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10 To execute laws is a royal office; to execute orders is not to be a king.

11 Obeying the majority is both a necessity and a duty under a free government.

12 At present the chief aim of American reformers is to keep minor administrative offices out of politics.

13 To be a well-favored man is the gift of fortune; but to write and read comes by nature.

14 How dull it is to pause, to make an end,

To rust unburnish'd, not to shine in use.

15 Dr. Johnson said that no man but a blockhead ever wrote except for money.

16 Striving to sing glad songs I but attain

Wild discords sadder than Grief's saddest tune.

17 A mighty pain to love it is,

And 'tis a pain that pain to miss.

18 Aspiring to be angels, men rebel.
19 I will instruct my sorrows to be proud.
20 He doth nothing but talk of his horse.

76. Noun Clauses may be used as: (1) the Subject; (2) the Appositive; (3) the Object of a Preposition. These three uses, with the two already explained (64), make the five uses of Noun Clauses: as,

1 That thou art blamed shall not be thy defect.

2 Many critics hold the belief that Sir Philip Francis wrote the "Letters of Junius."

3 I shiver, Spirit fierce and bold,

At thought of what I now behold.

Note 1: Noun Clauses may be introduced by the following words: (1) the Introductory Subordinate Conjunction, that; (2) the Interrogative Pronouns, who, which, what; (3) the Interrogative Adjectives, which, what; (4) the Indefinite Relatives (87), whoever, whichever, whatever, etc.; (5) the Interrogative Adverbs, when, where, whence,

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how, why; (6) if, whether, and a few other words commonly used as Conjunctions.

Note 2: After the verbs remind, convince, assure, and some others, it is necessary to supply the phrase of this, and make the Noun Clause an Appositive of this: as, "Lives of great men all remind us We can make our lives sublime."

Exercise 52. In the following sentences, find the noun clauses and tell in each case whether the clause is used as the subject, the object of a preposition, or an appositive:

1 And Percy's shout was fainter heard, "My merry men, fight on!"

2 Aulus with his good broadsword
A bloody passage cleared

To where, amidst the thickest foes,
He saw the long white beard.

3 How swift the happy days in Atri sped,

What wrongs were righted, need not here be said. 4 The charge against the Constitution that it endangered State rights evoked much alarm.

5 "Now we must educate our masters," was the remark made by an English statesman after the passage of the franchise bill of 1867.

6 Therefore this one prayer I breathe,—

That you yet may worthy prove.

7 That steam could be applied to navigation was recognized by some forgotten genius in the sixteenth century. 8 The conviction that reform must begin with the representation of the people was borne in upon the French patriots of 1840.

9 It was in the early years of the century that the employment of children began to assume dimensions of national importance.

10 What then remains but that we still should cry

For being born, and being born to die?

11 And spite of pride, in erring reason's spite,

One truth is clear: Whatever is, is right. 12 For Time will teach thee soon the truth, There are no birds in last year's nest. 13 Each soldier's eye shall brightly turn

To where thy sky-born glories burn.

14 We may congratulate ourselves that we have escaped the possibility of another edition of the Wars of the Roses.

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16 That he held it sincerely need not be doubted. 17 The best of what we do and are,

Just God! forgive.

18 He may assure himself that it ought to create only evil.

Exercise 53. In the following sentences, find the noun clauses and tell how each is used:

1 How do I know what is greatest, How do I know what is least?

2 Then it chanced in a nobleman's palace That a necklace of pearls was lost.

3 The Minister replied that reasons of state would not allow him to answer the question of the honorable member. 4 But oh! the very reason why

I clasp them is because they die.

5 The popular belief at Rome seems to have been that the event of the great day of Regillus was decided by supernatural agency.

6 This is truth the poet sings—

That a sorrow's crown of sorrow is remembering happier things.

7 Under a republican government, the presumption is that the choice of officials represents the will of the people. 8 We are to be congratulated that dueling has ceased. 9 They say you are a melancholy fellow.

10 And how, or why, or where we met

I own to me's a secret yet.

11 A glance at the map of Virginia shows to what a remarkable degree it is intersected by navigable rivers,

12 The colonial theory in England in the last century was that the colonies existed only by favor of the mothercountry.

13 The saying that honesty is the best policy is one of Franklin's most characteristic utterances.

14 And it must follow, as the night the day,

Thou canst not then be false to any man.

15 King James's men shall understand what Cornish lads can do.

16 It may be that the gulfs will wash us down; It may be we shall touch the Happy Isles.

17 With tongues all sweet and low

Like a pleasant rhyme,

They tell how much I owe

To thee and Time!

18 "Purblind men have discoursed well of sight," quoth Sir Thomas Browne.

19 That the very edifice of a cathedral should be imbued with symbol need cause the cold critic no wonder. 20 Ask me why I send you here

This firstling of the infant year.

21 The mighty master smiled to see

That love was in the next degree.

22 The certain and essential thing is that somewhere we should have spied a spiritual fire, approached it, and at it warmed our souls.

23 Mr. Titmouse looked up from the Memoirs, suddenly conscious that the attendant was scanning him in wonder.

24 "Well done!" cried Francis; "bravely done!" and he rose from where he sat:

"No love," quoth he, "but vanity, sets love a task like that!"

25 And, little Butterfly, indeed,

I know not if you sleep or feed.

26 Nor from that hour could anything be guessed,

But that she was not!

27 And this be our motto, "In God is our trust!" 28 I see how those that sit aloft

Mishap doth threaten most of all. 29 He gave the tar a piece of gold,

And with a flag of truce commanded
He should be shipped to England old,
And safely landed.

30 'Twere long to tell what steeds gave o'er.

77. Complex Sentences containing Noun Clauses used as (1) Subjects, (2) Appositives, and (3) Objects of Prepositions, are analyzed as follows:


EXAMPLE 1:-That you have wronged me doth appear in this.

Complex Declarative Sentence.

Subject, That you have wronged me (noun clause)

Predicate Verb, doth appear

Modifier of Verb, in this (adverbial phrase)

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EXAMPLE 2-It entereth not his thoughts

That God heareth the sufferer's groan.

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