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Complex Declarative Sentence.

Principal Proposition,

It entereth not his thoughts

Subject, It
Predicate Verb, entereth
Complement, thoughts (di-
rect object)

Modifier of Predicate, not (adverb)

Modifier of Complement, his (adjective modifier)
Noun Clause in Apposition with Subject, that... groan

Noun Clause in Apposition, that God heareth the sufferer's groan introduced by that (subordinate conjunction)

Subject, God

Predicate Verb, heareth Complement, groan (direct object)

Modifiers of Complement, sufferer's, the (adjective modifiers)

EXAMPLE 3:-Guide my lonely way

To where yon taper cheers the vale.

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Subject, taper

Noun Clause,

Predicate Verb, cheers

where yon taper cheers the Complement, vale (direct

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Exercise 54. Analyze according to the models given in (65) and (77) the sentences in Exercise 53.

CHAPTER V

THE PRONOUN

78. A Pronoun is a word used instead of a Noun. Pronouns may be classified as (1) Personal, (2) Interrogative, (3) Relative, (4) Adjective.

79. Personal Pronouns are of the First Person when they represent the speaker; of the Second Person when they represent the person spoken to; and of the Third Person when they represent a person or thing spoken of. The forms are as follows:

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80. The Case constructions of Personal Pronouns are the same as those of Nouns, and the Parsing follows the same forms (74).

Exercise 55. In the following sentences, find the personal pronouns and parse them, giving in each case the person, number, gender, and syntax or case construction:

1 Life! I know not what thou art,

But know that thou and I must part;
And when or how or where we met,

I own to me's a secret yet.

2 The victor stood beside the spoil, and by the grinning dead:

"The land is ours, the foe is ours, now rest, my men," he said.

But while he spoke there came a band of footsore, panting men:

66

The latest prisoner, my lord, we took him in the

glen,

And left behind dead hostages that we would come

again."

3 'Tis the voice of a sluggard; I heard him complain, "You have waked me too soon; I must slumber again";

As the door on its hinges, so he on his bed.

Turns his sides, and his shoulders, and his heavy head.

4 Fair daffodils, we weep to see

You haste away so soon;
As yet the early-rising sun
Has not attain'd his noon.
5 They say that in his prime,
Ere the pruning-knife of Time
Cut him down,

Not a better man was found
By the crier in his round

Through the town.

6 "Well," cried he, "Emperor, by God's grace,

We've got you Ratisbon!

The Marshal's in the market-place,
And you'll be there anon

To see your flag-bird flap his vans
Where I, to heart's desire,

Perch'd him!" The chief's eye flash'd; his plans
Soar'd up again like fire.

70 Blackbird, sing me something well:
While all the neighbors shoot thee round,
I keep smooth plats of fruitful ground,
Where thou may'st warble, eat, and dwell.
8 We say our hearts are great, and cannot yield;
Because they cannot yield, it proves them poor.
9 Thou Child of Joy,

Shout round me, let me hear thy shouts, thou happy
shepherd-boy!

10 Yet, O my friend, I will not have thee die. Ask me no more, lest I should bid thee live.

81. Compound Personal Pronouns end in self or selves, and have two uses: (1) for Emphasis, in apposition with a noun or pronoun either Nominative or Objective; (2) as Reflexive Object of a verb or preposition, denoting the same person or thing as the subject: as,

1 To the worker God himself lends aid.

2 Suit thyself to the estate in which thy lot is cast.

Exercise 56. In the following sentences, give the case of each of the compound personal pronouns and tell whether the use is reflexive or emphatic:

1 Himself from God he could not free.

2 I had as lief not be as live to be.

In awe of such a thing as I myself.

3 Things bad begun make strong themselves by ill.

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