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a military priesthood, had no longer any country of their own and could therefore be subject to no one save the Emperor and the Pope.

92 There is a bondage worse, far worse, to bear

93

Than his who breathes, by roof and floor and wall
Pent in, a Tyrant's solitary thrall.

No one plucks the rose

Whose proffered beauty in safe shelter grows
'Mid a trim garden's summer luxuries,

With Joy like his who climbs, on hands and knees,
For some rare plant, yon Headland of St. Bees.

94 If a man who turnips cries,

Cries not when his father dies,

"Tis a proof that he would rather Have a turnip than his father. 95 There is not wind enough to twirl The one red leaf, the last of its clan, That dances as often as dance it can, Hanging so light and hanging so high,

On the topmost twig that looks up at the sky.

96 Thinkest thou not that I long to see that city to which there never has been any like nor ever shall be, which even an enemy called a city of kings?

97 Every intelligent and unprejudiced citizen, when he candidly inquires into the developments which have brought about the present state of things will understand that of the evils which have so alarmingly demoralized our political life, many, if not most, had their origin in that practice which treats the public offices as the plunder of victorious parties.

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99 Now this is the law of the Muscovite, that he proves

with shot and steel,

When ye come by his isles in the smoky seas, ye must not take the seal.

100 Though dark, O God, thy course and track,

I think thou must at least have meant

That naught that lives should wholly lack
The things that are more excellent.

CHAPTER XII

DIAGRAMS

124. A Sentence may be Analyzed by representing the grammatical relations of its parts in a Diagram. The following examples will illustrate a method of Analysis by Diagram *:

1 The sentinel stars set their watch in the sky.

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Note: The Subject, Predicate Verb, and Complement (if any) are written over a heavy horizontal line. The Subject and Predicate Verb are separated by a vertical line which cuts the horizontal line. The division line between the Predicate Verb and Object Complement touches the horizontal line without cutting it. Modifying words are written on slanting lines placed below the word modified. The diagram of a Phrase consists of a slanting line on which the introductory word is written, and a horizontal line for the principal words, from which lines are drawn, if necessary, to indicate modifiers within the Phrase.

*The method of analysis by diagram employed in this chapter follows that developed by Messrs. Reed and Kellogg.

2 William, having defeated Harold, was master of

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Note: The position of the Participle indicates that in its adjective use it modifies the Subject, and in its verbal use takes an Object Complement. The slanting line between the Verb and the Complement shows that the latter is either a Predicate Noun or a Predicate Adjective.

3 Wordsworth and Coleridge published the "Lyrical Ballads" to defray the expenses of a walking tour.

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Note: The Compound Subject is indicated by the shorter horizontal lines connected by the broken line. The relation of the Infinitive to the other words in the sentence is shown as in the case of the Participle.

4 Macaulay calls "Comus" a "lyric poem in dramatic

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Note: The line between the Predicate Verb and the Attributive Complement slants towards the Object to indicate the relation between the two complements.

5 It is good to be honest and true.

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Note: The Appositional relation of the Infinitive Phrase is shown by placing it in parenthesis beside the words with which it is in Apposition.

6 That Addison felt the sting of Pope's satire keenly cannot be doubted.

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