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Why with early tuneless Noise,
Πάσαν εγω η νύκλα κινύρομαι: ατε δ' επέλθη
Ορθρος, ελιννύσαι μικρα χαριζόμενα. Αμφιπεριτρύζισι χελιδόνες" ές δέ με δάκρυ
Βάλλεσι, γλυκερον κώμα σαρωσε ως αι. Ωφθονεραι σώσασθε λαλητείδες εθ έγωγε
Την φιλομήλείην γλώωα» απεθeισάμην. Αλλ' Ιτυλον κλαίοιτε κατ' άρεα, και γαάοιτι
Εις απG, κegreeών αλιν έφεζομαι,
Ος με Ροδανθείοις σχεσιν αμφιβάλοι.
VER. 1. Soft Attys, as we're told by Fame.] . Attys was a young Phrygian of great Beauty, and passionately belov'd by Cybele the Mother of the Gods, who set him to preside over her Mysteries, on Condition he preserv'd his Virginity; but he having violated it, Cybele, to punish his Incontinence, afflicted him with Madness; in'. the Transports of which, he cut away the Distinction of his Sex, and had sain himself, if the Goddess had not chang’d him into a Pine-Tree. Lucian says he was a Lydian, and that he was the first who taught the Mysteries of Cybele to the Lydians, Phrygians, and Samothracians
Macrobius tells us, that by Attys, the Ancients understood the Sun. Attys, says he, is figured with a Pipe and a Rod; with a Pipe, to fignify the various Tempesatures of the Air, because, in Winds which owe their Being to the Sun, there is no Equality ; and with a Rod, to denote the Power of the Sun, whose Influence governs all things. But Porphyrius informs us, that by the
OFT Attys, as we're told by Fame,
When to resound fair Rhea's Name,
Caftration of Attys, and his being turn’d into a Pine, is meant the Barrenness of all those Trees, which either bear no Fruit, or shed it in the Bloom. And Julius Fir. micus interprets the Fable of Corn, and other Fruits of the Earth, which, when cut with a Hook or Sickle, die in the Granary, and revive in the Seed when fown.
VER. 2. When to refound fair Rhea's Name. ] Rhea, otherwise call's Magna Mater, and from the Places where she was worshipp'd, Berecynthia, Pelinuntia, Dindymene, Mygdonia, and Idea Phrygia, was fabled to be the Daughter of Colus : But Lucian tells us, the was Europa, the Daughter of Agenor the Phænician, and the Mother of Minos the Cretan Jupiter. Her Name, Cybele, or Cybebe, which Anacreon uses in this place, was given her, as Diodorus informs us, by Cybele the Daughter of Meones, King of Phrygia ; for when she and her Son Corybas return'd into Phrygia, after the Death of her Husband Jafius, they carried thither the Mysteries
Oi ö Kacépe wag' öz Aus
of the Mother of the Gods, and Cybele call'd the Goddess after her Name, and Corybas call'd her Priests Corybantes.
By the Name of Cybele, or Rhea, Varro tells us, the Ancients worshipp'd the Earth. She was reprefented in the Form of a Woman, sitting in a Chariot drawn by Lions, with a Drum in her Hand, and a Corona Turrita on her Head, like Aftarte and Ifis.
VER. 5. And those who tafte the Clarien Flood. ] Claros was a little Town near the City Colophon in Ionia, which had a Fountain consecrated to Apollo. Anacreon calls the Water, acénov, because those who drank of it were immediately seiz’d with a Divine Fury, and deliver'd Oracles. Tacitus, in the Second Book of his Annals, gives us the following Account of it ; speaking of Germanicus, he fays, Appellitque Colophone, ut Clarii Apollinis oraculo uteretur. Non fæmina illic, ut apud Delphos ; fed certis è familiis, & fermè Mileto accitus facerdos, numerum modò consultantium & nomina audit: tum in fpecum digressus, hauftâ fontis arcani aquâ, ignarus plerumque litterarum & carminum, edit refponfa verfibus compositis super rebus quas quis mente concepit. He touch'd at Colophon, to consult the Oracle of Apollo Clarius. It is not a Woman who delivers the Oracles there, as at Delphos, but a Man, who is chose out of certain Families, and very often fetch'd from Miletus ; he only informs himself of the Number and Names of the Con
And those who taste the Clarien Flood,
sulters; after which he descends into a Grotto, where, having drank of the mysterious Water, he answers to the Thoughts of his Enquirers in Verse, tho' for the most part he's an illiterate Person, and entirely ignorant of Poesy.
VER. 6. To Daphne-crown'd Apollo vow'd.] Apolto was the God of Phyfick, Poetry, and Musick; and, according to Ovid, the Son of Jupiter and Latona: Cicero tells us, that there were four Apollos, and that the most ancient was the Son of Vulcan ; but Hefiod makes him the Son of Hyperion and Thea,
Θέα δ' Ηίλιόν τε μέγαν, λαμπράν τε Σελήνην,
Diodorus seems to confirm this Opinion of Hesiod's ; for he writes, that Helius and Selene were the Children of Hyperion and Bafilea, who were the Children of Uranus and Titæa, King and Queen of Egypt. Uranus conquer'd the Atlantides, a People of Æthiopia; and Hipe