ePub 版

which her commander particularly distinguished himself; compelling four of the Danish flotilla, one of which was the Jutland of 60 guns, to surrender. The Ardent received considerable damage, and sustained a loss of 29 men killed and 64 wounded, independent of about 40 others who, being able to continue at their duty, were not included in the report. For his services on this occasion, Captain Bertie again had the satisfaction of receiving the thanks of Parliament, and what was equally pleasing, the personal commendation of his heroic chief.*

On the 9th of the same month, the subject of this memoir was appointed by the commander-in-chief, Sir Hyde Parker, to the Bellona of 74 guns, in the room of Sir Thomas B. Thompson, who had lost a leg in the battle ; and he continued in the Baltic under the orders of Lord Nelson, and his worthy succesor Sir Charles M. Pole, until the 7th July following, when he left that station in company with the squadron sent home under Sir Thomas Graves, part of which were ordered north about to Cork, and from thence proceeded off Cadiz, where Captain Bertie remained, employed in the blockade of the Spanish fleet, till the termination of the war. The Bel lona afterwards formed part of a squadron sent under the command of Captain (now Sir Charles) Tyler, to the West Indies, from whence our officer returned to England, June 24, 1802, and on the 6th of the following month his ship was put out of commission.

Hostilities again commenced in the spring of 1803; and on the 3d November, Captain Bertie was appointed to the Courageux of 74 guns, in which ship Rear-Admiral Dacres soon after hoisted his flag, and on the 4th January, 1804, sailed from St. Helen's accompanied by 170 sail of merchantmen bound to the West Indies. Four days after their departure, the wind, which had hitherto been fair, shifted to the S. W. and between the 15th and 28th it blew one of the most tremendous gales ever experienced, dispersing the convoy, and reducing the Courageux to a mere wreck, thereby compelling her to bear up for Plymouth, where she arrived with the remnant of her scattered charge on the 1st of February.

* Early on the morning after the action, Lord Nelson went on board the Ardent, to thank her commander, officers, and people, for their conduct and exertions on the preceding day; a compliment which was returned with six cheers, on his lordship leaving the ship.

в в 2

From some family distress, Captain Bertie was suddenly obliged, after the Courageux had been docked and nearly prepared for sea, to resign the command of her, and he remained without any other appointment until the latter end of December, 1805. He then obtained the command of the St.

. George, a second-rate, attached to the Channel fleet, and continued in that ship until the general promotion of flagofficers, April 28, 1808, which included, and stopped with him.

Rear-Admiral Bertie was soon after appointed to a command in the Baltic, under Sir James Saumarez. He accordingly proceeded thither in the Rosamond sloop, and on his arrival off Helsinburgh, hoisted his flag in the Orion of 74 guns, from which ship it was afterwards shifted, first into the Vanguard, 74, and then into the Dictator, 64: he returned to Yarmouth roads, January 6th, 1809, having been driven from his station in the Sound, by the sudden appearance of the ice, and its great solidity, on the last day of the preceding year.

On the 20th March, the Rear-Admiral again sailed for the Baltic, in the Stately, another 64-gun ship; and immediately

his arrival resumed his former occupation, namely, that of blockading the island of Zealand, and affording protection to the coast of Scandia, and to the British and Swedish convoys passing through the Malmoe Channel, in doing which he had repeated skirmishes with the Danish batteries and armed vessels.

From the heavy gales of wind which began to set in about the 12th December, 1809, Rear-Admiral Bertie found it advisable to quit his anchorage off Hoganis, nearly at the entrance of the Sound, and proceed with the ships under his command to Gottenburgh, where he received orders from Admiral Dickson to return to England express.


On the 19th February, 1810, finding his health to be in a very impaired state, our officer was obliged to strike his flag, and come on shore. Since that period, we believe, he was not employed.

In the month of June, 1813, Rear-Admiral Bertie received the honour of knighthood, and the royal licence and permission to accept and wear the insignia of a Knight Commander of the Order of the Sword, which the late King of Sweden had been pleased to confer upon him, in testimony of his merits and services. He was advanced to the rank of ViceAdmiral, December 4th, in the same year.

Sir Thomas Bertie died on the 13th June, 1825, at Twyford Lodge, in Hampshire, the residence of his brother, George Hoar, Esq.

The foregoing memoir has been taken from Marshall's “ Royal Naval Biography."

[ocr errors]


No. XVI.




The late Earl of Donoughmore was the eldest son of the Right Honourable John Hely Hutchinson, who was called to the bar in 1748, returned to parliament for Lanesborough in 1759, and in 1761 for the city of Cork (which he continued to represent until his death); appointed Prime Serjeant at Law in 1762, Provost of Trinity College, Dublin, in 1774, and Principal Secretary of State for Ireland in 1777; and who married in 1754 Christiana, daughter of Lorenzo Nixon, of Murny, county of Wicklow, Esq., and niece and heir of Richard Hutchinson, of Knocklofty, county of Tipperary, Esq., decended from an ancient family of English origin; of whom Christopher Hutchinson, Esq. the first of the family in Ireland, had a grant from Queen Elizabeth of the priory of Cahir, and its possessions. On the 16th of October, 1783, Mrs. Hutchinson was created Baroness Donoughmore.

The Right Honourable John Hely Hutchinson was the first statesman in Ireland who, both in the cabinet and out of it, was the avowed and uncompromising advocate of Catholic emancipation, as well as a repeal of those baneful commercial restrictions which, while they paralyzed the energies of Ireland, diminished the general resources of the British empire. In his work called “ Commercial Restraints," Mr. Hutchinson developed all those great commercial principles which are now, after an interval of seventy years, acted upon by the enlightened policy of the Imperial government.

The late Earl of Donoughmore was born January 29, 1756. He received his early education at Eton; 'whence he went to Oxford; but he graduated at Trinity College, Dublin, as a mark of respect to his father, the provost. As soon as his age qualified him, he obtained a seat in the Irish House of Commons; and the first occasion on which he addressed the House was in support of the bill introduced in 1778 by Mr. Gardiner, for the purpose of permitting the Roman Catholics to take long leases of land. This speech was considered a very fine composition, and made a great impression on the House. One sentence in particular produced a powerful effect. The young orator was speaking in answer to those who had been dwelling on the danger which might arise from allowing the Roman Catholics to obtain landed property :-“ If the Catholics are still formidable," he observed, 6 let them be chained. Chain them to the land. The links of that chain will bind them no less closely to the state !” It is a remarkable fact, that from the very commencement of the relaxation of the penal code against the Roman Catholics to the last hour of his life, Lord Donoughmore was present on every occasion when the ques

. tion was agitated in parliament, and maintained, by his vote, and in most instances by his eloquence, the justice and necessity of the entire repeal of that code.

In the year 1781, Lord Donoughmore was appointed a commissioner of the customs in Ireland, which situation he retained till the year 1802. On the 24th of June, 1788, his mother, Baroness Donoughmore, dying, after a long life passed in the discharge of every moral and religious duty, he succeeded to her titles.

In 1794, the noble Lord raised, in an incredibly short space of time, the 94th regiment, for his distinguished brother, Lord, then Colonel, Hutchinson; and soon after the late

« 上一頁繼續 »