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18 What though the mast be now blown overboard,
The cable broke, the holding anchor lost,

And half our sailors swallowed in the flood?
Yet lives our pilot still.

19 He that fights and runs away
May live to fight another day.
20 I die that France may live.
21 I would that my tongue could utter
The thoughts that arise in me!
22 He and my father in old time still
Wished I should one day marry her.
23 May thy brimmèd waves for this
Their full tribute never miss.

24 Mortals, that would follow me,

Love Virtue; she alone is free.

25 And he charged them that they should tell no man. 26 Young Tommy Rook began to scorn her power, And said that he would fly into the field close by. 27 'Tis a lesson you should heed:

Try again.

28 Once or twice though you should fail:

Try again.

29 That's the wise thrush; he sings each song twice over, Lest you should think he never could recapture

The first fine careless rapture.

30 Though thou shouldst bray a fool in a mortar among wheat with a pestle, yet will not his foolishness depart from him.

43. The Parsing of the Verb should include the following points: (1) Class: whether transitive or intransitive, regular or irregular; (2) Principal Parts; (3) Voice; (4) Mood; (5) Tense; (6) Construction or Syntax: the agreement with the subject in Person and Number.

EXAMPLE:-They see the green trees wave

On the heights o'erlooking Grève.

Hearts that bled are stanched with balm.

See is an irregular, transitive verb. Principal parts: see, saw, seeing, seen. Active voice, indicative mood, present tense. It agrees with the subject, they, in third person and plural number.

Bled is an irregular, intransitive verb. Principal parts: bleed, bled, bleeding, bled. No voice, indicative mood, past tense. It agrees with the subject, that, in third person, plural number.

Are stanched is a regular, transitive verb. Principal parts: stanch, stanched, stanching, stanched. Passive voice, indicative mood, present tense. It agrees with the subject, hearts, in third person, plural number.

Exercise 24. Parse according to the models given above the verbs in Exercises 16, 17, 19.

CHAPTER III

THE VERB AND ITS COMPLEMENTS

(CONTINUED)

Verbals.

44. The three forms of the Verb that are commonly known as Verbals are: (1) the Infinitive; (2) the Participle; (3) the Gerund (38) (39). Verbals express state or action, but do not limit it to any definite time and do not take a subject.

Note 1: Verbals take the type of complement required by the verb from which they are derived. Verbals of Transitive verbs in the Active Voice take Direct Objects. Intransitive and Passive Verbals may take Predicate Nouns or Adjectives. Verbals of Intransitive verbs of complete predication do not take complements.

Note 2: The modifiers of Verbals are adverbial, with one exception: the Gerund may be modified by a Possessive Noun or pronoun (55).

Note 3: Verbals with their complements and modifiers form phrases known as Infinitive, Participial, or Gerund Phrases (51), (54), (58).

45. The Infinitive may be used as (1) a Noun, (2) an Adjective, or (3) an Adverb.

46. The Noun Uses of the Infinitive are as follows:

1 Subject of a Verb: To love her is a liberal education. 2 Direct Object of a Verb: My whole life long, I learned to love.

3 Predicate Noun: Thy Godlike crime was to be kind.
4 Appositive (72): It is not death to die.

5 Object of Preposition: None knew thee but to love
thee.

Most 6 Attributive Complement after certain verbs (26):
dead like a rascal to be punished.
actier
I
neub

Note: The construction illustrated in (6) is by some
grammarians regarded as an Infinitive with a subject in
the Objective Case: rascal would then be explained as the
subject of the Infinitive to be punished.

Exercise 25. In the following sentences, find the infinitives and tell which use of the noun each has:

1 We learned from our wistful mothers

To call old England “home.”

2 Tis sweet to hear the watchdog's honest bark. portier

3 To innovate is not to reform.

4 Contented, he forgets to fly away.

5 I've help'd him to pen many a line for bread, al

6 The chief art of learning is to attempt but one thing at a time.

7 It takes a long time to feel the world's pulse.^

8 Comfort it is to say

"Of no mean city am I."

9 Who loves not to explore

That palace of Old Time?

10 Dr. Johnson said that no man but a blockhead ever

wrote except to earn money.

11 To lag and drowse unbetimes is, on this short day

of frost and sun, to sleep before evening.

12 Still the bitter fate is mine,

All delight unshared to see.

13 From the sacred shore I stand on, I command thee:

to retreat!

14 Learning has also a function of guidance: to build

high places whereon to plant the clear and flaming lights of experience.

15 We will not dare to doubt thee.

16 In the age of Cortez and of Raleigh dreamland had Iceased to be dreamland.

17 The greatest of my pride is to see my ewes graze. 18 Hath he deserved to lose his birthright thus?

19 To die is to be banish'd from myself.

20 My choice it is, and pride,

On my own lands to find my sport,

In my own fields to ride.

47. The Infinitive used as an Adjective is (1) a Direct Modifier of a Noun or (2) is used as a Predicate Adjective to complete an Intransitive Verb or a Passive Verb (21) (27): as,

1 Night is the time to weep.

2 Rich soils are often to be weeded.

Exercise 26. In the following sentences, find the infinitives and tell which use of the adjective each has:

1 Seldom has English statesmanship had such a tale to tell.

to

2 Teach me the way to die.

3 Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested.

4 Now is your time to learn.

5 In fact the theory has been perceived to be a cheat.

6 Hast aught to match with mine?

7 Here were a goodly place wherein to die.

8 Such men are not to be trusted.

9 This is the governing motive of his immense labors to accomplish radical economical reform.

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