網頁圖片
PDF
ePub 版

Why with early tuneless Noise,
Envious of my numb'ring Joys και
Haft thou, with thy rude Alarms,
Snatch'd Bathyllus from my Arms?

[ocr errors][merged small]

Πάσαν εγω η νύκλα κινύρομαι: ατε δ' επέλθη

Ορθρος, ελιννύσαι μικρα χαριζόμενα. Αμφιπεριτρύζισι χελιδόνες" ές δέ με δάκρυ

Βάλλεσι, γλυκερον κώμα σαρωσε ως αι. Ωφθονεραι σώσασθε λαλητείδες εθ έγωγε

Την φιλομήλείην γλώωα» απεθeισάμην. Αλλ' Ιτυλον κλαίοιτε κατ' άρεα, και γαάοιτι

Εις απG, κegreeών αλιν έφεζομαι,
Βαμόν ένα ενώσουμε. ίσως και τις ήξε όνειρος

Ος με Ροδανθείοις σχεσιν αμφιβάλοι.
All Night my Eyes their am'rous Vigil keep,
And soon as Morn indulges balmy Sleep,
These chatt'ring Swallows in rude Notes complain,
And wake me from my Joys to Grief again.
Hence, envious Praters! why to me this Wrong?
I robb'd not Philomela of her Tongue.
On Desart Hills unhappy Itys mourn,
Leave me in Peace to wooe soft Sleep's Return.
Perhaps fome gentle Dream, profuse of Charms,
May bring the fair Rhodanthe to my Arms.

[blocks in formation]
[ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small]

VER. 1. Soft Attys, as we're told by Fame.] . Attys was a young Phrygian of great Beauty, and passionately belov'd by Cybele the Mother of the Gods, who set him to preside over her Mysteries, on Condition he preserv'd his Virginity; but he having violated it, Cybele, to punish his Incontinence, afflicted him with Madness; in'. the Transports of which, he cut away the Distinction of his Sex, and had sain himself, if the Goddess had not chang’d him into a Pine-Tree. Lucian says he was a Lydian, and that he was the first who taught the Mysteries of Cybele to the Lydians, Phrygians, and Samothracians

Macrobius tells us, that by Attys, the Ancients understood the Sun. Attys, says he, is figured with a Pipe and a Rod; with a Pipe, to fignify the various Tempesatures of the Air, because, in Winds which owe their Being to the Sun, there is no Equality ; and with a Rod, to denote the Power of the Sun, whose Influence governs all things. But Porphyrius informs us, that by the

Castration

[ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

SOFT

OFT Attys, as we're told by Fame,

When to resound fair Rhea's Name,
He o'er the echoing Mountains fiew,
Stark-mad with Heav'n-born Frenzy grew.

And

Caftration of Attys, and his being turn’d into a Pine, is meant the Barrenness of all those Trees, which either bear no Fruit, or shed it in the Bloom. And Julius Fir. micus interprets the Fable of Corn, and other Fruits of the Earth, which, when cut with a Hook or Sickle, die in the Granary, and revive in the Seed when fown.

VER. 2. When to refound fair Rhea's Name. ] Rhea, otherwise call's Magna Mater, and from the Places where she was worshipp'd, Berecynthia, Pelinuntia, Dindymene, Mygdonia, and Idea Phrygia, was fabled to be the Daughter of Colus : But Lucian tells us, the was Europa, the Daughter of Agenor the Phænician, and the Mother of Minos the Cretan Jupiter. Her Name, Cybele, or Cybebe, which Anacreon uses in this place, was given her, as Diodorus informs us, by Cybele the Daughter of Meones, King of Phrygia ; for when she and her Son Corybas return'd into Phrygia, after the Death of her Husband Jafius, they carried thither the Mysteries

5

Oi ö Kacépe wag' öz Aus
Δαφνηφόριο Φοίβο
Λάλον οιόντες ύδωρ,
Μεμηνότες βοώσιν. .

' Εγω

of the Mother of the Gods, and Cybele call'd the Goddess after her Name, and Corybas call'd her Priests Corybantes.

By the Name of Cybele, or Rhea, Varro tells us, the Ancients worshipp'd the Earth. She was reprefented in the Form of a Woman, sitting in a Chariot drawn by Lions, with a Drum in her Hand, and a Corona Turrita on her Head, like Aftarte and Ifis.

VER. 5. And those who tafte the Clarien Flood. ] Claros was a little Town near the City Colophon in Ionia, which had a Fountain consecrated to Apollo. Anacreon calls the Water, acénov, because those who drank of it were immediately seiz’d with a Divine Fury, and deliver'd Oracles. Tacitus, in the Second Book of his Annals, gives us the following Account of it ; speaking of Germanicus, he fays, Appellitque Colophone, ut Clarii Apollinis oraculo uteretur. Non fæmina illic, ut apud Delphos ; fed certis è familiis, & fermè Mileto accitus facerdos, numerum modò consultantium & nomina audit: tum in fpecum digressus, hauftâ fontis arcani aquâ, ignarus plerumque litterarum & carminum, edit refponfa verfibus compositis super rebus quas quis mente concepit. He touch'd at Colophon, to consult the Oracle of Apollo Clarius. It is not a Woman who delivers the Oracles there, as at Delphos, but a Man, who is chose out of certain Families, and very often fetch'd from Miletus ; he only informs himself of the Number and Names of the Con

sulters;

5

And those who taste the Clarien Flood,
To Daphne-crown'd Apollo vow'd,
Inspir’d by the Prophetick Wave,
With more than Mortal Fury rave.

Me

sulters; after which he descends into a Grotto, where, having drank of the mysterious Water, he answers to the Thoughts of his Enquirers in Verse, tho' for the most part he's an illiterate Person, and entirely ignorant of Poesy.

VER. 6. To Daphne-crown'd Apollo vow'd.] Apolto was the God of Phyfick, Poetry, and Musick; and, according to Ovid, the Son of Jupiter and Latona: Cicero tells us, that there were four Apollos, and that the most ancient was the Son of Vulcan ; but Hefiod makes him the Son of Hyperion and Thea,

Θέα δ' Ηίλιόν τε μέγαν, λαμπράν τε Σελήνην,
'Hώ θ', ή πάνεσιν επιχθονίοισι φαίνει,
'Αθανάτοις τε θεούς, τοι έρανόν ευρυν έχεσι,
Γάναθ', υπάρνηθίσΥπέeίον G w φιλότητι.
From beauteous Thea and Hyperion's Flame,
Great Helius, and the bright Selene came :
With fair Aurora, who o’er Earth displays,
And thro' the Courts of Heav'n, her chearful Rays.

Diodorus seems to confirm this Opinion of Hesiod's ; for he writes, that Helius and Selene were the Children of Hyperion and Bafilea, who were the Children of Uranus and Titæa, King and Queen of Egypt. Uranus conquer'd the Atlantides, a People of Æthiopia; and Hipe

rion2

D 5

« 上一頁繼續 »