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into ashes, condemned them with an overthrow, making them an ensample unto those that after should live ungodly, 2 Pet. ii. 6. and Jude 7.

4. D. 59.

And they rose up early on the morrow, and offered burnt-offerings, and brought peace-offerings: and the people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play, Exod. xxxii. 6.

VER. 8.

bÅnd the mixed multitude that was among them fell a lusting: and the children of Israel also wept again, and said, Who shall give us flesh to eat? We Μηδὲ πορνεύωμεν, καθώς τινες αὐτῶν remember the fish which we did eat in | ἐπόρνευσαν, καὶ ἔπεσον ἐν μιᾷ ἡμέρᾳ εἰκο Egypt freely; the cucumbers, and theirpeïc xiniádes, melons, and the leeks, and the onions,

a Neither let us commit fornication,

and the garlick, Numb. xi. 4, 5. Heb as some of them committed, and fell in rained flesh also upon them as dust, one day three and twenty thousand. and feathered fowls like as the sand of the sea, And he let it fall in the midst

of their camp, round about their habitations. So they did eat, and were well filled: for he gave them their own desire; They were not estranged from their lust: but while their meat was yet in their mouths, The wrath of God came upon them, and slew the fattest of them, and smote down the chosen men of Israel, Psal. lxxviii. 27-31.

They soon forgat his works; they waited not for his counsel; But lusted exceedingly in the wilderness, and tempted God in the desert, cvi. 13, 14.

VER. 7.

Μηδὲ εἰδωλολάτραι γίνεσθε, καθώς τινες αὐτῶν· ὡς γέγραπται· Ἐκάθισεν ὁ λαὸς φαγεῖν καὶ πιεῖν, καὶ ἀνέστησαν παίζειν.

Neither be ye idolaters, b as were some of them; as it is written, e The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play.

a Wherefore, my dearly beloved, flee from idolatry, ver. 14. But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils. Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be takers of the Lord's table, and of the table of devils. Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? are we stronger than he? 20-22. Little children keep yourselves from idols, 1 John

v. 21.


a See on Acts xv. ver. 20. clause 2, b And Israel abode in Shittim, and

the people began to commit whoredom with the daughters of Moab. And they called the people unto the sacrifices of their gods: and the people did eat, and bowed down to their gods. And Israel joined himself unto Baal-peor: and the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel. And the LORD said unto Moses, Take all the heads of the people, and hang them up before the LORD against the sun, that the fierce anger of the LORD may be turned away from Israel. And Moses said unto the judges of Israel, Slay ye every one his men that were joined unto Baal-peor. And, behold, one of the children of Israel came, and brought unto his brethren a Midianitish woman, in the sight of Moses, and in the sight of all the congregation of the children of Israel, who were weeping before the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. And when Phinehas the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, saw it, he rose up from among the congregation, and took a javelin in his hand; And he went after the man of Israel into

the tent, and thrust both of them through, the man of Israel, and the woman through her belly. So the plague was stayed from the children of Israel. And those that died in the plague were twenty and four thousand, Numb. xxv. 1-9.

VER. 9.

Μηδὲ ἐκπειράζωμεν τὸν Χριστὸν, καθὼς

ὄφεων ἀπώλοντο.

b And the LORD said unto me, Arise, get thee down quickly from hence; for thy people which thou hast brought και τινες αὐτῶν ἐπείρασαν, καὶ ὑπὸ τῶν forth out of Egypt have corrupted themselves: they are quickly turned aside out of the way which I commanded them; they have made them a molten image, Deut. ix. 12.

a Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed of serpents.

A. D. 59.

1 COR. X. 9-13.

VER. 11.

A. D. 59. Wherefore the people did chide | sat by the flesh-pots, and when we with Moses, and said, Give us water did eat bread to the full! for ye have that we may drink. And Moses said brought us forth into this wilderness, unto them, Why chide ye with me? to kill this whole assembly with hunwherefore do ye tempt the LORD? ger, xvi. 2, 3. And the people thirsted Exod. xvii. 2. And he called the there for water; and the people name of the place Massah, and Meri- murmured against Moses, and said, bah, because of the chiding of the Wherefore is this that thou hast children of Israel, and because they brought us up out of Egypt, to kill us tempted the LORD, saying, Is the and our children and our cattle with LORD among us, or not? 7. Behold, thirst? xvii. 3. I send an Angel before thee, to keep thee in the way, and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared. Beware of him, and obey his voice, provoke him not; for he will not pardon your transgressions: for my name is in him, xxiii. 20, 21. Ye shall not tempt the LORD your God, as ye tempted him in Massah, Deut. vi. 16. And they tempted God in their heart,by asking meat for their lust, Psal. lxxviii. 18. Wherefore (as the Holy Ghost saith, To-day, if ye will hear his voice, Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness; When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my works forty years, Heb. iii. 7-9.

b And the LORD sent fiery serpents among the people, and they bit the people; and much people of Israel died, Numb. xxi. 6.

VER. 10.

Μηδὲ γογγύζετε, καθὼς καί τινες αὐτῶν ἐγόγγυσαν, καὶ ἀπώλοντο ὑπὸ τοῦ ὀλοθρευ


a Neither murmur ye, b as some of them also murmured, and were destroyed of the destroyer.

a Do all things without murmurings and disputings; That ye may be blameless and harmless, the sons of God without rebuke, in the midst of a crooked and perverse nation, among whom ye shine as lights in the world, Phil. ii. 14, 15.

And the people murmured against Moses, saying, What shall we drink? Exod. xv. 24. And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness: And the children of Israel said unto them, Would to God we had died by the hand of the Lonp in the land of Egypt, when we

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Ταῦτα δὲ πάντα τύποι συνέβαινον ἐκεί voις· ἐγράφη δὲ πρὸς νουθεσίαν ἡμῶν, εἰς οὓς τὰ τέλη τῶν αἰώνων κατήντησεν.

a Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, bupon whom the ends of the world are come.

* Or, types.

a See on ver. 6. clause 1.

b Little children, it is the last time : and as ye have heard that antichrist shall come, even now are there many antichrists; whereby we know that it is the last time, 1 John ii. 18.

VER. 12.

Ωστε ὁ δοκῶν ἑστάναι, βλεπέτω μὴ win.


Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall.

a Happy is the man that feareth alway: but he that hardeneth hig heart shall fall into mischief, Prov. xxviii. 14. Peter answered and said unto him, Though all men shall be offended because of thee, yet will I I never be offended. Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, That this night, before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice. Peter said unto him, Though I should die with thee, yet will I not deny thee. Likewise also said all the disciples, Matt. xxv. 33-35. Well; because of unbelief they were broken off, and thou standest by faith: Be not highminded, but fear, Rom. xi. 20.

VER. 13.

Πειρασμὸς ὑμᾶς οὐκ εἴληφεν εἰ μὴ ἀνθρώπινος· πιστὸς δὲ ὁ Θεὸς, ὃς οὐκ ἐάσει ὑμᾶς πειρασθῆναι ὑπὲρ ὃ δύνασθε, ἀλλὰ ποιήσει σὺν τῷ πειρασμῷ καὶ τὴν ἔκβασιν, του δύνασθαι ὑμᾶς ὑπενεγκεῖν.

A. D. 59.


1 COR. X. 13-20.

There hath no temptation taken you but such as is common to man: a but God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear it.

A. D. 59.

deed, and my blood is drink indeed. He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, dwelleth in me, and I in him. As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father; so he that eateth me, even he shall live by me. This is that bread which came down from heaven; not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead. He that eateth of this bread shall live for ever, John vi. 53-58.

• Or, moderate.

See on chap. i. ver. 9. clause 1. b For the rod of the wicked shall not rest upon the lot of the righteous; lest the righteous put forth their hands unto iniquity, Psal.cxxv. 3. Who delivered us from so great a death, and doth deliver: in whom we trust that he will yet deliver, 2 Cor. i. 10. And the Lord shall deliver me from every evil work, and will preserve me unto his heavenly kingdom; to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen, 2 Tim. iv. 18. The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished, 2 Pet. ii. 9.

VER. 14.

Διόπερ, ἀγαπητοί μου, φεύγετε ἀπὸ τῆς εἰδωλολατρείας"

Wherefore, my dearly beloved, flee from idolatry.

See on ver. 7. clause 1.

VER. 15.

Ως φρονίμοις λέγω· κρίνατε ὑμεῖς ὅ φημι

I speak as to wise men ; judge ye what

I say.

VER. 16.

Τὸ ποτήριον τῆς εὐλογίας ὃ εὐλογοῦμεν, οὐχὶ κοινωνία τοῦ αἵματος τοῦ Χριστοῦ ἔστι; τὸν ἄρτον ὃν κλῶμεν, οὐχὶ κοινωνία τοῦ σώματος τοῦ Χριστοῦ ἐστιν ;

a The cup of blessing which we bless, bis it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, dis it not the communion of the body of Christ?

a See on Luke xxii. ver. 20.

Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Ex cept ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, ye have no life in you. Whoso eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eternal life; and I will raise him up at the last day. For my flesh is meat in

1, 2.

See on Matt. xxvi. ver. 26. clauses

d See on Matt. xxvi. ver. 26, clause 3.

VER. 17.

Οτι εἷς ἄρτος, ἓν σῶμα, οἱ πολλοί ἐστ μεν· οἱ γὰρ πάντες ἐκ τοῦ ἑνὸς ἄρτου μετέ XoEv.

and one body: for we are all partakers a For we being many are one bread, of that one bread.

See on Rom. xii. ver. 5. clause 1.

VER. 18.

Βλέπετε τὸν Ἰσραὴλ κατὰ σάρκα· οὐχὶ οἱ ἐσθίοντες τὰς θυσίας, κοινωνοὶ τοῦ θυ σιαστηρίου εἰσί ;

a Behold Israel after the flesh: are not they which eat of the sacrifices partakers of the altar?

• See on chap. ix. ver. 13.

VER. 19.

Τί οὖν φημι; ὅτι εἴδωλον, τί ἐστιν ; ἢ ὅτι εἰδωλόθυτον, τί ἐστιν ;

What say I then? a that the idol is any thing, or that which is offered in sacrifice to idols is any thing ?

a See on Acts xiv. ver. 15. clause 1.

VER. 20.

Jú, nal où . Où déλ∞ dè iμãs nova ̓Αλλ ̓ ὅτι ἃ θύει τὰ ἔθνη, δαιμονίοις νοὺς τῶν δαιμονίων γίνεσθαι.

a But I say, that the things which the ·Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils.

And they shall no more offer their sacrifices unto devils, after whom they have gone a whoring. This shall be a statute for ever unto them throughout their generations, Lev. xvii. 7. They provoked him to jealousy with

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strange gods, with abominations pro- | voked they him to anger. They sacrified unto devils, not to God; to gods whom they knew not, to new gods that came newly up, whom your fathers feared not, Deut. xxxii. 16, 17. And he ordained him priests for the high places, and for the devils, and for the calves which he had made, 2 Chron. xi. 15.

VER. 21.

Οὐ δύνασθε ποτήριον Κυρίου πίνειν, καὶ ποτήριον δαιμονίων· οὐ δύνασθε τραπέζης Κυρίου μετέχειν, καὶ τραπέζης δαιμονίων.

• Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's table, and of the table of devils.

a See on Matt. vi. ver. 24. clause 1.

VER. 22.

Ἡ παραζηλοῦμεν τὸν Κύριον; μὴ ἰσχυ ρότεροι αὐτοῦ ἐσμεν ;

A. D. 59.

God; he is a jealous God; he will not forgive your transgressions nor your sins. If ye forsake the LORD, and serve strange gods, then he will turn and do you hurt, and consume you, after that he hath done you good, Josh. xxiv. 19, 20. For they provoked him to anger with their high places, and moved him to jealousy with their graven images. When God heard this, he was wroth, and greatly abhorred Israel, Psal. lxxviii. 58, 59.

VER. 23.

Πάντα μοι ἔξεστιν, ἀλλ ̓ οὐ πάντα συμ φέρει· πάντα μοι ἔξεστιν, ἀλλ ̓ οὐ πάντα οἰκοδομεῖ.

a All things are lawful for me, but all things are not expedient: all things are lawful for me, but all things edify not. a See on chap. vi. ver. 12.

VER. 24.

Μηδεὶς τὸ ἑαυτοῦ ζητείτω, ἀλλὰ τὸ

a Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? To iTépov ExaσTOS. are we stronger than he?

a Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth, Exod. xx. 4. For thou shalt worship no other god: for the Lons, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God, xxxiv. 14. Take heed unto yourselves, lest ye forget the covenant of the LORD your God, which he made with you, and make you a graven image, or the likeness of any thing, which the LORD thy God hath forbidden thee. For the LORD thy God is a consuming fire, even a jealous God, Deut. iv. 23, 24. Ye shall not go after other gods, of the gods of the people which are round about you: (For the LORD thy God is a jealous God among you,) lest the anger of the LORD thy God be kindled against thee, and destroy thee from off the face of the earth, vi. 14, 15. They provoked him to jealousy with strange gods, with abominations provoked they him to anger. They sacrificed unto devils, not to God; to gods whom they knew not, to new gods that came newly up, whom your fathers feared not, xxxii. 16, 17. And Joshua said unto the people, Ye cannot serve the LORD: for he is an holy

a Let no man seek his own, but every man another's wealth.

a See on Rom. xiv. ver. 19. clause 2.

VER. 25.

Πᾶν τὸ ἐν μακέλλῳ πωλούμενον ἐσθίετε, μηδὲν ἀνακρίνοντες διὰ τὴν συνείδησιν·

a Whatsoever is sold in the shambles, that eat, asking no question for conscience sake:

a See on Rom. xiv. ver. 14. clause 2.

VER. 26.

Τοῦ γὰρ Κυρίου ἡ γῆ, καὶ τὸ πλήρωμα autñç.

a For the earth is the Lord's, and the fulness thereof.

a Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people; for all the earth is mine, Exod. xix. 5. Behold, the heaven and the heaven of heavens is the LORD's thy God, the earth ulso, with all that therein is, Deut. x. 14. Who hath prevented me, that I should repay him? whatsoever is under the whole heaven is mine, Job. xli. 11. The earth is the LORD's, and the fulness thereof: the world, and they that dwell therein, Psal. xxiv. 1. If

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̓Εὰν δέ τις ὑμῖν εἴπη· Τοῦτο εἰδωλόθυτόν ἐστι· μὴ ἐσθίετε, δι ̓ ἐκεῖνον τὸν μηνύ σαντα, καὶ τὴν συνείδησιν· τοῦ γὰρ Κυρίου ἡ γῆ καὶ τὸ πλήρωμα αὐτῆς.

But if any man say unto you, & This is offered in sacrifice unto idols, eat not for his sake that shewed it, and for conscience sake : for the earth is the Lord's, and the fulness thereof:

a I know, and am persuaded by the Lord Jesus, that there is nothing unclean of itself: but to him that esteemeth any thing to be unclean, to him it is unclean, Rom. xiv. 14.

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A. D. 59.

man speak, let him speak as the oracles of God; if any man minister, let him do it as of the ability which God giveth: that God in all things may be glorified through Jesus Christ, to whom be praise and dominion for ever and ever. Amen, 1 Pet. iv. 11.

VER. 32.

Έλλησι καὶ τῇ ἐκκλησίᾳ τοῦ Θεοῦ, ̓Απρόσκοποι γίνεσθε καὶ Ἰουδαίος καὶ

a Give none offence, neither to the Jews, nor to the Gentiles, nor to the church of God:

• See on chap. vi. ver. 12.

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bTo the weak became I as weak, that I might gain the weak: I am made all things to all men, that I might by all means save some, Rom. ix. 22.

CHAP. XI. VER. 1. Μιμηταί μου γίνεσθε, καθὼς κἀγὼ Χριστοῦ.

a Be ye followers of me, even as I also am of Christ.

a See on chap. iv. ver. 16.

VER. 2.

Επαινῶ δὲ ὑμᾶς, ἀδελφοί, ὅτι πάντα μου μέμνησθε, καὶ καθὼς παρέδωκα ὑμῖν,

τὰς παραδόσεις κατέχετε.

Now I praise you, brethren, that ye remember me in all things, and keep the * ordinances, as I delivered them to you. * Or, traditions.

VER. 3.

Θέλω δὲ ὑμᾶς εἰδέναι, ὅτι παντὸς ἀνδρὸς ἡ κεφαλὴ ὁ Χριστός ἐστι· κεφαλὴ δὲ γυναικὸς, ὁ ἀνήρ κεφαλὴ δὲ Χριστοῦ, ὁ Θεός.

But I would have you know, that the head of every man is Christ; band the head of the woman is the man; ©and the head of Christ is God.

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