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the Text of her Author, we must rather commend the Lady's Zeal, than subscribe to her Interpretation.
The Time in which he flourish'd, is also a Matter of Dispute amongst the Learned. Suidas fixes on the 52d, and Eufebius on the 62d Olympiad; whom others, either follow, or dissent from, according to their different Fancies. The Truth is, there is no Exactness in the Chronology of the Greeks for the Times preceding the Rise of the Persian Empire; it was not till long after, that they be the gan to reckon by Olympiads : Whence it is that we meet with so much Uncertainty and Contradiction in their Account of things before that Period.
As to our present Enquiry, Barnes's Calculation seems as correct as any, which makes
# The Passage is in Plato's Dialogue of Temperance, entitled, Charmides; Socrates fpeaks,
Και , ω ' εγώ, και δίκαιον, ώ Χαρμίδη, διαφέρει, σε τάλλων, σάσι τοις τοιέτοις ου οίμαι, άλλον idéran cadde padius ar Exew 'mda song worcu dío oixiou own grau eis toutor em Alwaiar, én o exóτων, καλλίω αν και αμείνω γεννήσειαν, ή ξ ών σιγάγονας" ήτε 8 πατρώα υμίν οικία ή Κριτία σε Δρωπίδα και του 'Ανακρέονής, και του Σόλωνα, και υπ' άλλων πολλών ποιη το εγκεκωμιασμένη, gδεδο 3 ημίν, ώς διαφέρεσα κάλλα τε και αρετή, και την άλλη λεγομη αδαμονία και αν η προς μητρός ωσαύτος.
Anacreon born on the Second Year of the 55th Olympiad, and the Twenty-ninth before the Death of Cyrus.
Agreeable to this Account, our Author was about Eighteen Years of Age when Hara pagus, the General of Cyrus, came with an Army against the confederate Cities of the Ionians and Æolians. The Milesians immediately submitted themselves; but the Phocæans, a brave People, finding they were too weak to withstand the Enemy, rather chose to abandon their Country, than their Liberty, and getting a Fleet together, transported themselves and Families to the Coast of France; where being hospitably receiv'd by Nannus, the King of the Country, they built Marseilles. ' * For it must be observ'd, that the Persians had no Skill in Maritime Affairs as yet, neither had they any Alliance with the Phænicians, who, except the Greeks, were at that time esteemid the only powerful Nation, at Sea, in the World.
The Teians soon follow'd this generous Example, as Herodotus informs us ; for Harpagus having made himself Master of their Walls, by the Advantage of his EarthWorks, they unanimously went on board
* Τοίσι και αυτέων νησιώτησι ώδεινον εάν τε και Φοίνικες ήσαν κω Περσίων κατήκοοι, έτι ωτοι οι Πέρo autaus. Herod. L. I.
their Ships, and sailing into Thrace, fix'd themselves in the City Abdera ; where they had not been long, before the Thracians, jealous of their new Neighbours, endeavour'd to give them Disturbance: And in these ConAicts, it seems to be, that Anacreon lost those of his Friends whom he celebrates in his Epigrams. It was also in this place that he compos’d his 59th Ode, which, by the Mndey e Nevol oopov, one may conjecture to be wrote whilst he was still very young.
From hence he took a Voyage to the Court of Polycrates, Tyrant of Samos, at that time, thro’ the Politeness and Good Fortune of its Prince, one of the gayest and moft flourishing in Afia. A Person of Anacreon's Character, could not chuse but meet with a welcome Reception, wherever Wit and Pleasure were esteemid ; and accordingly, we find by the Ancients, that he was so highly honour'd by Polycrates, as not only to be admitted a Partner of his Friendship, but even of his moft fecret Counsels. It was here he became enamour'd of the beautiful Bathyllus, whose Picture he has so finely drawn in his 29th Ode ;* as also of another Youth nam'd Smerdias, who, * Maximus Tyrius tells us, was the Son of a Thracian Prince, and presented to Polycrates by some Grecian Pirates. + Ælian reports, that Po
* Cap. X. + Var. Hift. L. 9. C. 4.
lycrates was so jealous of this last Amour, as to order the Boy to be shav'd; and that Anatreon compos’d an elegant Poem upon the Occasion, tho' we have nothing now, but the Remembrance of it, remaining.
If we may believe # Stobæus, he was no less a Philosopher in his Contempt of Riches, than he was a Poet in his Love of Pleasures. That Author relates, that Anacreon having receiv'd Five Talents of Gold from Polycrates, could not sleep for two Nights fuccessively; upon which he return'd the Treafure, telling his Patron, that however considerable the Sum might be, it was not an equal Price for the Trouble of keeping it.
How long he continud at Samos, is uncertain ; but it's probable that the Friendship of Polycrates, and the Splendor of his Court, had Infuence enough to detain him there the greatest Part of his Reign. This Opinion also seems confirm’d by * Herodotus, who affures us, that Anacreon of Teos was with that Prince in his Chamber, when he receiv'd a Message from Orætes Governor of Sardis, by whose Treachery Polycrates was soon after betray'd, and inhumanly crucify'd, satisfying by this cruel Death, the Envy of an uninterrupted Happinefs.
It seems to have been a little before this fatal Accident, that our Poet left Samos for
* L. 3.
Athens, having been invited thither by Hipparchus, one of the most virtuous and learned Princes of his Time, who, as + Plato affures us, fent a Veffel of fifty Oars to convey : him over the Ægean.
But Hipparchus being Nain by the Conspiracy of Harmodius and Aristogiton, he return'd to his Native Country Teos; (for after the Death of Cyrus, the Teians had been suffer'd to reinhabit their City unmolested); here he remain'd till the Revolt of Histieus, on which Account, 'as Suidas tells us, he was oblig'd once more to fly to Abdera, where he was # strangled with a Grape-Store in the 85th Year of his Age. fere om begge omat
Besides his Favourites already mention'd, he had several others of both Sexes ; as Megistes, Eurypele, and Cleobulus, the last of which he celebrates in his 63d Ode. He was also very much addicted to Wine, if we may believe Ovid: And Pausanias has left us the Description of his Statue in a drunken Posture ; tho' whether this Imputation is not rather to be chargʻd upon his Poetry, than his Person, may be question'd ; and especially since the moral Plato has vouchsaf'd to call him the Wise Antcrron. Xifew more; Fontinelli's Dialog. between Apac: e Aristotle,
+ Plato in Hipparch.
Marn Xand, fappho, in 9 64 of y? folliction. But