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bour working with our own hands: being reviled, we bless; being persecuted, we suffer it; Being defamed, we entreat: we are made as the filth of the earth, and are the off-scouring of all things unto this day, 1 Cor. iv. 9-13. We are troubled on every side, yet not distressed; we are perplexed, but not in despair; Persecuted, but not forsaken; cast down, but not destroyed; Always bearing about in the body the dying of the Lord Jesus, that the life also of Jesus might be made manifest in our body. For we which live are alway delivered unto death for Jesus' sake, that the life also of Jesus might be made manifest in our mortal flesh. So then death worketh in us, but life in you, 2 Cor. iv. 8-12.
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a And our hope of you is stedfast, b knowing, that as ye are partakers of the sufferings, so shall ye be also of the consolation.
a Being confident of this very thing, that he which hath begun a good work in you will perform it until the day of Jesus Christ: Even as it is meet for me to think this of you all, because I have you in my heart; inasmuch as both in my bonds, and in the defence and confirmation of the Gospel, ye all are partakers of my grace, Phil. i. 6, 7.
Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake. Rejoice, and be exceeding glad for great is your reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets which were before you, Matt. v. bIf there be therefore any consola- 11, 12. And if children, then heirs; tion in Christ, if any comfort of love, heirs of God, and joint-heirs with if any fellowship of the Spirit, if any Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, bowels and mercies, Phil. ii. 1. Now that we may be also glorified together. our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and For I reckon that the sufferings of this God even our Father, which hath present time are not worthy to be comloved us, and hath given us everlast-pared with the glory which shall be ing consolation and good hope through grace, Comfort your hearts, and stablish you in every good work, 2 Thess. ii. 16, 17.
Εἴτε δὲ θλιβόμεθα, ὑπὲρ τῆς ὑμῶν πα ρακλήσεως, καὶ σωτηρίας, τῆς ἐνεργουμένης ἐν ὑπομονῇ τῶν αὐτῶν παθημάτων ὧν καὶ ἡμεῖς πάσχομεν· εἴτε παρακαλούμεθα, ὑπὲρ τῆς ὑμῶν παρακλήσεως καὶ σωτηρίας· καὶ ἡ ἐλπὶς ἡμῶν βεβαία ὑπὲρ ὑμῶν·
* And whether we be afflicted, it is for your consolation and salvation, which is effectual in the enduring of the sume sufferings which we also suffer: or whether we be comforted, it is for your consolation and salvation.
* Or, wrought.
• For all things are for your sakes, that the abundant grace might, through the thanksgiving of many, redound to the glory of God, 2 Cor. iv. 15. Therefore I endure all things for the elect's sakes, that they may also obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus with eternal glory, 2 Tim. ii. 10,
Εἰδότες ὅτι ὥσπες κοινωνοί ἐστε τῶν παθημάτων, οὕτω καὶ τῆς παρακλήσεως. VOL. III.
revealed in us, Rom. viii. 17, 18. Which is a manifest token of the
righteous judgment of God, that ye may be counted worthy of the kingdom of God, for which ye also suffer, 2 Thess. i. 5. It is a faithful saying: For if we be dead with him, we shall also live with him: If we suffer, we shall also reign with him: If we deny him, he also will deny us, 2 Tim. ii. 11, 12. Blessed is the man that endureth temptation for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love him, Jam. i. 12.
Οὐ γὰρ θέλομεν ὑμᾶς ἀγνοεῖν, ἀδελφοί, ὑπὲρ τῆς θλίψεως ἡμῶν τῆς γενομένης ἡμῖν ἐν τῇ ̓Ασίᾳ, ὅτι καθ' ὑπερβολὴν ἐβαρήθημεν ὑπὲρ δύναμιν, ὥστε ἐξαπορη Sva pãs, xai Toũ (ñv.
a For we would not, brethren, have you ignorant of our trouble which came to us in Asia, that we were pressed out of measure, above strength, insomuch that we despaired even of life:
a And the same time there arose no small stir about that way. For a cer tain man named Demetrius, a silversmith, which made silver shrines for
Diana, brought no small gain unto the craftsmen; Whom he called together with the workmen of like occupation, and said, Sirs, ye know that by this craft we have our wealth. Moreover, ye see and hear, that not alone at Ephesus, but almost through out all Asia, this Paul hath persuaded and turned away much people, saying that they be no gods, which are made with hands: So that not only this our craft is in danger to be set at nought; but also that the temple of the great goddess Diana should be despised, and her magnificence should be destroyed, whom all Asia and the world worshippeth. And when they heard these sayings, they were full of wrath, and cried out, saying, Great is Diana of the Ephesians! And the whole city was filled with confusion and having caught Gaius and Aristarchus, men of Macedonia, Paul's companions in travel, they rushed with one accord into the theatre. And when Paul would have entered in unto the people, the disciples suffered him not. And certain of the chief of Asia, which were his friends, sent unto him, desiring him that he would not adventure himself into the theatre, Acts xix. 23-31. And after the uproar was ceased, Paul called unto him the disciples, and embraced them, and departed for to go into Macedonia, xix. 1.
̓Αλλὰ αὐτοὶ ἐν ἑαυτοῖς τὸ ἀπόκριμα τοῦ θανάτου ἐσχήκαμεν, ἵνα μὴ πεποιθότες ὦμεν ἐφ' ἑαυτοῖς, ἀλλ ̓ ἐπὶ τῷ Θεῷ τῷ ἐγείροντι τοὺς νεκροὺς,
But we had the sentence of death in ourselves, that we should not trust in ourselves, a but in God which raiseth the dead:
• Or, answer.
(As it is written, I have made thee a father of many nations,) before him whom he believed, even God, who quickeneth the dead, and calleth those things which be not as though they were, Rom. iv. 17. Accounting that God was able to raise him up, even from the dead; from whence also he received him in a figure, Heb. xi. 19. See also on John v. ver. 21. clause 1.
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*Ος ἐκ τηλικούτου θανάτου ἐῤῥύσατο ἡμᾶς, καὶ ῥύεται· εἰς ὃν ἠλπίκαμεν ὅτι καὶ Ti púerai,
a Who delivered us from so great a death, and doth deliver: in whom we trust that he will yet deliver us ;
a He shall deliver thee in six troubles; yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. In famine he shall redeem thee from death; and in war from the power of the sword. Thou shalt be hid from the scourge of the tongue; neither shalt thou be afraid of destruction when it cometh. At destruction and famine thou shalt laugh: neither shalt thou be afraid of the beasts of the earth, Job v. 1922. Many are the afflictions of the righteous but the LORD delivereth him out of them all. He keepeth all his bones: not one of them is broken.. Evil shall slay the wicked; and they that hate the righteous shall be desolate. The LORD redeemeth the soul of his servants; and none of them that trust in him shall be desolate, Psal. xxxiv. 19-22. Notwithstanding the LORD stood with me, and strengthened me; that by me the preaching might be fully known, and that all the Gentiles might hear: and I was delivered out of the mouth of the lion, 2 Tim. iv. 17.
Συνυπουργούντων καὶ ὑμῶν ὑπὲς ἡμῶν τῇ δεήσει, ἵνα ἐκ πολλῶν προσώπων τὸ εἰς ἡμᾶς χάρισμα διὰ πολλῶν εὐχαριστηθῇ ὑπὲρ ἡμῶν·
Ye also helping together by prayer for us, b that for the gift bestowed upon us by the means of many persons thanks may be given by many on our behalf.
a See on Rom. xv. ver. 30.
b For all things are for your sakes, that the abundant grace might, through the thanksgiving of many, redound to the glory of God, 2 Cor. iv. 15. Being enriched in every thing to all bountifulness, which causeth through us thanksgiving to God. For the administration of this service not only supplieth the want of the saints, but is abundant also by many thanksgiv
Ἡ γὰρ καύχησις ἡμῶν αὕτη ἐστὶ, το μαρτύριον τῆς συνειδήσεως ἡμῶν, ὅτι ἐν ἁπλότητι καὶ εἰλικρινείᾳ Θεοῦ, οὐκ ἐy σοφία σαρκικῇ, ἀλλ ̓ ἐν χάριτι Θεοῦ ἀνεστράφημεν ἐν τῷ κόσμῳ, περισσοτέρως δὲ πρὸς ὑμᾶς.
a For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that in simplicity and godly sincerity, not with fleshly wisdom, but by the grace of God, we have had our conversation in the world, and more abundantly to youward. #
a And herein do I exercise myself, to have always a conscience void of offence toward God, and toward men, Acts xxiv. 16. I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Ghost, Rom. ix. 1. For I know nothing by myself; yet am I not hereby justified: but he that judgeth me is the Lord, 1 Cor. iv. 4. Now the end of the commandment is charity, out of a pure heart, and of a good conscience, and of faith unfeigned, 1 Tim. i. 5. Holding faith, and a good conscience; which some having put away, concerning faith have made shipwreck, 19. Pray for us: for we trust we have a good conscience, in all things willing to live honestly, Heb. xiii. 18. Having a good conscience; that, whereas they speak evil of you, as of evil doers, they may be ashamed that falsely accuse your good conversation in Christ, 1 Pet. iii. 16. The like figure whereunto, even baptism, doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God), by the resurrection of Jesus Christ, 21.
See on 1 Cor. v. ver. 8. clause 2. * But I beseech you, that I may not be bold when I am present with that confidence, wherewith I think to be bold against some, which think of us as if we walked according to the
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flesh. For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war after the flesh: (For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds ;) 2 Cor. x. 2-4. And my speech and my preaching was not with enticing words of man's wisdom, but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power: That your faith should not stand in the wisdom of men, but in the power of God, 1 Cor. ii. 4, 5. But by the grace of God I am what I am : and his grace which was bestowed upon me was not in vain ; but I laboured more abundantly than they all: yet not I, but the grace of God which was that is from above is first pure, then with me, xv. 10. But the wisdom intreated, full of mercy and good peaceable, gentle, and easy to be fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy. And the fruit of righteousness is sown in peace of them that make peace, Jam. iii. 17, 18.
a Holding forth the word of life; that I may rejoice in the day of Christ, that I have not run in vain, neither laboured in vain, Phil. ii. 16. Therefore, my brethren dearly beloved and longed for, my joy and crown, so stand fast in the Lord, my dearly beloved, iv. 1. For what is our hope, or joy, or crown of rejoicing? Are not even ye in the presence of our Lord Jesus Christ at his coming? For ye are our glory and joy, 1 Thess. ii. 19, 20.
Καὶ ταύτῃ τῇ πεποιθήσει ἐβουλόμην
* Or, grace.
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Οσαι γὰρ ἐπαγγελίαι Θεοῦ, ἐν αὐτῷ τὸ ναὶ, καὶ ἐν αὐτῷ τὸ ἀμὴν, τῷ Θεῷ πρὸς δόξαν δι' ἡμῶν.
For all the promises of God in him are
a See on 1 Cor. iv. ver. 19. clause 1. yea, and in him Amen, unto the glory of
God by us.
Ὁ δὲ βεβαιῶν ἡμᾶς σὺν ὑμῖν εἰς Χριστ τὸν, καὶ χρίσας ἡμᾶς, Θεὸς·
a Now he which stablisheth us with you in Christ, band hath anointed us, is God;
a Now to him that is of power to stablish you according to my Gospel and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery which was kept secret since the world began, Rom. xvi. 25.
b How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power; who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil: for God was with him, Acts x. 38. But ye have an unction from the Holy One, and ye know all things, 1 John ii. 20.
a Ye judge after the flesh; I judge no man, John viii. 15.
Ὁ καὶ σφραγισάμενος ἡμᾶς, καὶ δοὺς Πιστὸς δὲ ὁ Θεὸς, ὅτι ὁ λόγος ἡμῶν ὁ τὸν ἀῤῥαβῶνα τοῦ Πνεύματος ἐν ταῖς καρπρὸς ὑμᾶς οὐκ ἐγένετο καὶ καὶ ο· δίαις ἡμῶν.
a But as God is true, our word toward you was not yea and nay.
• Or, preaching.
a See on John vii. ver. 28. clause 3.
Ο γὰρ τοῦ Θεοῦ ὑιὸς Ἰησοῦς Χριστὸς ὁ ἐν | ὑμῖν δι ̓ ἡμῶν κηρυχθείς, δι ̓ ἐμοῦ καὶ Σιλουανοῦ καὶ Τιμοθέου, οὐ ἐγένετο ναὶ καὶ οῦ, ἀλλὰ καὶ ἐν αὐτῷ γέγονεν.
For the Son of God, Jesus Christ, who was preached among you by us, b even by me and Silvanus and Timotheus, was not yea and nay, but in
him was yea.
a See on Matt. xiv. ver. 33. clause 2. b And when Silas and Timotheus were come from Macedonia, Paul was pressed in the spirit, and testified to the Jews that Jesus was Christ, Acts xviii. 5.
a Who hath also sealed us; b and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.
a In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the Gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise, Eph. i. 13. And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are seal30. He that hath an ear, let him ed unto the day of redemption, iv. hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth it, Rev. ii. 17. Saying, Hurt not the earth, neither the sea, nor the trees, till we have sealed the servants of our God in their foreheads,
* See on Matt. xxiv. ver. 35. clause 2. vii. 3. And it was commanded them
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2 COR. 1. 22—24.-11. 1-6.
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that they should not hurt the grass of row from them of whom I ought to rethe earth, neither any green thing,joice; having confidence in you all, that neither any tree; but only those men my joy is the joy of you all. which have not the seal of God in their foreheads, ix. 4.
b See on John vii. ver. 39. clauses 1, 2.
CHAP. II.-VER. 1.
a And lest, when I come again my God will humble me among you, and that I shall bewail many which have sinned already, and have not repented of the uncleanness, and fornication, and lasciviousness which they have committed, 2 Cor. xii. 21.
Ἐκ γὰς πολλῆς θλίψεως καὶ συνοχῆς καρδίας ἔγραψα ὑμῖν διὰ πολλῶν δακρύων, οὐχ ἵνα λυπηθῆτε, ἀλλὰ τὴν ἀγάπην ἵνα γνῶτε ἣν ἔχω περισσοτέρως εἰς ὑμᾶς.
For out of much affliction and anguish of heart I wrote unto you with many tears; s not that ye should be grieved, but that ye might know the love which I have more abundantly unto you.
a For though I made you sorry with a letter, I do not repent, though I did repent: for I perceive that the same epistle hath made you sorry, though Now I reit were but for a season. joice, not that ye were made sorry, but that ye sorrowed to repentance: for ye were made sorry, after a godly manner, that ye might receive damage by us in nothing, 2 Cor. vii. 8, 9.
Εἰ δέ τις λελύπηκεν, οὐκ ἐμὲ λελύπηκεν, Εκρινα δὲ ἐμαυτῷ τοῦτο, τὸ μὴ πάλιν ἀλλ ̓ ἀπὸ μέρους, ἵνα μὴ ἐπιβαρῶ πάντας ἐλθεῖν ἐν λύπῃ πρὸς ὑμᾶς.
But if any have caused grief, he hath not grieved me, but in part; that I may not overcharge you all.