out his head, called the coachman down from bane and destruction of it.'
This box, and upon his presenting himself at the
window, asked him if he smoked ; as I was confidering what this would end in, he bid him stop
by the way at any good tobacconist's, and take in TUESDAY, MARCH 18.
a roll of their best Virginia. Nothing material Ire tamen reftat, Numa quò devenit, & Ancus. happened in the remaining part of our journey, HOR. Epist. 6. 1. 1. V. 27.
till we were set down at the west end of the With Ancus, and with Numa, kings of Rome,
Abbey. We must descend into the filent tomb.
As we went up the body of the church, the
knight pointed at the trophies upon one of the Y friend Sir Roger de Coverley told me the new monuments, and cried out, A brave man I
other night, that he had been reading my warrant him! Paffing afterwards by Sir Cloudsey paper upon Westminster Abbey, in which, says Shovel, he flung his hand that way, and cried, he, there are a great many ingenious fancies. He Sir Cloudsley Shovel! a very gallant man! As we told me at the same time, that he observed I had stood before Busby's tomb, the knight uttered promised another paper upon the tombs, and that himself again after the same manner, Dr. Bushy! he should be glad to go and see them with me, a great man! he whipped my grandfather'; a very not having visited them since he had read history. great man! I thould have gone to him myself, if I could not at first imagine how this came into I had not been a blockhead; a very great man! the knight's head, till I recollected that he had We were immediately conducted into the little been very busy all laft fummer upon Baker's chapel on the right hand. Sir Roger, planting Chronicle, which he has quoted several times in himself at our historian's elbow, was very attenhis disputes with Sir Andrew Freeport since his last tive to every thing he said, particularly to the accoming to town. Accordingly I promised to call count he gave us of the lord who had cut off the upon him the next morning, that we might go king of Morocco's head. Among several other together to the Abbey.
figures, he was very well pleared to fee the statesI found the knight under his butler's hand, man Cecil upon his knees; and concluding thein who always saves him. He was no sooner all to be great men, was conducted to the figure dresfed, than he called for a glass of the widow which represents that martyr to good housewifry, Trueby's water, which he told me he' always who died by the prick of a needle. Upon our indrank before he went abroad. He recommended terpreter's telling us that she was a maid of hoto me a dram of it at the same time, with so nour to Queen Elizabetli, the knight was very inmuch heartinefs, that I could not forboar drink- quifitive into her name and family; and after hav
ing regarded her finger for some time, I wonder, many incidents which affeâ the education of
We were then conveyed to the two coronation
HAVE long expected, that in the course of that the stone underneath the most antient of them, which was brought from Scotland, was human life, you would one time or other fall called jacob's pillar, fat himself down in the upon à subject, which, fince you have not, I chair; and looking like the figure of an old Gothic take the liberty to recommend to you. What king, asked our interpreter, what authority they I mean, is the patronage of young modest men had to say, that Jacob had ever been in Scotland? " to such as are able to countenance and introThe fellow, instead of returning him an answer, (duce them into the world. For want of such told him, that he hoped that his honour would pay "afistances, a youth of merit languishes in ob. his forfeit. I could observe Sir Roger a little
'fcurity or poverty, when his circumstances are ruffled upon being thus trepanned; but our guide low, and runs into riot and excess when his fornot insisting upon his demand, the knight soon re tunes are plentiful. I cannot make myself covered his good-humour, and whispered in my better understood, than by sending you an hirear, that if Will Wimble were with us, and saw
tory of myself, which I shall defire you to inthose two chairs, it would go hard but he would 'sert in your paper, it being the only way I have get a tobacco-ftopper out of one or the other of
of expressing my gratitude for the highest obli. thém.
gations imaginable. Sir Roger, in the next place, laid his hand upon · I am the son of a merchant of the city of Edward the third's sword, and leaning upon the ' London, who, by many loffes, was reduced pommel of it, gave us the whole history of the from a very luxuriant trade and credit to very Black Prince; concluding, that, in Sir Richard ' narrow circumstances, in comparison to that of Raker's opinion, Edward the third was one of the ? his former abundance. This took away the greatest Princes that ever sat upon the English vigour of his mind, and all manner of attenthrone.
tion to a fortune which he now thought dela We were shewn Edward the Confessor's tomb;
perate ; insomuch that he died without a will, upon which Sir Roger acquainted us, that he was ' having before buried my mother in the midst of the first who touched for the evil; and afterwards his other misfortunes. I was sixteen years of Henry the fourth's, upon which he shook his age when I lost my father; and an estate of head, and told us, there was fine reading in the • 2001. a-year came into my poffeffion, without casualties of that reign.
friend or guardian to instruct me in the manageOur conductor then pointed to that monument "ment or enjoyment of it. The natural consewhere there is the figure of one of our English quence of this was, (though I wanted no di. kings without a head; and upon giving us to rector, and soon had fellows who found me out know, that the head, which was of beaten silver, for a smart young gentleman, and led me into had been stolen away several years since : fome • all the debaucheries of which I was capable) Whig, I'll warrant you, says Sir Roger; you " that my companions and I could not well be ought to lock up your kings better ; they will supplied without running in debt, which I did carry off the body too, if you do not take care.
very frankly, till I was arrested, and conveyed; The glorious names of Henry the fifth and ' with a guard strong enough for the most defpeQueen Elizabeth gave the knight great opportu rate affalsin, to a bailiff 's house, where I lay nities of thining, and of doing justice to Sir « four days surrounded with very merry, but not Richard Baker, who, as our knight observed with
very agreeable company. As soon as I had ex. some surprize, had a great many kings in him, (tricated myself from that shameful confinewhose monuments he had not seen in the abbey. ment, I reflected upon it with so much horror,
For my own part I could not but be pleased to (that I deserted all my old acquaintance, and see the knight thew such an honest paffion for the took chambers in an inn of court, with a resoglory of his country, and such a respectful grati- lution to study the law with all possible applica tude to the memory of its princes.
« tion. But I trifed away a whole year in lookI must not omit, that the benevolence of my ing over a thousand intricacies, without a friend good old friend, which flovys out towards every ? to apply to in any case of doubt; so that I only one le converscs with, made him very kind to • lived there among men, as little children are our interpreter, wliom he locked upon as an ex ! sent to school before they are capable of imtraordinary man; for which reason he shook him
provement, only to be out of harm's way. In by the hand at parting, telling him, that he the midst of this state of suspence, not knowMould be very glad to see him at his lodgings in "ing how to dispose of myself, I was fought for Norfolk-Buildings, and talk over these matters " by a relation of mine, who, upon observing a with him more at leisure.
L good inclination in me, used me with great fa
"miliarity, and carried me to his feat in the coun
try. When I came there, he introduced me to N° 330. WEDNESDAY, MARCH 19. all the good company in the county; and the
great obligation I have to him for this kind no. Maxima debetur purris reverenta
(čice, and residence with him ever since, has
Juv. Sat. 14. V. 47. " made so strong an impression upon me, that he To youth the tenderest regard is due,
" has the authority of a father cver me, founded upon
the love of a brother. I have a good study THE following letters, written by two very
¢ of books, and a good stable of horses always at confiderate correspondents, both under
my command; and though I am not now quite twenty years of age, are very good arguments of
s eighteen years of ago familiar converse on his the neceffity of taking into congderation the
part, and a strong inclination to exert myself on the back. My father is often reckoning up on mine, have had an effect upon me that ' how long í have been at school, and teils me he makes me acceptable wherever
• fears I do little good. My father's carriage so 'Mr. Spečiator, by this gentleman's favour and • discourages me, that he makes me grow dull
patronage, it is my own fault if I am not wiser and melancholy. My master wonders what is and richer every day I live. I speak this as the matter with me; I am afraid to tell him ; well by subscribing the initial letters of my for he is a man that loves to encourage learnname to thank him, as to incite others to an ing, and would be apt to chide my father, and imitation of his virtue. It would be a worthy not knowing his temper, may make him worfe. work to show what great charities are to be Sir, If you have any love for learning, I beg done without expence, and how many noble you would give me some instructions in this actions are lost, out of inadvertency in persons case, and persuade parents to encourage their capable of performing them, if they were put o children when they find them diligent and dein mind of it. If a gentleman of figure in
• sirous of learning. I have heard some parents the country would make his family a pattern of say, they would do any thing for their children, fobriety, good sense, and breeding, and would if they would but mind their learning : I would kindly endeavour to influence the education • be glad to be in their place. Dear Sir, pardon and growing prospects of the younger gentry
If you will but consider and about him, I am apt to believe it would save pity my case, I will pray for your prosperity as him a great deal of stale beer on a public occa long as I live. fion, and render him the leader of his country
London, Your humble servant, from their gra itude to him, instead of being a
March 2, 1711.
James Disciplus.' cave to their riots and tumults in order to be T made their representative. The same thing might be recommended to all who have made any progress in any parts of knowledge, or are ar
No. rived at any degree in a profession; others may
331. THURSDAY, March 20. gain preferments and fortunes from their patrons, but I have, I hope, received from mine
-Stolidam præbet tibi vellere barbam.
Pers. Sat. 2. 1. 28, good habits and virtues. I repeat to you, Sir,
my request to print this, in return for all thé Holds out his foolish beard for thee to pluck. * evil an helpless orphan Mall ever escape, and all
the good he Thall receive in this life ; both which 'HEN I was last with my friend Sir Roger are wholly owing to this gentleman's favour to,
in Westminster-Abbey, I observed that OSIR,
he stood longer than ordinary before the bust of a "Your most obedient servant,
venerable old man. I was at a loss to guess the "S. P.' eason of it, when after some time he pointed to
the figure, and asked me if I did not think that « Mr. Spectator,
our forefathers looked much wiser in their beards AM a lad of about fourteen. I find a mighty than we do without them. For my part, says he, " Latin school four years. I do not know I ever and see my ancestors, who many of them died • played truant, or neglected any task my master before they were of my age, I cannot forbear re
let me in any life. I think on what I read in garding them as so many cld patriarchs, and at
school as I go home at noon and night, and so the same time looking upon myself as an idle • intently, that I have often gone half a mile out smock-faced young fellow. I love to see your
of my way, not minding whither I went. Our Abrahams, your Ifaacs, and your Jacobs, as we 'maid telis me, the often hears me talk Latin in have them in old pieces of tapestry with beards 'my neep; and I dream two or three nights in a below their girdles, that cover half the hangings. "week I am reading Juvenal and Homer. My The knight added, if I would recommend beards • master seems as well pleased with my perform in one of my papers, and endeavour to restore
ances as any boy's in the same class. I think, if human faces to their antient dignity, that upon a
I know my own mind, I would choose rather to months warning he would undertake to lead uf * be a scholar, than a prince without learning. the fashion himself in a pair of whiskers. . I have a very good affectionate father ; but tho' I smiled at my friend's fancy; but after we
very rich, yet so mighty near, that he thinks parted, could not forbear reflecting on the meta! much of the charges of my education, He morphosis our faces have undergone in this paroften tells me he believes my schooling ticular. ¢ will ruin him; that I cost him God knows The beard, conformable to the notion of my 6 what in books. I tremble to tell him I friend Sir Roger, was for many ages looked upon want one. I am forced to keep my pocket as the type of wisdom. Lucian more than once money and lay it out for a bcok, now and rallies the philosophers of his time, who endea
then, that he does not know of. He has or voured to rival one another in beards; and repres dered my master to buy no more books for me sents a learned man who stood for a profefforihip « but says he will buy them himself. 1. alked in philosophy, as unqualified for it by the Thort
him for Horace' the other day, and he told me ness of his beard. • in a passion he did not believe I was fit for it, Ælian, in his account of Zoilus, the pre* but only my master had a mind to make him tended critic, who wrote against Horner and I think I kad got a great way in my learning. I Plato, and thought himself wiser than all who
am sometimes a month behind other boys in had gone before him, tells us that this Zoilus * gecting the books my master gives orders for had a very long beard that hung down upon his
All the boys in the school, but I, have the breast, but had no hair upon his head, which lie clailic authors, in ufim Delphini, gilt and lettered always kept close savcd, regarding, it foems,
1. 1. V. 296
the hairs of his head as so many suckers, which if on horse-back. They already appear in hats and they had been suffered to grow might have drawn feathers, coats and perriwigs; and I see no reason away the nourishment from his chin, and by that why we may not suppose that they would liave means have starved his beard.
their riding-beards on che fare occalion. I have read somewhere that one of the popes refused to accept an edition of a saint's works, ther paper.
I may give the moral of this discourse in ano
x which were presented to him, because the saint, in his effigies before the book, was drawn without a beard.
We fee by these instances what homage the 'No 332. FRIDAY, MARCH 21. world has formerly paid to beards; and that a barber was not then allowed to make those depre- Naribus horum hominum
Minùs apris acutis dations on the face of the learned, which have been permitted hiin of late years.
HOR. Sat. Accordingly several wise nations have been so He cannot bear the raillery of the age. extremely jealous of the least ruffle offered to their
CREECH. beards, that they seem to have fixed the point of honour principally in that part. The Spaniards
• Dear Thort Face, were wonderfully tender in this particular. Don
'N your speculation of Wednesday last you Quevedo, in his third vision on the last judgment,
have given us some account of that wortly has carried the humour very far, when he tells us
society of brutes the Mohocs; wherein you that one of his vain-glorious countrymen, after
' have particularly specified the ingenious perhaving received sentence, was taken into custody
(formances of the lion-tippers, the dancing-mas. by a couple of evil spirits ; but that his guides ters, and the tumblers : but as you acknowhappening to disorder his mustachoes, they were ledge you had not then a perfect history of the forced to recompose them with a pair of curling whole club,' you might very easily omit one of irons before they could get him to file off. the most notable species of it, the Sweaters,
If we look into the history of our own nation, ' which may be reckoned a sort of dancing-mas. we shall find that the beard flourished in the Sax ters too. It is, it seems, the custom for half on heptarchy, but was very much discouraged a dozen, or more, of these well disposed savages, under the Norman line. It shot out, however,
as soon as they have inclosed the person upon from time to time, in several reigns under differ whom they design the favour of a sweat, to whip ent mapes. The last effort it made seems to have ' out their swords, and holding them parrallel been in queen Mary's days, as the curious reader 'to the horizon, they describe a sort of magic may find, if he pleases to peruse the figures of ? circle round about him with the points. As cardinal Poole, and bithop Gardiner; though at
• soon as this piece of conjuration is performed, the same time, I think it may be questioned, if
and the patient without doubt already beginning zcal against popery has not induced our protestant to wax warm, to forward the operation, that painters to extend the beards of these two perfe. ' member of the circle, towards whom he is so cutors beyond their natural dimensions, in order ' rude as to turn his back first, runs his sword to make them appear the more terrible.
directly into that part of the patient wherein I find but few beards worth taking notice of in school-boys are punished; and as it is very natural the reign of king James the first.
to imagine this will soon make him tack about During the civil wars there appeared one, to some other point, every gentlemari does himwhich makes too great a figure in story to be • self the same justice as often as he receives the passed over in silence; I mean that of the re "affront. After this jig has gone two or three doubted Hudibras, an account of which Butler 6.times round, and the patient is thoug!t to have has transmitted to posterity in the following lines. sweat suficiently, he is very handsomely rubbed
( down by fome attendants, who carry inftru. His tawny beard was th' equal grace
ments for that purpose, and so discharged. Both of his wisdom, and his face ;
**This relation I had from a friend of mine, who In cut and dye to like a tyle,
! has lately been under this discipline. He tells A sudden view it would beguile:
( me he had the honour to dance before the emThe upper part whereof was whey, The nether orange mixt with grey.
peror himself, not without the applause and ac
clainations both of his imperial majesty, and The whisker continued for some time among us the whole ring; though I dare say, neithir I after the extirpation of beards; but this is a sub nor any of his acquaintance ever dreamt he ject which I shall not here enter upon, having dif- ' would have merited any reputation by his cussed it at large in a distinct treatise, which I keep activity. by me in manuscript, upon the Mustachoe.
' I can assure you, Mr. Sper, I was very near If my friend Sir Roger's project of introducing ' being qualified to have given you a faithful and beards should take effect, I fear the luxury of the painful account of this walking bagnio, if I may present age would make it a very expensive fashia so call it, myself: for going the other night a
There is no question but the beaux would along Fleet-street, and having, out of curiosity, foon provide themselves with false ones of the 'just entered into discourse with a wandering lightest colours, and the most immoderate lengths. feinale who was travelling the same way, a A fair beard, of the tapestry-lize, which Sir Roger couple oi fellows advanced towards us, drew seems to approve, could not come under twenty their Twords, and cried out to each other, A guineas. The famous golden beard of Æfculapius "sweat! A sweat! Whereupon fufpccting they would hardly be more valuable than one made in ( were some of the ringleaders of the bagnio, I .the extravagance of the fashion.
6. also drew iny (word, and demanded a parley; Belides we are not certain that the ladies would but finding none would be granted me, and not come into the inode, when they take the airperceiving others behind them filing c# with
THE SPECTAT O R.
6 great dlligence to take me in flank, I began to more laudable, that of being, good wives. If swear for fear of being forced to it: but very any of your correspondents inquire for a spouse luckily betaking myself to a pair of heels, which for an honest country gentleman, whosc eltate is I had good reason to believe would do me jur not dipped, and wants a wife that can save half tice, I instantly got poffeffion of a very snug • his revenue, and yet make a better figure than corner in a neighbouring alley that lay in my any of his neighbours of the same estate, with rear; which poít I maintained for above half
• finer bred women, you shall have further notice an hour with great firmness and resolution, " though not letting this success so far overcome
6SIR, me, as to make me unmindful of the circum
( Your courteous readers, • fpection that was necessary to be observed upon
Martha Busy. my advancing again towards the street; by which T
• Deborah Thrifty. • prudence and good management I made a hand
! Alice Early.' • some and orderly retreat, having suffered no
other damage in this action than the loss of my
haorage, and the dislocation of one of my shoe No 333. SATURDAY, March 22. • heels, which laît I am just now informed is in a "fair way of recovery. These sweaters, by what -vocat in certamina divos. il can learn from my friend, and by as near a
Æn. 6. V. 172 ( view as I was able to take of them myself, seemi
He calls embattled deities to arms. " to me to have at present but a rude kind of dira • cipline amongst them. It is probable, if you
E are now entering upon the fixth book " would take a little pains with them, they might
of Paradise Lost, in wbich the poet de• be brought into better order. But I will Icave scribes the battle of angels; having raised his • this to your own discretion; and will only add, reader's expectation, and prepared him for it by • that if you think it worth while to insert this feveral passages in the preceding books. I omit• by way of caution to those, who have a mind ted quoting these passages in my observations on
to preserve their skins whole from this sort the former books, having purposely reserved them
of cupping, and tell them at the same time the for the opening of this, the subject of which gave • hazard of treating with night-walkers, you will occasion to them. The author's imagination was ' perhaps oblige others, as well as
so inflained with this great scene of action, that Your very humble Servant,
where-ever he speaks of it, he rises, if poisible, a. • Jack Lightfoot. the beginning of his poem.
bove himself. Thus where he mentions Satan in "P.S. My friend will have me acquaint you, " that though he would not willingly detra&t from Hurl'd head!ong fiaming from th’etherial sky,
-Him the almighty Power " the merit of that extraordinary strokes-man Mr.
With hideous ruin and combustion, down Sprightly, yet it is his real opinion, that some
To bottomless perdition, there to dwell r of those fellows, who are employed as rubbers
In adamantine chains and penal fire, to this new-fashioned hagnio, have struck as
Who durst defy thi' Omnipotent to arms. 6 bold strokes as ever he did in his life.
< I had sent this four and twenty hours sooner, We have likewise several noble hints of it in • if I had not had the misfortune of being in a the infernal conference. great doubt about the orthography of the word
O Prince! O Chief of many throned powers, • bagnio. I consulted several dictionaries, but
That led th' embattled Seraphim to war, • found so rclief; at last having recourse both to
Too well I fee and rue the dire event, "the bagnio in Newgate-street, and to that in
That with fad overthrow and foul defeat • Chancery-lane, and finding the original manucripts upon the sign-posts of each to agree lite
Hath loft us Heav'n; and all this mighty hoft
In horrible destruction laid thus low• rally with my own spelling, I returned home, full of satisfaction, in order to dispatch this
But sec the angry victor hath recall'd epistle.'
His ministers of vengeance and pursuit
Back to the gates of Heav'n: the fulpl'rous hail "Mr. Sperator,
Shot after us in storm, o'erblown hati laid s you have taken most of the circum
The fiery surgc, chat from the precipice ftances of human life into consideration,
Of Heav'n receiv'd us falling; and the thunder, ve the under-written thought it not improper Perhaps has spent his shalts, and ceases now
Wing'd with red lightning and inperucus rage, (for us also to represent to you cur condition. - We are threc ladies who live in the country,
To bcllow through the vast and boundless deep. r and the greatest improvement we make iš by There are several other very sublime images
reading. We have taken a small journal of our on the same subject in the first book, as also in • lives, and find it extremcly opposite to your last the second, < Tuesday's speculation. Wc rise by seven, and ( pass the beginning of cach day in devotion, and
Wliat when we fled amain, pursu'd and strook looking into those affairs that fall within the oc
With Heav'n's afflicting thunder, and boroug!it currences of a retired life; in the afternoon we
The deep to thelter us ; this Hell then seem'a • sometimes cnjoy the company of some friend or
A refuge from these wounds « neighbour, or else work or read; at night we In short, the poet never mentions any thing of s retire to our chambers, and take leave of each this battle, but in such images of greatness and I other for the whole night at ten o'clock. We terror as are suitable to the subject. Among re"take particular care never to be sick of a Sun veral others I cannot forbear quoting that passage,
day, Mr. Spectator, we arc all very good maids, where the Power, who is described as prefiding but ambitious of characters which we think over the chaos, speaks in the second book.