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ARTICLE 6 In the event of one of the high contracting powers denouncing the present convention, such denunciation shall not take effect until one year after the notification made in writing to the Government of the Netherlands and immediately communicated by the latter to all the other contracting powers.
This denunciation shall only affect the notifying power. In testimony whereof the plenipotentiaries have signed the present convention and affixed their seals thereto.
Done at The Hague the twenty-first of December one thousand nine hundred and four, in a single copy, which shall remain filed in the archives of the Government of the Netherlands and copies of which, duly certified, shall be delivered through the diplomatic channel to the contracting powers.
At the moment of proceeding to sign the convention having for its object the exemption of hospital ships in time of war in the ports of the contracting parties from all dues and taxes imposed on vessels for the benefit of the state, the plenipotentiaries signing the present act express the wish that, in view of the highly humanitarian mission of these ships, the contracting governments may take the measures necessary in order to exempt these ships within a short time also from the payment of the dues and taxes collected in their ports for the benefit of others than the state, especially those collected for the benefit of municipalities or of private companies or persons.
In witness whereof the plenipotentiaries have signed the present procèsverbal, which, bearing the date of this day, may be signed up to the first of October, 1905.
Done at The Hague, the twenty-first of December, nineteen hundred and four, in a single copy, which shall remain on file in the archives of the Government of the Netherlands, and of which certified copies shall be delivered through the diplomatic channel to the powers signing the aforementioned convention.
CONVENTION FOR THE AMELIORATION OF THE CONDITION OF THE SICK AND WOUNDED OF ARMIES IN THE FIELD.
SIGNED AT GENEVA, JULY 6, 1906
His Majesty the German Emperor, King of Prussia; His Excellency the President of the Argentine Republic; His Majesty the Emperor of Austria, King of Bohemia, etc., and Apostolic King of Hungary; His Majesty the King of the Belgians; His Royal Highness the Prince of Bulgaria; His Excellency the President of the Republic of Chile; His Majesty
the Emperor of China; His Majesty the King of the Belgians, Sovereign of the Congo Free State; His Majesty the Emperor of Corea; His Majesty the King of Denmark; His Majesty the King of Spain; the President of the United States of America; the President of the United States of Brazil; the President of the United Mexican States; the President of the French Republic; His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Emperor of India; His Majesty the King of the Hellenes; the President of the Republic of Guatemala; the President of the Republic of Honduras; His Majesty the King of Italy; His Majesty the Emperor of Japan; His Royal Highness the Grand Duke of Luxemburg, Duke of Nassau; His Highness the Prince of Montenegro; His Majesty the King of Norway; Her Majesty the Queen of the Netherlands; the President of the Republic of Peru; His Imperial Majesty the Shah of Persia; His Majesty the King of Portugal and of the Algarves, etc.; His Majesty the King of Roumania; His Majesty the Emperor of All the Russias; His Majesty the King of Servia; His Majesty the King of Siam; His Majesty the King of Sweden; the Swiss Federal Council; the President of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay,
Being equally animated by the desire to lessen the inherent evils of warfare as far as is within their power, and wishing for this purpose to improve and supplement the provisions agreed upon at Geneva, on August 22, 1864, for the amelioration of the condition of the wounded of armies in the field,
Have decided to conclude a new convention to that effect, and have appointed as their plenipotentiaries, to wit:
Who, after having communicated to each other their full powers, found in good and due form, have agreed on the following:
THE SICK AND WOUNDED
ARTICLE 1. Officers, soldiers, and other persons officially attached to armies who are sick or wounded shall be respected and cared for, without distinction of nationality, by the belligerent in whose power they are.
However, a belligerent, when compelled to leave his wounded in the hands of the enemy, shall leave with them, so far as military conditions permit, a portion of the personnel and matériel of his sanitary service to assist in caring for them.
ART. 2. Subject to the care that must be taken of them under the preceding article, the sick and wounded of an army who fall into the power
of the other belligerent become prisoners of war, and the general rules of international law in respect to prisoners become applicable to them.
The belligerents remain free, however, to enter into such mutual stipulations in regard to sick and wounded prisoners as they may deem appropriate. They shall have especially authority to agree:
To mutually restore the sick and wounded left on the field of battle after an engagement.
To send back to their own country the sick and wounded who have recovered, or who are in a condition to be transported, and whom they do not desire to retain as prisoners.
3. To send the sick and wounded of the enemy to a neutral state, with its consent and on condition that they shall be interned by the neutral state until the close of hostilities.
Art. 3. After every engagement the belligerent who remains in possession of the field of battle shall take measures to search for the wounded and to protect the wounded and dead from spoliation and ill treatment.
He will see that a careful examination is made of the bodies of the dead prior to their interment or incineration.
ART. 4. As soon as possible each belligerent shall forward to the authorities of their country or army the military tokens, or badges of identification, found upon the bodies of the dead, together with a list of the sick and wounded taken in charge by him.
Belligerents will keep each other mutually advised of internments and transfers, together with admissions to hospitals and deaths which occur among the sick and wounded in their hands. They will collect all valuable personal belongings, letters, etc., which are found upon the field of battle, or have been left by the wounded or by those who have died in sanitary formations or other establishments, for transmission to interested persons through the authorities of their own country.
ART. 5. The military authority may make an appeal to the charitable zeal of the inhabitants to receive and, under his supervision, to care for the sick and wounded of the armies, granting to persons responding to such appeals special protection and certain immunities.
SANITARY FORMATIONS AND ESTABLISHMENTS
ART. 6. Mobile sanitary formations (i.e., those which are intended to accompany armies in the field) and the fixed establishments belonging to the sanitary service shall be protected and respected by belligerents.
Art. 7. The protection due to sanitary formations and establishments ceases if they are used to commit acts injurious to the enemy.
ART. 8. A sanitary formation or establishment shall not be deprived of the protection accorded by article 6 by the fact that:
1. The personnel of a formation or establishment is armed and uses its arms in self-defense or in defense of its sick and wounded.
2. In the absence of armed hospital attendants, the formation is guarded by an armed detachment or by sentinels regularly established.
3. Arms or cartridges, taken from the wounded and not yet turned over to the proper authorities, are found in the formation or establishment.
ART. 9. The personnel exclusively charged with the removal, transpottation, and treatment of the sick and wounded, as well as with the administration of sanitary formations and establishments, and the chaplains attached to armies, shall be respected and protected under all circumstances. If they fall into the hands of the enemy, they shall not be treated as prisoners
These provisions apply to the personnel of the guard of sanitary formations and establishments in the case provided for in paragraph 2 of article 8.
ART. 10. The personnel of volunteer aid societies, duly recognized and authorized by their government, who are employed in the sanitary formations and establishments of armies, are assimilated to the personnel contemplated in the preceding article, upon condition that the said personnel shall be subject to military laws and regulations.
Each state shall make known to the other, either in time of peace, or at the opening, or during the progress of hostilities -- in any case before actual employment - the names of the societies which it has authorized to render assistance, under its responsibility, in the official sanitary service of its armies.
ART. II. A recognized society of a neutral state can only lend the services of its sanitary personnel and formations to a belligerent with the prior consent of its own government and the authorization of such belligerent. The belligerent who has accepted such assistance is required to notify the enemy before making any use thereof. ART. 12.
Persons described in articles 9, 10, and i will continue in the exercise of their functions after they have fallen into the power of the enemy and under his direction.
When their coöperation is no longer indispensable they will be sent back to their army or country, within such period and by such route as may accord with military necessity. They will carry with them such effects, instruments, arms, and horses as are their private property.
ART. 13. While they remain in his power, the enemy will secure to the personnel mentioned in article 9 the same pay and allowances to which persons of the same grade in his own army are entitled.
Art. 14. Mobile sanitary formations that have fallen into the power of the enemy shall retain their matériel and means of transportation of whatever kind, including teams and the personnel charged with their management.
Competent military authority, however, shall have the right to employ them in caring for the sick and wounded. The restoration of the matériel shall take place in accordance with the conditions prescribed for the sanitary personnel, and, as far as possible, at the same time.
ART. 15. Buildings and matériel pertaining to fixed establishments shall remain subject to the laws of war, but can not be diverted from their use so long as they are necessary for the sick and wounded. Commanders of troops engaged in operations, however, may use them, in case of important military necessity, if, before such use, the sick and wounded found in them have been provided for.
ART. 16. The matériel of aid societies admitted to the benefits of this convention in conformity to the conditions herein prescribed, is regarded as private property and, as such, will be respected under all circumstances save that it is subject to the recognized right of requisition by belligerents in conformity to the laws and usages of war.
CONVOYS OF EVACUATION
ART. 17. Convoys of evacuation shall be treated as movable sanitary formations subject to the following exceptions:
1. A belligerent intercepting a convoy may, if required by military necessity, vacate such convoy, charging himself with the care of the sick and wounded whom it contains.
In this case the obligation to return the sanitary personnel, as provided for in article 12, shall be extended to include the entire military personnel employed, under proper authority, in the transportation and protection of the convoy.
The obligation to return the sanitary matériel as provided for in article 14, shall apply to railway trains and vessels intended for interior navigation which have been especially equipped for evacuation purposes, together