Speech of the Hon. William Smith, of South Carolina: in the Senate of the United States, on the bill making appropriation for internal improvements, delivered on the 11th April, 1828
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army ascertain the expediency ascertain the practicability Baltimore to Philadelphia Black Swamp bonus bill Brigades of Engineers canal route Chesapeake and Ohio common defence confines of Mexico Connecticut river Constitution construct military roads construct roads creek Cumberland Road debt deepening Delaware Bay Delaware Break-water distressed mariners dollars per mile duties enumerated powers esti Examination and survey expense of effecting exports favour gentleman give implied power imposts Indiana Internal Improvement Kennebec river Lake Borgne Lake Erie Lake Pontchartrain Legislature Mattawamkeag ment Michigan Territory miles in length Milesburg Mississippi Missouri mouth Nantucket national object national road Negatived—yeas New-York Ohio Ohio Canal passed Pennsylvania post-roads power given power of Congress power to construct President principles purpose regulate commerce Removing obstructions repairs road from Detroit roads and canals Roanoke Inlet South-Carolina and Georgia supposed Territory turnpike road Union United view to connect voted welfare Zanesville
第 17 頁 - An Act to procure the necessary surveys, plans, and estimates upon the subject of roads and canals.
第 12 頁 - ... road, that it had become necessary to prove to the Senate, by their own official documents, the truth of their own acts. And, indeed, so extravagant are the facts, that, without such a proof, it would appear like an idle dream, that a road had cost the government 13,156 dollars per mile, to construct it, and 2,522 dollars per mile, to repair it, in one year, and before that year had expired, had become impassable until it should be made anew. And to ensure its future usefulness, the government...
第 12 頁 - ... per mile, for repairs only ! " Mr. Weaver, in another official report, 16th November, 1827, to the chief engineer, says — ' It was of great moment that a system or plan for the regular repairs of that great monument of the wisdom and munificence of the General Government, should be established by Congress.
第 20 頁 - Resolved, That Congress has power, under the Constitution, to construct post roads and military roads; provided that private property be not taken for public use without just compensation.
第 23 頁 - Commerce has a definite signification. It means the ordinary buying and selling, and bartering, between the citizens of the same country, and the citizens of one country with the citizens of another country — and it means no more. Universal usage has fixed its boundaries so permanently, they cannot be shaken by any artificial or sophistical argument.
第 12 頁 - ... it was, to be perpetually making and mending. Yet true as this is, and with all its enormities, it is only a foretaste of what is to com--, if we are to pursue this system ; and more especially, when the government shall have fully embarked in constructing canals, of which there were as many as thirty in the plans and surveys, now exhibited to the Senate, some of them five hundred miles in length.
第 7 頁 - Survey of the swash in Pamlico sound, near Ocracock inlet, for the purpose of ascertaining whether the channel through the same can be deepened, Survey of Cape Fear river, below the town of Wilmington, NC, with a view to its improvement, Survey of Roanoke inlet and sound, with a view of ascertaining the practicability of making a permanent ship channel between Albemarle sound and the Atlantic ocean, at Roanoke inlet...
第 8 頁 - ... for sea-walls, for artificial harbors, for removing obstructions from rivers, for removing obstructions from creeks, for charitable institutions, for colleges, for schools, and for the public bounty to as many private citizens of the West as choose to ask for it.
第 3 頁 - He had been warned, anil perhaps correctly, that his opposition to the bill would avail nothing, because, it was said, a majority of the Senate were in favor of it. This, to be sure, was not very flattering to his purpose. But he deemed it incorrect to yield up principles, implicitly and silently, to majorities. It would, however, by no means, be unfair or disrespectful to inquire upon what ground this majority arrived at their conclusion. Nor was this the lir .1 time he had ventured to oppose his...