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represent an original Question: as, "Tell me, my soul, can this be death?"

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Exercise 37. In the following sentences, find the noun clauses used as complements of verbs or of verbals and tell in each case whether the clause is used as a direct object or as a predicate noun:

1 Usually the significance of local history is that it is part of a greater whole.

2 Life! I know not what thou art.

3 And twinkling diamonds in the grass

Show where the flitting zephyrs pass.

4 The best proof of the well-braced solidity of the system is that it survived the Civil War.

5 Tell me where is fancy bred.

6 But the breeze of the morning blew, and found That the leaves of the blown rose strewed the ground.

7 But now I see the good old times are dead.

8 "Long prayers," I said, "in the world they say." 9 I can never guess aright

Where their lodging-places are.

10 Death stands above me, whispering low I know not what into my ear;

Of his strange language all I know

Is, there is not a word of fear.

11 He said: The end is everywhere.

12 O stranger, tell the Lacedæmonians that we lie here obeying their orders.

13 Shall the clay say to the potter: What makest thou? 14 I should have known what fruit would spring from such a seed.

15 I'd say how chance may change and shift.

16 Nor knowest thou what argument

Thy life to thy neighbor's creed hath lent.

17 The military saints resolved that, in defiance of the

old laws of the realm and of the almost universal sentiment of the nation, the King should expiate his crimes with his blood.

18 I tell thee thou'rt defied!

19 Another reason for Macaulay's popularity is that he has in one way or another something to tell them about many of the most striking personages and interesting events in the history of mankind.

20 The theory is that definitive laws, selected by a power outside the government, are the structural iron of the entire fabric of politics.

21 He fought a thousand glorious wars,

And more than half the world was his,
And somewhere now, in yonder stars,
Can tell, mayhap, what greatness is.

22 Read here how Wealth aside was thrust,
And Folly set in place exalted.

23 The charge brought against Bacon by his enemies was that he had sold justice.

24 One of Coleridge's dreams was that he and his friends might establish an ideal colony on the banks of the Susquehanna River.

25 The majority of the assembly wisely considered that to accept terms of peace would be to refute all their professions of loyalty.

26 Seeing only what is fair,

Sipping only what is sweet,

Thou dost mock at fate and care,

Leave the chaff and take the wheat.

27 Say not the struggle naught availeth.

28 Through all the vicissitudes of Spenser's career, his hope was that he might be enriched by some patron at the Court.

29 I said to the rose, 66

The brief night goes

In babble and revel and wine."

30 To the just-pausing Genius we remit

Our worn-out life, and are-what we have been.

65. The Analysis of the Complex Sentence consists of the following parts: (1) the Division of the sentence into one Principal Proposition and one or more Subordinate Clauses; (2) the Analysis of the Principal Proposition as a simple sentence, the Subordinate Clauses being explained as single units, Noun, Adjective, or Adverb; (3) the Analysis of the Subordinate clauses as Simple (63) or Complex Sentences. EXAMPLE: Some maintain that to this day

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Exercise 38. Analyze, according to the model given

above, the sentences in Exercise 37.

CHAPTER IV

THE NOUN

66. A Noun is a word used as the Name of some person, object, quality, or idea. Nouns are classified as Common, Proper, and Abstract.

An

Note 1: A Common Noun is a name applicable to all objects of the same class. A Proper Noun is a name applied to a particular person, place, or thing. Abstract Noun is the name of a quality or condition, considered apart from the object to which it belongs. Hamlet is a proper noun; hero, a common noun; indecision, an abstract noun.

Note 2: A Common Noun denoting a number of persons or things considered as a unit is called a Collective Noun and takes a verb in the Singular: as, "The pack is diminished by war."

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Note 3: A Common Noun denoting a number of persons considered as individuals is called a Noun of Multitude and takes a verb in the Plural: as, The clergy of that district were not often happy in the possession of faithful curates."

Note 4: Verbal Nouns (60) are sometimes regarded as Abstract Nouns.

Exercise 39. Classify the nouns in the following sentences as common, proper, abstract, verbal, or collective:

1 Virtue is bold, and goodness never fearful. 2 "Tis all men's office to speak patience

To those that wring under the load of sorrow.

3 For knowledge to their eyes her ample page, Rich with the spoils of time, did ne'er unroll; Chill penury repress'd their noble rage,

And froze the genial current of the soul.

4 Learning will be cast into the mire and trodden down under the hoofs of a swinish multitude.

5 The ringing of bells is at an end; the rumbling of the carriages has ceased; the pattering of feet is heard no more; the flocks are folded in ancient churches, cramped up in by-lanes and corners of the crowded city, where the vigilant beadle keeps watch, like the shepherd's dog, round the threshold of the sanctuary.

6 There are times, however, verily to speak, one must confess it when all at Westminster seems pragmatism and pretense.

7 You sit, you listen, you observe; you note the devouring war of ambitions, jealousies, conflicting parties and policies.

8 A man he seems of cheerful yesterdays

And confident to-morrows.

9 The river Rhine, it is well known,
Doth wash your city of Cologne ;

But tell me, nymphs, what power divine
Shall henceforth wash the river Rhine?

10 Underneath this sable hearse

Lies the subject of all verse,—
Sidney's sister, Pembroke's mother.
Death, ere thou hast slain another,
Learn'd and fair and good as she,
Time shall throw a dart at thee.

11 The sense of death is most in apprehension.
12 The hand that rounded Peter's dome,

And groined the aisles of Christian Rome,
Wrought in a sad sincerity.

13 But the aged cathedrals, the true antiques, born in due time and escaping the spoiler-old English minsters, for example, that stand so firmly planted, or lay their four

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