« 上一頁繼續 »
yet it is tertain, that none of all these things could tarch with great tranquillity of mind; but was be done by him without the exercise of his skill a little vexed to find that in less than a month in nümbers.
• The had considerably stolen upon my time, fo This is the economy of the merchant; and • that I resolved to look at her no more. But the the conduct of the gentleman muft be the same, Jezebel, who, as I suppose, might think it a unless by scorning to be the steward, he resolves • diminution to her honour, to have the number the steward fhall be the gentleman. Tlie gen of her gazers leffened, resolved not to part with tleman, no more than the merchant, is able, me fo, and began to play so many new tricks at without the help of numbers, to account for the her window, that it was impoflible for me to success of any action, or the prudence of any ad ' forbear observing her. I verily believe the put venture. If, for instance, the chace is his whole herself to the expence of a new wax baby on adventure, his only returns must be the stag's 'purpose to plague me; the used to dandle and horns in the great hall, and the fox's nose upon play with this figure as impertinently as if it the stable door. Without doubt Sir Rover knows I had been a real child: Sometimes the would the full value of these returns; and if beforehand let fall a glove or a pin-cushion in the stredt, he had computed the charges of the chace, a gen and shut or open her casement three or four tleman of his discretion would certainly have "times in a minute. When I had almost weaned hanged up all his dogs, he would never have myself from this, the came in her shift sleeves, brought back so many fine horses to the kennel,,' and dressed at the window. I had no way left he would never have gone so often, like a blast, but to let down my curtains, which I submitted over fields of corn. If such too had been the to though it considerably darkened my room, conduet of all his ancestors, he might truly have and was pleased to think that I had at last got boasted at this day, that the antiquity of his fa " the better of her ; but was surprised the next mily had never been sullied by a trade; a mer- ' morning to hear her talking out of her window chant had never been permitted with his whole quite cross the street, with another woman that eitate to purchase a room for his picture in the lodges over me: I am since informed, that the gallery of the Coverley's, or to claim his descent" made her a visit, and got acquainted with her from the maid of honour. But it is very happy within three hours after the fall of my winfor Sir Roger that the merchant paid so dear for dow-curtains. his ambition. It is the misfortune of many other Sir, I am plagued every moment in the day, gentlemen to turn out of the feats of their ancef one way or other, in my own chambers; and tors, to make way for such new masters as have the Jezebel has the satisfaction to know, that been more exact in their accounts than thein though I am not looking at her, I am liftening selves; and certainly he deserves the estate a to her impertinent dialogues that pass over my great deal better, who has got it by his industry, • head. I would immediately change my lodgthan he who has lost it by his negligence.
T ings, but that I think it might look like a plain
confession, that I am conquered ; and besides
this, I am told that most quarters of the town N° 175. THURSDAY, SEPT. 20.
are infested with these creatures, If they are
ofo, I am sure it is such an abuse, as a lover of Proximus a test is ignis dèfenditur ægri :
I learning and filence ought to take notice of. Ovid, Rem. Am. ver. 635. To save your house from neighb'ring fire is hard.
Yours, &c.' Tark. SHALL this day entertain my readers with I am afraid, by some lines in this letter, that
two or three letters I have received from my my young student is touched with a diftemper correspondents: The first discovers to me a fpe- which he hardly seems to dream of, and is too far cies of females which have hitherto escaped my gone in it to receive advice. However, I Mall notice, and is as follows.
animadvert in due time on the abuse which he
mentions, having myself obferved a nest of Jeze• Mr. SPECTATOR,
bels near the Temple, who make it their diver1
AM a young gentleman of a competent for. fion to draw up the eyes of young Templars,
tune, and a (ufficient taste of learning, to that at the same time they may see them stumble ' spend five or fix hours every day very agreeably in an unlucky gutter, which runs under the win: 6 among my books. That I might have nothing dow. "to divert me from my studies, and to avoid the (noises of coaches and chairmen, I have taken
• Mr. SPECTATOR, • lodgings in a very narrow street not far from Have lately read the conclusion of your for" Whitehall; but it is my misfortune to be fo . posted, that my lodgings are directly oppofite great pleasure, and have ever since been ' to those of a Jezebel. You are know, Sir, throughly perfuaded that one of those gentle-, " that a Jezebel (so called by the neighbourhood men is extremely necessary to enliven conver
from displaying her pernicious charms at her fation. I had an entertainment last week upon
window) appears constantly dressed at her fath, • the water for a lady to whom I make my ad. « and has a thousand little tricks and fooleries to • dreffes, with several of our friends of both sexes, « attract the eyes of all the idle young fellows in • To divert the company in general, and to thew • the neighbourhood. I have seen more than fix my mistress in particular, my genius for raillery,
persons at once from their several windows ob., ' I took one of the most celebrated Butts in town serving the Jezebel I am now complaning of, along with me. It is with the utmost shame I at firft looked on her myself with the highest and confufion that I must acquaint you with contempt, could divert myself with her airs for the sequel of my adventure : As foon as we • half an hour, and afterwards take up my Plu. were got into the boat, I played a sentence or
6 I am,
two at my Burt, which I thought very smart, was the newest falhion worn at court. Ac. • when my ill genius, who I verily believe 'cordingly the next Sunday we had several fee • infpired him purely for my destruction, sug « males, who came to church with their heads • gested to him such a reply, as got all the dressed wholly in ribbons, and looked like to . laughter on his fide. I was dathed at so un • many victims ready to be sacrificed. This • expected a turn; which the Butt perceiving, is still a reigning mode among us. At the • resolved not to let me recover myfelf, and pursu- ' fame time we have a set of gentlemen who take • ing his victory, rallied and toffed me in a moft un o the liberty to appear in all public places with6 inerciful and barbarous manner until we came to ..out any buttons to their coats, which they 6 Chelsea. I had some small success while we were fupply with several little filver hasps, though
eating cheese-cakes: but coining home, he renew our frelheft advices from London, make no men.
cd his attacks with his former good fortune, and • tion of any such fashion; and we are fomething 4 equal diversion to the whole company. In thy of affording matter to the button-maker's • short, Sir, I moít ingenuoully own that I was ( for a second petition.
never so handled in all my life; and to com • What I would humbly propose to the public • plete my misfortune, I am fince told that the is, that there may be a lociety erested in Lon• Butt, flushed with his late victory, has made • don, to confift of the most kilful persons of ( a visit or two to the dear object of my wishes, • both sexes, for the “ Inspection of modes and « so that I am at once in danger of losing all s fathions ;” and that hereafter no person or pera
my pretenfions to wit, and my mistress into « fons Thall presume to appear fingularly habited • the bargain. This, Sir, is a true account of in any part of the country, without a testimo
my prefent troubles, which you are the more onial from the aforesaid society, that their dress obliged to assist me in, as you were yourself is answerable to the mode at London. By this
in a great measure the cause of them, by re • means, Sir, we shall know a little whereabout 6 commending to us an instrument, and not in• ftructing us at the same time how to play
could bring this matter to bear, you • upon it.
6 wouid very much oblige great numbers of your I have been thinking whether it might not country friends, and among the rest, • be highly convenient that all Butts should wear
• Your very humble servant, 6 an inscription aifixed to some part of their bo- X.
• Jack Modish.'. • dies, shewing on which fide they are to be o come at, and that if any of them are persons • of unequal tempers, there should be some me- No. 176. FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 216 I thod taken to inform the world at what time • it is safe to attack them, and when you had Parvula, pumilio, xapilar fa la tota merum sal. best let them alone. But, submitting these
Lucr. l. 4. ver. 1155 matters to your more serious consideration,
A little, pretty, witty, charming the !
HERE are in the following letter, matters,
which I, a bachelor, cannot be supposed young gentleman under the same misfortune with
to be acquainted with ; therefore thall not premy present correspondent. The best rule I can tend to explain upon it until further confideration, lay down for them to avoid the like calamities but leave the author of the epifle to express his for the future, is thoroughly to consider not
condition his own way.
« Mr. Spectator,
not possibly have a truc notion of, in a fingle
• life; these are such as respect the married « Mr. SPECTATOR,
Exeter, Sept. 7. • ftate; otherwife I cannot account for your hav. COU were pleased in a late ipeculation • ing overlooked a very good fort of people,
to take notice of the inconvenience we " which are commonly called, in scorn, the Hen• lie under in the country, in not being able to • peckt. You are to understand that I am ono • keep pace with the fashion : But there is ano I of those innocent mortals who suffer derifion
ther misfortune which we are subject to, and under that word, for being governed by the beft • is no less grievous than the former, which I wives. It would be worth your confideration
has hitherto escaped your obfervation. I mean, to enter into the nature of affection itself, and ' 'the having things palmed upon us for Lor • tell us, according to your philosophy, why it • don fashions, which were never once heard of • is that our Dears fhould do what they will with % there.
• us, shall be froward, ill-natured, aflumingx ' A lady of this place had some time fince a « sometimes whine, at others rail, then fwoon • box of the newest ribbons sent down by the away, then come to life, have the use of speech 6 coach: whether it was her own malicious in 6 to the greatest fluency imaginable, and then • vention, or the wantonness of a London mil ( link away again, and all because they fear
liner, I am not able to inform you ; but among 6 we do not love them enough; that is, the poor o the reít, there was one cherry-coloured ribbon, • things love us so heartily, that they cannot • consisting of about half a dozen yards, made " think it poslīble we should be able to love them • up in the figure of a finall head-dress. The in so great a degree, which makes them take o aforesaid lady had the assurance to affirm, a- ' on so." I say, Sir, a true good natured man, • midit a circle of female inquisitors, who were • whom rakes and libertines call Hen-peckt, thall present at the opening of the box, that this • fall into all these different moods with his dear
I have, indeed, seen and heard of feveral T
* life, and at the same time see they are wholly “ her handsome. I dare not upon this occasion
put on; and yet, not be hard-hearted enough laugh ; but though I am one of the warmest to tell the dear good creature that she is an hy
• churchmen in the kingdomn, I am forced to pocrite.
rail at the times, because she is a violent whig. * This fort of good men is very frequent in
Upon this we talk politics so long, that the • the populous and wealthy city of London, and
is convinced I kiss her for her wisdom. It. • is the true Hen-peckt man ; the kind creature is a common practice with me to ask her some • cannot break through his kindnesses so far as question concerning the constitution, which the
to come to an explanation with the tender soul, "answers me in general out of Harrington's • and therefore goes on to comfort her when
(Oceana : then I commend her itrange memory, * nothing ails her, to appease her when she is and her arm is immediately locked in rnine.
not angry, and to give her his cash when he While I keep her in this temper the plays bea * knows the does not want it ;, rather than be e me, sometimes dancing in the midit of
anealy for a whole month, which is computed the rook, sometimes striking an air at her spinby hard-hearted men, the space of time which net, väiyang her, poiture and her charms in a froward woman takes to come to herself, if
! fuch a manner that I am in continual pleasure : you have courage to stand out,
• She will play the fool if I allow her to be . There are indeed several other species of the • wife; but if the suspects I like her for trifling * Hen-peckt, and in my opinion they are cer
o the immediately grows grave: • tainly the best subjects the Queen has; and for
These are the toils in which I am taken, and that reason I take it to be your duty to keep
off my servitude as well as most men ; us above contempt.
. but my application to you is in behalf of the " I do not know whether I make myself un hen-peckt in general, and I desire a differtation i derstood in the representation of an hen-peckt
from you in defence of us. You have, as I « life, but I tball take leave to give you an am informned, very good authorities in account of myself, and my own route. You
favour, and hope you will not omit the menn are to know that I am reckoned no fool, have on
otion of the renowned Socrates, and his philo• several occasions been tried whether I will take ill
' fophic resignation to his wife Xantippe. This yage, and the event has been to my advan
would be a very good office to the world in tage;
and yet there is not such a llave in general, for the Hen-peckt are powerful in Turkey.aslan-te-my Dearz-- She has a good
their quality and numbers, not only in cities « thare of wit, and is what you call a very
but in courts ; in the latter they are ever the Fapretty agrecable woman. I perfectly doat on
most obí quious, in the former the most weal, her, and my affection to her gives me all the
" thy of all inen, When you have considered 6 anxieties imaginable but that of jealousy. My
wedlock thoroughly; you ought to enter into being thus 'confident of her, I take, as much
• the fuburbs of inatrimony, and give us an ac, as I can judge of my heart,"to"be the reason,
count of the thraldom of kind keepers, and that whatever she does, though it be never fo
• irresolute lovers ; the keepers who cannot quit 6 much against my inclination, there is still left
? their fair ones, though they see their apa • fomething in her manner that is amiable. She
proaching ruin; the lovers who dare not marry an
though they know they never shall be happy grandeur, and prciensi to zelent
(without the mistresses whom they cannot pur• not had respect enough for her opinion in such
I chase on other terms, an inhance in company. I cannot but smile
" What will be a great embellishment to your at the pretty anger she is in, and then the "discourse, will be, that you may find intances pretends the is used like a child. In a word,
of the haughty, the proud, the frolic, the stubour great debate is, which has the superiority
• born, who are each of them in secret downright o in point of understanding. She is eternally
« flaves to their wives or mistresses. I must beg forming an argument of debate; to which I
of you in the last place to dwell upon this, indolently answer, thou art mighty pretty.
o that the wise and valiant in all ages have been • To this the answers, all the world, but you
• Hen-peckt: and that the sturdy tempers who < think I have as much sense as yourself. I
« are not saves to affection, owe that exemption repeat to her, indeed you are pretty, Upon
to their being enthralled by ambition, avarice, this there is no patience; the will throw
" or some meaner passion. I have ten thousand ** down any thing about her, Itamp and pull off
• thousand things more to say, but my wife sees her head-cloaths. Fy, my dear, say I; how
me writing, and will, according to custom, bę can a woman of your soufe fall into such an
6 consulted, if I do not scal this immediately.' intemperate rage ? this is an argument which
• Yours, never fails. Indeed, my dear, says the, you
Nathaniel Henroost.' make me mad fonetimes, so you do, with the Gilly way you have of treating me like a pretty idiot. Weil, what have I got by putting her No 177 SATURDAY, Septem. 22, into good humour ? Nothing, but that I niuft convince her of my good opinion by my prac
-Quis enim bonus, aut face dignus tice; and then I am to give her pofieition of Arcaná, qualem Cereris vult efle facerdos, my little ready-moncy, and, for a day and a
Ulla aliena fibi credat mala hálf foilowing, dislike all the dislikes, and
Juv. Sat. 15. ver. 140, • extol every thing the approves. I am so ex- Who can all sense of others ills escape, • quifitely fond of this darling, that I feldom is but a brute, at best, in human shape, TATE, • see any of my friends, am uneasy in all com
bone he is in elke dasmips because the cars, I gode atúren, as it is whether of conftitution • she is sure I came fo fuon only because I think I hall now speak of it as it is a moral vire
e will cometines look at me with inte all have
tue. The first may make a man easy to himself Eugenius is a man of an universal good-naturi,
to increase his private bank of charity, and fets First, whether it acts with steadiness and uni- aside what would be the current expences of formity in fickneis and in health, in prosperity the times for the use of the poor. Ile often and in adversity; if otherwise, it is to be looked goes afoot where his business calls him, and at upon as nothing else but an irradiation of the the end of hi, walk has given a shilling, which mind from some new supply of spirits, or a in his ordinary methods of expence would have more kindly circulation of the blood. Sir Fran- gone for coach-hire, to the first necessitous percis Bacon mentions a cunning Solicitor, who fon that has falien in his way. I have known would never ask a favour of a great man before him when he has been going to a play or an opera, dinner; but took care to prefer his petition divert the money which was designed for that at a time when the party petitioned had his purpose, upon an object of charity whom he mind free from care, and his appetites in good has met with in the street; and afterwards país humour. Such a transient temporary good-na- his evening in a coffee house, or at a friend's ture as this, is not that Philanthropy, that love fire-side, with much greater satisfaction to himof mankind, which deferves the title of a moral self than he could have received from the most yirtue.
exquisite entertainments of the theatre. By there The next way of a man's bringing his good- means he is generous, without impoverishing nature to the test, is to confider whether it ope- himielf, and enjoys his eltate by making it the rates according to the rules of reason and duty : property of others. for if, notwithitanding its general benevolence to There are few men so cramped in their primankind, it makes no diliinction between its vate affairs, who may not be charivable after objects, if it exerts itself promiscuously towards this manner, without any disadvantage to themthe deterving and undeserving, if it relieves alike felves, or prejudice to their families. It is but the idle and the indigent, if it gives itself up sometimes sacrificing a diversion or convenience to the first petitioner, and lights upon any one to the poor, and turning the usual course of our rather by accident than choice, it may pass for an expences into a better channel. This is, I think, amiable instinct, but must not assume the name not only the most prudent and convenient, but of a moral virtue.
the inolt ineritorious piece of charity, which we The third trial of good-nature will be, the can put in practice. By this method we in fone examining ourlelves, whether or no we are measure fiare the necefiities of the poor at the able to exert it to our own disadvantage, and same time that we relieve them, and make ouremploy it on proper objects, notwithstanding any felves not only their patrons, but their fellowlittle pain, want, or inconvenience which may fuffcrers. arise to ouríelves from it: in a word, whether Sir Thomas Brown, in the last part of his we are willing to risk any part of our fortune, Religio Medici, in which he describes his chariour reputation, or health or ease, for the benefit ty in several heroic indiances, and with a noble of mankind. Among all these expreflions of heat of sentiments, mentions that verse in the good-nature, I shall fingle out that which goes proverbs of Solomon, “ He that giveth to the under the general name of charity, as it consists poor, lendcth to the Lord :" " There is more in relieving the indigent; that being a trial of rhetoric in that one sentence, says he, than in this kind which offers itself to us and most at all a library of sermons; and indeed if those ientimes and in every place.
"tences were understood by the reader, with the I should propose it as a rule to every one who ' fame emphasis as they are delivered by the is provided with any competency of fortune more author, we needed not those volumes of inthan sufficient for the neceflaries of life, to lay "Structions, but might be honest by an epitome.', aside a certain proportion of his income for the This patlage in fcripture is indeed wonderfully use of the poor. This I would look upon perluative; but I think the same thought is caras an offering to him who has a right to the red much farı her in the New Tettament, where whole, for the use of those whom, in the par- our Saviour tells us in the most pathetic manner, faze hereafter mentioned, he has described as his that he thall hereafter regard the clothing of own repretentatives upon earth. At the same the naked, the feeding of the hungry, an! the time we should manage our charity with such visiting of the imprisoned, as offices done to prudence and caution, that we may not hurt our himself, and reward them accordingly. Pertuart own friends
or relation, whilit we are doing to those parfages in Holy Scripture, I have somegood to those who are strangers to us.
where met with the epitaph of a charitable man, This may posibly be explained better by an which has very much pleased me. I cannot example than by a rule.
recollet ihe words, but the sense of it is to this
purpose; What I spent I loft ; what I poffeffed is thy of you to speak of that torture in the breast left to others; what I gave away remains with me. ' of a man, and not to mention also the pangs
Since I am thus insentibly engaged in lacred of it in the heart of a woman. You have very writ, I cannot forbear making an extract of fe judiciously, and with the greatest penetration veral passages which I have always read with • imaginable, considered it as woman is the great delight in the book of Job. It is the account creature of whom the diffidence is raised : but which that holy man gives of his behaviour in ' not a word of a man, who is so unmercisul as the days of his prosperity, and if considered only to move jealousy in his wife, and not care wheas a human composition, is a finer picture of a (ther she is so or not. It is possible you may not charitable and good-natured man than is to be believe there are such tyrants in the world ; met with in any other author.
but alas, I can tell you of a man who is ever « Oh that I were as in months past, as in the out of humour in his wife's company, and the
days when God preserved me : when his can • pleasantest man in the world every where else; " dle shined upon my head, and when by his the greatest sloven at home when he appears to “ light I walked through darkness : when the none but his family, and most exačily welle Almighty was yet with me; when my chil dressed in all other places. Alas, Sir, is it of « dren were about me : when I washed my ' course, that to deliver one's self wholly into a “ steps with butter, and the rock poured out ri 'man's power, without poisibility of appeal to vers of oil.
any other jurisdiction but his own refieâions, 6. When the ear heard me, then it blessed me; ' is so little an obligation to a gentleman, that « and when the eye saw me, it gave witness to he can be offended and fall into a rage, because
Because I delivered the poor that cried, heart swells tears into my eyes when I see " and the fatherless, and him that had none to him in a cloudy mood ? I pretend to no fuc" help him. The blesing of him that was rea çour, and hope for no relief but from himself;
dy to perish came upon me, and I caused the and yet he that has sense and justice in every " widow's heart to sing for joy. I was eyes to thing else, never reflects, that to come home " the blind, and feet was I to the lame; I was only to sleep off an intemperance, and spend
a father to the poor, and the cause which I sallihe time he is there as if it were a punish"o knew not I searched out. Did not I wecp for ment, cannot but give the anguish of a jealous 6. him that was in trouble? Was not my soul mind. He always leaves his home as if he “ grieved for the poor? Let me be weighed in were going to court, and returns as if he were
an even balance, that God may know my in ' entering a gao!, I could add to this, that from “ tengrity. If I did despise the cause of my his company and his usual discourse, he does “ man-servant or of my maid-servant when they not scruple being thought an abandoned man, “ contended with me; what then thall I do when as to his morais. Your own imagination will “ God riseth up ? and when he visiteth, what ' say enough to you concerning the condition of “ Thall I answer him? Did not he that made me
me his wife; and I wish you would be so good " in the womb, make him ? and did not one as to represent to him, for he is not ill-natured, « fashion us in the womb? If I have withheld
and reads you much, that the moment I hear “ the poor from their defire, or have caused the the door mut after him, I throw myself upon “ eyes of the widow to fail, or have eaten my my bed, and drown the child he is so fond of « morsel myself alone, and the fatherlcís have
with my tears, and often frighten it with my “ not eaten thereof: if I have seen any perish cries; that I curse my being; that I run to my “s for want of cloathing, or any poor without glass all over bathed in sorrows, and help the “ 'covering : if his loins have not blessed me, utterance of my inward anguish by beholding « and if he were not warmed with the feece of
'the gush of my own calamities as niy tears fall my sheep: If I have lift up my hand against « from my eyes. This looks like an imagined “ the fatherless, when I saw my help in the
picture to tell you, but indeed this is one of my gate; then let mine arm fall from my shoulder pastimes. Hitherto I have only told you the « blade, and mine arm be broken from the bone,
general temper of my mind, but how shall I “ If I have rejoiced at the deftrucion of him
give you an account of the distraction of it ? “ that hated me, or lift up myself when evil • Could you but conceive how cruel I am one « found him: neither have I suffered my mouth • moment in my resentment, and at the ensuing r. to fin, by wishing a curse to his soul. The • minute, when I place him in the condition my “ stranger did not lodge in the street; but I rangér would bring him to, how compassionate; “ opened my doors to the traveller. If my land
it would give you some notion how miserable “ cry against me, or that the furrows likewise
I am, and how little I deserve it. When I re" thereof complain: if I have eaten the fruits monstrate with the greatest gentleness that is “ thereof without money, or have causes the
possible against unhandsome appearances, and có owners thereof to lose their life: let thistles
- that married perfuns are under particular rules; grow initead of whcat, and cockle instead of when he is in the best humour to receive this, * barley."
I am answered only, that I expose my own reputation and sense if I appear jealous, I wish,
good Sir, you would take this into serious No 198. MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 24. confideration, and admonish husbands and wives
! what terms they ought to keep towards each Comis in uxoren-- Hor. Ep. 2. I. 2, ver. 733.
other. Your thoughts on this important subCivil to his wife.
'ject will have the greatest reward, that which Cannot defer taking notice of this letter, descends on such as feel the sorrows of the af.
fiicted. Give me leave to subscribe myself, 'Mr. SPECTATOR,
"Your unfortunate, Am but to good a judge of your Paper of
humble servant, the 15th infant, which is a master-piece ;
6 CELINDA.' mean that of jealousy, but I think it unwor