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PPHO was a Native of Mitylene, the Ca-

pital of the Æolian Cities in the Inand Lesbos. Her Mother's Name was Cleis, but who was her Father is uncertain, there being no less than eight Persons contending for that Honour in Suidas. Their Names are Scamandronymus, Simon, Eunominus or Eumenes, Eurygius, Ecrytus, Semas, Camonus, and Etarchus. The most receiv'd Opinion decides in favour of Scamandronymus.

She Aourish'd, according to Suidas, about the 42d Olympiad, and was contemporary with Pittacus Tyrant of Mitylene, and the two famous Poets, Siesichorus and Alcæus. The last of these is faid to have been her Suitor ; and a Rebuke which she


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him is still extant in Aristotle. He informs us, that Alcæus one Day accosting Sappho, and telling her he had something to say to her, but was alham'd to utter it; Was it any thing good, reply'd she, and not rather fome Difponesty which you have conceiv'd in your Mind, you would not be asham'd to disclose it.

Diphilus the Comick Poet, and Hermefianax the Colophonian, assure us that Anacreon of Teos was also one of her Lovers ; but this Amour has been generally esteem'd too repugnant to Chronology, to be admite ted for any thing but a Poetical Fiction ; and I'm afraid it must still be consider'd as such, notwithstanding Mr. Barnes's learned Endeavours. to prove the contrary. Live. Notas Gime ad ver: 1209 1211. Vi:

We have no Accounts by which we can judge of her Quality, whether she was of a noble, or vulgar Extraction ; for tho' Strabo tells us that her Brother Charaxus traded in Wines from Lesbos to Egypt, yet we can conclude nothing from thence; for People of the best Rank amongst the Ancients employ'd themselves in Traffick, and frequently us’d it as a Means to travel. Solon, when in Egypt, defray'd his Expences by Commerce, and Plato maintain'd himself there by the Oils which he fold.

Besides Charaxus, whom I mention d; she had allo two elder Brothers, Larychus and Eurygius. Larychus fre highly commended in her Verses, for his Virtue and Generosity, and particularly for his having distributed Wine amongst thc Mitylenians in


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the Prytaneum ; but Charaxus lhe as bitterly inveigh'd against, for the extravagant Love he bore a famous Courtisan callpa Rhodope.

This Rhodope is reported to have been FellowSlave with the celebrated Æsop, and to have built one of the Pyramids of Egypt. The following Story of her, for its Oddness, may perhaps be not unentertaining. As she was once bathing in the Nile (for she was a Native of Naucratis, a City of Egypt) an Eagle snatch'd one of her Slippers out of the Hands of her Waiting-Woman, and carrying it to Memphis, where the King fat administring Justice in a publick Place of the City, drop'd it in his Lap. The King was surpriz'd at the Novelty of the Adventure, and being smit with the Beauty of the Slipper, immediately dispatch'd Messengers over the Country, with Orders to bring him the Woman with whom they should find the Fellow of that Slipper. In short, Rhodope being found, was brought to the King, and made by him Queen of: Egypt.

To return to Sappho, she marry’d one Cercolás, ax Gentleman of great Wealth and Power in the Isle: of Andros, by whom she had a Daughter nam’d. Cleis ; but he leaving her a Widow very young, she would never accept of any second Match ; not enduring to confine that Passion to one Person, which, as the Ancients tell us, was too violent in her to be restrain'd even to one Sex, Her Censures of Cha


raxus, we may presume, were before her own Conduct lay fo open to Reproof.

A little Fragment of hers acquaints us, that two of her Female Favourites were call'd Athis and Andromeda : The Names of the others, as deliver'd to us by Antiquity, are · Telefilla, Megara, Cydno, Mnais, and Cyrene..

But no one seems to have been the Object of her Admiration so much as the lovely Phaon. At first he was a kind of Ferryman, as is reported, and thence fabled to have carry'd Venus over the Stream, and to have receiv'd from her as a Reward, the Favour of growing the most beautiful Man in the World..

This inconiiant Lover having withdrawn himself into Sicily to avoid her, she took a Voyage in Pursuit of him, and there, and upon that Occasion, it's imagin'd, she compos'd her Hymn to Venus.

But her Prayers being ineffectual, and Phaon still obdurate, she was so transported with the Violence of her Passion, that she was resolv'd to get rid of it at

any Price.

There was a Promontory in Acarnania, call?d Leucate, on the Top of which stood a Temple dedicated to Apollo; in this Temple it was usual for despairing Lovers to make their Vows, and afterwards to cast themselves from the Precipice into the Sea'; for it was an establish'd Opinion, that all those who were taken up alive, would immediately


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