« 上一頁繼續 »
prudence, or any other quality he is master of, or No 171. SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 15
at least vain enough to think he is.
In the next place, you must be sure to be free
and open in your conversation with him, and to Credula res amor eft Ovid. Met. 7. V. 826. let in light upon your actions, to unravel all your The man, who loves, is easy of belief.
designs, and discover every secret however trif.
ling or indifferent. A jealous husband has a parAVING in my yesterday's paper discovered tịcular aversion to winks and whispers, and if he
the nature of jealousy, and pointed out the does not see to the bottom of everything, will be persons who are most subject to it, I must here sure to go beyond it in his fears and suspicions, apply myself to my fair correspondents, who de. He will always expect to be your chief confident, sire to live well with a jealous husband, and to and where he finds himself kept out of a secret, ease his mind of its unjust suspicions.
will believe there is more in it than there should The first rule I shall propose to be observed is, be. And here it is of great concern, that you that you never seem to dislike in another what preserve the character of your sincerity uniform the jealous man is himself guilty of, or to ad- and of a piece: For if he once finds a false gloss mire any thing in which he himself does not ex- put upon any single action, he quickly suspects cel. A jealous man is very quick in his appli. all the rest; his working imagination immecations, he knows how to find a double edge in diately takes a false hint, and runs off with it an invective, and to draw a satire on himself out into several remote consequences, until he has of a panegyrick on another. He does not trouble proved very ingenious in working out his own himself to consider the person, but to direct the misery. character; and is secretly pleased or confounded If both these methods fail, the best way will be as he finds more or less of himself in it. The to let him see you are much cast down and af. commendation of any thing in another stirs up ficted for the ill opinion he en:ertains of you, his jealousy, as it shews you have a value for and the disquietudes he himseļf suffers for your others besides himself; but the commendation of fake. There are many who take a kind of barthat, vi hich he himself wants, infames him more, barous pleasure in the jealousy of those who love as it thews that in some respects you prefer others them, and insult over an aking heart, and triumph before him. Jealousy is admirably described in in theis charms which are able to excite so much this vicw by Horace in his ode to Lydia.
uneasiness, Quum tu, Lydia, Telephi
Ardeat ipsa licet, tormentis gaudet amantis. Cervicem roseam, & çerea Telepbi
Juv. Sat. 6, ver, 208. Laudas brachia, va merm
Though equal pains her peace of mind destroy, Fervens difficili bile tumet ječur ;
A lover's torments give her spiteful joy,
But there often carry the humour so far, until Furtim labitur, arguens
their affected coldness and indifference quite kills Quàm lentis penitus macerer ignibus.
all the fondaess of a lover, and are then sure to
Od. 13. lib 1, meet in their turn with all the contempt and When Telephus his youthful charms,
scorn that is due to so insolent a behaviour. On His rosy neck and winding arms,
the contrary, it is very probable a melanclioly, With endless rapture you recite,
dejected carriage, the usual effects of injured inAnd in the pleasing name delight;
nocence, may soften the jealous husband into My heart, inflam'd by jealous heats,
pity, make him sensible of the wrong he does you, With numberless resentments beats ;
and work out of his mind all those fears and ful From my pale cheek the colour fies.
picions that make you both unhappy. At least And all the man within me dies :
it will have this good effect, that he will keep his By turns my hidden grief appears
jealousy to himself, and repine in private, either In rising fighs and falling tears,
because he is sensible it is a weakness, and That shew too well the warm desires,
will therefore hide it from your knowledge, The silent, now consuming fires,
or because he will be apt to fear fome ill effect it Which on my inmost vitals prey,
may produce, in cooling your love towards him, And melt my very foul away.
or diverting it to another.
There is still another secret that can never fail, The jealous man is not indeed angry if you if you can once get it believed, and which is difike another : but if you find those faults often practised by women of greater cunning than which are to be found in his own character, you virtue. This is to change sides for a while with discover not only your dislike of another, but of the jealous man, and to turn his own paffion upon himself. Įn Mort, he is so desirous of ingrofling himself; to take some occasion of growing jeaall your love, that he is grieved at the want of any lous of him, and to follow the example he himself charm, which he believes has power to raise it; hath sent you, This counterfeited jealousy will and if he finds by your censures on others, that he bring him a great deal of pleasure, if he thinks it is not so agreeable in your opinion as he might real; for he knows experimentally how much be, he naturally concludes you could love him love goes along with this passion, and will besides better if he had other qualifications, and that by feel something like the fatisfaction of revenge, in consequence your affection does not rise fo high seeing you undergo all his own tortures. But as he thinks it ought. If therefore his temper this, indeed, is an artifice so difficult, and at the be grave or fullen, you must not be too much fame time so disingenuous, that it ought never ta pleased with a jeft, or transported with any thing be put in practice but by such as have skill enough that is gay or diverting. If his beauty be none to cover the deceit, and innocence to render it of the best, you must be a professed admirer of excusable,
I hall conclude this essay with the story of self should have become the greater sufferer by it. Herod and Mariamne, as I have collected it out of It was not long after this, when he had another Jofephus; which may ferve almost as an example violent return of love upon him; Marianne was to whatever can be said on this subject.
therefore sent for to him, whom he endeavoured Marianne had all the charms that beauty, birth, to foften and reconcile with all possible conjugal wit, and youth could give a woman, and Herod caresses and endearments ; but Me declined his all the love that such charms are able to raise in a embraces, and answered all his fendness with warm and amorous dispolition. In the midft of bitter invectives for the death of her father and this his fondness for Meriamne, he put her hrother her brother. This behaviour so incensed Herod, to death, as he did her father not many years that he very hardly refrained from striking her ; after. The barbarity of the action was repre- when in the heat of their quarrel there came in sented to Mark Antony, who immediately sum- a witness, suborned by some of Mariamne's ene. moned Herod into Egypt, to answer for the crime mies, who accused her to the King of a design to that was there laid to his charge. Herod attri- poison him. Herod was now prepared to hear buted the summons to Antony's desire of Mariamne, any thing in her prejudice, and immediately crwhom therefore, before his departure, he gave dered her servant to be stretched upon the rack; into the custody of his uncle Fosepb, with pri- who in the extremity of his tortures confeft, that vate orders to put her to death, if any such vio- his mistress's averfion to the King arose from lence was offered to hiinself. This Joseph was something Sobemus had told her ; but as for any much delighted with Mari.m.ne's converíation, design of poisoning, he utterly disowned the and endeavoured with all his art and rhetorick, leaft knowledge of it. This confeffion quickly to set out the excess of Herod's passion for her ; proved fatal to Sobemus, who now lay under the but when he still four:d her cold and incredulous, same suspicions and sentence that yoseph had be. he inconfiderately told her, as a certain instance fore him on the like occasion, Nor would Herod of her £ord's affection, the private orders he had rest here ; but accused her with great vehemence Jeft behind him, which plainly shewed, accord- of a dengn upon his life, and by his authority ing to Joseph's interpretation, that he could nei. with the judges had her publickly condemned ther live nor die without her. This barbarous and executed. Herod soon after her death grew instance of a wild unreasonable passion quite put melancholy and dejected, retiring from the pubout, for a time, those little remains of affection lick administration of affairs into a solitary forest, the still had for her Lord: Her thoughts were so and there abandoning himself to all the black wholly taken up with the cruelty of his orders, confiderations, which naturally arise from a parthat nhe could not consider the kindness that pro- fion made up of love, remorse, pity, and despair. duced them, and therefore represented him in He used to rave for his Marianne, and to call her imagination, rather under the frightful idea upon her in his diftracted fits; and in all probaof a murderer than a lover. Herod was at length bility would soon have followed her, had not his acquitted and difmified by Mark Antony, when thoughts been seasonably called off from so sad an his foul was all in flames for his Marianne ; þut ohject by publick forms, which at that time before their meeting, he was not a little alarmed very nearly tircatened him.,
L. at the report he had heard of his uncle's conversation and familiarity with her in his absence. This therefore was the first discourse he enter. tained her with, in which he found it no easy
172 MONDAY, SPPTEMBER 17. matter to quiet his suspicions. But at last he ap- Non folùm fiertia, quce est remcta à juffitia, callipeared so well satisfied of her innocence, that from reproaches and wrangliags he feli to tears
ditas potiùs quam fapientia ejt appellanda ; verùm
etiam animus paratus ad periculum, fi fuâ cupi. and embraccs. Both of them wept very tenderly
ditate, non utilitate commuii, impellitur, audacie at their reconciliation, and Hered poured out his whole foul to her in the warmest protestations of
potiùs nomen babeat, quàin furtitudinis
Plato apud Tull. Jove a!!d conftańcy; when amidst all his fighs and languishings he asked him, whether the private As knowledge, without justice, ought to be orders he left with his uncle Joseph were an in called cunning, rather than wisdom; so a ftance of such an infiamed affection. The jea mind prepared to meet danger, if excited by Jous King was immediately roused at so unex its own eagerness, and not the public geod, depeated a question, and concluded his uncle must serves the name of audacity,rather than of have been too familiar with her, before he would courage. have discovered such a secret. In short, he put
THERE can be no greater injury to human upon himself to spare Muriamne.
society than that good talents among men After this he was forced on a second journey should be held honourable to those who are en. into lypt, when he committed his Lady to the dowed with them without any regard how they care of Sobema's, with the same private orders lie are applied. The gifts of nature and accomplinhad before giver his uncle, if any mischief befel ments of art are valuable but as they are exerted him. In the inean while Mariamnc fo won upon in the interests of virtue, or governed by the Sonuinus by her prefents and obliging convería- rules of honour. We ought to abstract our minds tion, that the drew all the secret from him, with from the observation of any excellence in those wlaich Herod had intrufcd him; so that after his we converse with, until we have taken some noreturr., when he flew to hier with all the trans- tice, or received some good information of the ports of joy and love, the received him coldly disposition of their minds; otherwise the beauty with fighs and tears, and all the marks of indif of their persons, or the charms of their wit, ference and averfion. This reception to stirred may make us fond of those whom our reason and up his indignation, that he had certainly slain her judgmaent will tell us we ought to abhor. with his own hands, had not he feared he him
his uncle to death vermelde cultly prevailed TH
When we suffer ourselves to be thus carried the same figure after breach of promise, as two away by mere beauty, cr mere wit, Omniamante, knights of the post convicted of perjury. But with ali her vice, will bear away as much of our conversation is fallen so low in point of morality, good-will as the most innocent virgin or discreetest that as they say in a bargain, Let the buyer look to matron; and there cannot be a more abject it; fo in friendship, he is the man in danger who Navery in this world than to dote upon what we is most apt to believe. He is the more likely to think we ought to condemn: Yet this must be suffer in the commerce, who begins with the our condition in all the parts of life, if we fufier obligation of being the more ready to enter into ourselves to approve any thiag but what tends to it. the promotion of what is good and honourable. But those men only are truly great, who place If we would take true pains with ourselves to their ambition rather in acquiring to themselves consider all things by the light of reason and juf- the conscience of worthy enterprizes, than in tice, though a man were in the height of youth the prospect of glory which attends them. These and amorous inclinations, he would look upon a exalted spirits would rather be secretly the aucoquette with the same contempt or indifference thors of events which are ferviceable to mankind, as he would upon a coxcomb: The wanton car- than, without being such, to have the publick riage in a woman would disappoint her of the fame of it. Where therefore an eminent merit is admiration which the aims at; and the vain dress robbed by artifice or détraction, it does but inor discourse of a man would destroy the comeli- crease by such endeavours of its enemies : The ness of his faape, or goodness of his understand- impotent pains which are taken to fully it, or difing. I say the goodness of his understanding, fuse it among a crowd to the injury of a single for it is no less common to see men of sense con- person, will naturally produce the contrary mence coxcombs; than beautiful women become effect; the fire will blaze out, and burn up all immodeft. When this happens in either, the fa- that attempt to smother what they cannot exvour we are naturally inclined to give to the good tinguish. qualities they have from nature should abate in There is but one thing necessary to keep the proportion. But however juft it is to measure poffeffion of true glory, which is, to hear the the value of men by the application of their ta- opposers of it with patience, and preserve the lents, and not by the eminence of those qualities virtue by which it was acquired. When a man abstracted from their use; I say, however just is thoroughly persuaded that he ought neither to such a way of judging is, in all ages as well as admire, wish for, or pursue any thing but what this, the contrary has prevailed upon the gene- is exactly his duty, it is not in the power of searality of mankind. How many lewd devices fons, persons, or accidents, to diminish his vahave been preserved from one age to another, lue. He only is a great man who can neglect which had perished as foon as they were made, the applause of the multitude, and enjoy himself if painters and sculptors had been esteemed as independent of its favour. This is indeed an much for the purpose as the execution of their arduous task; but it should comfort a glorious designs ? Modeft and well-governed imaginations spirit that it is the highest step to which human have by this means loft the representations of ten nature can arrive. Triumph, applause, acclamathousand charming portraitures, filled with ima- tion, are dear to the mind of man; but it is still ges of innate truth, generous zeal, courageous a more exquisite delight to say to yourself, you faith, and tender humanity; instead of which have done well, than to hear the whole human satyrs, furies, and monsters are recommended by race pronounce you glorious, except you yourself those arts to a shameful eternity.
can join with them in your own reflections. A The unjust application of laudable talents, is mind thus equal and uniform may be deserted by tolerated in the general opinion of men, not only little fashionable admirers and followers, but in such cafes as are here mentioned, but also in will ever be had in reverence by souls like itself. matters which concern ordinary life. If a law. The branches of the oak endure all the seasons of yer were to be esteemed only as he uses his parts the year, though its leaves fall off in autumn in contending for justice, and were immediately and these too will be restored with the returning despicable when he appeared in a cause which he spring.
TUESDAY, SEPT. 18.
Ovid. Met. lib. 5. ver. 216.
N a late paper I mentioned the project of an still called eloquer ce in the latter, though thus unjuftly employed : But resolution in an affaslin is handicraft prizes to be contended for by our according to reason quite as laudable, as know. British artisans, and the influence they might ledge and wisdom exercised in the defence of an have towards the improvement of our several ma. ill caufe.
nufactures. I have since that been very much Were the intention stedfastly considered, as the surprised with the following advertisement which measure of approbation, all faldhood would soon I find in the Poft-Boy of the eleventh instant, and be out of countenance : and an address in impo. again repeated in the Poft-Boy of the fifteenth. fing upon mankind, would be as contemptible in N the ninth of October next will be run for one ftate of life as another. A couple of courtiers making profeffions of eleein, would make of fix guineas value, three heats, by any horse,
Fleatbin Warwick pire, a place
mare, or gelding that hath not won above the va. said to have made half a dozen women miscarry, lue of rive pounds, the winning horse to be sold but the justice being apprised by one who stood for ten pounds, to carry ten stone weight, if four near him, that the fellow who grinned in his face teen hands high; if above or under to 'carry or was a Jacobite, and being unwilling that a difafbe allowed weight for inches, and to be entered fected person should win the gold ring, and be Friday the fifteenth at the Swan in Coleshill, be- looked upon 'as the best grinner in the country, fore six in the evening. Also a plate of less value he ordered the oaths to be tendered unto him to be run for by affes. The same day a gold ring upon his quitting the table, which the grinner to be grinned for by men.
refusing, he was set aside as an unqualified per
son. There were several other grotesque figures The first of these diversions that is to be exhi- that presented themselves, which it would be too bited by the ten pounds race-horses, may p:obably tedious to describe. I must not however omit a have its use; but the two last in which the asses ploughman, who lived in the farther part of the and men are concerned, seem to me altogether country, and being very lucky in a pair of long extraordinary unaccountable. Why they ihould lanthorn jaws, wrung his face into such an hidekeep running afses at Coleshill, or how making ous grimace, thatevery feature of it appeared under mouths turns to account in Warwickshire, more a different distortion. The whole company stood than in any other parts of England, I cannot com astonished at such a complicated grin, and were prehend. I have looked over all the olympic ready to assign the prize to him, had it not been games, and do not find any thing in them like an proved by one of his antagonists, that he had pracass-race, or a match at grinning. However it be, tiled with verjuice for some days before and had a I am informed that several asses are now kept in crab found upon him at the very time of grinning; body-clothes, and sweated every morning upon upon which the best judges of grinning declared the heath, and that all the country-fellows within it as their opinion, that he was not to be looked ten miles of the Swar, grin an hour or two in upon as a fair grinner, and therefore ordered him their glaffes every morning, in order to qualify to be set aside as a cheat. theinfelves for the ninth of October. The prize, The prize it seems fell at length upon a coblet, which is proposed to be grinned for, has raised Giles Gorgon by name, who produced several new such an ambition among the common-people of grins of his own invention, liaying been used to out-grinning one another, that many very dif- cut faces for many years together over his last. cerning persons are afraid it Mould spoil most of At the very first grin he cast every human feature the faces in the country; and that a Warwickshire out of his countenance, at the second he became man will be known by his grin, as Roman catho- the face of a spout, at the third a baboon, at the lics imagine a Kentijn man is by his tail. The fourth the head of a bass viol, and at the fifth a gold ring which is made the prize of deformity, pair of nut-crackers. The whole assembly wonis just the reverse of the golden apple that was dered at his accomplishments, and bestowed the formerly made the prize of beauty, and should ring on him unanimoun ; but, what he esteemed carry for its pofy the old motto inverted
more than all the rest, a country wench, whoin Detur tetriori.
he had wooed in vain for above five years before Or to accommodate it to the capacity of the com was so charmed with his grins, and the applauses batants,
which he received on all sides, that the married The frightfull'st grinner
him the week following, and to this day wears the Be the winner.
prize upon her finger, the cobler having made In the mean while I would advise a Dutch use of it as his wedding-ring. painter to be present at this great controversy of This paper might perhaps seem very impertifaces, in order to make a collection of the most nent, if it grew serious in the conclufion. remarkable grins that shall be there exhibited. would nevertheless leave it to the confideration of
I must not here oinit an account which I lately those who are the patrons of this monstrous trial received of one of these grinning-matches from a of kill, whether or no they are not guilty, in some gentleman, who, upon reading the above-men- measure, of an affront to their species, in treating tioned advertisement, entertained the coffee-house after this manner the Human Face Divire, and with the following narrative. Upon the taking of turning that part of us, which has so great an Namur, amidst other public rejoicings made on that image imprefied upon it, into the image of a occafion, there was a gold ring given by a whig jus- monkey; whether the raising such filly competitice of peace to begrinned for. The first competitor tions among the ignorant, proposing prizes for that entered the lifts, was a black swarthy French- such useless accomplishments, filling the common man, who accidentally pailed that way, and being people's heads with such senseless ambitions, and a man naturally of a wichered look, and hard inspiring them with such ablurd ideas of superifeatures, promised himself good success. He was ority and pre-eminence, has not in it something placed upon a table in the great point of view, immoral as well as ridiculous.
L and looking upon the company like Milton's Death. Grinn'd horribly a ghastly smile
No 174. WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19. His mu?cles were so drawn together on each Hæc memini & victum frufira contendere Tbgrfin. side of his face, that he sewed twenty teeth at a
Virg. Ecl, 7. ver. 69. grin, and put the country in some pain, left a foreigner should carry away the honour of the day; Thefe rhymes I did to memory commend, but upon a farther trial they found he was master When vanquish'd Thyrsis did in vain contend.
DRYDEN. only of the merry grin.
The next that mounted a table was a malecon HERE is scarce any thing more common tent in those days, and a great master in the whole than animofities betweeen parties that canari of grinning, but particularly excelled in the not fubfift but by their agreement: This was angry grin. He did his part so well, that he is well represented in the sedition of the members of
the human body in the old Roman fable. It is bút it would be worth while to confider, whie often the case of leffer confederate states against a ther so many artificers at work ten days together fuperior power, which are hardly held together, by my appointment, or so many peafants made though their unanimity is necessary for their com- made merry on Sir Roger's charge, are the men mon safety: and this is always the case of the more obliged ? I believe the families of the arti? landed and trading interest of Great-Britain: the ficers will thank me, more than the honshold of trader is fed by the product of the land, and the the peasants shall Sir Roger. Sir Roger gives to landed man cannot be cloathed but by the skill his men, but I plaće mine above tle neceffity of of the trader; and yet those interests are ever obligation of my bounty. I am in very little pain jarring.
for the Roman proverb upon the Carthaginian We had last winter an instance of this at our traders; the Romans were their profeffed eneclub, in Sir Roger de Corverley and şir Andrew mies : I am only sorry no Carthaginian histories Freeport, between whom there is generally a con- have come to our hands; we might have been Itant, though friendly; opposition of opinions. taught perhaps by them fome proverbs against It happened that one of the company, in an his. the Roman generosity, in fighting for and bei torical discourse, was observing, that Cartha- stowing other people's goods. But since Sir Rua ginian faith was a proverbial phrase to intimate ger has taken occasion from an old proverb to be breach of leagues. Sir Roger said it could hardly out of humour with merehants, it hould be no be otherwise; that the Carthaginians were the offence to offer one not quite so old in their de greatest traders in the world ; and as gain is the fence. When a man happens to break in Holi chief end of such a people, they never pursue any land, they say of him that he has not kept true other : the means to it are never regarded; they
This phrase, perhaps among us, will, if it comes easily, get money honestly; but would appear a soft or humorous way of speak if not, they will not scruple to attain it by fraud ing, but with that 'exact nation it bears the highor cozenage: and indeed, what is the whole busi- eft reproach; for a man to be mistaken in the ness of the trader's account, but to over-reach calculation of his expence, in his ability to anhim who trusts to his memory? But were that swer future demands, or to be impertinently fannot so, what can there great and noble be ex- guine in putting his credit to too great an advenpected from him whose attention is for ever fixed ture, are all instances of as much infamy as with upon balancing his books, and watching over his gayer nations to be failing in courage or common expences ? And at best, let frugality and parsi. honesty. mony be the virtues of the merchant, how much Numbers are so much the measure of every is his punctual dealing below a gentleman's thing that is valuable, that it is not possible to dea charity to the poor, or hospitality among his monstrate the success of any action, or the pruneighbours ?
dence of any undertaking without them. I say Captain Sentry observed Sir Andrer very dili- this in answer to what Sir Roger is pleafed to say, gent in hearing Sir Roger, and had a mind to turn that little that is truly noble can be expected the discourse, by taking notice in general, from from one who is ever poring on his cash-book, the highest to the lowest parts of human society, or balancing his accounts. When I have my rethere was a secret, though unjust, way among turns from abroad, I can tell to a shilling, by the men, of indulging the seeds of ill-nature and en- help of numbers, the profit or loss by my adven. vy, by comparing their own state of life to that ture; but I ought also to be able to Mew that I of another, and grudging the approach of their had reason for making it, either from my own neighbour to their own happiness; and on the experience, or that of other people, or from a other side, he who is the less at his ease, repines reasonable prefumption that my returns will be at the other, who he thinks, has unjustly the ad- fufficient to answer my expence and hazard; and vantage over him. Thus the civil and military this is never to be done without the skill of num. lifts look upon each other with much ill-nature; bers. For instance, if I am to trade to Turkey, the soldier repines at the courtier's power, and the I cught beforehand to know the demand of our courtier rallies the soldier's honour; or, to come manufactures there, as well as of their filks in to lower instances, the private men in the horse England, and the customary prices that are given and foot of an army, the carmen and coachmen for both in each country. I ought to have a clear in the city'streets, mutually look upon each other knowledge of these matters beforehand, that I with ill-will, when they are in competition for may prelume upon sufficient returns to answer quarters or the way in their respective motions. the charge of the cargo I have fitted out, the
It is very well, good captain, interrupted Sir freight and assurance out and home, the 'cusAndrew : You may attempt to turn the discourse toms to the Queen, and the interest of my own if you think fit; but I must however have a word money, and besides all these expences, a reasonor two with Sir Roger, who, I fee, thinks he has able profit to myself. Now what is there of scan. paid me off, and been very severe upon the mer dal in this skill? What has the merchant donc, chant, I shall not, continued he, at this time re that he should be fo little in the good graces of Sir mind Sir Roger of the great and noble monuments Roger? He throws down no man's inclosures, of charity and public fpirit, which have been and tramples upon no man's corn; he takes noerected by merchants since the reformation, but thing from the industrious labourer; he pays the at present content myself with what he allows us, poor man for his work; he communicates his parsimony and frugality. If it were consistent profit with mankind; by the preparation of his with the quality of lo ancient a baronet as Sir cargo, and the manufacture of his returns, he furRoger, to keep an account, or measure things by nishes employment and subsistence to greater the most infallible way, that cf numbers, he numbers than the richest nobleman; and even would prefer our parfimony to his hospitality. If the nobleman is obliged to him for finding out to drink so many hogsheads is to be hospitable, foreign markets for the produce of his eitate, we do no: contend for the fame of that virzue; and for making a great addition to his rents; and