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17 How to tell my story.

18 My heart remembers how!

19 As monkish scribes from morning break
Toiled till the close of night,

Nor thought a day too long to make
One line or letter bright.

20 Sweet Mercy! to the gates of heaven
This minstrel lead, his sins forgiven.

7. With reference to Structure, sentences are classified as Simple, Complex, and Compound.

8. A Simple Sentence contains no Subordinate Clauses: as,

1 Under tower and balcony,

By garden wall and gallery,

A gleaming shape she floated by.

2 Sceptre and crown

Shall tumble down.

3 The rainbow comes and goes.

9. A Complex Sentence contains one Principal Clause or Proposition and one or more Subordinate Clauses, used as (1) Nouns, (2) Adjectives, or (3) Adverbs: as,

1 I dreamt that I dwelt in marble halls.
2 The wreath that star-crowned Shelley gave

Is lying on thy Roman grave.

3 Go where Glory waits thee.

10. A Compound Sentence consists of two or more Independent Propositions or Members. The Members of a Compound Sentence may themselves be either Simple or Complex (9): as,

1 I came like water, and like wind I go.
2 Catch, then, oh catch the transient hour;
Improve each moment as it flies.

Exercise 2. Classify the following sentences according to structure:

1 Thy Godlike crime was to be kind. 2 And up and down the people go, Gazing where the lilies blow, Round an island there below.

3 Here came a mortal,

But faithless was she.

4 If it be a sin to covet honor,

I am the most offending soul alive.

5 She dropped her glove, to prove his love, then looked at him and smiled.

6 Tradition in the United States still fondly retains the history of the feasts and rejoicings which awaited Irving on his return to his native country.

7 The splendors of the firmament

May be eclipsed, but are extinguished not.

8 Keats and Shelley sleep at Rome;

She, in well-lov'd Tuscan earth.

9 Then felt I like some watcher of the skies When a new planet swims into his ken.

10 And the little Revenge herself went down by the island crags,

To be lost evermore in the main.

11 He was not missed from the desert wide, Perhaps he was found at the Throne.

12 Thy soul was like a star, and dwelt apart. 13 Why are we weigh'd upon with heaviness,

And utterly consumed with sharp distress,

While all things else have rest from weariness? 14 But the good Irving, the peaceful, the friendly, had

no place for bitterness in his heart, and no scheme but kindness.

15 When Byron's eyes were shut in death,

We bow'd our head, and held our breath.

16 Time is ever silently turning over his pages; we are too much engrossed by the story of the present to think of the characters and anecdotes that gave interest to the past.

17 Encumbered dearly with old books,

Thou, by the pleasant chimney nooks,
Didst laugh, with merry-meaning looks,
Thy grief away.

18 We may not win the bâton or epaulettes, but God give us strength to guard the honor of the flag!

19 The sun was pouring down a yellow autumnal ray into the space of the cloisters, beaming upon a scanty plot of grass in the center, and lighting up an angle of the vaulted passage with a kind of dusky splendor. 20 Bought alone by gifts beyond all price,

The trusting heart's repose, the paradise

Of home, with all its loves-doth fate allow
The crown of glory unto woman's brow.

11. With reference to Use, sentences are classified as (1) Declarative, (2) Interrogative, (3) Imperative, and (4) Exclamatory.


12. Declarative Sentences make statements or assertions. Interrogative Sentences ask questions. perative Sentences express commands or entreaties. Exclamatory Sentences express sudden or strong emotion: as,

1 My Captain does not answer.

2 Where are the songs of summer? 3 Render thanks to the Giver.

4 How I loved her twenty years syne!

Note: When a sentence expressing a command or an entreaty has the Exclamatory form, it is necessary to decide whether the Command or the Exclamation has the greater emphasis: as, "Forward, the Light Brigade!"; Sleep soft, beloved!"


Exercise 3. Classify the following sentences according to use:

1 Read my little fable.

2 Would it were worthier! 3 When he's forsaken,

Withered and shaken,

What can an old man do but die?

4 Strange to me now are the forms I meet.
5 Thou hast all seasons for thine own, O Death!

6 Greet the unseen with a cheer!

7 Exult, O shores, and ring, O bells!

But I with mournful tread

Walk the deck my Captain lies,
Fallen cold and dead.

8 Werther had a love for Charlotte
Such as words could never utter.

Would you know how first he met her?
She was cutting bread and butter.

9 Drain we the cup

Friend, art afraid?

10 Swell, organ, swell your trumpet blast!
March, Queen and Royal pageant, march
By splendid aisle and springing arch
Of this fair hall!

11 Time driveth onward fast,

And in a little while our lips are dumb.
Let us alone. What is it that will last?

12 Leave thy low-vaulted past!

Let each new temple, loftier than the last,
Shut thee from heaven with a dome more vast.

13 Sing me a song of a lad that is gone; Say, could that lad be I?


Contrive, contrive
To rouse us, Waring! Who's alive?
Our men scarce seem in earnest now.

15 Oh, what's the way to Arcady?
Sir Poet, with the rusty coat,
Quit mocking of the song-bird's note.


Table of Parts of Speech:

Nouns: Words used as names of objects, persons, actions, or ideas.

Pronouns: Words used to take the place of nouns. Adjectives: Words used to modify nouns and pro


Verbs: Words used to assert action or being.

Adverbs: Words used to modify verbs, adjectives, and adverbs.

Prepositions: Words used to show relation between a noun or a pronoun and some other word in the sentence.

Conjunctions: Words used to connect words, phrases, and clauses.

Interjections: Words used to express strong emotion.

Exercise 4. Classify the words in the following sentences according to the definitions given above:— 1 In winter I get up at night

And dress by yellow candle-light. 2 Birds in their little nests agree, And 'tis a shameful sight When children of one family

Fall out and chide and fight.

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