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to be explained by any known qualities inherent vantage, and in which their safety and we fare is in the bodies themselves, nor from any laws of the most concerned. mechanism, but, according to the best notions of Nor must we here omit that great variety of the greatest philosophers, is an immediate im arms with which nature has differently fortified pression from the first mover, and the divine en-. the bodies of several kind of animals, such as trgy acting in the creatures.
L claws, hoofs, and horns, teeth and tusks, a tail,
a fting, a trunk, or a proboscis. It is likewise
observed by naturalists, that it must be some N° 121, THURSDAY, JUDY 19.
hidden principle diftinct from what we call rea
son, which instructs animals in the use of these -Jovis omnia plena. Virg. Ecl, 3. v. 60. their arms, and teaches them to manage them to All is full of Jove.
the best advantage; because they naturally de'S I was walking this morning in the great fend themselves with that part in which their house, I was wonderfully pleased to see the dif as is remarkable in lambs, which tho they are ferent workings of instinct in a hen followed by bred within doors, and never saw the actions of a brood of ducks. The young, upon the fight their own species, push at those who approach, of a pond, immediately ran into it; while the them with their foreheads, before the first budd-, ftep-mother, with all imaginable anxiety, 'ho-. ing of a horn appears. vered about the borders of it, to call them out of I shall add to these general observations an in-, an element that appeared to her so dangerous and stance, which Mr. Locke has given us of Prodestructive. As the different principle which widence even in the imperfections of a creature acted in these different animals cannot be term- which seems the meanest and most despicable in ed reason, so when we call it instinct, we mean
the whole animal world. “ We may, says he, something we have no knowledge of. To me, cs from the make of an oyster, or cockle, con. as I hinted in my last paper, it seems the iinme clude, that it has not so many nor so quick diate direction of Providence, and such an opera “ fenfes as a man, or several other animals: nor tion of the supreme Being, as that which deter " if it had, would it, in that ftate and incapamines all the portions of matter to their proper city of transferring itself from one place to centres. A modern philosopher, quoted by Mon “ another, be 'bettered by them. What good Yieur Bayle in his learned dissertation on the souls would light and hearing do to a creature, that of brutes, delivers the same opinion, though in a cannot move itself to, or from the object, bolder form of words, where he says, Deus est « wherein at a distance it perceives good or evil?
anima brutorum,' “ God himself is the soul “ And would not quickness of sensation be an 56 of brutes,” Who can tell what to call that « inconvenience to an animal that must be still seeming ragacity in animals, which directs them “ where chance has once placed it, and there reto such food as is proper for them, and makes «ceive the afflux of colder or warmer, clean or them naturally avoid whatever is noxious or « scul water, as it happens to come to it ?” unwholesome? Tully has observed, that a lamb I Thall add to this instance out of Mr. Locke no sooner falls from its mother, but immediaiely another cut of the learned Dr. More, who cites and of his own accord applies itself to the teat. it from Cardan, in relation to another animal Dampier, in his travels, tells us, that when sea- which providence las left defcctive, but at the men are thrown upon any of the unknown coasts same time has sewn its wisdom in the formatiof America, they never venture upon the fruit of on of that organ in which it seems chiefly to any tree, how tempting foever it may appear, un
have failed. « What is more obvious and ordiless they observe that it is marked with the peck nary than a mole? and yet what more pala ing of birds; but fall on without any fear or ap " pable argument of Providence than fhc? The prehension where the birds have been before members of her body are so exac?ly fitted to them.
“ her nature and manner of life; for her dwellBut notwithstanding animals have nothing ing being under ground where nothing is to be like the use of reason, we find in them all the low “ seen, nature has so obscurely fitted her with er parts of our nature, the passions and senses eyes, that naturalists can hardly agree wliein their greatest strength and perfection.
“ther she have any fight at all or no. But for And here it is worth our observation, that all " amends, what she is capable of for her defence beasts and birds of prey are wonderfully subject “ and warning of danger, she has very eminentto anger, malice, revenge, and all the other vio « ly conferred upon her; for she is cuccoding lent passions that may animate them in search of « quick of hearing. And then her short tail their proper food; as those that are incapable of ♡ and short legs, but broad fore-feet armed with defending themselves, or 'annoying others, or « sharp claws, we see by the event to what purwhole safety lies chiefly in their flight, are suspi “ pose they are, the so swiftly working herself ous, fearful and apprehensive of every thing they “ under ground, and making her way so fast in see or hear; whiltt others that are of assistance " the earth as they that behold it cannot but ad, and use to man, have their nature softened with « mirc it. Her legs therefore are short, that the Something mild and tractable, and by that means “ need dig no more than will serve the more are qualified for a domestic life. In this case the " thickness of her body; and her fore-feet are pafions generally correspond with the make of “ broad, that she may scoop away much earth at the body. We do not find the fury of a lion in a time; and little or no tail de las, because To weak and defenceless an animal as a lamb, nor " she courses not on the ground, like the rat the meckness of a lamb'in a creature fo armed for or mouse, of whose kindred the is, but lives battle and aflault as the lion. In the same man « under the carth, and is sain to dig herself a ner, we find that particular animals have a more « dwelling there. And the making her way or less exquisite sharpnets and fagacity in those 56 through so thick an element, which will not particular senies which most turn to their ada - yield casily, as the air or the water, it had
“ been dangerous to have drawn so long a train
Comes jucundus in via provebirulo eft.
Publ. Syr. Frage: mark upon this last creature, who I remeinber An agreeable companion upon the road is as somewhere in his works obferves, that though good as a coach. the mole be not totally blind, as is commonly Man's first care Mould be to avoid the rethought, me has not sight enough to distinguish A
proaches of his own heart; his next, to er-. particular objects. Her eye is said to have but
cape the censures of the world: If the last interone humour in it, which is supposed to give herferes with the former, it ought to be intirely nethe idea of light, but of nothing else, and is fo glected; but otherwise there cannot be a greater formed that this idea is probably painful to the fatisfaction to an honest mind, than to see those animal. Whenever she comes up into broad day approbations which it gives itself seconded by the the might be in danger of being taken, unless she applauses of the public: a man is more sure of were thus affected by a light striking upon her his conduct, when the verdict which he patres eye, and immediately warning her to bury her- upon his own behaviour is thus warranted and self in her proper element. More fight would be confirmed by the opinion of all that'know him. useless to her, as none at all might be fatal. My worthy friend Sir Roger is one of those who
I have only instanced such animals ás seem the is not only at peace within himself, but beloved most imperfect works of nature; and if Provi and esteemed by all about him. He receives a dence shews itself even in the blemishes of these suitable tribute for his universal benevolence to creatures, how much more does it discover itself mankind, in the returns of affection and goodin the several endowments which it las variously will, which are paid him by every one that lives bestowed upon such creatures as are more or less within his neighbourhood. I lately met with finished and completed, in their several faculties, two or three old instances of that general respect according to the condition of life in which they which is thewn to the good old knight. Hie are posted.
would needs carry Will Wimble and myself with I could wish our royal society would compile a him to the country afrizes: as we were upon the body of natural history, the beft that could be read Will Wimble joined a couple of plain men gathered together from books and observations. who rid before us, and converted with them for If the several writers among them took each his · fome time; during which my friend Sir Roger particular species, and gave us a distinct account acquainted me with their characters. of its original, birth and education; its policies, The first of them, says he, that has a spaniel hoftilities and alliances, with the frame, and by his side, is 'a yeoman of about an hundred texture of its inward and outward parts, and pounds a year, an lionest man: he is just withparticularly those that distinguish it from all in the Game-Act, and qualified to kill a hare or other animals, with their peculiar aptitudes for pheasant; he knocks down a dinner with his gun the state of being in which Providence has placed twice or thrice a week; and by that means lives them, it would be one of the best services their much cheaper than those who have not so good
dice could do mankind, and not a little re an estate as himself. He would be a good neighdound to the glory of the all-wise contriver.
bour if he did not destroy so many partridges: in It is true, such a Natural History, after all the mort, he is a very sensible man; shoots flying; disquisitions of the learned, would be infinitely and has been several times foreman of the pettyshort and defective. Seas and desarts hide mil- jury. lions of aniinals from our observation, Innu
The other that rides along with him is Tom merable artifices and itratagems” are acted in the Touchy a fellow famous for taking the law of howling wilderness and in the great deep, that every body. There is not one in the town where can never come to our knowledge. Besides that he lives that he has not sued at a quarter-sessions. there are infinitely more species of creatures The rogue had once the įmpudence to go to law which are not to be seen without, nor indeed with the widow. His head is full of coits, damwith the help of the fincít glasses, than of such as
ages, and ejectments; he plagued a couple of are bulky enough for the naked eye to take hold honest gentlemen so long for a trespass in breake of. However, from the consideration of such ing one of his hedges, until he was forced to felt aniinals as lie within the compass of our know- the ground it inclosed to defray the charges of the ledge, we might caûly form a conclusion of the prosecution: his father left him fourscore pounds rest, that the same variety of wisdom and good
a year: but he has “ cast” and been cast so often, ness runs through the whole creation, and puts that he is not now worth thirty. I suppose he every creature in in a condition to provide for its
is going upon the old business of the willowsafety and fubiifience in its proper station. Tully has given us an admirable sketch of na
As Sir Roger was giving me this account of tural hisory, in his second book concerning the Tom Touchy, Will Wimble and his two comnature of the gods; and that in a stile fo raised paucions Itopped short until we came up to them. by mictaphors and dzfcriptions, that it lifts the After having paid their respects to Sir Roger, subject above raillery and ridicule, which fre. Will told him that Mr. Toucly and he muitapquently full on fuch nice observations when they peal to bim upon a dispute that arose between país through the hands of an ordinary writer. them. Will it seems lias been giving his fellow
L traveller an account of his angling one day in such
a hole; when Tom Touchy, instead of bearing put his story, told liim that Mr. such a one, if he pleased, mght take the law of him for fishing in that part of the river. My friend Sir Roger heard bun both, upon a round trot; and after having
paused some time' told them, with the air of a Upon this my friend, with his usual chcarfulness, man who would not give his judgment rafhly, related the particulars above-mentioned, and orthat “ much might be said on both sides.” They dered the head to be brought into the room. I were neither of them dissatisfied with the knight's could not forbear discovering greater expresiions determination, because neither of them found' of mirth than ordinary upon the appearance of himself in the wrong by it; upon which we made this monstrous face, under which, notwithitandthe best of our way to the assizes.
ing it was made to frown and stare in a most exThe court was fat before Sir Roger came; but traordinary manner, I could still discover a difnotwithstanding all the justices had taken their tant resemblance of my old friend. Sir Roger, places upon the bench, they made room for the upon feeing me laugh, desired me to tell him old knight at the head of them; who for his re- truly if I thought it possible for people to know putation in the country took occasion to whisper him in that disguise. I at first kept my usual in the Judge's ear, “ that he was glad his lord- filence; but upon the knight's conjuring me to “ fhip had so much good weather in his circuit.” tell him whether it was not still more like himI was listening to the proceeding of the court self than a Saracen, I composed my countenance with much attention, and infinitely pleased with in the best inanner I could, and replied, “ that that great appearance and folemnity which so “ much might be said on both sides." properly accompanies such a public administra These several adventures, with the knight's tion of our laws; when, after about an hour's, behaviour in them, gave me as pleasant a day as fitting, I observed to my great surprise, in the ever I met with in any of my travels.
L midst of a trial, that my friend Sir Roger was getting up to speak. I was in pain for him, until I found he had acquitted himself of two or No 123. SATURDAY, JULY 21. three sentences, with a look of much business and great intrep'dity.
Daftrina sed vim promovet infitam, Upon his first rising, the court was hushed, Reftique cultus peetora roborant: and a general whisper ran among the country Utcunque defecere mores, people tliat Sir Roger was up.
The speech Dcdecoraut bene nata culpa, he made was so little to the purpose, that I Mall
Hor. Od. 4. 1. 4. V. 33« not trouble my readers with an account of it;, and I believe was not so much designed by the Yet the best blood by learning is refin’d,
And virtue arms the solid mind; knight himself to inform the, court, as to give
Whilft vice will ftain the noblest race, him a figure in my eye, and keep up his credit in the country.
And the paternal stamp detace. ANON. I was highly delighted, when the court rose, to S I was yesterday taking the air with my see the gentlemen of the country gathering about friend Sir Roger, we were met by a freshmy old friend, and striving who should compli- coloured ruddy young man who rid by us full ment him most; at the same time that the ordi-, speed, with a couple of servants behind him. nary people gazed upon him at a distance, not a. Upon my inquiry who he was, Sir Roger told little admiring his courage, that was not afraid to me that he was a young gentleman of a considerspeak to the judge.
able estate, who had been educated by a tendir In our 'return home we met with a very odd mother that lived not many miles from the place accident; which I cannot forbear relating, be- where we were. She is a very good lady, says iny cause it shews how desirous all who know Sir friend, but took so much care of her son's health Roger are of giving him marks of their efteem. that she has made him good for nothing. She When we were arrived upon the verge of his quickly found that reading was bad for his eyes, estate, we stopped at a little inn to rest ourselves and that writing made his head ach. He was let and our horses. The man of the house had it loose among the woods as soon as he was able to seems been formerly a fervant in the knight's fa- ride on horseback, or to carry a gun upon his mily; and to do honour to his old master, had shoulder. To be brief, I found, by my friend's some time fince, unknown to Sir Roger, put him account of him, that he had got a great stock of in a sign-poít before the door; so that the health, but nothing else; and that if it were a “ knight's' head” had hung out upon the road man's business only to live, there would not be about a week before he himself know any thing a more accomplished young fellow in the whole of the matter, As soon as Sir Roger was ac county. quainted with it, finding that his servant's indif The truth of it is, since my residing in these cretion proceeded wholly from afiection and parts I have seen and heard innumerable instances gcod-will, he only told him that he had made of young heirs and elder brothers, wlio either him too high a compliment; and when the fel- from their own reflecting upon the estates they low seemed to think that could hardly be, added are born to, and therefore thinking all other acwith a more decisive look, that it was too great complishments unnece:Pary, or from hearing theis an honour for any man under a duke; but told notions frequently inculcated to them by the flathim at the same time, that it might be altered tery of their servants and domestics, or froin the with a very few touches, and that he himself fame foolish thought prevailing in those wiro have would be at the charge of it. Accordingly they the care of their education, are of no manner of got a painter by the knight's directions to add a use but to keep up their families, and transmit pair of whiskers to the face, and by a little ag- their lands and houses in a line to patterity. gravation of the features to change it into the This makes me often think on a ítory I have Saracen’s-head. I should not have known this heard of iwo friends, which I shall give my reastory had not the inn-keeper, upon Sir Ropci's der at large, under feigned names. The moral alightinz, told him in my hearing, that his hor- of it may, I hope, be worth, though there are our's head was brought back last night with the some circumsances which make it rather appear alterations that he had ordered to be made in ito like a novel than a tru Rory.
Eudoxus and Leontine began the world with parent, was taught to rejoice at the fight of Fu small estates. They were both of them men of doxus, who visited his friend very frequently, and good sense and great virtue. They profecuted was dictated by his natural affection, as well as their studies together in their earlier years, and by the rules of prudence, to make himself esteem, entered into such a friendship as lasted to the ed and beloved by Florio. The boy was now old end of their lives. Eudoxus, at his first setting enough to know his supposed father's circumout in the world, threw himself into a court, stances, and that therefore he was to make his where by his natural endowments and his acquir- way in the world by his own industry. This ed abilities he made his way from one post to consideration grew stronger in him every day, another, until at length he had raised a very con- and produced so good an effect, that he applied fiderable fortune. Leontine, on the contrary, himself with more than ordinary attention to the fought all opportunities of improving his mind pursuit of every thing which Leontine recomby Itudy, converfation and travel. He was not mended to him. His natural abilities, which only acquainted with all the sciences, but with were very good, aslisted by the directions of so the most eminent professors of them throughout excellent a counsellor, enabled him to make a Europe. He knew perfectly well the interests quicker progress than ordinary through all the of its princes, with the customs and fashions of parts of his education. Before he was twenty their courts, and could fcarce meet with the years of age, having finished his studies and exname of an extraordinary person in the Gazette ercises with great applause, he was removed from whom he had not either talked to or seen. In the university to the inns of courts, where there short, he had fo well mixed and digested his are very few that make themselves considerable knowledge of men and books, that he made one proficients in the studies of the place, who know of the most accomplished persons of his age. they fhall arrive at great estates without them. During the whole course of his studies and travels This was not Florio's case; he found that three he kept up a punctual correspondence with Eu- hundred a year was but a poor estate for Leondoxus, who often made himself acceptable to the tine and himself to live upon, so that he studied principal men about court by the intelligence without intermission until he gained a very good. which he received from Leontine. When they insight into the constitution and laws of his were both turned of forty, an age in which, ac- country. cording to Mr. Cowley, “ there is no dallying I should have told my reader, that whilst Flowith life,” they determined, pursuant to the re- rio lived at the house of his foster-father he was folution they had taken in the beginning of their always an acceptable guest in the family of Eulives, to retire, and pass the remainder of their doxus, where he became acquainted with Leodays in the country. In order to this, they both nilla from her infancy. His acquaintance with of them married much about the same time. her by degrees grew into love, which in a mind Leontine, with his own and his wife's fortune, trained up in all the sentiments of honour and bought a farm of three hundred a year, which virtue became a very uneasy passion. He despair, lay within the neighbourhood of his friend Eu- ed of gaining an heiress of so great a fortune, and doxus, who had purchased an estate of as many would rather have died than attempted it by any thousands. They were both of them fathers indirect methods. Leonilla, who was a woman about the fame time, Eudoxus having a son born of the greatest beauty, joined with the greatest to him, and Leontine a daughter; but to the modesty, entertained at the same time a secret unspeakable grief of the latter, his young wife, passion for Florio, but conducted herself with fa įn whom all his happiness was wrapt up, died in much prudence that she never gave him the least a few days after the birth of her daughter. His intimation of it. Florio was now engaged in all affliction would have been infupportable, liad not those arts and improvements that are proper to he been comforted by the daily visits and conver- raise a man's private fortune, and give him a sations of his friend. As they were one day talk- figure in his country, but secretly tormented with ing together with their usual intimacy, Leontine, that passion which burns with the greatest fury considering how incapable he was of giving his in a virtuous and noble heart, when he received daughter a proper education in his own house, a sudden summons from Leontine to repair to and Eudoxus refiecting on the ordinary behaviour him in the country the next day. For it seems of a fou who knows himself to be the heir of a Eudoxus was fo filled with the report of his son's great eítate, they both agreed upon an exchange reputation, that he could no longer with-hold of children, namely, that the boy mould be bred making himself known to him. The morning up with Leontine as his son, and that tle girl after his arrival at the house of his supposed faMould live with Eudoxus as his daughter, until ther, Leontine told him that Eudoxus had some they were each of them arrived at years of dif- thing of great importance to communicate to crction. The wife of Eudoxus, knowing that him; upon which the good man embraced him, her son could not be so advantageously brought and wept. Florio was no sooner arrived at the up as under the care of Leontine, and considering great house that stood in his neighbourhood, but at the same time that he would be perpetually Eudoxus took him by the hand, after the first ander her own eye, was by degrees prevailed up: salutes were over, and conducted him into his on to fall in with the projec?. She therefore took closet. He there opened to him the whole secret Leonilla, for that was the name of the girl, and of his parentage and education, concluding after educated her as her own daughter. The two this manner : “ I have no other way left of ac. friends on each side had wrought themselves to “ knowledging my gratitude to Leontine, than such an habitual tenderness for the children who " by marrying you to his daughter. He shall were under their direction, that each of them had « not lose the pleasure of being your father by the real paition of a father, where the title was 66 the discovery I have made to you. Leonilla too but imaginary Tlorio, the name of the young fall be still my daughter; her filial piety, heir that lived with Leontine, though he had all “ though misplaced, has been so exemplary that the duty and aticētion imaginable for his supposed “ it deserves the greatest reward I can confer 6
upon it. You shall have the pleasure of seeing few drops. Were all books reduced thus to their
a great estate fall to you, which you would quintessence, many a bulky author would make * have lost the relish of had you known yourself his appearance in a penny-paper: there would 6 born to it. Continue only to deserve it in the be fcarce such a thing in nature as a folio: the « fame manner you did before you were pofseffed works of an age would be contained on a few « of it. I have left your mother in the next shelves; not to mention millions of volumes, « room. Her heart yearns towards you. She is that would be utterly annihilated. “ making the same discoveries to Leonilla which I cannot think that the difficulty of furnishing “ I have made to yourself,” Florio was so over out separate papers of this nature, has hindered whelmed with this profusion of happiness, that authors from communicating their thoughts to the he was not able to make a reply, but threw him- world after such a manner : though I must conself down at his father's feet, and amidit a flood fess I am amazed that the press Tould be only of tears, kifsed and embraced his knees, asking made use of in this way by news-writers, and the his blefling, and exprefling in dumb how those zealots of parties; as if it were not more advansentiments of love, duty, and gratitude that were tageous to mankind, to be instructed in wisdom too big for utterance. To conclude, the happy and virtue, than in politics; and to be made good pair were married, and half Eudoxus's estate set- fathers, husbands, and fons, than counsellors and tled upon them. Leontine and Eudoxus paffed great men of antiquity, who took so much pains the remainder of their lives together; and re- in order to inftruc mankind, and leave the world ceived in the dutiful and affectionate behaviour wiser and better than they found it; had they, I of Florio and Leonilla the just recompence, as say, been possessed of the art of printing, there is well as the natural effects, of that care which no question but they would have made fuch an they had bestowed upon them in their educa- advantage of it, in dealing out their lectures to the tion.
L public. Our common prints would be of great
use were they thus calculated to diffuse good sense
through the bulk of a people, to clear up their unNo 124. MONDAY, JULY 23.
derstandings, animate their minds with virtue,
dissipate the sorrows of a heavy heart, or unbond Μεγα Βιβλιον, μεγα κακον.
the inind from its more severe employments with
innocent amusements. When knowledge, instead A great book is a great evil.
of being bound up in books, and kept in libraries Man who publishes his works ir a volume, and retirements, is thus obtruded upon the pub
has an infinite advantage over one who lic; when it is canvassed in every assembly, and communicates his writings to the world in loose exposed upon every table; I cannot forbear retracts and single pieces. We do not expect to fecting upon that passage in the Proverbs : meet with any thing in a bulky volume, until af “ Wisdom crieth without, she uttereth her voice ter some heavy preamble, and several words of « in the streets ; she crieth in the chief place of çourse, to prepare the reader for what follows : « concourse, in the openings of the gates. In pay, authors have established it as a kind of rule, “ the city the uttereth her words, saying, how that a man ought to be dull sometimes; as the “ long, ye simple ones will ye love fimplicity ? most severe reader makes allowances for many “ and the scorners delight in their scorning ? and rests and nodding-places in a voluminous writer. “ fools hate knowledge?” This gave occasion to the famous Greek proverb The many letters which come to me from perwhich I have chosen for my motto, " that a great fons of the best sense in both sexes, for I may book is a great evil.
pronounce their characters from their way of On the contrary, those who publish their writing, do not a little encourage me in the prothoughts in distinct heets, and as it were by secution of this my undertaking: besides that piece-meal, have none of these advantages. We my bookseller tells me, the demand for these my must immediately fall into our subject, and treat papers increases daily. It is at his instance that every part of it in a lively manner, or our papers shall continue my rural speculations to the end are thrown by as dull and inapid; our matter of this month; several having made up separate muft lie close together, and either be wholly new sets of them, as they have done before of those in itself, or in the turn it receives from our expref- relating to wit, to operas, to points of morality, fions. Were the books of our best authors thus
or subjects of humour, to be retailed to the public, and every page sub I am not at all mortified, when sometimes I mitted to the taste of forty or fifty thousand rea see my works thrown afide by inen of no taste ders, I am afraid we should complain of inany nor learning. There is a kind of heaviness and Aat expressions, trivial observations, beaten to- ignorance that hangs upon the minds of ordinary pics, and common thoughts, which go off very men, which is too thick for knowledge to break well in the lump. At the same time, notwith- through. Their fouls are not to be enlightened, standing some papers may be made up of broken hints and irregular sketches, it is often expected -Nox atra cavá circumvolat umbra. that every sheet mould be a kind of treatise, and
Virg. En. 2. v. 360. make out in thought what it wants in bulk: that Dark night surrounds them with her hollow shade. a point of humour should be worked up in all its parts; and a subject touched upon in its most ef To these I must apply the fable of the mole, sential articles, without the repetitions, tautolo- that after having consulted many oculists for the gies and enlargements that are indulged to longer bettering of his fight, was at last provided with labours. The ordinary writers of morality pre a good pair of spectacles; but upon his endeascribe to their readers after the Galenic way; vouring to make use of them, his mother told their medicines are made up in large quantities. him very prudently, “ that spectacles, though An essay-writer must practise in the chymical me “ they might help the eye of a man, could be of thçd, and give the virtue of a full draught in a no use to a mole," It is not therefore for the