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most effectually pernicious, and have observed reputation of it from falling upon any particular that it has been when the person envied has been person. You see an envious man clear up his in any circumstance of glory and triumph. At countenance, if, in the relation of any man's great such a time the mind of the prosperous man goes, happiness in one point, you mention his uneatias it were, abroad, among things without him, nefs in another. When he hears such a one is and is more exposed to the malignity. But í very rich he turns pale, but recovers when you thall not dwell upon fpeculations fo abstracted as add that he has many children. In a word, the this, or repeat the many excellent things which only sure way to an envious man's favour, is not one might collect out of authors upon this mise to deserve it, rable affection; but, keeping in the road of com But if we consider the envious man in delight, mon life, consider the envious man with relation it is like reading the seat of a giant in a romance, to these three heads, his pains, his reliefs, and his the magnificence of his house consists in the mahappiness.
ny limbs of men whom lie has Nain. If any who The envious man is in pain upon all occasions promised themselves success in any uncommon which ought to give him pleasure. The relish of undertaking miscarry in the attempt, or he that his life is inverted; and the objects which admi- aimed at what would have been useful and laudDifter the highest satisfaction to those who are able, meets with contempt and derifion, the enexempt from this passion, give the quickest pangs vious man, under the colour of hating vain-glory, to perfons who are subject to it. All the per can smile with an inward wantonness of heart at fections of their fellow - creatures are odious; the ill effect it may have upon an honest ambi. youth, beauty, valour, and wisdom, are provoca- tion for the future. tions of their displeasure. What a wretched and Having throughly considered the nature of this apostate state is this! To be offended with ex passion, I have made it my study to avoid
the encellence, and to hate a man because we approve vy that may accrue to me from these my specialahim! The condition of the envious man is the tions; and if I am not mistaken in nya. I most emphatically miserable; he is not only in- think I have a genius to escape it. Upon hearcapable of rejoicing in another's merit or success, ing in a coffee-house one of my papers combut lives in a world wherein all mankind are in mended, I immediately apprehended the envy a plot against his quiet, by studying their own that would spring from that applause; and therehappiness and advantage. Will Prosper is an ho- fore gave a description of my face the next day; neft tale-bearer; he makes it his business to join being resolved, as I grow in reputation for wit, in eonversation with envious men, He points to to resign my pretensions to beauty. This, I hope, such an handsome young fellow, and whispers that may give some ease to those unhappy gentlemen, he is secretly married to a great fortune; when who do me the honour to torment themselves upthey doubt, he adds circumstances to prove it; on the account of this my paper. As their care and never fails to aggravate their distress, by assu- is very deplorable, and deserves compassion, I ring them, that, to his knowledge, he has an un- Mall sometimes be dull, in pity to them, and will cle will leave him some thousands. Will has ma from time to time administer consolations to them ny arts of this kind to torture this sort of temper, by further discoveries on my person. In the mean and delights in it. When he finds them change while, if any one, says the Spectator has wit, it colour, and say faintly they wish such a piece of may be some relief to them to think that he does news is true, he has the malice to speak fome not shew it in company. And if any one prais.s good or other of every man of their acquain- his morality, they inay comfort themselves by
considering that his face is none of the longest, The reliefs of the envious man are those little
R blemishes and imperfections that discover themselves in an illustrious character. It is matter of great consolation to an envious person, when a
N° 20. FRIDAY, MARCH 23. man of known honour does a thing unworthy him Κυνο όμματ έχωνself; or when any action which was well exe
Hom. II. i. 225. cuted, upon better information appears so altered
Thou dog in forehead !-..
Pope, in its circumstances, that the fame of it is divided among many, instead of being attributed to one.
MONG the other hardy undertakings which This is a secret satisfaction to these malignants;
I have proposed to myself, that of the corfor the person, whom they before could not but section of impudence is what I have very much at admire, they fancy is nearer their own condition heart. This in a particular manner is my pro as soon as his merit is shared among others. I vince as Spectator; for it is generally an offence remember some years ago there came out an ex
committed by the eyes, and that against such as cellent poem without the name of the author. the offenders would perhaps never h.ive an opporą I he little wits, who were incapable of writing it, letter is a complaint of a young lady, who lets
tunity of injuring any other way. The following began to pull in pieces the supposed writer. When that would not do, they took great pains to fup- of herself as befits beauty and innocence, and yet
forth a trespass of this kind, with that command press the opinion that it was his. That again with so much spirit as sufficiently expresses her in failed. The next refuge was to say it was overlooked by one man, and many pages wholly writ- dignation. The whole transaction is performed ten by another. An honest fellow, who fat among with the eyes; and the crime is no less than ema cluster of them in debate on this subject, cried ploying them in such a manner, as to divert the out, " Gentlemen, if you are sure none of you eyes of others from the best use they can make of “ yourselves had an hand in it, you are but
where them, even looking up to Heaven, you were, whoever writ it.",
But the most usual succour to the envious, in cases of nameless "HERE never was, I believe, an acceptable merit in this kind, is to keep the property, if pof
man but had some aukward imitators, fible, unfixed, and by that means to hinder the re Ever since the Spectator appeared, have I re.
« favour to,
' marked a kind of men, whom I choose to call of him no nation or person can be concerned for.
Starers; that, without any regard to time, place, For this reason, one may be free upon him. I or modesty, disturb a large company with their have put myself to great pains in confidering this impertinent eyes. Spectators make up a proper prevailing quality which we call impudence, and assembly for a puppet-nów or a bear-garden ;
have taken notice that it exerts itself in a different but devout fupplicants and attentive hearers are manner according to the different foils wherein ' the audience one ought to expect in churches, I such subjects of these dominions, as are masters
am, Sir, member of a fmall pious congregation of it, were born. Impudence in an Englishman
near one of the north gates of this city; much is fullen and insolent; in a Scotchman it is un• the greater part of us indeed are females, and tractable and rapacious; in an Irishman absurd • used to behave ourselves in a regular attentive and fawning; as the course of the world now
manner, till very lately one whole ise has been runs, the impudent Englishman behaves like a • disturbed with one of these monstrous Starers; furly landlord, the Scot like an ill-received guest, • he's the head taller than any one in the church; and the Irishman like a stranger who knows he is
but, for the greater advantage of exposing him- not welcome. There is feldoni any thing enter
self, stands upon a hafloc, and commands the taining either in the impudence of a South or ' whole congregation, to the great annoyance of North-Briton; but that of an Irishman is always
the devouteft part of the auditory; for what with comic: a'true and genuine impudence is ever the • blushing, confufion, and vexation, we can nei- effect of ignorance, without the least sense of it; “ther mind the prayers nor fermon. Your ani- the best and most successful Starers, now in this • madversion upon this infolence would be a great town, are of that nation; they have usually the
advantage of the stature mentioned in the above
letter of my correspondent, and generally take (Your most humble servant, their stands in the eye of women of fortune; in
• $. C.' fomuch that I have known one of them, three I have frequently seen of this sort of fellows, months after he came from plough, with a toleraand do not think there can be a greater aggrava- ble good air lead out a woman from a play, which tion of an offence, than that it is committed where one of our own breed, after four years at Oxford, the criminal is protected by the sacredness of the and two at the Temple, would have been afraid place which he violates, Many reflections of this to look at. fort might be very justly made upon this kind of I cannot tell how to account for it, but these behaviour; but a Starer is not usually a person to people have usually the preference to our own be convinced by the reason of the thing, and a fools, in the opinion of the fillier part of womanfellow that is capable of Mewing an impudent kind. Perhaps it is that an English coxcomb is front before a whole congregation, and can bear feldorn so obfequious as an Irish one; and when being a public spectacle, is not so easily rebuked as the design of plealing is visible, an absurdity in to amend by admonitions. If therefore my cor the way toward it is easily iven. respondent does not inform me, that within feven But those who are downright impudent, and go days after this date the barbarian does not at least on without reflection that they are fuch, are more stand upon his own legs only, without an emi to be tolerated, than a set of fellows among us nence, my friend Will Prosper hath promised to who profefs impudence with an air of humour, take an hassoc opposite to him, and stare against and think to carry off the most inexcusable of all him, in defence of the ladies. I have given him faults in the world, with no other apology than directions, according to the most exact rules of op- saying in a gay tone. “I put an impudent face tics, to place himself in such a manner that he mall “ upon the matter. No; no man shall be almeet his eyes wherever he throws them; I have lowed the advantages of impudence, who is conhopes that when Will confronts him, and all the scious that he is fuch; if he knows he is impuladies, in whose behalf he engages him, cast kind dent, he may as well be otherwise; and it Mall locks and wishes of success at their champion, he be expected that he bluth, when he sees he makes will have fome Mame, and feel a little of the pain another do it. For nothing can atone for the want hie has so often put others to, of being out of coun
of modeity; without which beauty is ungraceful, and wit deteftable.
R It has indeed been time out of mind generally remarked, and as often lamented, that this family N° 21'. SATURDAY, MARCH 24., of Starers have infested public affemblies; and I know no other way to obviate so great an evil, ex
Locus eft & pluribus umbris. cept, in the case of fixing their eyes upon women,
Hor. Ep. V. v. 28. fome male friend will take the part of such as are
There's room enough, and each may bring his friend.
CREECH. under the oppression of impudence, and encounter the eyes of the Starers wherever they meet them. AM sometimes very much troubled, when I reWhile we suffer our women to be thus impudently Acct upon the three great professions of Diviniattacked, they have no defence, but in the end to ty, Law, and Phyfic; how they are each of them caft yielding glances at the Starers; and, in this over-burdened with practitioners, and filled with case, a man who has no sense of shame has the same multitudes of ingenious gentlemen that starve one advantage over his mistress, as he who has no re
another. gard for his own life has over his adversary. While We my divide the clergy into generals, fieldthe generality of the world are fettered by rules officers, and fubalterns. Among the firit we may and move by proper and jut methods; he, who reckon wiiliops, deans, and a chdeacons. Among has no respect to any of them, carries away the re the ficond are doctors of divinity, prebendaries, and ward due to that propriety of behaviour, with no all that wear scarves. The reit are comprehended other merit but that of having neglected it.
under the subalterns. As for the first class, our I take an impudent feliow to be a sort of out- constitution preserves it from any redundancy of law in good-breeding, and therefore what is faid incumbents, natwithstanding competitors are num
berless. Upon a strict calculation, it is found riots, and fome on foot. If the infantry do less that there has been a great exceeding of late years execution than the charioteers, it is because they in the second division, several brevets having been
cannot be carried so foon into all quarters of the granted for the converting of subalterns into scarf- town, and dispatch so much business in so short officers; infomuch that within my memory the
a time. Besides this body of regular troops, there price of luteftring is raised above two-pence in a are ftragglers, who, without being duly lifted and yard. As for the subalterns, they are not to be enrolled, do infinite mischief to those who are so numbered. Should our clergy once enter into unlucky as to fall into their hands. the corrupt practice of the laity, by the splitting There are, besides the abovementioned, innu.' of their freeholds, they would be able to carry merable retainers to phyfic, who, for want of most of the elections in England.
other patients, amuse themselves with the stilling The body of the law is no less incumbered of cats in an air-pump, cutting up dogs alive, or with superfluous members, that are like Virgil's impaling of insects upon the point of a needle army, which he tells us was so crouded, many for microscopical observations; besides thofe that of them had not room to use their weapons. are employed in the gathering of weeds, and the This prodigious fociety of men may be divided chase of butter-flies; not to mention the cockleinto the litigious and peaceable. Under the first shell-mercbants and spider-catchers, are comprehended all those who are carried down When I consider how each of these professions in coach-fulls to Westminster-Hall, every morn
are crouded with multitudes that seek their liveing in term-time. Martial's description of this lihood in them, and how many men of merit species of lawyers is full of humour :
there are in each of them, who may be rather said to be of the science, than the profesion;
I Iras & verba locant.
very much wonder at the humour of parents, “ Men that hire out their words and anger;" who will not rather choose to place their fons that are more or less passionate according as they in a way of life where an honest industry cannot, are paid for it, and allow their client a quantity but thrive, than in stations where the greatest of wrath proportionable to the fee which they probity, learning, and good sense may miscarry. receive from him. I must however observe to How many men are country-curates, that might the reader, that above three parts of those whom have made themselves aldermen of London, by I reckon among the litigious are such as are only a right improvement of a smaller sum of money, quarrelsome in their hearts, and have no oppor- than what is usually laid out upon a learned edua tunity of Thewing their passion at the bar. * Necation? A sober frugal person, of flender parts vertheless, as they do not know what strifes may and a now apprehension, might have thrived in arise, they appear at the hall every day, that they trade, though he starves upon physic; as a' man may thew themselves in a readiness to enter the would be well enough pleased to buy filks of one, lists, whenever there shall be occasion for them.
whom he would not venture to feel his pulfe. The peaceable lawyers are, in the first place, Vagellius is ful, ftudious, and obliging, but many of the benchers of the several inns of court, withal a little thick-skulled; he has not a single who seem to be the dignitaries of the law, and client, but might have had abụndance of cus are endowed with those qualifications of mind tomers. The misfortune is, that parents take a that accomplish a man rather for a ruler than a liking to a particular profession, and therefore pleader. These men live peaceably in their ha- desire their fons may be of it; whereas, in so bitations, eating once a day, and dancing once a
great an affair of life, they should consider the year, for the honour of their respective societies. genius and abilities of their children, more than
Another numberless branch of peaceable law. their own inclinations. yers are those young men who, being placed at It is the great advantage of a trading nation, the inns of court in order to study the laws of that there are very few in it so dull and heavy, their country, frequent the play-house more than who may not be placed in stations of life, which Westminster-Hall, and are seen in all public af- may give them an opportunity of making their semblies, except in a court of justice. i all say fortunes. A well-regulated commerce is not, nothing of those filent and busy multitudes that like law, physic, or divinity, to be over-stocked are employed within doors in the drawing-up of with hands; but, on the contrary, Avurishes by writings and conveyances ; nor of those greater multitudes, and gives employment to all its pronumbers that palliate their want of business with felfors. Fleets if merchant - men are so many a pretence to such chamber-practice.
squadrons of foating shops, that verd our wares If, in the third place, we look into the pro- and manufactures in all the markets of the world, fesfion of phyfic, we shall find a most formidable and find out chapmen under both the tropics. body of men; the sight of them is enough to make
с a man serious, for we may lay it down as a maxim, that when a nation abounds in physicians, it grows thin of people. Sir William Temple is ve. N° 22. MONDAY, MARCH 26. ry much puzzled to find out a reason why the northern hive, as he calls it, does not send out such
Quodcunque oftendis mini fic, incredulus odi. prodigious swarms, and over-run the world with
Hor. Ars Poet, ver. 189. Goths and Vandals, as it did formerly; but had
- Whatever contradicts my sense that excellent author observed that there were no
I hate to see, and never can believe. students in physic among the subjects of Thor and
ROSCOMMON. Woden, and that this science very much flourishes THE word Spectator being most usually unin the north at present, he might have found a derstood as one of the audience at public better solution for this difficulty than any of those representations in our theatres, I seldom fail of he has made use of. This body of men in our many letters relating to plays and operas. But own country may be described like the British indeed there are such inonticus things done in army in Calar's time; some of them lay in cha- both, that if one had not been an eye-witness of
them, one could not believe that such matters had presume I am a master, to wit, in representing
Your humble servant, dreams could not go off as they do, not only
" RALPH SIMPLE.' without the utmost scorn and contempt, but even with the loudest applause and approbation. But
Drury-Lane, March 24, 1710-11. the letters of my correspondents will represent this affair in a more lively manner than any dis Saw your friend the Templar this evening in course of my own; I shall therefore give them to the pit, and thought he looked very little my reader with only this preparation, that they pleased with the representation of the mad scene all come from players, and that the business of of the Pilgrim. I wish, Sir, you would do us the playing is now so managed, that you are not to ' favour to animadvert frequently upon the false be surprized when I say one or two of them (taste the town is in, with the relation to plays are rational, others sensitive and vegetative ac- as well as operas. It certainly requires a degree tors, and others wholly inanimate. I shall not of understanding to play juftly; but such is our place these as I have named them, but as they condition, that we are to suspend our reason to have precedence in the opinion of their audi . perform our parts. As to scenes of madness, you ence,
'know, Sir, there are noble instances of this kind
' in Shakespear; but then it is the disturbance of • Mr. SPECTATOR,
a noble mind, from generous and humane reOUR having been so humble as to take « sentments; it is like that grief which we have
notice of the epiftles of other animals, for the decease of our friends; it is no diminu• emboldeus me, who am the wild boar that was « tion, but a recommendation of human nature, ' killed by Mrs. Tofts, to represent to you, that " that in such incidents passion gets the better of
I think I was 'hardly used in not having the reason; and all we can think to comfort our.
part of the lion in Hydaspes given to me. It · selves, is impotent against half what we feel. I I would have been but a natural step for me to I will not mention that we had an idiot in the • have personated that noble creature, after having scene, and all the sense it is represented to have • bchaved myself to fatisfaction in the part above • is that of luft. As for myself, who have long
mentioned; but that of a lion is too great a • taken pains in personating the passions, I have o character for one that never trod che stage before to-night acted only an appetite. The part I
but upon two legs. As for the little resistance • play'd is thirst, but it is represented as written ( which I made, I hope it may be excused, when rather by a dray-man than a poet. I come in < it is considered that the dart was thrown at me (with a tub about me, that tub hung with quarto
by so fair an hand. I must confess I had but pots, with a full gallon at my mouth. I am afhajust put on my brutality; and Camilla's charms med to tell you that I pleased very much, and
were such, that beholding her erect mien, hear this was introduced as a madness; but sure it ‘ing her charming voice, and astonished with her ' was not human madness, for a mule or an ass ( graceful motion, I could not keep up to my af may have been as dry as ever I was in my life. sumed fierceness, but died like a man,
I am, Sir,
" Your most obedient • Your most humble servant,
and humble servant.' « THOMAS PRONE.'
From the Savoy in the Strand, "Mr. SPECTATOR,
"Mr. SPECTATOR, THIS is to let you understand, that the play F you can read it with dry eyes, I give you
house is a representation of the world in this trouble to acquaint you, that I am the nothing so much as in this particular, that no ' unfortunate king Latinus, and believe I am the
one rises in it according to his merit. I have first prince that dated from this palace since o acted several parts of houshold-stuft with great • John of Gaunt. Such is the uncertainty of all
applause for many years; I am one of the men human greatness, that I, who lately never moved « in the hangings in the Emperor of the Moon; I I without a guard, am now pressed as a common " have twice performed the third chair in an En foldier, and am to sail with the firít fair wind 'glish opera ; and have rehearsed the pump in against my brother Lewis of France. It is a • the Fortune-Hunters. I am now grown old, very hard thing to put off a character which • and hope you will recommend me so effe&tually, one has appeared in with applause, this I ex
as that I may say fomething before I go cif the perienced since the loss of my diadem : for, up-:! stage: in which you will do a great act of cha on quarrelling with another recruit, I spoke my rity to
' indignation out of my part in recitativo;
Most audacious slave,
" Darst thou an angry monarch's fury brave? "Mr. SPECTATOR.
( The words were no sooner out of my mouth, 'Nderstanding that Mr. Screne has writ to ' when a ferjeant knocked me down, and asked
desired to be raised from dumb me if I had a mind to mutiny, in talking things and still parts; I desire, if you give him mo 'nobody understood. You see, Sir, iy unhappy * tion or speech, that you would advance me in circumstances; and if by your mediation you my way, and let me keep on in what I humbly can procure a subsidy for a prince (who rever
FOR THE GOOD OF THE PUBLIC.
« failed to make all that beheld him merry at his Those who can put the best countenance upon appearance) you will merit the thanks of the outrages of this nature which are offered " Your friend,
them, are not without their secret anguish. I " The King of LATIUM.' have often observed a passage in Socrate's beha
viour at his death, in a light wherein none of the « ADVERTISEMENT.
critics have considered it. That excellent man, entertaining his friends a little before he drank the
bowl of poison, with a discourse on the immor« Within two doors of the Masquerade lives an tality of the soul, at his entering upon it, says, « eminent Italian Chirurgeon, arrived from the that he does not believe any the most comic ge“ Carnival at Venice, of great experience in pri. nius can censure him for talking upon such a sub(6 vate cures,
Accommodations are provided, ject at such a time. This paffage, I think, evi«' and persons admitted in their marquing has dently glances upon Aristophanes, who writ a
comedy on purpose to ridicule the discourses of " He has cured since his coming thither, in less that divine philosopher. It has been observed by " than a fortnight, four Scaramouches, a Mouna many writers, that Socrates was so little moved " tebank Doctor, two Turkish Baffas, three Nuns, at this piece of buffoonry, that he was several and a Morris-Dancer,
times present at its being acted upon the stage, " Venienti occurite morbo.
and never expressed the least resentment of it.
But with submission, I think the remark I have " N, B. Any person may agree by the great, here made thews us, that this unworthy treatment “ and be kept in repair by the year. The Doca made an impression upon his mind, though he “ tor draws teeth without pulling off your had been too wise to discover it.
R When Julius Cæfar lampoon'd by Catul
lus, he invited him to a supper, and treated him
with such a generous civility, that he made the N° 23. TUESDAY, MARCH 27.
poet his friend ever after. Cardinal Mazarine
gave the same kind treatment to the learned Savit atrox Volfcens, nec teli conspicit usquam
Quillet, who had reflected upon his eminence in Auctorem, nec quò fe ardens immittere poffit.
a famous Latin poem. The Cardinal sent for
Virg. Än, ix. 420. him, and after some kind expoftulations upon Fierce Volscens foams with rage, and gazing and dismissed him with a promise of the next
what'he had written, assured him of his esteem, round Descry'd not him, who gave the fatal wound;
good abbey that should fall, which he accordingly Nor knew to fix revenge.
conferred upon him in a few months after. This
had so good an effect upon the author, that he
DRYDEN. dedicated the second edition of his book to the WHERE is nothing that more betrays a base Cardinal, after having expunged the passageswhich ftabs to a man's reputation. Lampoons and sa Sextus Quintus was not of fo generous and tires, that are written with wit and spirit, are like forgiving a temper. Upon his being made Pope, poisoned darts, which not only inflict a wound, the statue of Pasquin was one night dressed in a but make it incurable. For this reason I am very very dirty shirt, with an excuse written under it, much troubled when I see the talents of humour that he was forced to wear foul linen, because his and ridicule in the possession of an ill-natured laundress was made a princess. This was a reman. There cannot be a greater gratification to flection upon the Pope's fister, who, before the a barbarous and inhuman wit, than to stir up promotion of her brother, was in those mean cirsorrow in the heart of a private person, to raise cumstances that Pasquin represented her. As this uneasiness among near relations, and to expose pasquinade made a great noise in Rome, the Pope whole families to derision, at the same time that offered a considerable sum of money to any perhe remains unseen and undiscovered. If, besides fon that should discover the author of it. The the accomplishments of being witty and ill-na- anthor relying upon his Holiness's generosity, as tured, a man is vicious into the bargain, he is one also on some private overtures which he had reof the most mischievous creatures that can enter ceived from him, made the discovery himself ; into a civil society. His fatire will then chiefly upon which the Pope gave him the reward he fall upon those who ought to be the most exempt had promised, but at the same time, to disable from it. Virtue, merit, and every thing that is the fatirst for the future, ordered his tongue to praiseworthy, will be made the fubject of ridicule be cut out, and both his hands to be chopped off. and buffoonry. It is impossible to enumerate the Aretine is too trite an instance. Every one knows evils which arise from these arrows that Ay in the shat all the Kings in Europe were his tributaries. dark; and I know no other excuse that is or can Nay, there is a letter of his.extant, in which he be made for them, than that the wounds they give makes his boasts that he had laid the Sophi of are only imaginary, and produce nothing more Persia under contribution. than a secret thame or sorrow in the mind of the Though in the various examples which I have suffering person. It must indeed be confess’d, here drawn together, these several great men bethat a lampoon or satire do not carry in them haved themselves very differently towards the robbery cr murder; but at the same time, how wits of the age who had reproached them; they many are tiere that would not rather lore a con all of them plainly Mewed that they were very fiderable sum of money, or even life itself, than sensible of their reproaches, and consequently that be set up as a mark of infamy and derision and they received them as very great injuries. For in this case a man fhould consider, that an injury my own part, I would never trust a man that I is not to be measured by the notions of him that thought was capable of giving these secret wounds; gives, but of him who receives it,
and cannot but think that he would hurt the per