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at this place a company of strollers, who are very and admirers, than most of the courtiers or ge« far from offending in the impertinent splendor nerals of Great Britain. Every man about him • of the drama.' They are so far from falling into has, perhaps, a news-paper in his hand; but none • these false gallantries, that the stage is here in can pretend to guess what step will be taken in
its original situation of a cart. Alexander the any one court of Europe, 'till Mr. Beaver has • Great was acted by a fellow in a paper cravat. thrown down his pipe, and declares what mea• The next day, the earl of Effex seemed to have sures the allies must enter into upon this new por
no distress but his poverty: and my lord Fop- ture of affairs. Our coffee houre is near one of pington the same morning wanted any better the Inns of Court, and Beaver has the audience means to thew himself a fop, than by wearing and admiration of his neighbours from fix 'till
stockings of different colours, In a word, within a quarter of eight, at which time he is in.
together, our itinerants are still so wretchedly whom are ready-dress’d for Westminster, at eight
heroines gipsies. We have had but one part if they never designed to go thither. I do not know • which was performed and dressed with propriety, that I meet, in any of my walks, objects which ' and that was justice Clodpate. This was to move both my spleen and laughter fo effectually, 'well done, that it offended Mr. Justice Overdo, as those young fellows at the Grecian, Squire's, ( who, in the midst of our whole audience, was,' Searl's, and all other coffee-houses adjacent to the • like Quixote in the puppet-show, so highly pro- law, who rise early for no other purpose but to « vok’d, that he told them, if they would move publish their laziness. One would think there
compaffion, it should be in their own persons, young Virtuofos take a gay cap and flippers, with 6 and not in the characters of distresed princes a scarf and party-coloured gown to be enfigns of • and potentates : he told them, if they were fo dignity; for the vain things approach each other o good at finding the way to people's hearts, they with an air, which thews they regard one another • should do it at the end of bridges or church- for their vestments. I have observed that the fu. • porches, in their proper vocation of beggars. periority among these proceeds from an opinion “This, the justice says, they must expect, since of gallantry and fashion: the gentleman in the . they could not be contented to act heathen war. strawberry fath, who prefides fo much over the
riors, and such fellows as Alexander, bút must reft, has, it seems, sabfczibed to every opera this "presume to make a mockery of one of the Quo- last winter, and is supposed to receive favours
from one of the actreffes. R
" Your servant." When the day grows too busy for these gentle.
men to enjoy any longer the pleasures of their N° 49. THURSDAY, APRIL 26. Deshabillé, with any manner of confidence, they
give place to men who have business or good sense - Hominem pagina nostra sapit. MART. in their fæces, and come to the coffee-house eiMen and their manners I describe,
ther to transact affairs or enjoy conversation. The
persons to whose behaviour and discourse I have T is very natural for a man, who is not turned most regard are such as are between these two sorts
for mirthful meetings of men, or assemblies of of men; such as have not spirits too active to be the fair sex, to delight in that sort of conversation happy and well pleased in a private condition, which we find in coffee-houses. Here a man of nor complexions too warm to make them negmy temper is in his element; for if he cannot talk, lect the duties and relations of life. Of these fort he can still be more agreeable to his company, as of men confist the worthier part of mankind; of well as pleased in himself, in being only an hearer. these are all good fathers, generous brothers, finIt is a ficrer known but to few, yet of no small use cere friends, and faithful subjects. Their enterin the corduct of life, that wł:en you fall into a tainments are derived rather from reason than man's conversation, the first thing you should con- imagination; which is the cause that there is no fider is, whether he has a greater inclination to impatience or instability in their speech or action. hear you, or that you should hear him. The latter You see in their countenances they are at home, is the more general defire, and I know very able and in quiet poffeffion of the present instant, as it tiatterers that never speak a word in praise of the passes without defiring to quicken it by gratifying perfons from whom they obtain daily favours, but any passion, or prosecuting any new design. These fill practise a skilful attention to whatever is ut
are the men formed for society, and those little tered by those with whom they converfe. We are communities which we express by the word very curious to observe the behaviour of great men neighbourhoods. and their clients; bui the same paffions and in The coffee-house is the place of rendezvous to tereits move men in lower spheres; and I that all that live near it, who are thus turned to relish have nothing elfe to do but make observations, calm and ordinary life. Eubulus presides over the sec in every parish, ftreet, lane, and alley, of this middle hours of the day, when this affembly of populous city, a little potentate that has his court men meet together. He enjoys a great fortune and his flatrerers, who lay suares for his affection handsomely, without launching into expence, and favour by the same arts that are practised upon and exerts many noble and useful qualities, with men in higher stators.
out appearing in any public employment. His In the place I must usually frequent, men differ wisdom and knowledge are serviceable to all that rather in the time of day in which they make a think fit to make use of them; and he does the gure, than in any real greatness above one ano office of a council, a judge, an executor, and a ther. 1, wlio am at the coffee-house at fix in a friend, to all his acquaintance, not only without morning, know that my friend Beaver the haber- the profits which attend such offices, but alfo damer has a leves of more undiffembied friends without the deierence and homage which are
usually paid to them. The giving of thanks is « brother E Tow O Koam, king of the Rivers, is of displeating to him. The greatest gratitude you opānion it was made by the hands of that great can fhew him, is to let him fee you are the better * Cod to whom it is consecrated. The kings of man for his services; and that you are as ready • Granajah and of the Six Nations helieve that it to oblige others, as he is to oblize you.
was created with the earth, and produced on the In the private exegencies of his friends he lends, * same day with the sun and moon. But for my at legal value, considerable fums, which he might own part, by the beft information I could get highly increase by rolling in the public stocks. He of this matter, I am apt to think that this prodoes not consider in whose hands his money will digious pile was fashioned into the shape it now improve meít, but where it will do most good. bears by feveral tools and instruments, of which
Eubulus has fo great an author'ty in his little "they have a wonderful variety in this country. diurnal audience, that when he ihakes his head at It was probably at first an huge mis-Mapen rock any piece of public news, they all of them appear that grew upon the top of the hill, which the dije&ted; and, on the contrary, go home to their 'natives of the country, after having cut it into dinners with a good fomach and chearsul aspect, a kind of regular figure, bored and hollowed when Eubulus seems to intimate that things go with incredible pains and industry, 'till they well. Nay, their veneration towards him is fo had wrought in it all those beautiful vaults and great, that when they are in other company they caverns into which it is divided at this day, speak and act after him; are wise in his sentences, • As soon as this rock was thus curiously scooped and are no sooner sat down at their own tables, ' to their liking, a prodigious number of hands but they hope cr fear, rejoice or despond, as they must have been employed in chipping the outa saw him do at the coffee-house. In a word, eve ' side of it, which is now as smcoth as the surry man is Eubulus as soon as his back is turned. ' face of a pebble; and is in several places hewn
Having here given an account of the several ' out into pillars that stand like the trunks of so reigns that succeed each other irom day-break till 1 many trees bound about the top with garlands dinner-time, I shall mention the monarchs of the ' of leaves. It is probable that when this great afternoon on another occasion, and shut up the work was begun, which must have been many 'whole series of them with the history of Tom the hundred years ago, there was some religion Tyrant; who, as first minister of the coffee among this people: for they give it the name house, takes the government upon him between of a temple, and have a tradition that it was the hours of eleven and twelve at night, and • designed for men to pay their devotions in. gives his orders in the most arbitrary manner to * And indeed there are several rea?ons which the servants below him, as to the disposition of make us think that the natives of this country liquors, coals, and cinders.
R 'had formerly among them some sort of wor
ship; for they set apart every seventh day as fa
* cred: but upon my going into one of those hoNo 50. FRIDAY, APRIL 27.
“ ly houses on that day, I could not observe any
* circumstance of devotion in their behaviour. Nunquam aliud natura, aliud fapientia dixit, ? There was indeed a man in black who was
Juv. Sat. xiv. 321.
mounted above the rest, and seemed to utter Good sense and nature always speak the same.
• something with a great deal of vehemence; but
as for those underneath him, instead of paying HEN the four Indian kings were in this their worship to the deity of the place, they
country about a twelvemonth ago, I were most of them bowing and curtsying to one often mixed with the rabble, and followed thena ' another, and a considerable number of them a whole day together, being wonderfully struck "fast asleep. with the light of every thing that is new or un The Queen of the country appointed two common. I have, fnce their departure, ems men to attend us, that had enough of our lanployed a friend to make many enquiries of their guage to make themselves understood some landlord the upholsterer, relating to their man • few particulars. But we scon perceived these 'ners and conversation, as also concerning the re two were great enemies to one another, and did marks which they made in this country : for, ' not always agree in the same story. We could next to the forming a right notion of such stran- make a shift to gather out of one of them, that gers, I mould be desirous of learning what ideas (this isand was very much infested with a monthey have conceived of us.
• strous kind of animals, in the shape of men, The upholfierer, fiociing my friend very in called Whigs; and he often told us, that he quisitive about these his lodgers, brought him hoped we thould meet with none of them in our some time since a little bundle of papers, which way, for that, if we did, they would be apt to he assured him were writ:en by king Sa Ga Yean • knock us down for being kings. Qua Raih Tow, and, as he supposes, left behind Our other interpreter usad to talk very much by some mistake. These papers are now trans of a kind of animal called a Tory, that was as lased, and contain abundance of very odd obser great a monster as the Whig, and would treat us vations, which I find this little fraternity of as ill for being foreigners. These two creatures, kings made during their stay in the ise of Great ' it seems, are born with a secret artipathy to one Britain. I Mall present my reader with a short " another, and engage when they meet as natuspecimen of them in this paper, and may perhaps rally as the elephant and the rhiv oceros. But communicate more to him hercaiter. In the ar as we saw none of either of these species, we ticle of London aru the folowing words, which are apt to think that our guides cieceived us without doubt are meant of the church of St. with misreprorentations and fictions, and amulPaul.
red us with an account of such monsters as are On the most riling part of the town there « not really in their country. 'ftands a huge licufe, bis enough to contain the These particulars we made a mist to pick ' whole nation of which I ain king." Our good out from the discourse of our interpreiers; which
we put together as well as we could, being able
to understand but here and there a word of what No 51. SATURDAY, APRIL 28. " they said, and afterwards making up the mean Torquet ab obfcenis jam nunc fermonibus aurom. sing of it among ourselves. The men of the
Hor. Ep. 11. i. 127. country are very cunning and ingenious in He from the taste obscene reclaims our youth. • handicraft works, but withal fo very idle, that
POPE. we often saw young lusty raw-boned fellows
· Mr. SpeEtator, I carried up and down the street in little covered rooms by a couple of porters, who are hired for
as render me as conspicuous as any that service. Their dress is likewise very bar- • young woman in town. It is in my power to
barous, for they almost strangle themselves • enjoy it in all its vanities, but I have, from a ( about the neck, and bind their bodies with ma very careful education, contracted a great aver
ny ligatures, that we are apt to think are the ' fion to the forward air and fathion which is occafion of several distempers among them, practised in all public places and assemblies..
which our country is entirely free from. In. • 1 attribute this very much to the stile and man(tead of thore beautiful feathars with which we
'ners of our plays. I was last night at the Fuadorn our heads, they often buy up a monstrous • neral, where a confident lover in the play, " buth of hair, which covers their heads, and falls speaking of his mistress, cries out that • down in a large feece below the middle of their " Harriot! to fold these arms about the waste of
backs ; with which they walk up and down the " that beauteous, struggling, and at last yielding
Practs, and areas proud of it as if it was of their “ fair !" Such an image as this ought, by no o own growth.
means, to be presented to a chaste and regular " We were invited to one of their public di ' audience. I expect your opinion of this sen' versions, where we hoped to have seen the great tence, and recommend to your confideration,
men of their country running down a fag or as a Spectator, the conduct of the stage at prepitching a bar, that we might have discovered sent with relation to chastity and modesty. who were the persons of the greatest abilities I am, Sir, among them; but instead of that they con.
• Your constant reader and well-wisher.' veyed us into a huge room lighted up with abundance of candles, where this lazy people
The complaint of this young lady is so just, that ' fat still above three hours to see several feats the offence is gross enough to have displeased per
of ingenrity performed by others, who it seems sons who cannot pretend to that delicacy and wore paid for it.
modesty, of which the is mistress. But there is á As for the women of the country, not being great deal to be said in behalf of an author. If able to talk with them, we could only make the audience would but consider the difficulty of our remarks upon them at a distance. They keeping up a sprightly dialogue for five acts tolet the hair or their head; grow to a great gether, they would allow a writer, when he wants lergth; but as the men make a great non wit, and cannot please any otherwise, to help t with hcads of hair that are acne of their own; the poets, that no one ever writ bawdry for any
out with a little smuttiners. I will answer for s the women, who they say have very fine heads < of hair, tie it up in a kiot, and cover it from other reason but dearth of invention. When the
being seen. The women look like angels, and author cannot strike out of himself any more of would be more beautiful than the fun, were it that which he has superior to those who make up not for little black spots that are apt to break the bulk of his audience, his natural recourse is out in their faces, and sometimes rite in very
to that which he has in common with them; and odd figures. I have observed that there little 'a description which gratifies a sensual appetite * bleinithes wearoff very foon; but when they hin to delight a refined imagination. Jt is to
will please, when the author has nothing about disappear in one part of the face, they are very such a poverty, we inuft impute this and all other
apt to break out in ancther, insomuch that I " have seen a spot upon the forehead in the after sentences in plays, which are of this kind, and 6 noon, which was upon the chin in the morn
which are commonly termed luscious expres
sions. The author then proceeds to Thew tie absur
This expedient, to supply the deficiencies of dity of breeches and petticoats, with many other wit, has been used more or less, by most of the curious observations, which I shall reserve for authors who have fucceeded on the stage; though another occasion, I carnot however conclude
I know but one who has professedly writ a play this parer, without taking potice, that amidst upon the basis of the desire of multiplying our there wild remarks there now and then appears species, and that is the polite Sir George Ether. something very reasonable. I cannot likewise ge; i: I understand what the lady would be at, fcrhear observing, that we are all guilty in fome in the play called She would if she could. Other measure of the fame narrow way of thinking, poets have, here and there, given an intimation which we meet with in this abftract of the In that there is this design, under all the disguises
but dian Journal, when we fancy the customs, drest- and affectations which a lady may put on; es, and mar ners, of other countries are ridiculous no author, except this, has made surefwork of it, and extravagant, if they do not resemble those of and pæt the imaginations of the audience upon our own
this one purpose, from the beginning to the end of the comedy. It has always fared accordingly; for whether it be, that all who go to this piece would if they could, or that the innocents go to it, to guess only what She would if she could, the play has always been well received.
It litts an heavy empty sentence, where there iş added to it a láscivious gesture of body; and
wken it is too low to be raised even by that, a their going with any countenance to it on the fiat meaning is enlivened by making it a double second. one. Writers, who want Genius, never fail of If men of wit, who think fit to write for the keeping this secret in reserve, to create a laugh, stage, instead of this pitiful way of giving delight, er raise a clap. I, who know nothing of women would turn their thoughts upon raising it from but from seeing plays, can give great guesses at such good natural impulses as are in the audience, the whole structure of the fair sex, by being in- but are choked up by vice and luxury, they would nocently placed in the pit, and insulted by the not only please, but befriend us at the same time. petticoats of their dancers; the advantages of If a man had a mind to be new in his way of whose pretty persons are a great help to a dull writing, might not he who is now represented as play. When a poet flags in writing lusciousy, a fine gentleman, though he betrays the honour a pretty girl can move lasciviously, and have the and bed of his neighbour and friend, and lies same good consequence for the author. Dull po- with half the women in the play, and is at last ets in this case use their audiences, as dull para- rewarded with her of the best character in it; I fites do their patrons; when they cannot long say, upon giving the comedy another cast, might divert them with their wit or humour, they bait not such a one divert the audience quite as well, their ears with something which is agreeable to if at the catastrophe he were found out for a triitheir temper, though below their understanding. tor, and met with contempt accordingly? There Apicius cannot relift being pleased, if you give is seldom a person devoted to above one darling him an account of a delicious meal; or Clodius, vice at a time, so that there is room enough to if you describe a wanton beauty; though at the catch at mens hearts to their good and advantage, fame time, if you do not awake those inclinations if the poets will attempt it with the honesty in them, no men are better judges of what is just which becomes their characters. and delicate in conversation. But, as I have be There is no man who loves his bottle or his fore observed, it is easier to talk to the man, than mistress, in a manner so very abandoned, as not to the man of sense.
to be capable of relishing an agreeable character, It is remarkable, that the writers of least learn- that is no way a Nave to either of those pursuits. ing are best skilled in the luscious way. The A man that is temperate, generous, valiant, chaste, poetesses of the age have done wonders in this faithful and honest, may, at the same time, haie kind; and we are obliged to the lady who writ wit, humour, mirth, good-breeding, and gallarIbrahim, for introducing a preparatory scene to try. While he exerts these latter qualities, twenty the very action, when the emperor throws his occafions might be invented to thew he is master handkerchief as a signal for his mistress to follow of the other noble virtues, Such characters would him into the most retired part of the seraglio. It smite and reprove the heart of a man of sense, must be confessed his Turkish majesty went off when he is given up to his pleasures. He would with a good air, but, methought, we made but see he has been mistaken all this while, and be a fad figure who waited without. This ingé convinced that a sound constitution and an innonious gentlewoman, in this piece of bawdry, re cent mind are the true ingredients for becoming fined upon an author of the same sex, who, in the and enjoying life. All men of true taste would Rover,' makes a country squire Atrip to his draw. call a man of wit, who Tould turn his ambition
But Blunt is disappointed, and the emperor this way, a friend and benefactor to his country; is understood to go on to the utmost. The plea- but I am at a loss what name they would give fantry of stripping almost naked has been since him, who makes use of his capacity for contrary practised, where indeed it should have begun, ve- purposes,
R ry successfully at Bartholomew fair.
It is not here to be omitted, that in one of the abovementioned female compositions, the Rover No 52. MONDAY, APRIL
30. is very frequently sent on the same errand; as I take it, above once every act. This is not wholly Omnes ut tecum meritis pro talibus anxos unnatural; for, they say, the men-authors draw Exigat, & pulchrâ faciat te prole parenter. themselves in their chief characters, and the wo
VIRG. Æn. i. 78. men-writers may be allowed the same liberty. Thus, as the male wit gives his hero a good for: To crown thy worth, she shall be ever thine, tune, the female gives her heroine a good gallant, And make thee father of a beauteous line. at the end of the play. But, indeed, there is N ingenious correspondent, like a sprightly hardly a play one can go to, but the hero or fine gentleman of it struts off upon the same account, did not think my last letter to the deformed fra. and leaves us to consider what good office he has ternity would have occasioned any answer, espe. put us to, or to employ ourselves as we please. cially since I had promised them so sudden a visit; To be plain, a man who frequents plays would but as they think they cannot show too great a have a very respectful notion of himself, where he veneration for my person, they have already sent to recollect how often he has been used as a pimp me up an answer. As to the proposal of a mata to ravishing tyrants, or fuccessful rakes. When riage between myself and the matchless Hecatis, the actors make their Exit on this good occasion, I have but one objection to it; which is, that all the ladies are sure to make an examining glance the society will expect to be acquainted with from the pit, to see how they relish what parles; her; and who can be sure of keeping a woman's and a few lewd fools are very ready to employ heart long, where she may have so much choice? their talents upon the composure or freedom of I am the more alarmed at this, because the lady their looks. Such incidents as these make some seems particularly smitten with men of their ladies wholly absent themselves from the play- make. houte; and others never miss the first day of a I believe I fall set my heart upon her; and play, let it thould prove tco luscious to admit think never the worse of my mistress for an cpé
Y digital mark of your favour and brotherly
gram a smart fellow writ, as he thought, against which otherwise you might have some reafor her; it does but the more recommend her to me. to be apprehensive of. To be plain with you, At the same time I cannot but discover that his "I can see nothing shocking in it; for though malice is stolen from Martial.
• The has not a face like a John-Apple, yet as a
< late friend of mine, who at sixty-five ventured Tafla places, audita places, fi non videare
on a lass of fifteen, very frequently, in the reTora places, neutro, fi videare, places.
'maining five years of his lite, gave me to unWhilft in the dark on thy soft hand I hung, • derstand, that, as old as he then seemed, when And heard the tempting Syren in thy tongue, they were first marived he and his spouse could What Aames, what darts, what anguish, I endur'd! ' make but fourscore; so may madam Hecatissa But when the candle enter'd I was cur’d,
very justly alledge hereafter, that, as long-vi
' saged as she may then be thought, upon their OUR letter to us we have received, as a wedding-day Mr. Speciator and ine had but half
an ell of face betwixt them; and this my very • affection. We shall be heartily glad to see your worthy predecefior, Mr. Serjeant Chin, always • Mort face in Oxford ; and since the wisdom of 'maintained to be no more than the true oval
our leginature has been immortalized in your proportion between man and wife. But as this ' speculations, and our personal deformities in may be a new thing to you, who have hitherto • some sort by you recorded to all posterity; we I had no expectations from women, I shall allow “ hold ourselves in gratitude bound to receive, you what time you think fit to consider cn't; ' with the highest respect, all such persons as for not without some hope of fueing at last your
their extraordinary merit you thall think fit, ' thoughts hereupon subjoined to mine, and. from time to time, to recommend urto the which is an honour much desired by, board. As for the Pictish damsel, we have an eafy chair prepared at the upper end of the ta
í Your assured friend, ble; which we doubt not but she will grace
• and most humbl servanr, ( with a very hideous afpcct, and much better
Hugh Hollin, Præfes." « become the seat in the native and unafccted suncomeliness of her person, than with all the The following letter has not much in it; but, ' superficial airs of the pencil, which, as you
as it is written in my own praise, I cannot from • have very ingeniously ob!crved, vanish with a my heart supèress it. ( breath; and the most innocent adorer may de SIR, « face the shrine with a salutation, and, in the
OU proposed, in your Speitater of laft Tuefliteral sense of our poets, snatch and imprint h's « balny kiffes, and devour her melting lips : in
ing that very odd phænomenon of laughter. You short, the only taces of the Pi&tith kind that will
have made the hypothesis valuable by eipouring • endure the weather, must be of Dr. Carbuncle's
' it yourself; for, bad it continued Mr. Hebbes's, • die; though his, in truth, has cost him a world
nobody would have minded it. Now here this " the paintrig; but then he boats with Zeuxes,
perplexed care arises,
A certain coir: pany « in æternita:em pingg; and oft jocofely tells ihe
laughed very heartily upon the reading of that • fair ones, would they acquire colours that would
very paper of yours; and the truth on it is, he • stand kissing, they must no longer paint but must be a man of more than ordinary constancy • drink for a complexion; a maxim that in this that could stand it out against so much comedy,
our age has been pursued with no ill fuccefi; and not do as we did. Now there are few men . and has been as admirable in its effects, as the ( in the world so far loit to all good sense, as to famous cosmetic mentioned in the Port-man,
lcok upon you to be a man in a state of filly < and invented by the renowned British Hippo- inferior to himfelf. Pray then, how do you crates of the pefle and mortar; making the
"justify your hypothesis of laughter? party, after a due courte, rosy, hale, and airy;
· Thursday, the 26th of "Your mcft humble, and the best and most approved receipt now the month of Fools.
ili Ri' extant for the fever of the spirits. But to return to our female candidate, who, I under N
recollect yourself; will , hang out falfe colours; as she is the first or her when you did me the horour to be so merry ," sex that has done us so great an honour, she will over my paper, you laughed at the Idiot, tlie
certainiy, in a very short time, both in profe German Courtier, the Caper, the Merry- An• and verie, be a lady of the most celebrated de. 'drew, the Haberdasher, the Biter, the Buts ; sormity now living; and meet with admirers
6 and not at • hare as frightful as herself. But being a long
" Your liumtle servant, headed gentlewoman, I am apt to imagine the R
(The Spectator.' • has some further design than you have yet pe' netrated; and perhaps has more mind to the Speftater than any of his fraternity, as the
per: 'No 53. <fon of all the world me could like for a para.
TUESDAY, MAY 1. mour: and if so, really I cannot but applaud
-Aliquando bonus dormitat Hemerus. . her choice; and theuld be glad if it might lie
Hor, Ars Poet. ver. 359. ' in my power, to cited an amicable accommodation betwixt two faces of such different ex
Homer himself has been obsery'd to nod.
ROSCOMMON. tremes, as the only posible expedient, to mend the brood, and recity the phyfiogromy of the
Y correspondents grow so numerous, that family on both lides. And again, as she is a I cannot avoid frequently inserting their lady of a very fuent elocution, you need not appliiations to me, ar clici luni firit child Reborn dumb,
stand, is returned to herself,
and will no longer I Pedofweer you your letter, I must desire you to